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Publication numberUS2647559 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 4, 1953
Filing dateJul 28, 1952
Priority dateJul 28, 1952
Publication numberUS 2647559 A, US 2647559A, US-A-2647559, US2647559 A, US2647559A
InventorsRichardson Franklin
Original AssigneeRichardson Franklin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Reclining article of furniture
US 2647559 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1953 F. RICHARDSON 2,647,559

RECLINING ARTICLE OF FURNITURE Filed July 28, 1952 F' EA NK LIN 12/CHAED5ON 1m 'LNTOR. #2 5 g BY 71 ATTOB/VEVS Patented Aug. 4, 1 953 u NITED} s rsr zs PATENT om Cf-E RECLINING ARTICLE OF FURNITURE Franklin Richardson, Giena 1 Calif. Application July 28, 1952, Serial No. 391,189

This invention relates toimprovements in reclining articles offurniture such aszreclining chairs, settees, and the like.

A primaryobjcct of the invention is to provide an improved article of furniture of this class wherein a seat and backrest are .pivotally mounted on a base or supporting structure for rocking movement so that the seat and backrest may either assume substantially horizontal and substantially vertical positions respectively, or inclined positions wherein the occupant may assume a reclining position. In combination with the seat and backrest there is a leg rest automatically operable to assume a vertical or collapsed position against the forward side of the seat when the seat is in a substantially horizontal position, and in an extended .or horizontal position when the seat and backrest are in inclined positions. In this manner, when the occupant of the chair or similar article of furniture assumes a reclining position the leg rest will automatically serve to elevate the legs.

More specifically, an object of the invention is to provide a structure having the above-mentioned characteristics which is of extremely simple and highly durable design, and which can be easily manufactured and incorporated in an article of furniture of this character.

With the foregoing and other objects .in view, which will be made manifest in the following detailed description and specifically pointed out in the appended claims, reference is had to the accompanying drawing for an illustrative embodiment of the invention wherein:

Figure l is a view in side elevation of an article of furniture embodying the present invention, the seat being illustrated in a-substantially horizontal position and the leg rest being shown in a col lapsed or vertical position;

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1, but illustrating the seat in a reclining position and the leg rest in its extended position;

Fig. 3 is a view taken substantially upon the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 in the direction indicated; and

Fig. 4 is a view in front elevation showing a modification, parts being broken away and shown in vertical section.

Referring to the accompanying drawing wherein similar reference characters designate similar parts throu hout, the construction shown in Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive, comprises a base l adapted to be positioned on the floor and which serves to rockably support a combined seat and backrest by means of pivots or trunnions II. The

4 Claims. (01. 155 105) combined seat and backrest may be of any conventional or preferred construction and are preferably. rigid with each other so that there is no change or alteration of angular relationship between the backrest and the seat. An adjustable backrest can of course be employed if desired, but in so far as the present invention is concerned it is unnecessary. The seat is indicated at [2 supported on a suitable seat structure [3 and the backrestis indicated at I4 mounted on a backrest structure l5 that is shown as being rigid with and integral with the seat structure IS. A leg rest I 6 is hingedly mounted as at if at the forward end of the seat structure I 3 so as to be capable of assuming a vertical position lying against the forward side It? of the seat structure l3 or an extended and substantially horizontal position as shown in Fig. 2.

A first link of a linkage indicated at H! is pivotally connected to the leg rest at 20 intermediate the top and bottom of the leg rest. This link has its lower end pivotally connected at 2! to a second link 22 which is pivotally connected at 23 to the base or supporting structure l0 downwardly and forwardly of the axis of the supporting trunnions I I. A third link 24 is pivotally connected at 25 forwardly of the pivot 23 and intermediate the ends of the second link 22. Preferably, this pivotal connection is located fairly close to the pivotal connection at 23. The forward end of the third link is pivotally connected at 26 to the seat structure 3 at a point disposed upwardly and forwardly of the pivotal connections 23 and 25. The linkage above described in the construction shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 3 is located centrally of the base Ill and centrally of the seat structure. The forward side I8 of the seat structure is notched as indicated at 2'! to accommodate this linkage in the course of its movement. The upper side or upper edge of this notch is engageable by the linkage and functions as a stop limiting upward swinging movement of the leg rest and also rearward tilting movement of the combined seat and backrest.

From the above-described construction it will be appreciated that when the combined seat and backrest is swung forwardly or into a position as shown in Fig. 1, that the linkage causes the leg rest [6 to be automatically collapsed into a vertical position lying against the forward side of the seat structure. On the other hand, if the occupant tilts the seat structure rearwardly the link 24 being attached to the seat structure, causes the link 22 to swing upwardly rather rapidly. This upward swinging movement of the link 22 is transmitted by the link [9 to the leg rest It? so that the leg rest l6 assumes an extended horizontal position while the combined backrest and seat assume a reclining position.

In the construction shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, the base It! is shown as being disposed beneath the seat and within the sides of the seat structure l3. With this arrangement, only a single set of linkage between the base and the leg rest is ordinarily necessary.

In the construction shown in Fig. 4, the base structure is shown as being formed of two Spaced side arms 36 and iii suitably connected together and serving to pivotally support the seat Structure such as by trunnions 32. Two sets of linkage are employed, each set being disposed between a side of the seat structure and the adjacent side arm or supporting member.

The arrangement of the linkage, however, is the same in that the forward links Iii of each set of linkage are pivotally connected'to the le rest intermediate its ends. The linlts 22 are p votally connected to the lower ends of the links it and to the side arms to and ti respectively below and forwardly of the trunnions 32. links M are pivotally connected to the links 22 and to the seat structure at a point upwardly and forwardly of the pivotal connections between the links 22 and the links 2 and between the links 2?: and the side arms. The function and operation of this form of construction is the same as that previously described although the linkage sets are duplicated on both sides of the seat structure.

It will be appreciated from the similarity of I the two constructions disclosed herein that the form of chair illustrated in Figs. 1 to 8, inclusive, may, if desired, be equipped with double sets of links, and that the chair illustrated in Fig. 4, can, if desired, be equipped with but a single linkage.

Various changes may be made in the details of construction without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

I claim:

1. An article of furniture comprising a base 0 supporting structure, a seat and backrest pivctally supported. for rocking movement thereon about a pivot arranged beneath the seat, a lee rest hingedly mounted upon the tomard side of the seat, link pivotally connected to the leg rest, a second link pivotally connected to the mentioned link and to the base, and a third link pivota y connected to the second link intermediate its ends and to the seat at a point for wardly of the first mentioned pivot, whereby as the seat 71 tilted rcarwardly relative to the base the links vill collectively cause the leg rest to swing upwardly and forwardly relative to the seat.

2. An article of furniture comprising a base or supporting structure, a seat and backrest piv- The otally supported for rocking movement thereon about a pivot arranged beneath the seat, a 9 rest hingedly mounted upon the forward side 01 the seat, a link pivotally connected to the le rest, a second link pivotally connected to the mentioned link and to the base forwardly of t pivotal connection between the seat and the base, and a third link pivotally connected to the second link intermediate its ends and pivotally connected to the seat upwardly and forwardly of its pivotal connection with the second link whereby as the seat is tilted rearwardly relative to the base the links will collectivel cause the leg rest ,to swing upwardly and forwardly relatively to the seat.

3. An article of furniture comprising a base or supporting structure, a seat and backrest piv" otally supported for rocking movement thereon about a pivot arranged beneath the seat, a le rest hingedly mounted upon the forward side of the seat,,,a link pivctally connected to the leg rest,"asecond link pivotally connected to the mentioned link and to the base, downwardly and forwardly of the pivotal connection between the seat and the base, and a third link pivotally connected to the second link intermediate its ends and to the seat upwardly and forwardly of the pivotal connection between the base and the second link whereby as the seat is tilted rearwardly relative to the base the links will collectively cause the leg rest to swing upwardly and forwardly relative to the seat.

l. An article of furniture comprising a base or supporting structure, a seat and backrest pivotally supported for rocking movement thereon, a leg rest hingedly mounted upon the forward side of the seat, a link pivotally connected to the leg rest, a second link pivotally connected to the mentioned link and to the base, downwardly and forwardly of the pivotal connection between the seat and the base, a third link pivotally connected to the second link intermediate its ends and to the seat upwardly and forwardly of the pivotal connection between the base and the second link whereby as the seat is tilted rearwardly relative to the base the links will collectively cause the leg rest to swing upwardly and forwardly relative to the seat, and means engag'eable with the linkage for limiting upward movement of the linkage and consequently limiting upward movement of the leg rest and rearward tilting movement of the seat.

FRANKLIN RICHARDSON.

References Cit-ed in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 988,600 Simpson -r Apr. l, .9 1 1,688,576 Doyle Oct, 23, 2,227,597 Luckhardt Jan. 7, 1941 2,604,141 I Maurer i July 22, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US988600 *Aug 15, 1910Apr 4, 1911William SimpsonAdjustable and disappearing foot-rest for morris chairs.
US1688576 *May 14, 1926Oct 23, 1928Kroehler Mfg CoReclining chair
US2227597 *Jan 28, 1939Jan 7, 1941Anton LorenzAdjustable reclining chair
US2604141 *Aug 11, 1951Jul 22, 1952Kenmar Mfg CompanyAdjustable chair with leg supporting platform
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2659415 *Jan 12, 1953Nov 17, 1953Hughes Claude AReclining chair with coordinated leg rest
US2726709 *Jan 21, 1953Dec 13, 1955Anton LorenzArticle of repose for supporting the body of a person
US2782836 *Apr 8, 1953Feb 26, 1957Kay Mfg CorpReclining chair
US2840141 *Apr 23, 1954Jun 24, 1958Anton LorenzChair with reclinable seat and backrest and coordinated leg-rest
US3001823 *Apr 24, 1959Sep 26, 1961Johnston Reece WDental chair seat
US3934927 *Oct 29, 1974Jan 27, 1976Arizona Lounger CompanyPowered tilting lounger
DE1125128B *Sep 14, 1955Mar 8, 1962Wassili LuckhardtVerstellsessel, dessen Sitz und Rueckenlehne im Gestell auf stehend angeordneten Lenkhebelpaaren verschwenkbar sind
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/88, 297/271.4
International ClassificationA47C3/02, A47C1/034
Cooperative ClassificationA47C1/0342, A47C3/0255
European ClassificationA47C3/025C, A47C1/034F