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Publication numberUS2648524 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 11, 1953
Filing dateNov 21, 1947
Priority dateNov 23, 1946
Publication numberUS 2648524 A, US 2648524A, US-A-2648524, US2648524 A, US2648524A
InventorsJoseph Dionisotti
Original AssigneeJoseph Dionisotti
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Mining trepan
US 2648524 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. DIONISOTTI Aug. 1l, 1953 MINING TREPAN 3 sheets-sheet 1 Filed Nov. 2l, 194'? ,.91 {.iiii

N OTT! ATTO/WV K Allg 11, 1953 J. DloNlsoTTl 2,648,524

MINING TREPAN Filed Nov. 21, 1947 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 /Nl/EN TOR.- JOSEPH D/ON $0777 BV l@ any ATTO/QN V QA). Q

J. DIONISOTTI MINING TREPAN Aug. 1l, 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Nov. 2l, 1947 vl/EN Toe.. JOSEPH o/oN/so r r/ By Arron y Patented Aug. 11, 1953 MINING TREPAN Joseph Dionisott, Monthey, Switzerland Application November 21, 1947, Serial No. 787,267 In Switzerland November 23, 1946 1 Claim.

This invention relates to mining trepans comprising superposed crowns of cutting edges, the diameters of which increase from the head or point of the trepan onwards.

An object of the invention 'is to arrange these crowns around a cavity in which a part of the boring fragments can be discharged. For this discharge, e. g., compressed air or water under pressure may be used.

Another object of the invention is to provide the trepan in certain embodiments with a ball and socket joint permitting a better distribution of the shocks of the percussion rod to be obtained. In this way the eficiency will be increased and the tool less loaded.

A further object of the invention is to give the trepan in certain cases an open end in order to remove from the rock a cylindrical sample growing with the advancing of the trepan and penetrating into the central cavity of the latter.

Other objects and features will be apparent as the following description proceeds, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is a lateral elevation, partly in section, of a first embodiment.

Fig. 2 is a section along the line II-II in Fig. l, and

Fig. 3 a section along the line III-III in Fig. l.

Fig. 3a is a point which may be substituted for u the point shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 shows a detail of a second embodiment.

Fig. 5 is a developument of a crown of cutting edges of a third embodiment.

Fig. 6 is an elevation, partly in section, of another example.

Fig. '7 is a cross section along the line VII- VII in Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is an elevation of a detail of a fifth embodiment, of which Fig. 9 is a view from below.

Fig. 10 is an elevation, partly in section, of a sixth example, of which Fig. 11 is a view from below.

Fig. 12 is a bottom view of a seventh performance.

Fig. 13 is an axial section through an eighth embodiment, of which Fig. 14 is a bottom View.

Referring now to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the illustrated mining trepan comprises members with crowns of cutting edges I, 2 and 3, these members beingr screwed into one another. The diameters of these crowns increase from the crown I adjacent the point 4 up lto the crown 3. Ihe cutting point (Cl. Z55-64) i is screwed to the member of crown I. Each member has holes 5 provided between its crown of cutting edges and its screw thread. The trepan being assembled, these holes 5 lie just below the crown of the adjacent larger member.

The member 3 has exterior screw threads to which a tube ii is screwed, extending towards the top along a part of the operating rod l. The upper portion of the member 3 ends in a cap 8 pierced by a hole il. This cap carries a socket Iii receiving a ball I i fixed to the rod l.

Holes are provided along the tube 6, into which plugs I2 are screwed for a purpose described later on. Wings I3 are iixed to the rod "l, cooperating with drivers I 4 mounted on the tube in order to impart a rotary motion to the trepan, if desired.

The rod 7 and the ball and socket joint I0, II are traversed by a channel I9 going through the cap 8 of the member 3 and extending down to the cutting point 4.

The trepan described and illustrated works as follows:

The rod i is coupled in a usual manner to a rock-boring machine of any kind whatever (not shown in the drawing), which imparts to the rod either a pure axial shock or an axial and rotary movement together. These axial shocks are transmitted to the crowns of cutting edges by the intermediary of the ball and socket joint Ill, II and the members screwed into one another. The fragments produced on boring are removed by compressed air supplied through the channel I9 and escaping through the point fl. These fragments after having been expelled through the point l enter through the holes 5 into the hollow space within the crown members which they leave through the hole or holes 9 for being discharged through the tube 5.

With the device shown in Fig. l it is not possible to take samples of the rock. For doing so, the point l must be replaced by a point such as I5 in Fig. 3a. With this point I 5 an intact rock cylinder may be formed in the middle of the bore, which can be taken out together with the complete tool, from which it may be removed by unscrewing the members l, 2 and I5.

The cutting edges may consist of individual pieces fixed to the crown members. These pieces may form cutters such as shown in Fig. 4, distributed on the circumference of the crown members. These cutters consist of a conical shank I5 carrying a cutting element Il.

In the embodiment shown in Figs. 6 and 7, the crowns of cutting edges 2li, 2l, 22, 23, 24 and 25 are all made from the same steel block. On this block grooves 26 are provided, substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the trepan, which divide the diierent crowns of cutting edges into a certain number of teeth groups. These grooves 26 run into holes 2l provided in the block and connecting the grooves 26 with a fragmentcollecting chamber 3l limited towards the outside by a tube 28 screwed to the upper end of the block and towards the inside by a second tube 29 screwed to the lower part of the block. On the bottom the trepan is open so that, on driving-on the bore, a cylinder 30 is cut out of the rock, serving as a sample showing the nature of the rock to be worked upon.

The rock cylinder 30 is not in contact with the tube 29. Compressed air is supplied through this tube to the end of the trepan, from which it passes outside along the crowns and escapes through the grooves 26 and the openings 21 in order to carry the rock fragments away into the collecting chamber 3l.

Should a rock sample not be required, a point corresponding to that described in connection with the former example might be fixed to the trepan in an ordinary way. Instead of making the cutting edges in one piece with the block, they may be formed as individual cutters 32 or 33 (Fig. 8) which are either circular or cross-shaped in plan View, as shown in Fig. 9. These cutters have a conical shank. They may thus be adjusted to bring successively different parts of their cutting edges into working position, or they may even be replaced totally.

It has proved advantageous to give the crowns of cutting edges diameters which are in direct relation to the distance separating these crowns from one another. The efficiency of the tool is e. g. considerably improved if each crown has a diameter equal to that of the adjacent smaller crown augmented by twice the axial distance of these crowns from each other. There are also certain cases where the eiiiciency of the trepan is improved if the cutting edges of the different crowns have their ends not on the same circle with its center in the middle of the tool, but on two diierent circles.

The rock-boring tool shown in Figs. and 11 has a certain number of crowns of cutting edges 40, 4l, 42, 43, all made from the same steel piece, and the diameters of which increase from the lowermost crown 49 to the upermost crown 43. As above-mentioned, the crown 4| has a diameter equal to that of the crown 4l] augmented by twice the axial distance of these crowns from each other. The same relation exists between the crowns 4l and 42. This latter has a diameter equal to that of the crown 4I augmented by twice the axial displacement x between these two crowns. This distance is greater than that between the crowns 40 and 4I and is still greater between the crowns 42 and 43. carries a Small supplemental tooth 44 serving to diminish the boring load imparted to the crown with the greatest diameter.

This latter crown 6 In the embodiment shown in Fig. 12 the ends of the cutting edges 45 of the different crowns do not lie on one single circle with its center in the middle of the tool as in Figs. 10 and 11 where the circle is shown in a chain-dotted line, but on two circles 46 and 41 of different diameters. On boring, this trepan removes from the rock a portion having a width equal to the difference of the radii of the two circles. The cutting edges 45 may consist of individual pieces fixed to the remaining part of the trepan and made from harder material than the latter.

If the cavity serves only the conduit of the compressed air or the water under pressure, the fragments discharge along the circumference of the trepan. Such a tool is illustrated in Figs. 13 and 14. This trepan together with its screw connection 6l is made in one steel piece 60. The cutting edges of the crowns 62 are arranged on concentrical circular arcs and are separated by recesses 63 giving the tool a slender shape. The cavity 64 is cylindrical and serves only for the conduit of compressed air or water under pressure necessary for clearing away the fragments which pass easily through the recesses 63.

What I claim is:

A mining trepan comprising a body member, a bit member secured to the lower end of said body member, said bit member having a plurality of sets of tooth portions projecting laterally and downward, the tooth portions of each set having cuttingI edges positioned substantially in a plane extending at a right angle from the longitudinal axis of the trepan, the planes pertaining to diierent sets being axially spaced and the radial distance of the cutting edges of one set of tooth portions from the longitudinal axis of the trepan being greater than the radial distance of the cuting edges of the set below by substantially the axial distance between their planes, and the axial distance between the planes of the two uppermost sets of tooth portions being smaller than that between the planes of the other sets.

JOSEPH DIONISOTTI.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Italy June 26, 1939

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2786373 *Dec 14, 1953Mar 26, 1957Patton William KennethStraight flute drilling cutter
US2879037 *Jun 10, 1955Mar 24, 1959Wolfram Norman ERock drill bit
US2938709 *May 14, 1957May 31, 1960Joy Mfg CoPercussive rock drill bit
US3078934 *May 13, 1959Feb 26, 1963Jersey Prod Res CoDrilling of earth formations by extrusion
US3106973 *Sep 26, 1960Oct 15, 1963Christensen Diamond Prod CoRotary drill bits
US3127944 *Sep 4, 1959Apr 7, 1964Davis Frank FDrilling saw
US3321034 *Jan 19, 1965May 23, 1967Webb James ESample collecting impact bit
US3417829 *Sep 16, 1966Dec 24, 1968Gulf Research Development CoConical jet bits
US4100979 *Dec 17, 1976Jul 18, 1978Paul SchmidtPneumatic percussion boring device
US4144941 *Sep 30, 1977Mar 20, 1979Ritter Lester LDirectional impact tool for tunneling
US6860344 *Jun 25, 2001Mar 1, 2005Kennametal Inc.Monolithic roof cutting bit insert
US7228922Jun 8, 2004Jun 12, 2007Devall Donald LDrill bit
US7513319Jun 11, 2007Apr 7, 2009Devall Donald LReamer bit
EP0517343A1 *Mar 10, 1989Dec 9, 1992Tri-State Oil Tool Industries Inc.Casing mill and manufacturing method
WO2003031763A1 *Oct 2, 2002Apr 17, 2003Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V.System for rotary-percussion drilling in an earth formation
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/387, 175/426, 175/413, 175/418, 175/320, 175/390, 175/405
International ClassificationE21B10/36, E21B10/58, E21B10/40, E21B10/46
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/58, E21B10/40
European ClassificationE21B10/40, E21B10/58