US 2649195 A
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H. J. ROSS]. ETAL SINGLE BLANK CARTON WITH DISPLAY CARD COVER Aug. 18, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed April 6, 1950 I N VENTORS.
Aug. 18, 1953 H. J. ROSS! ETAL SINGLE BLANK CARTON WITH DISPLAY CARD COVER Filed April 6, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTORS m m P 5 J a? E I m 3 3 w m c m 1 4 X Patented Aug. 18, 1953 SINGLE BLANK CARTON WITH DISPLAY CARD COVER Harry J. Rossi, New York, N. Y., and Arthur J. Weiss, West Englewood, N. J., assignors to Robert Gair Company, Inc., New lfork, N. Y., a
corporation of Delaware Application April 6, 1950, Serial No. 154,284
2 Claims. ('01. 208-4539) This invention relates to shipping and display cartons and more particularly to a carton which folds flat until ready to be used, and which is provided with an upstanding panel for use with the contents of the box as a display.
It is an object of the instant invention to provide a shipping container which folds fiat during shipment from the manufacturer to the place where it will be filled with the commodity.
The invention further provides a carton which, although folded flat during shipment, can be quickly extended to an upright position for inserting a commodity.
The invention also provides a shipping and display carton having an upright panel for the display of advertising printed thereon, which panel is so constructed as to stand Vertically with little danger of being knocked out of place by movement of the carton.
The instant invention further provides a carton provided with an open window in the top surface so that the contents may be seen durin display, and which is also provided with a vertical panel for carrying printed matter, which panel may also be used to cover the opening in the top of the panel in order to display the contents.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a shipping and display carton as described above in which the construction is such that it can be made on standard box-making machinery and the gluing and assembly of which presents no problems of construction.
The instant invention is such that it provides a novel structure that provides for the foldin of the carton into a fiat position when not beins used as a receptacle for a commodity.
The invention also consists of certain new and original features of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter set forth and claimed.
Although the novel features which are believed to be characteristic of this invention will be D ticularly pointed out in the claims appended hereto, the invention itself has many objects and advantages, the mode of operation and the manner of organization of which may be better understood by referring to the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the carton of the instant invention with the display panel in position and with the contents omitted.
Figure 2 is a plan view of a blank used in the construction of the instant invention, as it appears before being assembled.
Figure 3 is a plan view of the assembled box of the instant invention, with parts and portions cut away, in its position when half-way between folded position and open position for use as a container.
Figure 4 is a plan view of the box of the insta invention showing it assembled but in folded p sition for shipment to the place where it will be filled with the commodity it was designed to contain.
Figure 5 is an elevation view of the device as shown in Figure 4, looking at the folded carton from the right hand side.
Figure 6 is a cross section view of the device of the instant invention taken on the line 6-6 of Figure 1, and looking in the direction of the arrows, and having a portion of the display panel cut away.
Like reference characters denote like parts of the several figures in the drawings.
It has been the practice heretofore to provide boxes for the shipment of goods which provide a means of displaying the contents for retail sale. Some of the difficulties encountered in the prior devices are that they do not fold flat for shipment to the place where they are to be sold with the commodity and forwarded for sale. In addition, the prior art devices demand a great deal of assembly work at the time that they are filled with the commodity. Also, the previously used cartons, although they provide a vertical display panel, do not provide one that has surficient strength to withstand the movement and abuse to which the display may be put in the average retail store.
In the following description and the claims parts will be identified by specific names for convenience, but they are intended as generic in their application to similar parts as the art will perm1 The particular embodiment of the invention Shown comprises a cardboard blank, generally designated l0, which is folded to form the finished carton. The blank I is printed on one side H in a manner commensurate with the use to which it is to be put. The carton is provided with a panel I! which serves dual purposes as a cover and a display panel. The cover I2 comprises a panel I 3 and a panel I4 which are defined by the fold line 23. The cover I2 is made by folding l3 and I l together about the fold line 23 and gluing along areas 22 and 24. Adjacent the panel l4 and separated from it by fold line 25 is the cover brace l5; adjacent the cover brace l5 and separated from it by the fold line 26 is with tabs 2! and 28 which are defined by fold,
lines 31 and 36, respectively. The bottom panel I! is provided with end walls 29 and 30 which are defined by fold lines 39 and 40, respectively. The
tom edge of the panel I4 and the top edge of the rear wall I6. Tabs 2| are inserted through the cutout 56 of the top wall I9, and the panel I2 is drawn back until the edges of the cutout 55 are embraced by the sides of the slots 29 in the panel I3. The sizes and "shapes offthe panels are so arranged that when this has been done and the tabs 2| and the panel I3 to which they are attached are drawn to the most rearward poend walls 29 and 30 are of generally rectangular formation and are bent along diagonal fold lines 4|, 42, 43, and 44 which define triangular glue areas 52, 53, 54, and 55, respectively. The'front wall I8 is provided with tabs 3| and 32 which are defined by the fold lines 45 and 41, respectively.
The top wall I 9 is of generally rectangular shape and, as has been said, is attached at one side to the panel I8 along the fold line 48. On its other three sides, it is provided with tabs 33, 35, and 34, which are defined by the fold lines 49, and 50, respectively. The top wall I9 is also provided with a cut-out portion 55, which will be described in greater detail further on. Triangular cut-outs are made between the end wall 29 and its adjacent tabs 28 and 3| and the end Wall 30 and its adjacent tabs, 21 and 32, in such a manner that the side of each of the aforesaid tabs which is adjacent the end wa1l slopes away from said endwall to provide clearance. The side of the rectangular panel I3 opposite the panel I4 is provided with inwardly-cut slots which define tabs 2| and 22, which tabs extend away from each other and are used in a manner to be described later on.
It has been noted that in the assembly of the carton, the panels I3 and I4 are glued together along areas 22 and 24. These glue areas 22 and 24 run lengthwise of the panel in a position intermediate of their, width. This means that when the panels I3 and I 4 are glued together the areas around the foldline 25 .and around the tabs 2| .are separable from each other. In assembling the box the panel I6 is bent about the fold line 38 to a position'at right angles to the panel I7, and the panel I8 is bent about the fold line to a position at right angles to the panel II. In a similar manner, the tabs 28, 3|, 2! and 32 are bent about the fold lines 36, 46, 41, and 31, respectively, and to positions at right angles to their respective panels. Theend walls 29 and 30 are bent up about the fold line 39 and 40, respectively, and to positions at right angles to the panel II. The areas 52, 53, 54, and 55 are g'lued to their respective tabs 28, 3| 21, and 32, respectively, externally thereof. This forms a tray in which the member IT is the bottom,
the member IE is the rear wall, the member I3 is the front wall the member 29 is one end wall,
member I9 isbent about the fold line 28, and
until it is in position parallel to the bottom II. The tabs 33, 35, and 34 are bent at right angles to the top wall I9 about the fold lines 49, 5|,-and 50, respectively, and these tabs are inserted inside the tray to hold the member I9 in its position as top wall of the carton. At this point the panels I5, I4, and I3, extend vertically upward. By bending the panel I5 about the fold line 26 and forwardly of the rear wall and bending the panels I3 and I4 backwardly along the fold line 25,-cover I2 is brought to a-vertical position, with a bracemember I5 extending between the botsition in the cutout 56, the cover I2 is in a vertical position.
,7 To permit the carton to fold for shipment minus contents from the manufacturer of the box to the place where the contents are to be inserted, use is made of the fold lines 4|, 42, 43,
and 44, on the end panels 29 and 35. The use of 1 this foldable end'wall structure is best illustrated in Figure 3, where the box, minus the top wall and the display panel or cover, is shown in a position half-way between operative display position and folded shipment position. It can be seen from Figure 3 that, when pressure is. brought to bear on the center portion of the end panels 29 and 30, the rear wall I6 movesfor wardly about the fold line 38 and the front wall I3 moves rearwardly about the fold line 45, the unglued portion of the tabs 21,23, 3!, and 32, swing clear of the bottom II, and the glue areas 52, 53, 54, and of the end walls 29 and 39 move downward toward the remaining'portion of the end walls 29 and 30 until they are in juxtaposition thereto. When the glue areas 52, 53, 54, and 55 are in juxtaposition to the remaining area of the panel 29 and 30, the carton is in folded, flat position. This folded position is best shown in Figure 4 and in Figure 5, where the cover I2- is shown as folded about the fold line 25 and Q lies fiat with the panel I4 in juxtaposition to the' panel I5 and I5, which in turn lie next to the bottom I'I. As shown inFigure 4, the topwall I9 is bent about the fold line 43 so that 'itlies generally in the same plane as the front wall I8, and overlies the panel I3 of the cover I2.
In Figure 6 is shown a sectional view of the, device assembled as in Figure 1, and in that view; can be seen the arrangement of the members which make up the end wall of the structure.
the cover I2 is held in vertical display position.'
In the manufacture of the carton, the gluing together of panel I4 presents no technical problem. The gluing can be done between rollers in the manner Well known in the art. Furthermore, the other gluing problem that generally arises in prior art devices is the gluing of the' end structure. The end structure of the instant device is so arranged that in gluing the glue areas 52, 53, 54, and 55, to their respective tabs, 28, 3|, 32, and 21, gluing can be done between rollers by folding the carton into the folded position shown in Figure 4 and running the whole box between rollers or other similar gluing devices. Thus, there is no need for entrance of fingers or backing members into inaccessible corners of the box during construction. Thus, it can be seen that the carton of the instant invention can be produced in quantity on automatic machinery.
The assembled carton has the appearance presented by Figure 1, in which it is shown in position to display the contents through the opening 56, and also to display advertising which may be printed on the back and front of the cover I2.
It is contemplated that the device of the instant invention will be made by a manufacturer and produced in the condition shown in Figure 4. v
That is, folded and fiat, and in such a condition that great quantities can be shipped without occupying appreciable space. It is also evident that, when the folded box reaches the place where it is to be filled with the commodity to be sold, a simple motion causes the end Wall 29 and 30 to come up into vertical position with respect to the bottom ll, after which the contents can be inserted in the box, the tabs 33, 34, and 35 inserted into the open end of the tray, and the top wall [9 brought into position, after which the cover I2 is closed over the top wall H! to form a shipping container for the goods. Later on, when the goods have been shipped to the retailer, the retailer merely brings the cover 12 up into vertical position by a simple movement, the contents can be seen through the opening 56, and the cover I2 is in a :position where its advertising can be readily seen. Furthermore, it is evident that the interlocking of the panel 13 with the opening 56 and the provision of a brace member l5, combined with the resilient action of the portions of the panel l3 and 14 that are below the glue areas 22 and 24, provide a strong and durable display member.
While certain novel features of the invention have been shown and described, and are pointed out in the annexed claims, it will be understood that various omissions, substitutions, and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its operation may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A carton formed from a single piece of paperboard comprising a tray having a bottom, rear and front walls, and two end walls, a top wall integrally hinged to the top edge of the front wall, a cover integrally hinged to the top edge of the rear wall, the top wall being provided with foldable tabs on its unhinged sides for insertion into the tray and for spacing the top wall on the bottom wall, said top wall also being provided with a display aperture which extends over a substantial portion of said top wall, said cover being adapted to be raised into a vertical position to uncover the aperture in the top wall for exposure of the contents of the tray, said cover being separated by fold lines into first, second, and third panels, said first panel being the portion of the cover that is hinged to the rear wall of the tray and to the second panel, the third panel being in turn folded into juxtaposition to the second panel, so that, when the cover is used for display purposes, the second and third panels extend vertically and the first panel extends rearwardly and downwardly at an angle to them and acts as a bracing means, said third panel being somewhat longer than said second panel and having its free end slotted at its opposed edges to form tabs for embracing the edges of the aperture, and securing means holding said second and third panels in face-to-face contact.
2. A container formed of a single blank of sheet material comprising a tray having a bottom, rear and front walls, and two end walls, a top wall integrally hinged to the top edge of the front wall, a cover integrally hinged to the top edge of the rear wall, the top wall being provided with foldable tabs on its unhinged sides for insertion into the tray and for spacing the top wall from the bottom wall, said top wall also being provided with a display aperture which extends over a substantial portion of said top wall, the cover being adapted to lie in juxtaposition to the top wall in which position it is coextensive with the top wall, said cover being further adapted tobe raised into a vertical position to uncover the aperture in the top wall for exposure of the contents of the tray, said cover being separated by first, second and third panels, said first panel being the portion of the cover that is hinged to the rear wall of the tray and to the second panel, the third panel being in turn folded into juxtaposition to the second panel, so that, when the cover is used for display purposes, the second and third panels extend vertically and the first panel extends rearwardly and downwardly at an angle to them and acts as a bracing means, said third panel being somewhat longer than said second panel and having its free end slotted at its opposed edges to form tabs for embracing the edges of the aperture, and securing means hold-- ing said second and third panels in face-to-face contact.
HARRY J. ROSSI. ARTHUR J. WEISS.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,382,979 Horr June 28, 1921 1,472,953 Bamber Nov, 6, 1923 1,616,708 Tanner Feb. 8, 1927 2,137,420 Soybel Nov. 22, 1938 2,295,515 Hoag Sept. 8, 1942 2,322,849 Horr June 29,1943 2,375,843 Gottlieb May 15, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 214,321 Great Britain Apr. 16, 1924 218,525 Great Britain July 10, 1924 443,311 Great Britain Feb. 26, 1936