US 26492 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. A. HARVEY. I CHAIR FOR SECURING THE RAILS 0P RAILRQADS.
No. 26,492. Patented Dec. 20, 1859.
Wzzamrag ITED STATES PATENTOF r x HAYWARD: A. HARVEY; or NEW XORKuNL Y.
CHAIR FOR RAILROADS. l
Specification of Letters liatent N 0,
scription thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making part of thls specification, in wh1ch Figure 1, 1s a cross vertical section taken in the plane of the junction of the rails;
Fig. 2 a side elevation of the rails in the chair; Fig. 3, a section taken in the central longitudinal plane of the rails; Figb a plan of the rails, chair and sleeper.
The same letters indicate like parts in all the figures.
The object of my said invention is to secure the junctions of the sections of rails so as to insure the retaining of them in line, and to this end my said invention consists in the employment of a chair with lips to extend over the web or base of the rail, and
with a grooi e or other suitable receptacle for a cross wedge which is to be used in combination therewith, and which is to be driven across the longitudinal plane of the rail and just under the base of the proximate ends of two sections so as to force the webs of the said rails up against the two lips of the chair, and at the same time to form a base for them to rest on, whereby I am enabled to keep the proximate ends of the sections of rails in line and on the same level, and avoid that hammering actlon whlch 1s so 1n ur1ous to rails, and all the other difiiculties consequent upon the use of imperfect modes of securing the ends of rails in chairs.
In the accompanying drawings (A) represents the chair, which may be secured. in any suitable manner to the sleeper or cross tie (D)- This chair is formed with lips (b, b) to extend over the web (0, c) or base of the rails (B) while the under surface of the web or base rest-s on the flat surface of the chair between the lips. I prefer so to form the under surface of the lips (b, b).
that they shall fit the upper surface of the web (a, c) of the rails. The upper surface of the base of the chair, on which the base of the rail rests is formed with a groove (0?) at right angles with the longitudinal plane the two lips (I), b) ofthe chair and slotting 26,492, dated Dec mbrao; 11859.1 :1, w
the lips (I), b) in the form of mortises (e, e) and to this is. fitted alflatwedge (0) which Iprefer to make of very "slightinw 3 clination, and in width about half thelengthfGOi of the chair. The niortisd;(e, e) are to be, in depth a little greater thanthethickness of the wedge, that is justgenough to clearlj 3 the upper surface of the wedge thatfwhengfl i driven in it may act fully against theun- 5 der surface of thebase of the railstoforce R11, them up against the lips ofthe chairw 1 I; I The ends of the rails (B, B) areto be. j inserted in the chair so as to lmeetornearly 1 meet in the middle of its length, as repre sented, and of course with the web (a, 0) 11 of the rails, under the lips. (b, b) of the f chair, and then the wedge (G) is inserted f in the groove. (d) and underwthe ends of I the rails, and driven until thefweb1,(0, 0) I of the raiIsaref rced up againstthe lips (b, b) of the chairflthewupper surface of the wedge thusbecoming the base on which the two sections of railrest. l. 1 I To secure the wedgeinx place when driven 1 home ithas a holenear each endcorrespond f ing with holes intheflchair in whichjspikesv (h, h) are inserted and; drivenintothe j cross tie or sleeper, and to facilitate this I, j: prefer to make the chairswith jag recessi (g, g) on each side .to give freefaccess to} the heads of the spikes. 1 And Jaltho'ughfil S I prefer this mode ofsecuring the wedge I K. I do not wish to be understood aslimiting-my 1 l claim of invention to. the employment of such mode, as other mea er efi'ectingthisW may be employed. y :a
I contemplate in some 1 instances 1 unitlng the ends of the rails betweenifthe webl and; the cap to fit over such extension of,the.lips,= 11 but this makes no part ofthe invention claimed by me. p
I am aware that wedges have been. applied in various ways for securingrails in chairs but not under an arrangement or mode ,0 f 1; f, operation, such as constitutessrny said. vention. 1.
What I claim as my :inventio ,,ii],'l(1 desire [y to secureby Letters-Patent, y 1051 Forming the chair with li sIeXtending over the web or base of the rails, and witha [I] groove or equivalent receptionfor a Wedge,
. s substantially as described, but this I only of rails to rest on, substantially as and for claim when combined with a Wedge to be the purpose specified, driven across the longitudinal plane of the H A HARVEY rails and passing under the base of the tWo rails to force and hold them up against the Witnesses: V Lips of the chair, and to form a base or rest WM. C. BRoWN for the base of the ends of the two sections WM. H. BISHOP. 1