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Publication numberUS2649854 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 25, 1953
Filing dateAug 31, 1950
Priority dateApr 27, 1949
Publication numberUS 2649854 A, US 2649854A, US-A-2649854, US2649854 A, US2649854A
InventorsSalm Hans
Original AssigneeSalm Hans
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Instrument for closing the urethra
US 2649854 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 25, 1953 SALM INSTRUMENT FOR CLOSING THE UR'ETHRA Filed Aug. 31, 1950 INVENTOR HANS SA-LM a5 6. 91M

AGENT Patented Aug. 25, 1953 Hans Salm, Munich, Germany Application August 31, 1950, Serial No. 182,520 In Germany April 27, 1949 9 Claims.

The object this invention aims at is to provide an instrument which enables to seal the urethra hermetically in a dependable manner. Such an instrument is requested for inst., if the sphincter fails to function, with chronic nocturnal enuresis etc. The contrivance according to this invention may be used also as a condome.

' The instrument according to this invention is an outer flange and. an inner enlargement, so that'due to the elasticity which prevails between the flange and the enlargement a biasing pressure is exercized on the parts of the urethra which are located near the contraction of the hollow body, whereby the complete seal of the urethra is assured.

A special implement is used for inserting the said device'into the urethra. This former consists of a mandrel with a head thereon, which,

when an axial thrust is applied to the mandrel,

will have a'biasing effect on the cap of the enlargement; the said implement has, moreover, a

tapered part for mutual engagement with expanding members of a retaining and guiding sleeve for the mandrel, which members have been shaped as jaws to grip a stiifening of the flange.

The figures in the attached drawing are showing diagramatically an embodiment of'this invention, of which Fig. 1 is a vertical section through the instrument as per this invention together with the implement for inserting'the contrivance into the urethra,

; instrument.

The device consists of a hollow body of elastic material, such as rubber, to be inserted into the mouth of the urethra. .This hollow body is provided with a contraction 3 between an outer 'flange I and an inner enlargement 2.

The enlargement 2 is closed at its face by a cap 4, which has been drawn inwards to assume the shape of a' dish, what is very important with regard to the stability of the shape and the'dependability of' the'seal. The body (I, 2, 3, 4) is provided with an insertion 5 in the shape of a network of mutually crossing filaments. Y of this networkof crossing filaments is to pro- -'-vide that, if the enlargement 2 is stretched m The special purpose 2 the direction of the arrow 6, this enlargement assumes an exactly cylindrical shape, which corresponds in diameter to that of the contraction 3. The network of filaments is intended, moreover, to balance all stresses which might arise in the rubber body and thus to make for the necessary tearing strength. The cap 4 is provided with an additional insertion I, e. g. in the shape of a disk of corduroy, whose diameter must be smaller than the inner diameter of the contraction 3. This insertion serves as an abutment for the inserting implement-to be described belowif the body (I, 2, 3, 4) is stretched in the direction of the arrow 6. This insertion protects, moreover, within the sphere of the cap 4 the network 5 against mechanical destructions caused by introducing the mandrel.

Within the flange I is located a stiffening 8, preferably in the shape of a metal disk, which is indented at its periphery. The network of filaments is anchored to this stilfening 8 (i. e. at the teeth of the metal disk). Besides this the flange I'is reinforced by filament insertions 9 arranged in zig-zag, which surround the stiffening 8.

The introduction of the rubber body into the .urethra. is performed by means of a mandrel III, which at onev of its extremities isprovided with a ball-shaped head I I. The concavity of the cap -4 is curved along the convexity of the balla gliding movement in a, e. g. metallic sleeve I2, which latter acts as a guide.

the sleeve is provided with peripheral slots I3, which form expanding members I4, which in their turn form both jaws I5 and abutment faces IS. The intermediate space I! between the jaws I5 and the abutments I6 is contracted and serves for co-operation with a tapered part I8 of the mandrel I0, so that when the mandrel I0 is shifted in its sleeve I2 in the direction of the arrow IS the members I4 become expanded. At

shaped head to avoid lateral slipping of the head off the cap. The mandrel I0 is able to perform In its fore part the free extremity of the mandrel is a pressure disk 20 for the action of the thumb of the hand which is handling the device- The free extremity of the sleeve I2 is correspondingly shaped as an abutment for the index and middle finger of the .same hand.

J E The manipulation of this device is as follows:

the parts of the latter is at first applied to the body (I, 2, 3, 4) in the position which may be seen in Fig. 1.

21 are brought in operating position between the 'thumb of the hand in action and the index and The mandrel I I) together with its sleeve I4 and The pressure disk 20 and the abutment middle finger of the same hand, and then a pressure is exerted by the thumb on the disk 20 in the direction of the arrow l9. By moving the mandrel l within the sleeve l2 the tapered part i8 is brought to mutual engagement with the contractions ll of the expanding members l4, so that the latter are expanded to the effect that the stiffening 8 of the flange I is clamped between the jaws I and the abutments '16 of the expanding members and thus the rubber body becomes retained during the continued advance of the mandrel l9. lhe head ll of the mandrel l0 strikes during the continued axial displacement of the latter the inner wall of the cap 4. The enlargement 2 is stretched and shrunk against the effect of its elasticity to assume the cylindrical shape with the diameter of the contraction 3, the filament network 5 assuring the stability of the shape or" this cylinder. Now the rubber body has been shaped to the diameter which allows its introduction into the urethra. If this has been accomplished the mandrel l0 becomes released of the pressure of the thumb and is returned subsequently, owing to the elasticity of the rubber body. The rubber body assumes once more the shape shown in Fig. 1, wherein the parts of the urethra which are near the contraction 3 are engaged by the l, 2 and 3 to form a seal by clamping them together. Now the mandrel is removed together with its sleeve.

According to this embodiment of this invention the pressure disk 26 has been shaped at the same time as a cover for a case 22, in which the entire instrument, 1. e. the rubber body as well as the stretching implement are kept, if they are out of use. In this example the cover 20 has been provided with a threaded part for having it screwed on to the case.

What I claim is:

1. A device for closing the urethra comprising a substantially cup-shaped body of elastic material suitable to be inserted into the mouth of the urethra, with its closed end first; a flange at the open end of said body, an inner enlargement at the closed end of said body, said flange and enlargement defining between themselves an annular contraction of said body serving as a seat for parts of the urethra clamped between said flange and expansion, and means provided inside said body to increase the clamping pressure between said flange and said expansion.

2. A device for closing the urethra comprising a substantially cup-shaped body of elastic material suitable to be inserted into the mouth of the urethra with its closed end first; a flange at the open end of said body; an inner enlargement at the closed end of said body, said flange and enlargement defining between themselves an annular contraction of said body serving as a seat for parts of the urethra clamped between said flange and expansion, and reinforcing means embedded in said body suitable to ensure a cylindrical form of said body on applying to the closed end thereof axial pressure from the inside.

3. A device for closing the urethra comprising a substantially cup-shaped body of elastic material suitable to be inserted into the mouth of the urethra with its closed end first; a flange at thev open end of said body; an inner enlargement at the closed end of said body, said flange and enlargement defining between themselves an annular contraction of said body serving as a seat for parts of the urethra clamped between said flange and expansion, and a network of filaments embedded in said body suitable to ensure a cylindrical form of said body on applying to the closed. end thereof axial pressure from the inside.

4. A device for closing the urethra comprising a substantially cup-shaped body of elastic material suitable to be inserted into the mouth of the urethra with its closed end first, a flange at the open end of said body, a stiflening in said flange, an inner enlargement at the closed end of said body, said flange and enlargement defining between themselves an annular contraction of said body serving as a seat for parts of the urethra clamped between said flange and expansion, and a network of filaments embedded in said body and anchored to said stiffening, said network ensuring a cylindrical form of said body on applying to the closed end thereof axial pressure from the inside and increasing the clamping pressure in parts of the urethra clamped between said flange and expansion on releasing the axial pressure on the closed end of said body.

5. A device as defined in claim 4 comprising in addition reinforcing filaments arranged in zigzag around the stiffening in the flange.

6. A device for closing the urethra comprising a substantially cup-shaped body of elastic material suitable to be inserted into the mouth of the urethra with its closed end first; an inwardly concave cap-like seat at the closed end of said body; a flange at the open end of said body, and an inner enlargement at the closed end of said body, said flange and enlargement defining between themselves an annular contraction of said body serving as a. seat for parts of the urethra clamped between said flange and expansion.

7. A device for closing the urethra comprising a substantially cup-shaped body of elastic material and a detachable handle to facilitate inserting of said body into the mouth of the urethra with its closed end first; an inwardly concave cap-like seat at the inner closed end of said body, a flange at the open end of said body, an inner enlargement at the closed end of said body, said flange and said enlargement defining therebetween an annular contraction of said body serving as seat for parts of the urethra; a tapered end at said handle ending into an enlarged head engaging the cap-like seat of the closed end of the elastic body; and a sleeve slidably mounted on said handle and forming two spaced elastic annular extensions, said extensions engaging in operative position the annular contraction and the flange of said elastic body respectively.

8. A device for closing the urethra comprising a substantially cup-shaped body of elastic material and a detachable handle to facilitate inserting of said body into the mouth of the urethra with its closed end first; an inwardly concave caplike seat at the inner closed end of said body, a flange at the open end of said body, an inner enlargement at the closed end of said body, said flange and said enlargement defining therebetween an annular contraction of said body serving as seat for parts of the urethra; a tapered end at said handle ending into an enlarged head engaging the cap-like seat of the closed end of the elastic body; a sleeve slidably mounted on said handle and forming two spaced elastic annular extensions, said extensions engaging in operative position the annular contraction and the flange of said elastic body respectively, and reinforcing means embedded in said body, which reinforcing means ensure on the one hand a cylindrical form of said body when it is extended and pushed by said handle into the urethra, and on 5 the other hand increase the clamping pressure on Number the parts of the urethra. gripped between said 897,050 flange and inner enlargement, when said body is 2,510,766 left in the urethra after removal of the handle.

9. A device as defined in claim 8 comprising 5 spaced parallel axially extending slots in said Number elastic sleeve. 24700 HANS SALM. 539 643 800,044 References Cited 1n the file of this patent 10 867,126

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Beck Aug. 25, 1908 Surface June 6, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britain Nov. '7, 1907 Germany Dec. 11, 1933 France Apr. 20, 1935 Germany Dec. 31, 1952

Patent Citations
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US733068 *Mar 26, 1902Jul 7, 1903William W MitchellPessary.
US897050 *Jul 16, 1907Aug 25, 1908Gotthold BeckUterine supporter.
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DE589643C *Apr 16, 1932Dec 11, 1933Andreas Schwarz Dipl IngPessar mit spreizbarem Pessarrand mit Ein- und Ausfuehrungsvorrichtung
DE867126C *Apr 28, 1949May 13, 1954Hans Dr SalmGeraet zum Verschliessen der Harnroehre
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GB190724700A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3066667 *Oct 18, 1960Dec 4, 1962John L BerryApparatus for control of urinary incontinence
US3372695 *Apr 27, 1965Mar 12, 1968Prosit Service CorpMethod of overcoming incontinence
US3411494 *Mar 28, 1966Nov 19, 1968Marvin J. FriedenbergUreteral compression device
US3463141 *May 15, 1967Aug 26, 1969Casimir MozolfMale contraceptive
US3648683 *Jun 29, 1970Mar 14, 1972Brodie NathanReversible intra-vas device
US4019499 *Apr 22, 1976Apr 26, 1977Heyer-Schulte CorporationCompression implant for urinary incontinence
US4209010 *Jul 26, 1978Jun 24, 1980The Kendall CompanyArtificial sphincter
US4210131 *Jul 26, 1978Jul 1, 1980The Kendall CompanyArtificial sphincter with collection bag
US4210132 *Jul 26, 1978Jul 1, 1980The Kendall CompanyArtificial sphincter
US5242391 *Oct 30, 1991Sep 7, 1993Alza CorporationUrethral insert for treatment of erectile dysfunction
US5437649 *Oct 17, 1994Aug 1, 1995Letchworth; William A.Adjustable body opening dilator
US5513659 *Mar 20, 1995May 7, 1996Iotek, Inc.Incontinence device
US5562599 *Jan 9, 1995Oct 8, 1996Beyschlag; Heinz G.Urethral damming device
US5701914 *Oct 31, 1995Dec 30, 1997Loeffler; Charles P.Male contraceptive
US5773020 *Oct 28, 1997Jun 30, 1998Vivus, Inc.Treatment of erectile dysfunction
US5807306 *Aug 16, 1994Sep 15, 1998Cortrak Medical, Inc.Polymer matrix drug delivery apparatus
US5906575 *Apr 25, 1996May 25, 1999Rochester Medical CorporationUrethral urine retention device
US5927282 *Jul 16, 1998Jul 27, 1999Uromed CorporationControlling urinary incontinence
US6131575 *Jun 26, 1996Oct 17, 2000The Procter & Gamble CompanyUrinary incontinence device
US6315711May 25, 1999Nov 13, 2001Rochester Medical CorporationUrethral urine retention device
US6479000May 25, 1999Nov 12, 2002Rochester Medical CorporationUrethral urine retention device
US8282622 *Jan 9, 2007Oct 9, 2012Applied Medical Resources CorporationUreteral access sheath
US8864730Apr 12, 2005Oct 21, 2014Rochester Medical CorporationSilicone rubber male external catheter with absorbent and adhesive
US9248058Oct 7, 2014Feb 2, 2016Rochester Medical Corporation, a subsidiary of C.R. Bard, Inc.Male external catheter with absorbent and adhesive
US20070112335 *Jan 9, 2007May 17, 2007Applied Medical Resources CorporationUreteral access sheath
US20110028778 *Jul 28, 2010Feb 3, 20110884543 B.C. Ltd.Urinary incontinence device
WO1998025524A1 *Dec 13, 1996Jun 18, 1998Uromed CorporationUrinary incontinence device
Classifications
U.S. Classification600/29, 128/887, 128/DIG.250, 128/842
International ClassificationA61F2/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2/0022, Y10S128/25
European ClassificationA61F2/00B4