Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2650575 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 1, 1953
Filing dateMar 31, 1950
Priority dateMar 31, 1950
Publication numberUS 2650575 A, US 2650575A, US-A-2650575, US2650575 A, US2650575A
InventorsCarlson Arthur W
Original AssigneeSmith Corp A O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Water heater flue construction
US 2650575 A
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 1, 1953 A, w. CARLSON 2,650,575


Patented Sept. 1, 1953 WATER HEATER FLUE CONSTRUCTION Arthur W. Carlson, Kankakee, 111., assignor to A. 0. Smith Corporation, Milwaukee, Wis., a corporation of New York j Application March 31, 1950, Serial No. 153,277

2 Claims.

This invention relates to water heater flue construction and more particularly to a gas Water heater having an external flue for discharge of burner gases.

One object of this invention is to provide a water heater with a flue that can readily be mounted between the heater tank and the insulating: material within the heater casing.

Another object is to provide a water heater having a flue entirely without the heater tank thereby eliminating tank joints and reducing the possibility of leakage of the liquid contained within the. tank.

Another object is to provide a heater with an external flue that may be readily secured to the heater tank, the tank having been coated with ceramic enamel or the like, without injuring such coating.

Another object is to provide a water heater having an external flue on the outside of the tank withthe flue being coated with ceramic enamel and overlying an enamel coated strip of the shell of the tank.

Another object is to provide a water heater having an external flue that provides a large surface adjacent to the water tank for the transfer ofheat from the hue gas to the tank without surrounding the entire tank wall with a jacket-like fine that would hinder the installation and servicing of thermostats and other fittings.

Another object is to provide a water heater with an external flue which employs a burning unit located beneath the water tank whereby both the tom and vertical surfaces of the tank are in i f 1'; contact with the heated gas.

another objectis to provide in a water heater ha an external flue means for deflecting condensate that forms in the flue to a point near the burner unit where it will be evaporated and not contact the heaters insulating material.

Th6 external flue water heater of the invention in general comprises a cylindrical tank having a casing surround-ins the same and spaced therefrom by suitable heat insulating material. A burner is disposed beneath the tank and a channel-shaped seniicylindrical elongated flue member 9 ends upwardly from adjacent the burner along tne wall. to which it is sealed, to near the top of thetank whereit communicates with a discharge fluefor discharge of the burner flue gases.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the following description of the accompanying drawing in which:

Figure l is a vertical section of a hot water tank with an external flue constructed in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken along line 2-2 of Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary horizontal sectional detail showing aflue; joint; and

Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical section showing the lower portion of the tank.

Referring to the drawing, the water heater shown comprises an inner tank formed of a generally cylindrical shell I closed at the upper end by a head 2 and at the lower end by a head 3, and separated from an outer enclosing casing 4 by'suitable insulating material 5 which prevents loss of heat from hot waterconfined in the inner tank.

The inner surface of the shell and heads of the tank are coated with ceramic enamel {i or similar material provided to prevent corrosion of the metal of the tank.

The inner tank is supported within casing 4' by a skirt ring 1 which correspondsto the diameter of shell I and extends downwardly from lower head 3 a substantial distance. Ring 1 is intermittently tack welded to head 3 and the joint between head 3 and skirt ring I is sealed by a suitable cement 8 to form a substantially closed burner chamber inside the skirt.

A gas burner 9 which is connected to a suitable source of gas, not shown, is positioned beneath the tank within the skirt ring to heat the liquid confined in the tank. I

In order to carry off the combustion gases gen" erated by burner 9, skirt ring 1 is provided'with a generally rectangular shaped opening It near the upper part of one side thereof formed by slitting flaring outwardly a portion of ring 1 to form a deflector I] the use of which will be described hereinafter.

(Jpening it cornmunicateswith an external flue passage it formed externally of shell! by an elongated arcuate shaped flue jacket 53 which extends from a line on the same plane as the lower of skirt ring I to substantially the end of shell I of the inner tank. Jacket It has the general curvature of shell I with a slight outward offset at the joint ofthe shell and lower head to make passage 12 of consistent size and is channel shaped so that its longitudinal edges may contact theshell to space the body of the jacket from shell I and define flue passage [2. The periphery [4 of flue jacket !3 contacts the vessel wall except at its lower portion and is beaded to receive a heat resistant gasket such as 3 asbestos rope I to seal the joint between fine plate I3 and the shell.

The flue jacket I3 is strapped to shell I by a plurality of bands or metal straps I6 which tightly secure jacket I3 in place.

Gases are discharged from flue passage I2 into discharge pipe I! which is sealed into flue jacket I 3 near the upper end of the plate and connected at the outer end with a chimney or other discharge means, not shown.

The flared deflector II of skirt ring I extends outwardly to flue jacket I3 somewhat above the bottom end of the heater to direct the flue gases within the skirt ring upwardly into flue passage I2. At the same time, the deflector II of ring I directs any falling products of combustion and condensate accumulating within the flue'passage I2 into the skirt ring or burner chamber where they are consumed or evaporated without danger of contact with insulating material 5. Condensate appears to form on shell I and tends to run down the shell. Deflector II thus operates as a condensate deflector to direct the dripping condensate into the burner chamber where it is dissipated.

In order to prevent corrosion of the shell wall and flue jacket I3, ceramic enamel 6 or similar material is applied to the inside and outside of the flue jacket and to shell I beneath the location of flue jacket I3.

In assembling the flue of the invention on the outside of tank shell I, the inner tank, in the course of fabrication and assembly, is coated on the outside where the flue is to be located with a coating of ceramic enamel 6.

A skirt ring I, previously provided with a deflector I I by slitting and flaring a portion of the wall outwardly, is tack welded to the bottom of tank shell I, and the joint therebetween is sealed with cement 8.

The flue jacket I3 is fabricated from a flat plate which is formed to the general curvature of shell I and channeled for spacing the body of the jacket from the shell. The periphery of the jacket, except for the lower edge, is beaded, the upper corners of jacket l3 being curved so that the bead continues uninterruptedly around three edges of the jacket.

Thereafter, asbestos rope I5 is glued or otherwise secured within the bead of flue jacket I3 and the flue jacket is assembled to lie over the enamel coated area of shell I and the deflector I I of skirt ring 1. While held in this position, a plurality of metal straps I6 are applied around shell I and jacket I3, to strap the jacket securely to shell I and define a flue passage leading from the skirt ring burner chamber beneath shell I upwardly past deflector II and the wall of shell I, and to discharge pipe I! near the top of jacket I3.

The invention provides a less expensive construction for disposing of flue gases which adequately handles and disposes of condensate formed in the flue passage without contact with the insulating material employed, and also which confines products of combustion within the heater unit.

Various embodiments of the invention may be employed within the scope of the accompanying claims.

I claim:

1. A flue unit for a hot water heater having an inner tank and an outer casing spaced therefrom by heat insulating material, said unit comprising I a generally cylindrical supporting member secured to said tank and extending downwardly therefrom directly beneath the same to define a gas burning chamber for receiving hot gases for heating the liquid in said tank, a flue discharge jacket secured longitudinally along the wall of said tank between the tank and easing with the periphery of the jacket sealed to the wall of the tank, and said wall and jacket defining a flue passage extending upwardly from said supporting member to dispose heated gas in direct contact with the wall of the tank throughout substantially the length of said wall, and a deflector flared outwardly from an opening in said supporting member to substantially contact the inside wall of the flue member to direct combustion gases upwardly for discharge into the flue passageand to guide condensate into said gas burning chamber for dissipation without contact with said insulating material.

2. In a hot water heater having an inner tank and an outer Casing spaced therefrom by heat insulating material and a ring member extending downwardly from said tank to support the tank within the casing and providing a chamber for burner means to apply heat directly to the bottom of the tank the combination comprising, a flue which comprises a channel shaped elongated flue jacket secured to said tank and sealed along its periphery to a portion of the wall of the tank and the ring member and co-extending downwardly of the tank and ring member to rest on the bottom of the casing with a discharge opening in the upper portion of the jacket, and said jacket being shaped to space the body thereof from the tank wall and ring member to define a flue passage between the jacket and a portion of the tank wall through which hot gases from the burner chamber pass in direct contact with said wall, and a deflector plate provided from a portion of the wall of the ring member and flared outwardly from the ring member and across the flue passage to close off the flue passage downwardly of the plate and provide an opening in the ring member for passage of gases upwardly for discharge through the flue passage and to direct condensate, collecting in the flue passage, into the gas chamber for dissipation.


References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 307,852 Folsom Nov. 11, 1884 1,107,548 Post Aug. 18, 1914 1,452,676 Cole Apr. 24, 1923 1,802,733 Murray, J1. Apr. 28, 1931 1,928,649 Estes Oct. 3, 1933 1,995,608 Feyling Mar. 26, 1935 2,056,989 Strong Oct. 13, 1936 2,084,287 Handley June 15, 1937 2,098,489 Everhard Nov. 9, 1937 2,218,422 Haddock Oct. 15, 1940 2,232,366 Chappell Feb. 18, 1941 2,549,755 Burwell Apr. 24, 1951 2,559,110 Burwell July 3, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US307852 *Dec 19, 1883Nov 11, 1884 folsom
US1107548 *Aug 2, 1913Aug 18, 1914Claude L PostWater-heater.
US1452676 *Jun 4, 1921Apr 24, 1923Cole Clifford EHot-water-tank heater
US1802733 *Nov 24, 1925Apr 28, 1931Metropolitan Eng CoTank
US1928649 *Jul 6, 1932Oct 3, 1933Estes Ezra LWater heater
US1995608 *Oct 10, 1932Mar 26, 1935Whitehead Metal Products CompaWater heater
US2056989 *Dec 5, 1934Oct 13, 1936Hugh Strong ArchieWater heater
US2084287 *Aug 29, 1935Jun 15, 1937Handley Brown Heater CompanyApparatus for heating liquids with fluid fuel
US2098489 *Sep 5, 1936Nov 9, 1937Everhard Harry HHot water heater
US2218422 *Nov 30, 1939Oct 15, 1940Haddock William FWater heater
US2232366 *Dec 18, 1937Feb 18, 1941Chappell Eugene LRange boiler or storage tank for domestic hot water and domestic hot water heaters
US2549755 *Apr 24, 1947Apr 24, 1951Burwell Maurel GBurner base for hot-water tanks
US2559110 *Apr 22, 1949Jul 3, 1951Burwell Maurel GWater heater and burner housing therefor
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3107663 *May 3, 1962Oct 22, 1963Lambert Eunice FGas stove
US3163159 *Mar 7, 1961Dec 29, 1964Mor Flo Ind IncWater heater tank support
US4253426 *Oct 20, 1978Mar 3, 1981Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaReservoir type water heating device
US5361729 *Apr 19, 1990Nov 8, 1994Aqua Max Pty Ltd.Water heaters
US7337517 *Apr 16, 2004Mar 4, 2008Bradford White CorporationMethod of manufacturing a combustion chamber for a water heater
US7665210Mar 5, 2007Feb 23, 2010Bradford White CorporationMethod of manufacturing a combustion chamber for a water heater
US7665211Mar 5, 2007Feb 23, 2010Bradford White CorporationMethod of manufacturing a combustion chamber for a water heater
DE3120098A1 *May 20, 1981Mar 4, 1982Smith Corp A OWassererhitzungsgeraet
EP0036997A2 *Mar 16, 1981Oct 7, 1981Philipp Kreis GmbH & Co. TRUMA-GerätebauBoiler, particularly for the installation in movable rooms or the like
EP0087026A1 *Feb 4, 1983Aug 31, 1983Joh. Vaillant GmbH u. Co.Fuel heated water reservoir
WO1990012988A1 *Apr 19, 1990Oct 20, 1990M T Associates Proprietary LtdHot water heaters
U.S. Classification122/18.1, 122/494
International ClassificationF24H1/18
Cooperative ClassificationF24H1/186
European ClassificationF24H1/18D