US 2650771 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. l, 1953 K. o. MARION 2,650,771
WIRE REELING MACHINE Filed May ll, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet l A) TTU/P/VEY I,
SePt- 1, 1953 K. o. MARION 2,650,771
WIRE REELING MACHINE Filed May 1l, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Sept. l, 1953 K. o. MARION WIRE REELING MACHINE 3 Sheets-Sheet C5 Filed May ll, 1949 INVENTOR. /W/VETA/V/A P/o/n/ BY A from/Ey ab Jq 621I www 57 6/ Patented Sept. 1, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WIRE REELING MACH'ENE Kenneth O. Marion, Detroit, Mich.
Application. May 1=1, 1949, Serial No. 92,545
This invention relates te improvements in wire reelingA rrieienineel eine refers neitlenlnifly te a ineen-ine.A for winding any edil length. eig' Wit@ onto a reel, and also includes means for ready removal. of the wire tiene the machine etten it has been wound: nnen the reel There is. n large and ennetant iemand ter eed lengths of wire shortl ot a full reel, but to take en and coil a length. ei r t0 Winti en @del length, 0111.50 another Feels, equires S0 Illu-@h tlm- C and labor that generally wholesalers and distributors will not do this, gonsequently users are fereed t0 buy a fli'll reel and tfenepert il to the job. Again it may be pointed out that whereas in some cases it is desirable to handle wire of the length desired inem a neel ont@ Willen it het been Wound, in others, particularly if the wire is relatively light" 3am@ i??? lellgl'lh is reatvly short, it is easier to handle it in a coil after removal from they reel.
This inventioneiins, amelie. einer things., te. provide e wire reeling .innen-,ine intl-udine elef vntine ineens S0 that ,n reel niet be llli-iley. easily mounted thereon tor rotation, and as readily reineveel ,after the Wire lien been wenn@ therewi- Anetlner ebieet ef the inventien is te Provide a wire reeling innelnne inelutling meent 't0n n.01 tating the reel onto which the wire is wound, end ,eintoinetie ineens ien preventingreteiion 0f the innelnne when the reel is being raised lowered. Y A- further object ,of the invention is to provide a wire reeling rneenine inelneine e tellnnelble reel from which a coil of wire may beeasi-ly removed, and wherein means are provided for ia,.- cilitating thetying of a coil prior to its rer'nov'al from the reel.
Having thus briefly stated some of the objects and advantages of the invention, .I will new ile* scribe it in detail with the aid of the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure lis a perspective View of one form of vthe invention, and
Figure 2 is a longitudinal section thereof.
Figure 3 is a view taken on the line `31a-3 zof Figure 2 with a portion ,of the casing broken away.
vFigure 4 is a section `on the line 1-f4 of. Figure 2.
Fienre 5 is an enlargedv Seetion :en the ,line 5.-5 of Figure `2.
`fi'ielnfe 6 it eeetien en the ,line .5f-..6 ei .Figui-e a vshoving `.tine lower portion ei .e reel .entiteiten onthe base.
e entre 01. 2te-tn Figure 't is a, perspective View showing part of the machine including a modified form of reel'.
JFigure 8 is across sectional View of the reel .shewn'ln Figline 'in Figure 9 is a section cn the line 9 9 of Figure 8.
ligure 1 0 is a side View, partly in section, of the reel shown in Figure 8 with' Wire coi1edthereon, and
Figure 1l is an enlarged section on the line II`-IIofFi gure9.
Referring to the drawings, I designates a bed having a platform 2 termed atene extremity, and an opening 3 throughthe said bed inter.- inediately of its length and Width to receiye a vertically movable base il having two spaced upwardly projecting ribs liathereon which extend longitudinally. i5uitablyV secured upon the bed I adjacent opposite extremities of the openings 3 are standards 5 and 5a. each of which includes two transversely spaced vertical guides EX- tending vertically through the base I and supported for rotation thereon as by thrust bearings 'I are threaded spindles', each of whihis positioned between one trar'isversely spaced pair oi guides 6 and has its upper extremity rotatably mounted a bearing 9 secured to the standard `5, or y5d. 4In engagernent with each threaded spindle 8 is a I upon which asupporting arm II rests, and each arm is suitably secured to the enijacent extremity of thebase 4 centrally of its width. The nii-ts tl! and arrns I l are held against rotation with the threaded spindles 3 by the spaced. guides Ii.VV I
Mounted on the platforin 2 is an electric motor I2 and a gear box I3. Secured on the shaft of the said motor is a pulley I4 having a belt I5 around it which also passes around the pulley I6 xed on a drive shaft projecting from the gear box I3; and secured upon a driven shaft extending troni the said gear box is a sprocket I3. Fixed on the lower Yer"tren'riit'ies of the threaded Spindle il .ere bevel .nente it., end .ennnertefi for rotation. in bearings 20 `dependingly mounted on the bed I is a shaft 2l having bevel gears 22 fixed thereon each of which meshes With one of the gears I 9. Fixed aI'OuIld the shaft 2I is a sprocket 2 3 which lis `driven by a chain 24 that also passes around the sprocket I Thus When thelinotor lI2 is in Ioperation the threaded spindles 8 varetn rried in one dir ectioiroi1 the other to raise er 4.niet ine tiene i.
Secured between thestandard 5 and another standard A2li niounted on the outer extremity of .the pletferln 1.2 and abete the latter is a stand V21 which supports a gear box 28 having stepped pulleys 29 fixed on an outwardly projecting drive shaft. Mounted on the platform 2 substantially beneath the gear box 28 is an electric motor 30 having stepped pulleys 3| secured around its shaft. Extending around one of the pulleys 29 and one of the pulleys 3| is a belt 32, andqfixevd pn a driven shaft extending from the gear box 28 is a sprocket. 3 0. Mounted in, suitable bearings 34 on the standards 26 and 5 is a shaft 35 fixed around which is a sprocket 36 driven by a chain 31 which also extends around the sprocket 33. Fixed on one extremity of the shaft 35 which extends over the base 4 is a faceplate 38. Thus when the motor 38 is in operation the shaft 35 and faceplate 38 are rotated.
Formed axially in the outer face of the faccplate 38 is a recess 39, and extending through the said faceplate are a plurality of concentrically located threaded openings 4|] in engagement with each of which is a screw 4| having an enlarged head. The faceplate may either be employed for supporting and rotating a conventional reel 42 shown in Figures 1, 2 and 5, or a collapsible reel 43 shown in Figures '1 to l1, inclusive.
Referring to Figures l, 2 and 5, wherein a conventional reel 42 is shown, 44 designates a driving disc having a, radial arm 45 projecting from its periphery, and formed longitudinally through the said arm intermediately of its length and width is a slot 46. Mounted on opposite sides of the arm 45 are two plates 41 and 48 which are secured to one another by screws 49 extending through the slot 46 so that they may be adjusted along the said arm. Projecting from the plate 48 is a drive pin 50 adapted to be inserted in an opening 5| formed in one face of the reel 42. The reason for providing for movement of the plates 41 and 48 along the arm 45 is so that the pin 50 may be positioned to engage openings 5| provided at different distances from the axes of different reels 42. Extending through the disc 44 are a. plurality of concentrically arranged arcuate slots 52 each of which at one extremity is wide enough throughout its depth for the head of one of the screws 4| to pass therethrough. From their opposite extremities and for the greater portion f their length the slots 52 are T-shaped in cross section, so that once the disc 44 has been placed against the faceplate 38 with the screws 4| through the wide ends of the slots the disc may be turned so that the heads become located in the wider, outer portions of the T-slots. Then by tightening the screws 4| the disc 44 is firmly held for rotation with the faceplate, particularly since the T-shaped portions of the slots are so located that any slippage of the disc on the faceplate as the latter is turned brings the screws into firmer binding engagement with the T- shaped ends of the slots.
Mounted in the bore of the disc 44 and extending into the recess 39 formed in the faceplate is an adapter 53 having radial projections 54 thereon which engage corresponding radial slots formed in the disc 44. The outwardly projecting portion of the adapter 53 is of the necessary diameter to t into the usual axial opening formed in the adjacent face of the conventional reel 42. Mounted on the standard a in alignment with the faceplate 38 is a, bearing 55 to support one extremity of a shaft 56 the opposite end of which is mounted in the bore of the adapter 53. Secured around the shaft 56 as by a set screw 51a is a stepped rotary support 51 the steps of which are of such diameter as to fit 4 into different sized openings 42a formed in conventional reels 42. From the foregoing it will be seen that the stepped support 51 retains the reel 42 adjacent the disc 44 so that the drive pin 56 remains in engagement with the opening 5| of the reel.v Y d A A collapsible reel 43 is employed when the wire is to be removed therefrom in a coil prior to shipment, and is therefore generally used when relatively short lengths of wire, or relatively light wire is being handled.
The collapsible reel 43 includes a plate 58 substantially circularly rolled and having its opposite extremities overlapping. Formed circumferentially through the plate 58 adjacent its inner extremity 58a are a plurality of slots 59, and extending through the said plate adjacent its outer extremity are bolts 60 which project through the slots 59 and have nuts 6| on their inner extremities. These bolts hold the two extremities 58a and 58h contiguous to one another but permit limited relative movement whereby the diameter of the reel 43 formed by the said plate is varied.
Mounted on the inner face of the plate 58 adjacent its inner and outer overlapping extremities 58a and 58h are lugs '62 and 63 respectively. Pivoted on both lugs 62 is a locking arm 64, and pivotally connected to each side of the latter intermediately of its length and to the lugs 63 are links 65. When the outer extremity of the locking arm 64 lies substantially against the plate 58 the reel formed by the latter is of normal, large diameter, as shown in Figure 9. However when the locking arm 64 is moved to its position shown in Figure 10, the inner extremity 58a of the plate is drawn farther into overlapping relation with the outer extremity 58h so that the diameter of the reel formed by the said plate is reduced to permit ready removal of wire coiled therearound. Extending across the outer face of the rolled plate parallel with its axis are a number of spaced pairs of ribs 66 over which wire A extends when wound around the rolled plate. Ties B may be inserted transversely of the coil of wire and beneath the latter through the gaps formed between the adjacent pairs of ribs 66 so that the coil may be firmly tied prior to its removal from the reel.
In Figures 8 and 9 the faceplate 38 with its forwardly projecting screws 4| are shown. Formed through a disc 61 are concentrically arraged arcuate slots 68, exactly similar in construction to the slots 52 hereinbefore described and shown, which are engaged by the screws 4| to hold the said disc upon the faceplate for rotation therewith. Projecting radially from the said disc are a plurality of radial arms 69. 61a designates a second disc having similar radial arms 69a projecting therefrom. Secured on the opposed, inner faces of the arms 69 and 69a are a plurality of circularly arranged stops 10 and 10a respectively against the outer faces of which the inner margins of opposite sides of the rolled plate 58 rest to support the latter and retain it substantially coaxial with the faceplate 38. Secured to the disc 81 and projecting axially therefrom is a shaft 12 the outer extremity of which is threaded and extends through an opening formed centrally through the disc 61a. Screwed onto the outer extremity of the shaft 12 is a nut 13 which holds the disc 61a against the outer edge face of the rolled plate 58, and retains the opposite margin of the latter againstA the disc 61. From the foregoing it will be readily seen that after removal of the nut 13- and the disc 61athe locking arm 64 is readily accessible for reducing the diameter of the rolled plate 58 and rendering wire coiled thereon readily removable. K Suitably mounted over the platform 2 is a junction box 14 into whicha lead 15 extends from a source of powernot shown. Extending from the junction box 14 are leads' 16, 'l1 and 18. The lead 16 is also connected to a suitable switch-not shownwhich is so arranged that when it is closed both the leads 11 and 18 are energized. The lead 11 is connected to a re- Versing switch 18 fromwhi-ch another lead 80 extends to the motor I2; and the lead 18 terminates in a trip switch 8l 'from' which another lead 82 extends to the motor 30.
Pivoted on one of the vertical guides 6 on. the standard toward its upper extremity is a lever 83 having two radially disposed arms 84 and 85 integral with it. Mounted on a spindle 85 extending from the reversing switch 19 and by rotation of which the said switch is operated, is a disc 81; and pivoted on the said disc about an axis eccentric to the disc axis is a link 88 which is also pivoted on the arm 84, so that movement of the lever 83 turns the disc 81, or vice versa. The lever 83 is so located that as the base 4 approaches its top position a trip Ha projecting from the adjacent arm Il engages the said lever and moves it about its axis. The movement thus imparted to the lever 83 turns the disc 8i so that an operating handle 89 projecting from the latter is moved from its top position, indi- -cated at 88a, to its mid position, thereby operating the switch 19 and stopping the motor l2.
Pivoted on the same vertical guide 6 as the lever 83 and beneath the latter is a member 90 the opposite extremity of which is pivotally connected to a rod 9| connected also to the arm 85. The member 90 is so positioned as to be turned about its axis by the trip ila as the base 4 approaches its bottom position, thereby moving the rod 9| upwardly. When this occurs the disc 81 is so rotated that its operating handle 89 is moved from its bottom position, indicated at 89h, to its mid position, thereby stopping the motor l2.
From the foregoing it will be readily seen that automatic means are provided for limiting the vertical movement of the base 4 in both directions.
The inclusion of the trip switch 8| is for reasons of safety. The switch is arranged to prevent rotation of the faceplate 38 until the base 4 is at its bottom position. The switch 8| shown is of a, conventional type including an upwardly urged member 92 which, when depressed against spring tension, closes the switch. Pivoted on the switch 8l is an arm 93 which extends over the member 92 and is retained in its raised position 93a by the said member when the base 4 is not in bottom position. However as thebase approaches the bed I the trip Ila depresses the member 92 and closes the switch, thereby rendering the motor operative.
From the foregoing it will be readily seen that when the base 4 is at its bottom position a reel 42 may be easily rolled thereonto, and that the reel is then held against accidental rotation by the ribs 4a between which it rests. The driving disc 41E is mounted on the faceplate 38 and the adapter 53 is placed in engagement with the said disc. Moreover it will be understood that different sized adapters may be used according to the size of the axial opening 42a in the ends of the reel.
The 'basaltI and reel 4-2 are raisedI to the reunited: height for the shaft 58 to be inserted thx-*Guan the axial openings 42a formed in the ends of the reel and the opposite extremities of the shaft: inserted in the adapter 53 and bearing 55 re-` spectively. After the driving pin 50; has' been'nsertedi inthe opening 5i in one side di the reel" the stepped rotary support 51 is secured inposition on the shaft 5,8 to retain the reel in engagev ment with the said driving pin. The base 4 is lowered and the motor 30= isthen set in motion and the faceplate 38; and reel 42 rotated. When the requiredamount of wire has been wound ontol the reel the latter may be quickly and easily demounted from the machine and lowered to the ground. v l
Similarly a collapsible reel 48 may also bek speedily raised to position for mounting on the faceplate 38 or lowered after removal from the latter. The method of collapsing the reel 43 to permit ready removal of a coil of wire has been fully described, as also have the electrical mean-s for operating the table and rotating the faceplate, together with the automatic features for limiting the vertical travel of the base and for-'pre-i venting rotary movement of the faceplate until the base reaches its bottom position.
While in the foregoing the preferred enthaeltments of the invention have been described and shown, it is understood that alterations and modifications may be made thereto provided said alterations and modifications fall within the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim is:
l. A wire reeling machine including a bed, spaced standards xedly mounted thereon adjacent the ends thereof, a horizontal drive shaft supported on the standards, means on the drive shaft for turning a reel therewith, guide members xedly mounted on said bed adjacent each of said standards, vertically threaded spindles rotatably supported upon the bed by the standards, said spindles being positioned between said guide members, reversible driving means for turning the spindles, a vertically movable base mounted on said bed between said standards on which the reel is adapted to be placed for lifting into position for rotation, nuts in threaded engagement with the spindles including means thereon secured to the base whereby the latter is moved vertically upon rotation of the spindles, and means for turning the drive shaft.
2. A wire reeling machine including a bed, spaced standards nxedly mounted thereon adjacent the ends thereof, a horizontal drive shaft supported on the standards, means for turning the shaft, means on the drive shaft for supporting and rotating a reel, guide members fixedly mounted on said bed adjacent each of said standards, vertically threaded spindles rotatably supported by the standards upon the bed, said spindles being positioned between said guide members, a vertically movable base mounted on said bed between said standards on which the reel is adapted to be placed for lifting into horizontal alignment with the drive shaft, nuts in engagement with the threaded spindles including means thereon secured to the base whereby the latter is moved vertically upon rotation of the spindles and the reel raised or lowered, an electric motor drive for turning both spindles, an electric circuit including the motor having a reversing switch therein, and means for opening the switch when the base reaches its upper or lower limit of travel.
3. A wire reeling machine including a bed having 'an opening therein, a vertically movable base adapted to rest in the opening for a reel to be rolled thereonto, spaced elongated means on the base for preventing accidental rotation of the reel therefrom, spaced vertical standards on the bed, xed guides on said standards, vertical threaded spindles mounted on the bed and supported by the standards, said spindles being movable between said guides, nuts on the spindles having means thereon secured to the base whereby rotation of said spindles moves the base vertically, av drive shaft rotatably supported on the standards, means on the drive shaft for supporting the reel for rotation therewith, means for turning the drive shaft, and means including a trip moved vertically with the base for rendering the drive shaft turning means inoperative at certain positions of said base.
4. A wire reeling machine includingr a bed having spaced vertical standards xedly secured thereon, said bed having an elongated opening formed therein intermediately of its width and between said standards, a, drive shaft supported for rotation by at least one of the standards, means for rotating the drive shaft, means on said drive shaft for turning a reel therewith, a base mounted for vertical movement between the standards and adapted to lie in said opening in horizontal alignment with the bed whereby the reel may be `rolled thereonto, means on the bed for holding the reel against accidental rolling movement thereon, a drive mechanism mounted on the bed and extending horizontally beneath the base, elevating means supported by the standards and actuated by the drive mechanism, and means on opposite extremities of the base coasting with the elevating means whereby upon movement of the drive mechanism the base is adapted to be raised into position for the reel thereon to be engaged by the means on the drive shaft for turning it.
KENNETH O. MARION.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 329,053 Kizer et a1. Oct. 27, 1885 1,832,446 Boe Nov. 17, 1931 1,836,815 Reeves Dec. 15, 1931 1,950,492 Holmes Mar. 13, 1934 2,140,928 Talbot et al. Dec. 20, 1938 2,146,835 Merwin Feb. 14, 1939 2,163,010 Richards et al June 20, 1939 2,175,755 Matteson Oct. 10, 1939 2,469,993 Robson May 10, 1949 2,503,995 Bouget Apr. 11, 1950