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Publication numberUS2650857 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 1, 1953
Filing dateJul 11, 1951
Priority dateJul 11, 1951
Also published asDE977009C
Publication numberUS 2650857 A, US 2650857A, US-A-2650857, US2650857 A, US2650857A
InventorsEggert Jr Walter S, Michael Watter
Original AssigneeBudd Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Composite door for automobiles
US 2650857 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

3 Sheets-Sheet l PICA M. WATT.ER ET AL COMPOSITE DOOR FOR AUTOMOBILES Sept 1, 1953 Filed July 11, 1951 INVENTORS. Michael W iter Wqfier 5.1

M. WATTER ET AL COMPOSITE DOOR FOR AUTOMOBILES Sept. 1, 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed July 11 1951 mr/Ezvroxs, Michael Wafler Walrer SEggeI Ljr.

. ATTORNEY :5 s'nt-sneet s Sept. 1, 1953 M. WATTER ET AL COMPOSITE DOOR FOR AUTOMOBILES Filed July 11 1951 Patented Sept. 1, 1953 COMPOSITE DOOR FOR AUTOMOBILES- Michael Watter and Walter S. Eggert, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa., assignors to The Budd Company, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application July 11, 1951, Serial No. 236,183

Claims.

The invention relates to improvements in doors for automobiles and has for its object simplification of manufacture, reduction in weight and expense, increased strength, and greater freedom in regard to appearance and shape as compared with customary sheet metal doors.

The objects of the invention are achieved by a construction consisting mainly of a sheet metal structure below the window opening, and of one or two die-castings surrounding the window opening and forming outer and inner window moldings, window guides, and preferably the support for window regulator and lock.

One embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is an inside elevation of a door for a closed automobile;

Fig. 2 is a perspective exploded view of the main structural elements entering into the door per Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a side elevation seen from the left of Fig. l; and

Figs. 4 to 9 are fragmentary, large scale sections along the correspondingly numbered lines of Fig. 1, indicating in dot-and-dash lines the adjoining body structure.

The illustrated door consists of a lower sheet metal structure l0, inner upper die-casting II, and an outer die-casting l2. See Fig. 2.

Body ill is composed of an outer panel [3 inwardly flanged at [4 along its vertical and lower sides and inwardly and downwardly fianged at l5 along its top margin (Figs. 2 and 4).

A generally angle-section frame l6 of sheet metal has its outer margin overlappingly secured, as by spot welding, to flange l4. Frame I 6 is provided with offsets I1, 18, I 9--the offset ll presenting the equivalent of a door overlap flange and of recesses receiving projecting portions 20, 2! of the body structure. The offsets and recesses provide attachment regions for weatherstrips 22. Where necessary, frame I6 is interiorly reinforced by members 23, particularly in the attachment zones for hinges 24 (Figs. 7 and 8).

Main die-casting l l is formed with an outwardly facing channel-section molding 25 surrounding opening 26 for window 2'! (Figs. 1, 2, and 4). Along the upper sides and the top of the window opening, casting H has an outwardly projecting web 28 which forms the upper part of the door frame and supports window guide 29. Below opening 26, casting l I has a downward extension 3!! in the form of lattice work pre-formed for the attachment of (not shown) window regulator, lock, etc.

The sides of extension 30 are of angle-section having a laterally directed leg 3| and an outwardly directed inner leg 32. Leg 3i and lower part of web 28 are provided with cylindrical or frustro-conical projections or stubs 33, 34, shown in their original form in dot-and-dash lines in Figs. 4 and 7. These projections are arranged for entering into holes 35, 36 of the lower sheet metal frame members l6 and are in final assembly headed so as to form rivet connections. The details of this connection and of the method of making it are disclosed in and form the subject matter of application, Means for and Method of Connecting a Die Casting with an Adjoining Member, of the co-inventor Walter S. Eggert, Jr., Serial No. 236,184, filed simultaneously herewith on July 11, 19 51.

Casting l2 forms an outer removable molding around a window opening. Along the upper and top sides of the door, casting I2 is of generally channel-section (Fig. 4). The outer margin of web 28 of the main casting l l is recessed for the reception of upper arm 31 of this molding. Screws 38 connect the castings ll, l2. Along its lower margin, casting i2 is of generally downwardly and inwardly facing channel-section. The downwardly projecting arm 39 of this section is provided with hook-like projections 40 which enter into corresponding holes 4| of sheet meta1 stamping l3.

Window guide 29, as shown in Fig. 4, has a sheet metal channel provided with grooves 42 in which the margins of the inner and outer molding enter and thereby hold the window guide. The lower slotted portion 43 of the window guide may be secured to lugs or ears 44 provided on the casting l2. Trim panel 45 covers the door on the inside.

The invention is not restricted to the illustrated embodiment and particularly not to all the details thereof but is susceptible to modifications and adaptations which will occur to those skilled in the art when designing a door having an outer configuration different from the one shown in the drawing. Specifically, the upper die-cast part may consist of a single piece, proper provisions being made for insertion of the window pane. The lower sheet metal part of the door may be made in many different ways. many of which are well known.

What is claimed is:

1. Composite door for automobiles, having an upper part with a window opening therein, said door comprising a sheet metal structure substantially restricted to the region below the window opening, and a die-cast structure forming exclusively said upper part around the window opening, said die-cast structure providing window retaining means and molding around the window opening, said sheet metal and die-cast structures being secured to each other.

2. Composite door for closed automobiles, comprising an upper part with a window opening therein and a lower sheet metal structure substantially restricted to the region below the window opening, said upper part being formed by a die-cast structure and extending around the Window opening, said die-cast structure consistin of an inner die-casting and an outer die-casting, said inner and outer die-castings forming the sole window retaining means and moldings, said sheet metal structure and one of said die-castings being rigidly and permanently secured to each other, said other die-casting being removably attached to the unit consisting of said permanently connected sheet metal structure and diecasting.

3. Composite door according to claim 2, having said removable casting provided with hookshaped extensions entering through holes of the H ing said outer die-casting formed as a windowretaining molding removably secured to the unit consisting of said sheet metal structure and said inner die-casting.

5. Composite door for closed automobiles, comprising an upper part with a window opening therein and a lower sheet metal'structure substantially restricted to the region below the window opening, said upper part extending around the window opening and being formed exclusively by a die-cast structure, said die-cast structure presenting window retaining means and molding, said die-cast structure being downwardly extended beyond the lower margin of the window opening for overlapping engagement with and securement to the lower sheet metal structure.

MICHAEL WAT'I'ER. WALTER S. EGGERT, JR.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,701,574 Ledwinka Feb. 12, 1929 2,198,069 Widman Apr. 23, 1940 2,210,612 Widman Aug. 6, 1940 2,356,976 Conlon Aug. 29, 1944 2,361,609 Doty Oct. 31, 1944 2,455,462 Bader Dec. 7, 1948 2,566,871 Bedford Sept. 4, 1951 2,567,153 Jackson Sept. 4, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1701574 *Apr 11, 1923Feb 12, 1929Budd Edward G Mfg CoAutomobile door
US2198069 *Jan 24, 1938Apr 23, 1940Murray CorpMethod of making sheet metal vehicle doors
US2210612 *Sep 4, 1937Aug 6, 1940Murray CorpVehicle door
US2356976 *Jun 12, 1941Aug 29, 1944Ternstedt Mfg CoAutomobile door construction
US2361609 *Nov 4, 1941Oct 31, 1944Briggs Mfg CoWindow assembly for vehicle bodies
US2455462 *Dec 26, 1946Dec 7, 1948Troy Sunshade CompanyWindow construction
US2566871 *Jun 13, 1949Sep 4, 1951Kaiser Frazer CorpDoor having cast inner panel and rail to which outer sheet panel is attached
US2567153 *Aug 25, 1949Sep 4, 1951Chrysler CorpWindow structure
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2791464 *Jan 4, 1954May 7, 1957Motor Products CorpVehicle body door structure
US2797127 *Feb 6, 1956Jun 25, 1957Motor Products CorpVehicle door structure
US2797128 *Feb 6, 1956Jun 25, 1957Motor Products CorpVehicle door structure
US2797130 *Mar 21, 1955Jun 25, 1957Motor Products CorpVehicle body door structure
US2932270 *Jan 22, 1957Apr 12, 1960American Mach & FoundryMethod of making mudguards
US3387409 *Mar 24, 1967Jun 11, 1968Ford Motor CoIntegrated trim panel and weatherstrip assembly
US3782036 *Aug 17, 1972Jan 1, 1974Gkn Sankey LtdDoors for vehicles
US4306381 *Feb 11, 1980Dec 22, 1981The Budd CompanyPlastic door for an automobile
US4648208 *Mar 9, 1983Mar 10, 1987Brose Fahreugteile Gmbh & Co. KommanditgesellschaftDoor unit for motor vehicles
US4882842 *Sep 15, 1987Nov 28, 1989United Technologies Automotive, IncMethod of simplifying on-line assembly of vehicular door components
US4984389 *May 2, 1989Jan 15, 1991Atoma International, A Magna International CompanyAutomobile door with flush mounted glass
US5056264 *Jan 5, 1990Oct 15, 1991Paccar Inc.Motor vehicle door assembly with reinforcement panel
US5095659 *May 2, 1989Mar 17, 1992Atoma International, A Magna International CompanyAutomobile door modular assembly
US5251403 *Mar 16, 1992Oct 12, 1993General Motors CorporationTubular plastic mounting panel for door hardware
US5367832 *Jul 2, 1993Nov 29, 1994General Motors CorporationTubular plastic mounting panel for door hardware
US5425206 *Jul 29, 1994Jun 20, 1995General Motors CorporationTubular plastic mounting panel for door hardware
US5535553 *Nov 16, 1994Jul 16, 1996General Motors CorporationSuperplug vehicle door module
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US6640500Dec 22, 1997Nov 4, 2003Johnson Controls Technology CompanyModular door in which a window lift forms the structural frame for the trim panel
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Classifications
U.S. Classification49/502, 49/484.1, 49/166
International ClassificationB60J5/04
Cooperative ClassificationB60J5/0406, B60J5/0466, B60J5/0463
European ClassificationB60J5/04B5, B60J5/04F, B60J5/04F3