|Publication number||US2651046 A|
|Publication date||Sep 8, 1953|
|Filing date||Sep 14, 1951|
|Priority date||Sep 14, 1951|
|Publication number||US 2651046 A, US 2651046A, US-A-2651046, US2651046 A, US2651046A|
|Original Assignee||Elaine Berg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (29), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
sept. 8,1953 E. BERG 2,651,046
EAR MUFF v Filed Sept. 14, 195,'I
Patented Sept. 8, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE EAR MUFF Elaine Berg, Chicago, Ill.
Application September 14, 1951, Serial No. .246,627
1 The present invention relates to improvements in ear muifs, and in particular to that type of ear mufl in which the two mufls are pivotally supported at the ends of a pair of telescoping steel spring bands.
One of the disadvantages of such an ear muff assembly is that the steel band which supports the muifs is very cold and consequently uncomfortable for contact with the head or skin in cold weather, when the muifs are most likely to be worn. The steel bands are particularly uncomfortable on bald heads, not only because of their being so cold, but because they are sharp and stiff and narrow; and they are also uncomfortable when the band is worn behind the neck, as many people wear it.
One of the objects of the invention is the provision of an improved ear muti structure in which the head and neck are protected from the steel band which is used to support the ear muffs of a certain construction.
Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved ear muil construction which is collapsible into a minimum amount of space.
Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved ear muff construction of the class described, which assists in holding the hair in place, and which may be made in a two tone construction so that it is reversible, to give a dilferent elfect when garments. of different color are worn.
Another object of the invention is the provision of an improved protected ear muff construction which is simple, capable of economical manufacture, durable, attractive, and adapted to be used for a long period of time without necessity for repair or replacement of any of its parts.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description and the accompanying drawings, in which similar characters of reference indicate similar parts through the several views.
Referring to the single sheet of drawings accompanying this specication,
Fig. l is a view in perspective, showing a pair of ear muls embodying the present invention, being worn by a user;
Fig. 2 is a front elevational view of the ear muff assembly of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a front elevational view, showing how the ear muff assembly looks when it is completely collapsed;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view on an enlarged scale, taken on the plane of the line 4-4 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary plan view showing a lambs wool band in connection with the steel Z springs from which the band protects the wearer;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary plan View of another modication;
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional view taken on the plane of the line 'I-l of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary plan View of another modification;
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectional View of another modification.
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the plane of the line Ill-I0 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.
The ear mufls to which the present invention relates are of the type in which each ear muif Ill and II is covered by inner and outer layers of fabric I2 and I3 stitched together at the point I4 about an oval reinforcing ring I 5.
The reinforcing ring pivotally supports a metal tab IS on a pintle I1, this tab being pivoted to one of the steel bands at I8. The two steel bands I 9 and 20 are identically secured to the ear muffs, are curved at a smaller curvature than the head, and are secured to each other by steel sliders ZI so that they telescope upon each other or may be collapsed to a minimum length, that is, the length o-f one steel strap.
Such ear mui assemblies are well known in the prior art and are worn with the steel band over the head and behind the neck, and are very uncomfortable because of the contact with the metal, which is cold, hard, stiff, and has sharp edges.
The spring band protector 22 embodied in the invention is shown in one form in Fig. 1; and it consists of a rectangular fabric member provided with regularly spaced pairs of slots 23, through which the steel bands I9 and 20 extend.
In the embodiment of Figs. 1-4 the protector is preferably made of two layers of felt fabric of different color secured together completely around their edges by a single line of stitching 24, and the folded binding tape 24a.
The slots 23 preferably pass through only one of the pieces of fabric 25; and the band is completely covered on the other side by the piece of fabric 26. The length of the protector 22 is sufcient to extend from ear muil" to ear muif when the steel bands I9 and 20 are fully extended; but the protector has its lowermost slots 23 located so that the protector has its end portions 2l overlapping the steel band pivots I8, as well as the metal tab IB and its pintle Il.
This extension 2l, which projects beyond the endmost slots 23, permits some adjustment in length of the steel band without having any folds in the protector. The protector may, however, be folded up like an accordion, as shown in Fig. 3; and in some cases may be worn in the manner 3 shown in Fig. 2, if the user is in too much of a hurry to eXtend it.
Referring to Fig. 6, this shows an alternative form of protector, which comprises a rectangular strip of native lambs wool, consisting of a leather side 28 and a lambs wool side 29. In this case the binding tape has been eliminated and the amount of labor in making the protector has been reduced to a minimum, as no sewing of any kind is required and it is only necessary to provide the lambs wool strip with slots or apertures.
At regularly spaced points the lambs wool strip is provided with pairs of rectangular slots or apertures 32, 33 for passing the steel bands of the ear muif assembly. The steel bands are located on the leather side of this protector and are eX- posed below the pairs of slots on the fur side, as shown in Fig. 6. The bands, however, tend to cut into the fur between the slots 32, 33, as shown in Fig. '7, so that the fur effectively spaces the steel band from the head or skin, even where the steel bands are exposed on top of the fur between the slots 32, 33.
In some embodiments of the invention the leather straps 3Q, between the slots 32, 33, may
' be provided with a transverse cut 35, which extends longitudinally of the protector and which permits the tabs that are thus formed to be spread apart to apply the protector to existing ear muff assemblies.
When the straps 34 are cut at 35 they tend to spring back to their usual position to hold the protector on the steel springs, but it is no longer necessary to slide the steel springs into the slots 32, 33 longitudinally.
Referring to Fig. '7, this shows how the steel springs are imbedded into the fur of the straps 31B so that the steel band does not come into contact with the head.
Referring to Fig. 8, this is a modification in which a strip of felt, indicated at 52, is threaded through the slots 3, 3l, of another wider strip of soft fabric 38. The two ends of these strips are secured together by a wire clip 39 at each end of the assembly.
In this case the steel bands may be threaded through the same slots above the band 42, keeping the steel entirely out of contact with the head. The two strips 38 and 42 may be of different colored fabric, and the assembly involves no sewing of any kind.
Referring to Fig. 9, this is another modification in which a strip of felt, indicated at di), is used to back up a strip of native lambs wool, indicated at di. The steel band 2@ is threaded through the registering slots in both these bands and the felt strip i8 provides a finished ornamental appearance for the rear side of the native lambs wool. No sewing of any kind is necessary in this type as the steel springs hold both strips in place.
It will thus be observed that I have invented a plurality of simple forms of protectors for the steel springs of a commonly used form of ear muffs. These protectors can be folded up, as shown in Fig. 3, and they can also be worn folded above one ear in the event the wearer chooses to do so. The cold steel springs are kept out of contact with the head or with the neck, and one of the major disadvantages of this type of ear muif has thus been eliminated.
While I have illustrated a preferred embodiment of my invention, many modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and I do not wish to be limited to the precise details of construction set forth, but desire to avail myself of all changes within the scope of the appended claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:
1. In an ear muf assembly of the type having a pair of muifs, each mufl comprising a pair of layers of fabric stitched about a reinforcing ring, each muif being supported at one end of a steel band, and the steel bands being slidably mounted upon each other and curved to extend about the head of a wearer and to press the muffs against the ears of the wearerfthe improvement which comprises a protective rectangular strip of native lambs wool having a leather side and. a lambs wool side, the said strip being provided with a plurality of pairs of transverse slots located at regularly spaced points, the length of said slots being sufficient for the slots to receive said steel bands, the slots of each pair being located close to each other, forming leather straps between each pair of slots, the said protective strip being slidably mounted on said steel bands with the major portions of the steel bands located on the leather side of said strip and the steel bands being received in the slots, with the lambs wool facing inwardly toward the head of the wearer and the straps between each pair of slots being located outside said steel bands, the lambs Wool side of said straps being recessed by pressure of the steel bands against the adjacent lambs wool so that the steel bands are embedded in the lambs wool of said straps and the steel bands are located outwardly of the major portion of the lambs wool, and substantially in the plane of the leather side of said strip, the lambs wool inside the steel bands spacing the bands from the head at all points, said strip being of sufficient length to extend under the steel bands from one end to the other end when the steel bands are fully extended, and the mufs overlapping the ends of the protective strip, to prevent contact of metal parts with the head, said protective strip being adapted to be gathered into adjacent folds on said steel bands.
2. The improvement described in claim 1 in which the leather side of the protective strip is covered by a layer of fabric having slots registering with the slots in the protective strip, and in which the fabric is held on the protective strip by having the steel band located in the slots of both the protective strip and the fabric layer.
3. The improvement described in claim .1. in which each said strap is provided with a transverse cut, so that the free ends of each strap may be spread to receive the steel bands in said slots, the strap ends springing back to hold the protective strip on the steel bands.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 381,559 Kleinert et al Apr. 24, 1888 804,731 Keller Nov. le, 1905 1,631,694 Rick June 7, 1927 2,456,167 Arkus Dec. 14, 1948 2,464,331 Mason Mar. 15, 1949 2,485,720 Elliott et al Oct. 25, 1949 283,349 Great Britain Jan. 12, 1928
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|US381559 *||Apr 17, 1888||kleinert|
|US804731 *||May 4, 1905||Nov 14, 1905||Charles Jacob Keller||Ear-muffler.|
|US1631694 *||Sep 3, 1925||Jun 7, 1927||Spalding & Bros Ag||Shoulder pad|
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|US2464331 *||Jan 9, 1948||Mar 15, 1949||George Mason||Novelty headdress|
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|GB283349A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2776436 *||Aug 26, 1953||Jan 8, 1957||Elaine Berg||Ear muffs|
|US6880174||Dec 30, 2002||Apr 19, 2005||180S, Inc.||Ear protection device|
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|US20070107110 *||Jan 3, 2007||May 17, 2007||Legette Brian E||Apparatus and Method for Making an Ear Warmer and an Ear Warmer Frame|
|US20080307565 *||Jul 3, 2008||Dec 18, 2008||Le Gette Brian E||Ear Warmer With Fabric Member|
|US20110219518 *||Mar 15, 2010||Sep 15, 2011||Shayna Leigh Schlickman||Earmuffs and Designer Headband Combination|
|US20120042440 *||Aug 19, 2011||Feb 23, 2012||Skowronski Richard E||Thermal ear and face covering|
|EP0102617A2 *||Aug 31, 1983||Mar 14, 1984||HAUNI-WERKE KÖRBER & CO. KG.||Communication device for motorcyclists' safety helmets|
|International Classification||A61F11/06, A61F11/00|