Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2652699 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 22, 1953
Filing dateOct 8, 1949
Priority dateNov 16, 1948
Publication numberUS 2652699 A, US 2652699A, US-A-2652699, US2652699 A, US2652699A
InventorsRomani Lucien
Original AssigneeRomani Lucien
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Windmill and heat pump set
US 2652699 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 22, 1953 2,652,699

. L. ROMAN] WINDMILL AND HEAT PUMP SET Filed Oct. 8, 1949 we/ NE Patented Sept. 22, 1953 OFFICE WINDMILL AND HEAT PUMP SET Lucien Romani, Paris, France Application October 8, 1949, Serial No. 120,236 In France November 16, 1948 9 Claims. 1

The windmill is obviously a possible solution for the fulfillment of the requirements of smallremote working plants such as farms, sawmills located in the hills, alluvial operations etc.

Difiiculties unfortunately are encountered that arise above all from the limited productive capacity of the windmill when there is only a slight breeze blowing or there is no wind, taken together with the well known drawbacks of any power-storage system.

The windmill, as a general rule, is asked to convert mechanical power from the air into electrical energy. Now use is not made always of the whole of the power electrically. Cooking, heating, and many other purposes lead to dissipation of the electric power, which is not economical since one kilowatt-hour theoretically gives only 860 kilo heat units (in practice this is from 700 to 750). Furthermore, as electric storage is a very heavy item of expenditure, heat storage is called in when possible by means of water heating and storage radiators, but this equipment is fairly expensive.

One object of this invention is to provide an arrangement for making the best possible use of the power supplied by a windmill wheel and for this purpose plans to combine a windmill with a heat pump that is actuated by a portion of the power supplied by the Windmill.

Another object of this invention is to provide for the best possible use simultaneously of the power and of the heat units of the wind. A further object of this invention is to benefit from the conditions prevailing at the top of a windmill tower'for operating a heat pump.

Two embodiments of a windmill-heat pump-set according to the invention have been shown in quite a diagrammatic way as examples that are not to be regarded in any way as restrictive.

In these drawings:

Fig. 1 is an elevationalview of the upper portion of a windmill of which the fairing'is illus-' trated in horizontal section and encloses a heat pump in closed circuit.

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 of a heat pump set in open circuit.

In the example illustrated in Fig. l, the windmill wheel-heat pump set includes an ordinary windmill wheel of the leeward pattern of which the shaft 2 rests in bearings 3 of a support 4 carried by the upper end of a tower 5*and that may turn round the axis of this tower. In front of the wheel I is a hollow fairing or hub' 6 with double wall 1, 8, of which the outer wall I is stream-lined. At the entry of thisfairing 6 is 2 arranged an evaporator I0 forming part of a heat pump of standard pattern of which the compressor II is fastened on the bearing 3 that is farthest away from the wheel I and connected through a transmission I2 to the shaft 2 of the windmill wheel. At the end of the latter shaft is keyed a fan I3 arranged to the rear of the evaporator II). The space I4 included between the two walls 'I and 8 of the fairing 6 encloses the condenser I5 of the heat pump, connected on the one hand, through a pipe I6 to the discharge of the compressor II and, on the other hand, to a chamber I'I arranged in the nose and in the lower part of the fairing 6; a pipe I 8 connects the outlet of the evaporator I0 to the compressor II. The space I4 contains, besides, the-water to be heated and is connected through piping Ma and I 4b, housed inside the tower 5, on the one hand, to a supply I 40 of water delivery and, on the other hand, to a delivery circuit of warm water. A turn joint 22 ,is arranged at a suitable point of the pipe system I 4a. The actual piping l4b emerges into an annular tank I4d arranged at the upper portion of the tower and into which is admitted, so that it may turn round the axis of the tower, a pipe I 4e coming from the lower portion of the space I 4.

The shaft 2 of the windmill wheel is connected furthermore, in the standard way, by bevel gears I9, 20 to a rotating shaft 23 that is coaxial with the tower and that goes down to the foot of the tower. The pipe I4a goes inside this rotating shaft 23.

The windmill works exactly in the customary way but its shaft 2 drives in addition the compressor II through the transmission gear l2 and the fan I3 that thus quickens the ventilation through the evaporator I 0 and promotes the heat exchanges. The cold-producing fluid with low heat of vaporisation is contained in the chamber I1 and circulates in the evaporator I0, the pipe I8, the compressor II, the pipe l6, the condenser I5 where it condenses in cooling and is thus heating the water contained in the space I4, then returns to the chamber I I. The heat pump thus formed is of the standard closed circuit pattern.

In the modified form of execution shown in Fig. 2, the only alteration is in the pattern of heat pump that in this case has an open circuit, that is to say that the air itself is used as intermediary fluid. On this drawing, the parts that remain unaltered are denoted by the same reference numbers as on Fig. 1. The pipe I8 for feeding the compressor with cold-producing fluid is replaced by a combining-cone Ilia, open towards the upflow side to the free air and with its axis parallel with that of the wheel i so as to face the actual oncoming wind shown by the arrow F; the coil l5 acts no longer as a condenser but merely as a heat exchanger and emerges no longer into a tank of cold-producing fluid but through the inlet 24 into an expansion engine 2| housed in the fairing 6 and linked up to the shaft 2, from which it escapes through the outlet 25 into the open atmosphere. The remaining energy of the compressed air after its cooling in the exchanger [5 will then be recovered. Such a heat pump may be. of advantage in certain warm and dry climates, where the condensation of the water vapour is not to.

be feared on expansion.

The invention, of course, is in no way restricted to the details of execution as illustrated or disclosed that have been presented only as examples.

What I claim is:

,1. In combination. a windmill including a tower having a vertical axis, a support rotate ably mounted on said tower so as to be capable of rotating around the axis of said tower according to the direction of the wind, and a wind wheel rotatably mounted on said support so as. to be capable of rotating under the action of the wind, a heat pump of the type which includes a structure embodying a conditioning passage for a'fluid, me'ns for circulating said fluid through the conditioning passage, a com pressor operatively connected with said windmill so as to be actuated by a portion of the power supplied by the latter, a refrigerant circuit having at least a mounted on said support so as to be permanently positioned on the path of the windstream which actuates said windmill and including a heat exchanger positioned in said conditioning passage. in heat transferring relation to the fluid therein, means for transferring heat from said windstream to said refrigerant circuit, and circuit connection for connecting the compressor with said r frigerant circuit.

, 2. In the combinati n as in claim 1, further, a central annular fair'ng mounted on said support coaxiaily with said wind wheel and adapted to form part of said conditioning passage.

3. In the combination as in claim 2, further, an annular tank mounted underneath said con ditioning passage at the upper part of the tower and coaxialiy with said tower, a supply conduit for delivering fluid to said passage and axially arranged inside said tower, an exhaust conduit for said fluid from said conditioning passage, said exhaust conduit having its outlet above said annular tank, and a delivery p p n f r said fluid from said tank.

t. In combination, a windmill including a'towor having a vertical axis, a support rotatably mounted on said tower so as to be capable of rotating around the axis of said tower according to the direction of the wind, and a wind wheel rotatably mounted on said support so as to be capable of rotating under the action of the wind, a heat pump of the type which includes a structure embodying a conditionin passageior a fluid, means for circulating said fluid through the conditioning passage, a compressor mounted on said support and connected with said'windwheel so as to be actuated thereby, a refrigerant circuit having at least a part mounted on said support so as to be permanently positioned on the path of the windstream which actuates said windmill and including a heat exchanger positioned in said conditioning passage in heat transferring relation to the fluid therein, means for transferring heat from said windstream to said refrigerant circuit and circuit connection for connecting the compressor with said refrigerant circuit.

5. In combination, a windmill including a tower having a vertical axis, a support rotatably mounted on said tower so as to be capable of rotating around the axis of said tower according to the direction of the wind, and a wind wheel rotatably mounted on said support so as to be capable of rotating under the action of the wind, a heat pump of the type which includes a structure embodying a conditioning passage for a fluid, means for circulating said fluid through the conditioning passage, a compressor operatively connected with said windmill so as to be actuated by a portion of-the power supplied by the latter, a refrigerant circuit including a heat exchanger positioned in said conditioning passage in heat transferring relation to the fluid therein and another heat exchanger mounted on said support so as to be permanently positioned in the passage of the windstream which actuates said windmill and circuit connection for c,on-. necting the, compressor with said circuit.

5. In the combination as in claim 5 further a fan mounted on said support and connected with said windwheel so as to be, actuated thereby and positioned to force said windstream through said last heat exchanger.

7. In combination, a windmill including a tower having a vertical axis, a support rotatably mounted on said tower so as to be capabl Of rotating around the axis of said tower according to the direction of the wind, and a wind-v wheel rotatably mounted on said support so as to be capable of rotating under the action of the wind, a heat pump or the type which in-i cludes a structure embodying a conditioning pass sage for a fluid, means for circulating said fluid through the conditioning passage, a compressor operatively connected with said windmill so as to be actuated by a portion of the power supplied by the latter, a refrigerant circuit includ-. ing a structure mounted on said support and forming an entrance through which an amount of windstream actuating said windmill is introduced into the circuit connection at a point ahead of the compressor and a heat exchanger positioned in said conditioning passage in heat transferring relation to the fluid therein and circuit connection for connecting the compressor with said circuit.

8. In the combination as in claim 7 further an expansion engine operatively connected with said windwheel and conduit means by which the expansion engine is incorporated in the refrigerant circuit at the outlet of the heat exchanger.

9. In combination, a windmill including a tower having a vertical axis, a support rotatably mounted on said tower so as to be capable of rotating around the axis of said tower according to the direction of the wind, and'a windwheel rotatably mounted on said support so as to be capable oi rotating under the action of the wind, a heat pump of the type which includes a circuit for fluid including a conditioning passage, a supply conduit for delivering fluid to the conditioning passage, an exhaust conduit for said fluid from said conditioning passage, means for circulating Said fluid through said conditioning passage, a

5 compressor operatively connected with said windmill so as to be actuated by a portion of the power supplied by the latter, a refrigerant circuit including a structure mounted on said sup} port and forming an entrance through which an amount of windstream actuating said windmill is introduced into the circuit connection at a point ahead of the compressor, a heat exchanger positioned in said conditioning passage in heat transferring relation to the fluid therein and circuit connection for connecting the compressor with said circuit, a pipe system for compressed air connected with the refrigerant circuit at the outlet of the heat exchanger, said compressed air piping being coaxial with the fluid supply conduit to the conditioning passage. w LUCIEN ROMANI.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Wilson Nov. 1'7, 1908 Haskins June 2'7, 1911 Valerius Jan. 16, 1917 Yanacopoules Feb. 22, 1921 Alexander Jan. 25, 1944 Eisinger Nov. 6, 1945 Mayer Apr. 16, 1946 Hays Nov. 16, 1948 Smith et a1. Feb. 8, 1949 Clancy June 28, 1949

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US903935 *Dec 9, 1907Nov 17, 1908Christopher J WilsonVentilating system.
US996334 *Aug 5, 1908Jun 27, 1911Gen ElectricDriving dynamos from variable and non-variable sources of power.
US1212586 *Feb 28, 1916Jan 16, 1917Creamery Package Mfg CoCream-storing cabinet.
US1369596 *Apr 5, 1919Feb 22, 1921Yanacopoulos GeorgeWind-motor for air-pumps
US2339903 *Oct 24, 1940Jan 25, 1944Gen Motors CorpRefrigerating apparatus
US2388314 *Feb 14, 1942Nov 6, 1945Westinghouse Electric CorpAir conditioning apparatus
US2398655 *May 15, 1944Apr 16, 1946Garrett CorpAir conditioner for aircraft cabins
US2454058 *Oct 19, 1944Nov 16, 1948Russell R HaysApparatus for converting intermittent power to continuous power
US2461449 *Oct 14, 1946Feb 8, 1949Muncie Gear Works IncHeat pump using deep well for a heat source
US2474304 *Jan 28, 1946Jun 28, 1949Drayer HansonReversible cycle heat pump
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2761292 *Apr 16, 1953Sep 4, 1956Coanda HenriDevice for obtaining fresh drinkable water
US2860493 *Jun 2, 1952Nov 18, 1958Capps Arthur William FrancisHeat-pump apparatus for providing heat for domestic and like purposes
US4059969 *Dec 1, 1975Nov 29, 1977Awalt Jr Thomas YAir conditioned shelter
US4068131 *Dec 31, 1975Jan 10, 1978Jacobs Marcellus LWind electric plant
US4143522 *Sep 30, 1977Mar 13, 1979World Energy SystemsWindmill operated system
US4236083 *Feb 19, 1975Nov 25, 1980Kenney Clarence EWindmill having thermal and electric power output
US4648801 *May 21, 1986Mar 10, 1987James Howden & Company LimitedWind turbines
US4857753 *Nov 3, 1987Aug 15, 1989Mewburn-Crook Company LimitedWind energy convertor
US6132181 *Jan 23, 1998Oct 17, 2000Mccabe; Francis J.Windmill structures and systems
US6927503 *Oct 4, 2002Aug 9, 2005Ben M. EnisMethod and apparatus for using wind turbines to generate and supply uninterrupted power to locations remote from the power grid
US6963802Jun 14, 2004Nov 8, 2005Enis Ben MMethod of coordinating and stabilizing the delivery of wind generated energy
US7067937May 20, 2005Jun 27, 2006Enis Ben MMethod and apparatus for using wind turbines to generate and supply uninterrupted power to locations remote from the power grid
US7250691Jun 12, 2006Jul 31, 2007Enis Ben MMethod and apparatus for using wind turbines to generate and supply uninterrupted power to locations remote from the power grid
US7308361Oct 3, 2005Dec 11, 2007Enis Ben MMethod of coordinating and stabilizing the delivery of wind generated energy
US7974742Dec 10, 2007Jul 5, 2011Enis Ben MMethod of coordinating and stabilizing the delivery of wind generated energy
DE102004046286B4 *Sep 23, 2004Nov 20, 2008Adelbert SailerWärmepumpe bzw. Kälteanlage mit direktem Windenergieantrieb für Heizung und Kühlung ohne Fremdenergie mit Windturbine
WO2008116447A2 *Mar 26, 2008Oct 2, 2008Anette SchwiegerWind energy installation comprising a heat pump
WO2011132124A2 *Apr 18, 2011Oct 27, 2011Teseo S.R.L.Wind generator of compressed air and system for the production and storage of compressed air
Classifications
U.S. Classification62/260, 417/336, 62/324.1, 100/128, 62/238.6, 416/93.00R, 62/402, 62/403
International ClassificationF25B27/00, F03D9/00
Cooperative ClassificationF25B27/00, F03D9/006, Y02E10/72
European ClassificationF03D9/00D, F25B27/00