|Publication number||US2652715 A|
|Publication date||Sep 22, 1953|
|Filing date||Nov 17, 1949|
|Priority date||Nov 17, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2652715 A, US 2652715A, US-A-2652715, US2652715 A, US2652715A|
|Inventors||Looze Louis F|
|Original Assignee||Looze Louis F|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (9), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 22, 1953 F. LOOZE, 2,652,715
CONCRETE BLOCK HANDLING TOOL Filed NOV. 17, 1949 ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 22, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CONCRETE BLOCK HANDLING TOOL Louis F. Looze, Buffalo, N. Y.
Application November 17, 1949, Serial No. 127,955
This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in tools or implements for facilitating the handling and laying of concrete and like building blocks.
It has for one of its objects to provide a tool of this character which is so designed and constructed as to not only facilitate the manual lifting and handling of the blocks but to assure the laying of the blocks in properly spaced and alined relation both vertically and horizontally of the building wall.
Another object of the invention is to provide a block handling tool which is simple, compact, rugged and inexpensive in construction, and whose parts are so organized as to expedite the laying of the blocks uniformly and to render the tool readily'adjustable when picking up a block for laying and for its release from the block after laying.
Other features of the invention reside in the construction and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in'the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the tool embodying my invention. Figure 2 is an enlarged end view thereof, partly in section. Figure 3 is a sectional plan view thereof taken on line 3-3, Figure 2. Figure 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary front view of the releasable means for governing the vertical spacing between the blocks. Figure 5 is an enlarged cross section taken on line 55, Figure 3.
Similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views.
In its general organization the tool consists of a laterally-expansible and rigid frame to releasably receive and grip a standard type of concrete, cinder or similar composition building block and having fixed means thereon for gaging and predetermining the endwise spacing and longitudinal alinement of the blocks as they are laid in courses, and adjustable or releasable means for gaging the vertical spacing of the blocks in mortar line relation to the subjacent blocks.
In the preferred embodiment of the invention shown in the drawings, the frame is of open rectangular design composed of laterally-spaced upright front and rear end bars or legs I0, I l and upper and lower longitudinal side bars [2, l3 suitably fixed to the latter in rigid fashion. Rising from the upper ends of the companion end bars and in crossed relation are companion suspension arms or extensions [4 pivoted intermediate their ends to each other at I5 and to the 2 ends of a longitudinal handle bar I6 spanning the end bars [0, ll. Beyond their pivots these suspension arms are pivotally connected by links I! to the ends of a handle bar I8 companion and parallel to the bar l6, so that by grasping the handle bars with one hand and drawing them together the frame is caused to expand to an open position to receive a block for laying or release a block after laying. Substantially at the junction of the cross arms M with their companion pendant side bars I0, H and yieldingly connecting the same are transversely-disposed springs l9 which normally serve to urge and retain the frame in its contracted position and in clamping relation to the block during handling,
Adjacent the upper end of the frame at its front end and preferably formed integrally with the corresponding ends of the upper side bars I2 are longitudinal extensions or tongues 20 which project beyond the frame-bars I0 and which are adapted to abut laterally against the opposite sides of an adjoining laid block as the frame carrying the block about to be laid is brought into endwise relation to such laid block, as shown in Figure 3, to thereby assure proper longitudinal alinement of the blocks as they are laid endwise one against the other. To properly space the blocks in endwise relation and to provide a mortar space therebetween, the front ends of the lower side bars l3 extend beyond the companion upright bars l0 and terminate in inwardly-directed or lateral lugs 2| which are adapted to abut against the opposing end of a laid block as the block borne by the frame and about to be laid is brought into an operative block-laying position. It will be noted that the lower ends 22 of the upright bars I0, I I, when the frame is in a block-laying position, extend below the mortar space provided between superposed blocks and overlie the upper opposite sides of the subjacent block to provide lateral bearing gages which function to aline the blocks vertically as they are laid.
For the purpose of effecting a proper vertical spacing of the blocks in a true horizontal position to receive the mortar for the horizontal joints. the frame is provided with displaceable gaging elements 23 which serve to properly support the frame-carried block about to be laid and after being laid are adapted to be displaced to a position to readily effect the release of the tool from the weight of the block so as to thereafter enable the tool to be freely expanded and removed from operative engagement with the laid block. Four of these displaceable gaging elements are provided, one at the lower end of each of the end bars I9, I l and below the lateral lugs 2|, and each faces inwardly and is attached to a trunnion 24 free to revolve about a horizontal axis in its companion bar and having a crank arm 25 fixed on its outer end. The crank arms at each side of the frame are pivotally connected by links 26 to the opposite ends of a swiveling and axiallyshiftable actuating handle 27 fulcrumed centrally thereof on a horizontal pivot 28 fixed to the middle portion of the companion lower side bar !3. As shown in Figure 5, the latter is channeled, as indicated at 29, to normally receive and retain the handle 2'? in its normal position, shown by full lines in Figures 1 and 4, and a spring 30 coiled about the pivot 28 and bearing atone end against a head 3| thereon and at its other end against the opposing face of the handle normally retains the latter in its channel-engagin horizontal position with the gaging elements 23 in their vertical block-sustaining position. As depicted in Figures 1 and 4, these angularly displaceable elements are of substantially flat rectangular or web-like shape, so that when they are displaced to the position shown by dotted lines in Figure 4, they are clear of edgewise contact with the opposing faces of superposed blocks, and when the frame is expanded these elements will freely disengage from between the blocks.
The lower ends of the upright bars 10, H and the ends of the horizontal bar-extensions 25 may be flared outwardly, as shown, to facilitate guiding the frame with a block borne thereby into alining vertical and horizontal relation with the adjoining blocks already laid.
I claim as my invention:
1. A tool of the character described, comprising an expansible frame for releasable engagement with a building block and including upright laterally-spaced pivotally-mounted end bars and upper and lower longitudinal side bars fixed thereto, block-alining means depending from said end bars and longitudinally at one end from the upper side bars for facial alining contact, respectively, with the opposite sides of an adjoining subjacent laid block and with the companion sides of an endwise alined block, blockspacing lugs projecting laterally inward from one end of the lower side bars beyond the adjacent end bars for abutting contact with the end of an adjoining laid block for gaging the end wise mortar-receiving space between blocks, and angularly displaceable gage elements of greater height than width mounted in opposing relation adjacent the lower ends of said end bars for releasably supporting the block within the frame during handling and for gaging the mortar space between the subjacent laid block and the block about to be laid, and link means applied to each lower side bar and operatively connected to companion gage elements for actuating them in unison to their respective block-supporting and gaging positions.
2. A tool of the character described, comprising an expansible frame for releasable engagement with a building block and including upright laterally-spaced pivotally-mounted end bars and upper and lower longitudinal side bars fixed thereto, block-alining means depending from said end bars and longitudinally at one end from the upper side bars for facial alining contact, respectively, with the opposite sides of an adjoining subjacent laid block and with the comp-anion sides of an endwise alined block, block-spacing lugs projecting laterally inward from one end of the lower'side bars beyond the adjacent end bars for abuttin contact with the end of an adjoining laid block for gaging the endwise mortar-receiving space between blocks, angularly displaceable elements mounted in opposing relation adjacent the lower ends of said end bars for releasably supportin the block within the frame during handling and for gaging the mortar space between the subjacent laid block and the block about to be laid, an actuating handle swivelly mounted centrally on each lower side bar and operatively connected to the companion gaging elements for governing their displacementto and from a block-releasing position.
LOUIS F. LOOZE.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 814,926 Weiss Mar. 13, 1906 1,524,622 Jewasinski et a1. Jan. 27, 1925 1,541,616 Boggs June 9, 1925 1,573,263 Madden Feb. 16, 1926 2,543,716 Carini Feb. 27, 1951 2,543,717 Carini Feb. 27, 1951
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US1524622 *||May 31, 1924||Jan 27, 1925||Frederick Alexander E||Plate-setting tool|
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|US1573263 *||May 11, 1925||Feb 16, 1926||Jeremiah Madden||Lifting tongs|
|US2543716 *||Mar 29, 1948||Feb 27, 1951||Carini John A||Block laying guide|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2828618 *||Dec 30, 1953||Apr 1, 1958||Doescher George C||Masonry block laying tool|
|US4109952 *||Feb 9, 1977||Aug 29, 1978||Michel Monzain||Package lifter|
|US6370837||Aug 4, 1999||Apr 16, 2002||Anthony B. Mcmahon||System for laying masonry blocks|
|US7896415||Oct 3, 2008||Mar 1, 2011||Sahrai Mehdi M||Easy package lifting device|
|US8083275 *||Jul 22, 2010||Dec 27, 2011||Myhre Wayne A||Urn vault transporting device|
|US8967692 *||Mar 11, 2014||Mar 3, 2015||James P. Weber, SR.||Method and apparatus for lifting flexible bags|
|US20140265384 *||Mar 11, 2014||Sep 18, 2014||James P. Weber, SR.||Method and apparatus for lifting flexible bags|
|CN102114962A *||Dec 22, 2010||Jul 6, 2011||溧阳市超强链条制造有限公司||Clamping device for transporting iron frame|
|CN102114962B||Dec 22, 2010||Oct 10, 2012||溧阳市超强链条制造有限公司||Clamping device for transporting iron frame|
|U.S. Classification||52/749.13, 294/62|