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Publication numberUS2652850 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 22, 1953
Filing dateAug 2, 1949
Priority dateAug 2, 1949
Publication numberUS 2652850 A, US 2652850A, US-A-2652850, US2652850 A, US2652850A
InventorsManville Charles J
Original AssigneeManville Charles J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Backflow preventing unit for dishwashing apparatus
US 2652850 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept- 22, 1953 c. J. MANVILLE 2,652,850 v BCKFLOW PREVENTING UNIT FOR DISHWASHING APPARATUS Filed Aug. 2, 1949 l :amr mama INVENTOR. 7M/wf.: fwd/Wulf. BY

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Patented Sept. 22, 1953 BACKFLOW PREVENTIN G UNIT FOR DISHWASHING APPARATUS Charles J. Manville, Pontiac, Mich.

Application August 2, 1949, Serial No. 108,071

1 Claim.

This invention relates to -a fountain brush type of dish washing apparatus of the general character shown and described in my Letters Patent No. 2,508,958, issued May 23, 1950, and incorporating certain improvements thereo-ver as shown and described in my copending application Serial No. 109,774, led August 1l, 1949, entitled Dish Washing Apparatus.

One of the objects of the present invention is to provide a diverter valve for diverting the water from a hydrant through the usual discharge spout, to the fountain brush, and which valve is controlled by the water pressure when admitted to the mixing chamber of the fixture for retaining the valve in its diverting position after being manually moved to such position, and wherein the valve is caused to automatically return to its normal position upon the water pressure in the mixing chamber being dropped by closing the usual faucet Valves. this arrangement the apparatus is safeguarded against water inadvertently spraying from the fountain brush before itis placed in proper position. Thus, after turning on the water and obtaining the desired water temperature from the discharge spout and positioning the fountain brush, the valve may be moved to its diverting position where it will be retained only so long as the hydrant water is turned on, and then automatically returns to its normal position upon the hydrant water being turned olf.

Another feature of the invention resides in the vacuum breaker or back flow preventer, whereby the back flow of water through the fountain brush which may be carrying detergent or resting in contaminated Water is prevented in event of a drop in pressure in the hydrant. This is of particular importance wherein the apparatus is employed in city water systems to prevent contaminating Water from back flowing into the water system in event of failure thereof with a consequent drop in pressure. To accomplish this purpose a vacuum break device is provided which, upon drop of pressure in the water system, will automatically move to close off said system and open the fountain brush to the atmosphere for both breaking the vacuum created by the drop in pressure and providing drainage.

'The full nature of the invention will be undei-stood from the accompanying drawings and the following description and claim.

In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a somewhat diagrammatic view of a spout provided mixing chamber including a diverter valve, a detergent device and a fountain brush connected to same and embodying the invention.

By means of Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view through the mixing chamber, diversion v-alve, and vacuum breaking device.

Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view, through the detergent reservoir and associated conduits.

Fig. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view through the fountain brush.

Fig. |5 is a transverse sectional view through the handle and is taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 4 rand in the direction of the arrows.

In Fig. l of the drawings there is illustrated a masking shell il), hot and cold vwater valve control handles II and I2, the spout I3, swingable if desired, the detergent chamber cover I4, the exposed manually operable control I5 of the diverter valve, the main water supplies I6 and I'I, and a handled fountain brush having handle I8, stem I9 and brush head 20.

As disclosed in the copending applications the valves are adjusted to discharge water at the desired temperature. This may be tested at the spout. Whe-n the brush is properly held over the sink the control I5 is actuated to cause discharge diversion to the brush. Water pressure holds the diversion valve in its actuated open position. Should the pressure lower by excessive draW-off or by the hot or cold water valve being suiciently cut-oif, the diverter valve automatically returns to its closed or spout diversion position.

All of the aforesaid are broadly disclosed in said copending applications as well las the liquid detergent reservoir or chamber 2I and its detergent discharge 22, see Fig. 3. Reference accordingly now will be had to Fig. 2.

Herein 23 indicates the mixing chamber body having supply branches It"L and l'la respectively for hot and cold water. Body 23 includes outlet tubular conduit or riser 24 which discharges to spout I3. Disposed in the riser is valve stem '25 which mounts valve 26 which at its lower end 2tD is adapted to engage seat 2'I for spout cut-01T. A coil spring 28 normally constrains said valve to open spout position, being suflicient to overcome stem friction.

In opposition tol riser 24 is the internally threaded tubular portion 29. A plug-like tubular closure member 30 is thread mounted therein and includes upper collar portion 30a for guide purposes. This closure member extends into the said mixing chamber. The bore 3| thereof includes a stop shoulder Sla. The end opposite the collar is hanged as at 32 and includes a drain port 33 that vents to the sink or lavatory bowl. The bore 3| provides a chamber defined by wall 3|b in which the drain port 33 opens. An apertured sealing w-asher 34 seats on said wall 3lb, its aperture aligning with the port 33.

Surrounding the aforesaid closure member 30, and gasket sealed between the confronting faces of the end Aof portion 29 and flange 32, is the collar or sleeve portion 35 having radial boss 35 internally threaded at 36a. Discharge port 31 is dened by flared seat 31a. The tube 38 with flared end 38a is secured by gland nut 39.

The exterior of closure member l3i) is annularly recessed as at 48, being surrounded by sleeve 35 to form an annular chamber with which port 31 communicates. Closure member 3i! also includes a transverse port 4| so that the interior thereof has free communication with said chamber.

Seated in the bore 3! of closure 38 is a cuplike valve member 42 which at its lower end bears upon shoulder 35a. Its upper end includes the conical face 26a of valve seat 42a for engagement by valve member 2S. The opposite partially spherical face 2tb it will be remembered is engageable with seat 21.

Depending from member 42 is tubular stem 43 and disposed adjacent the intake end is a screen 44 if desired. A cup-like valve member includes cylindrical portion 45 and the flat end or plate portion 45. When the cup valve is uppermost it seals the lower discharge end of extension tube 43 preventing back flow through the port 31. When the cup valve is lowered it engages washer 34 and seals off the drain port 33. Thus when the mixing chamber is cut off the line 38 can drain at 33. When the pressure drops the cup v-alve 45-48 opens the tubular stem 43 and the mixing chamber discharges to line 38 provided valve 26 is elevated. It will be remembered that spring 28 only overcomes friction and the pressure in the chamber can hold valve 26 to spout cut-off position after the valve initially has been manually elevated.

Reference will now be had to Figs. 4 and 5 wherein the improved fountain brush is illustrated. Tube 41 is the main pressure discharge line. Tube 48 is the liquid detergent discharge line It is connected by flexible tubing 43 to the detergent chamber discharge '22. Tube 41 is connected to tube 38 as shown.

A handle member I8, see Fig l, includes the tube nesting bore the internal collar portion 52 adapted to take fixture 53 to which at 54 and 55 tubes 41 and 48 connect This fixture includes opposed slots 53a, the cylindrical extension 55 and eccentric tube 51. The latter has free communication with tube 41 as shown. Fixture 53 mounts needle Valve 58 yielding constrained to seated position and same controls angle passage 59 from tube 48 to tube 51.

A valve hanger 88' is associated with button 6I exposed by handle I8 and controls valve 58 so that when the button is pressed inwardly the water discharging from line 51 can suck detergent from line 48. A shell 52 is internally threaded at its free end. It has a press fit upon portion 52 of said handle I8. The tube I9 terminates in plate E3 threaded to mount in said shell.

The tube I3 at its other end terminates in an externally threaded plate 64 with dished inlet portion 64a. A sleeve S5 is internally threaded for plate mounting and includes off-set or shoulder portion 65a. A Washer 65 bears thereon. On it is disposed the flange '51a of an outwardly dished screen 61. A washer 88 bears on the flange 61a and a disc screen 69 bears on the washer 68. A washer 10 backs up said screen. When sleeve 65 is screwed upon plate 64 all the aforesaid are rigidly secured together.

Sleeve 65 includes extension 1l with bayonet slot formations 12 therein arranged vto form springs 13. An annular member 14 including internal shoulder 15 includes a corresponding number of bayonet pins 16. The free end of said member is pro-vided with an annularly arranged series of bristle tufts 11. Member 14 when mounted masks all the aforesaid except plate 64 and screen 61.

This fountain brush discharges clear water from line 38-41 or detergent and water from the former and line 48 if button 6l be depressed. When the supply pressure lowers in the mixing chamber, insufcient to permit the diverter valve 26 to close, back pressure upon cup valve 46 causes same to seal tube 43 and thus prevents backow from the fountain brush to the mixing chamber. Whatever back flow occurs will vent at 33. In normal operation of fountain brush pressure supply the vent 33 is held closed by valve 45.

The present invention has the further advantage that if upon a pressure drop in the main water supply resulting in a partial Vacuum developing in the mixing chamber, and the cup 45 does not seat and seal off the end of tube 43, the vacuum is relieved or broken by air admitted through the drain port 33.

While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and foregoing description, the same is to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive in character.

The invention claimed is:

In a dish washing apparatus having a vertical chamber communicating with a source of water normally under pressure, an upper conduit leading from the upper portion of said chamber and a lower conduit leading from the lower portion thereof, the combination therewith of an automatic back flow preventing unit including a nipple closing the upper end of said chamber and provided with an upper valve seat, said nipple having a reduced portion extending downwardly into said chamber terminating in a lower valve seat, a third valve seat in said upper conduit in opposed relation to said upper valve seat, a manually-controlled valve interposed between said upper valve seat and said third valve seat movable between open and closed positions in respect to said last-mentioned valve seats respectively, and a cup-shaped valve in the lower portion of said chamber slidable in guiding relation with the reduced end of said nipple movable under pressure from said source free of said lower valve seat to permit flow to said lower conduit upon said manually controlled valve being moved free of said upper valve seat, said cup-shaped valve being slidably movable into seating engagement with said lower valve seat to shut off back now from said lower conduit upon the manually operable valve being forced from said upper Valve seat when a partial vacuum` develops in said chamber, for preventing back flow from said lower conduit to said source.


(References on following page) References Cited in the file of this patent l UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Swnny Sept. 12, 1905 Haeseler May 30, 1916 Ferguson Oct. 10, 1916 Mowry Sept. 28, 1920 Smith Dec. 22, 1925 Mueller Nov. 17, 1931 Bletcher et a1 Sept. 20, 1932 Reedy Nov. 28, 1933 Number Name Date Paddock Sept. 28, 1937 Klein Oct. 22, 1940 Criss May 26, 1942 Judell Mar. 14, 1944 Svrsky Dec. 17, 1946 Manvlle May 23, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Germany of 1909

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2848728 *Aug 3, 1955Aug 26, 1958Hoover Ball & Bearing CoDishwashing apparatus
US2956579 *Aug 2, 1956Oct 18, 1960Electro Way CorpDishwashing apparatus
US3144873 *Aug 22, 1960Aug 18, 1964Electro Way CorpDiverter valve for dishwashing apparatus
US3286721 *Aug 8, 1963Nov 22, 1966Croname IncAntisiphon diverter valve assembly
US3459207 *Apr 20, 1965Aug 5, 1969Bacheller Kenneth GFaucet construction
US4187875 *Aug 15, 1977Feb 12, 1980Manville Manufacturing CorporationLiquid detergent reservoir
US4662768 *Mar 1, 1984May 5, 1987Friedrich Grohe Armaturenfabrik Gmbh & Co.Cleaning and washing appliance
US4859102 *Mar 7, 1988Aug 22, 1989Naji ChamiehContoured cleaning device
US5752541 *Jan 16, 1996May 19, 1998Kohler Co.Diverter valve
US5988911 *Apr 28, 1997Nov 23, 1999The Leland Group, Inc.Soap and water dispensing system
US6019537 *Oct 5, 1998Feb 1, 2000Hunt; Charles TimothyAccessory cleaning system for kitchen faucet hose spray
US6270278Jun 28, 1999Aug 7, 2001Ralph M. MauroSpray nozzle attachment with interchangeable heads
U.S. Classification137/218, 401/46, 137/625.48, 137/614.21, 137/614.19
International ClassificationA47L17/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47L17/00
European ClassificationA47L17/00