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Publication numberUS2654073 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 29, 1953
Filing dateJul 29, 1950
Priority dateJul 29, 1950
Publication numberUS 2654073 A, US 2654073A, US-A-2654073, US2654073 A, US2654073A
InventorsRudi Katz
Original AssigneeRudi Katz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Locking device for electric plugs
US 2654073 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 29, 1953 R. KATZ LOCKING DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC PLUGS Filed July 29, 1950 I IN VEN TOR. Rup/ A7472 Patented Sept. 29, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE LOCKING DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC PLUGS Rudi Katz', Long Beach, N. Y.

Application July 29, 1950, Serial No. 176,723 I 3 Claims.

This invention relates to receptacle and in 'A particular to one in which an electric circuit plug can be secured to prevent unauthorized use.

In connection with a large number of various electrically operated devices it may be desirable to prevent a person that does not have authority to operate the device from using the same and instead of applying special locks to prevent manipulation of the control knobs and levers the present invention contemplates the use of a receptacle that can be attached to the plug so that addition of a lock or other preventative means need not be built into the device whose unauthorized use is to be prevented.

It is an important object of my invention to provide a lock receptacle or shield into which the electric plug can be inserted so that the plug cannot be used in a socket to close an electric circuit.

A further object of the invention is to provide a device to be associated with the plug in any manner so that the prongs of the plug will be covered and cannot be inserted into the usual socket to complete a circuit.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a receptacle for association with an electric circuit plug to which the plug can be held by latching means controlled by a key actuated look so that once the receptacle is in proper association with the plug the latter can only be freed by someone having a key to release the plug.

Still further objects of my invention are to provide a simple locking means which can be latch fastened and key released in connection with a plug so that the latter cannot be put into a socket. To provide such a device that is tamper proof and one which is compact, can be fixed to the plug without the use of a key, one which will prevent unauthorized use of the device served by the plug and one which can be made at small cost.

With these and other objects in view, the invention comprises certain construction hereinafter described and then particularly pointed out in the claims and a preferred embodiment of my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:

Figure 1 is a view in perspective of a receptacle shown in attaching relation with an electric circuit plug,

Figure 2 is an enlarged view in section taken through the receptacle shown in Figure 1,

Figure 3 is an enlarged view in perspective of a barrel forming part of the locking mechanism of the receptacle,

Figure 4 is an enlarged view in perspective of a latch pin used in the locking mechanism of the receptacle, and

Figure 5 is a view in perspective of a receptacle of diiferent form than that shown in Figure 1 and illustrating the enclosure of the prongs of the plug.

Referring to the drawing in detail indicates the conventional form of electric plug, the prongs l I of which, with the wire I3 coact with the usual electrical circuit socket, not shown, to carry current to any device such as a radio, television set or other electrically operated appliance.

In order to render the plug inoperative as a circuit connecting member the prongs ll, pro vided with holes I 4, must be concealed or bridged to prevent unauthorized insertion into the socket means. As illustrated in Figures 1 to 4 use is made of a receptacle l comprising a block of material having twin prong bores I6 and I1 housing coil springs l2 and covered with a top or cover plate [8 which is slotted as at IS in axial alignment with said bores 16 and I! to serve as guides for the prongs of the plug, and secured in any well known manner to the block of the receptacle l5.

Thesblock is further drilled or formed to provide contiguous bores 20 and 2| in the former of which is disposed a latch plug 22 having a shoulder 23 urged by a spring 24 into contact with a shoulder 30 formed in the adjacent end of a lock barrel. The latter is revolvably mounted in the bore 2| andretained therein against axial displacement by a limit pin 21 threaded or force fitted into a bore 28 and having an end extending into a groove 29 in the barrel 26. The segment and the groove 29 of the barrel are. bounded respectively by the diametrically disposed shoulder wall 30 and the slot wall 3| so that revolving movement of the barrel is limited,

by contact of slot wall 3| with the pin 21 and the.

latch plug 22 is retracted against the resistance;-

of its spring 24 by action of the shoulder wall 30 on the shoulder 23. The spring 24 is imprisoned by a plug 32A and the plug 22 carries an integral latch pin 32 bevelled at its outer end as at 33 for snap engagement with the hole I 4 of the adjacent prong H. The shoulder 23 of plug 22 rests on the flat end of the barrel 26 so that the bevel 33 of the latch pin is retained in proper position to permit ready insertion of the plug prong and latching engagement thereof by the pin 32.

The barrel 2B is provided with a key-slot 35 in which seat the outer sections of pin tumblers 36 spring urged as at 31 and imprisoned in the bores 38 by plugs 39. The key 40 operates in the usual manner to align the tumblers so that the barrel can be revolved to retract the latch pin 32 and free the plug In from the receptacle l5.

In the form of my invention shown in Figure 5 a rectangular receptacle 42, having side and end walls 43 and 44 respectively, is provided with a cover 45 hinged thereto and arranged to be locked in closed position by a latch locl': 46: secured in the box and adapted to be opened by use of a suitable key. An end wall 44 of the box or receptacle is notched as at 41 so that the wire l3 extending from plug 10 will not intatene' with. the

closing of the cover which snap-locks to closed position to encase the plug and hence prevent its being put into an electric socket.

It is evident that I have provided in combination with a standard electric plug a receptacle that prevents insertion oi the plug into an electric: socket. and: hence prevents unauthbriaed use of anappliance toxthe plug; of. which my novel receptacle is attached.

Y My'inventionis'notto be restricted to the precise. details. on construction. shown since various changes and modificationsmay be: made: therein without departing from the scope of theinventim or; sacrificing-.the: adv to be: derived 'trom What I .claimisz.

1.v The. combination. with an electric circuit plug having perforatedprongs; of. a receptacle means, twin bores extending inwardly from one end;otsaid'receptaclemeans inwhich' said prongs are-v housed, a latch: pin, imithe receptacle extend- .4 ing laterally to said bores for yieldable engagement with a hole in one of said prongs for preventing separation of the receptacle means and the plug, and a key controlled locking mechanism revolvable to withdraw said latch pin to release the prong for separation of said lock means from the plug and a spring for urging said latch pin into engagement with said prong.

2. The combination as set forth in claim 1 including spring means in each borean'anged to be placed under tension by insertion of the prongs into said bores and said spring means acting to forcibly eject the plug from said lock means whm the is withdrawn.

3. The. combination as set forth in claim 1 including' a cover plate for the receptacle means extending. across the open end of said bores and said. plate being slotted diametrically of each boretoprovide a guide for insertion of the prongs of the plug into said lock means.

RUDI KA 'I'Z.

Refcrenc'es' Cited in the me: of this patent UNrrED- STATES PATENTS Number 7 Name Date 1,162,356. Hebble Nov. so, 1915 1,530,521 Robinson H... Mar. 24, 1-925 1,648,518 Werner Nov. 8, 1927' 1,881,809 Maxwell Oct. 11,1932 2,135,163 Boon Nov. 1,1938

FOREIGN PATENTS- Number Country Date I 509,276 Germany Oct. 10, 1930

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1162355 *Nov 2, 1914Nov 30, 1915Frank H HumphrevilleElectric-lamp lock.
US1530521 *Jul 19, 1923Mar 24, 1925Joe C RobinsonNut guard
US1648518 *Jul 28, 1924Nov 8, 1927 Blecteical costwectee
US1881809 *May 4, 1929Oct 11, 1932Yale & Towne Mfg CoPadlock
US2135163 *May 11, 1937Nov 1, 1938Louis De JongElectric connecter
DE509276C *Oct 10, 1930Richard GeimerVerschliessbare Steckvorrichtung
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2733416 *Apr 5, 1955Jan 31, 1956 Locking device for use with electrical
US2759492 *Apr 9, 1954Aug 21, 1956Barneburg James LFuel line lock assembly for outboard motors
US2844805 *Feb 17, 1956Jul 22, 1958Darrell George HPlug locking and protecting device
US2879494 *Mar 9, 1955Mar 24, 1959Teetor Herman CElectric plug with disabling means
US2910860 *Aug 24, 1956Nov 3, 1959Moreno Camba CarlosLocking device with sliding plug
US3416123 *Feb 28, 1966Dec 10, 1968James L. HuseboPlug block
US3524029 *Jul 22, 1968Aug 11, 1970Laff Robert MKeylock for electrical plugs
US3543544 *Aug 19, 1968Dec 1, 1970Efston Evan NLocking device for use with an electric plug
US3631896 *Mar 9, 1970Jan 4, 1972Wallace MeigsLock for motor boat
US3662320 *Dec 24, 1970May 9, 1972Marx Arthur JPlug lock
US4025140 *Nov 28, 1975May 24, 1977Tula Machine Co., Inc.Locking device for the prongs of an electrical plug
US4060297 *Nov 29, 1976Nov 29, 1977Marshall Bruce HPlug cap
US4413488 *Dec 22, 1980Nov 8, 1983Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.Electrical appliance lock
US4445738 *Sep 29, 1982May 1, 1984Wiencke Erich KLocking device for electrical plugs
US4563048 *Jan 11, 1985Jan 7, 1986Im Kwan SLocking device for an electrical plug
US4566297 *Jul 22, 1983Jan 28, 1986Hawley Robert CElectrical plug locking device
US4640107 *Dec 12, 1985Feb 3, 1987Slade Luman CSafety lock apparatus for an electrical plug
US4673230 *Mar 28, 1986Jun 16, 1987Baumgart Herbert PSecurity device for electrical plug
US4957446 *Dec 11, 1989Sep 18, 1990Belsky Ronald RLockout device for electrically operated equipment and devices
US5169326 *Feb 3, 1992Dec 8, 1992Werner Theodore JElectric plug lock
US5171155 *Sep 3, 1991Dec 15, 1992Humberto MendozaSafety lock for electrical appliance plugs
US5176527 *Dec 14, 1990Jan 5, 1993E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyApparatus for preventing the use of an electrical device
US5190466 *Jul 9, 1991Mar 2, 1993Mcvey Jack LLocking connector for detachable power cords
US5277599 *Oct 23, 1992Jan 11, 1994Nilson Donald LLockable container for securing an electrical connector
US6142797 *Nov 10, 1999Nov 7, 2000Bailey; CraigElectrical plug locking device
US6428333Sep 28, 2001Aug 6, 2002Randall D. RustLocking device for electrical receptacles
US8714995 *Dec 11, 2012May 6, 2014Chi-Tsai ChangSafety socket
US20130157495 *Dec 11, 2012Jun 20, 2013Chi-Tsai ChangSafety socket
Classifications
U.S. Classification439/134, 70/57
International ClassificationH01R13/44, H01R13/447
Cooperative ClassificationH01R13/447
European ClassificationH01R13/447