|Publication number||US2655071 A|
|Publication date||Oct 13, 1953|
|Filing date||Nov 7, 1951|
|Priority date||Nov 7, 1951|
|Publication number||US 2655071 A, US 2655071A, US-A-2655071, US2655071 A, US2655071A|
|Original Assignee||Eugene Levay|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (11), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
E. LEVAY Oct. 13, 1953 DRUM Filed Nov. '7, 1951 INVENTOR.
EUGENE LEVAY ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 13, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DRUM Eugene Levay, New York, N. Y.
Application November 7, 1951, Serial No. 255,190
3 Claims. l
This invention relates to drums.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a drum capable of electrically producing a. sound which is drumlike in origin and quality.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a drum of the character described which can be operated with a minimum of effort and experience on the players part.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a drum of the character described which is durable and can withstand rough treatment.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a drum of the character described which can be operated by merely touching drumsticks to drumheads.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a drum of the character described which is inexpensive and simple to manufacture.
It is an ancillary object of the present invention to provide a drum of the character described which is simple for children to operate.
Other objects of my invention will in part be obvious and in part will be pointed out hereinafter.
My invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements and arrangements of parts which will be exemplied in the device hereinafter described and of which the scope of application will be indicated in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings in which is shown one of the various possible embodiments of my invention,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a drum embodying the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken substantially along the line 2 2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional View taken substantially along the line 3 3 of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional View taken substantially along the line 4 4 of Fig. 3; and
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken substantially along the line 5 5 of Fig. 1.
Referring now in detail to the drawings, the reference numeral l0 denotes a drum constructed in accordance with the present invention. The drum comprises two drumheads l2 disposed at opposite ends of a hollow open-ended body I4.
Each drumhead includes a tympan IB and an annular metal rim I8. Said rim has its bottom and top edges inwardly retroverted to form flanges 20, 2|. The inner diameter of the flange 20 is such that it snugly receives the upper end of the drum body I4.
The two drumheads are held on the drum body by hooks 22 and tension springs 24. The hooks are adapted to grip the top edge of the rim and to hang along the sides thereof with a spring anchoring ear 26 projecting away from the drum. Several hooks are placed on each drumhead, with each hook on one drumhead being lined up with a hook on the other. The springs connect the lined up ears and pull the drumheads towards each other, thereby holding the drumheads to the body. The drum can be disassembled by disengaging the hooks.
Each tympan comprises a sheet of material, the edge of which is held between the ange 20 and the body of the rim by riveting, gluing or clamping.
As thus far described the drum is conventional and is capable of being played in the conventional manner.
Pursuant to the present invention, at least a substantial portion of the outer surface of one or both of the drum head tympans is made electrically conductive. This may be accomplished by impregnating the customary parchment used as a typmpan with electrically conductive material or by fabricating the tympan itself from electrically conductive material or by superimposing electrically conductive material on the tympan,
As shown herein, the tympan comprises a sheet of parchment 28 or other suitable nonconductive material. A strip of metal foil 30 is cemented to the surface of the parchment facing away from the drum body and substantially covers al1 of said surface, except that it does not reach the rim which is insulated therefrom by non-conductive material, for example, a cardboard sleeve 32.
In further pursuance of the present invention, an electrically energizable sound-producing means, for example a conventional electric buzzer 34, is placed inside the drum body. The buzzer is secured in any conventional manner, for example by rivets, to the inner wall of the drum body. One terminal 36 of the buzzer is electrically connected to the foil of each tympan by insulated wires 38, a hole 40 being provided in each parchment to permit a wire to contact the foil.
A source of electric energy is provided, preferably inside the drum, said source comprising either a step-down transformer usable with conventional house current, or a portable source of electric power. In the embodiment shown, a pair of batteries 42 are employed, said batteries being located inside the drum body.
The drum body has an opening covered by a door 44 which is secured to the body by hinges 46. The door is biased to closed position by a spring 48, and a thumb opening 50 is provided to enable one to swing the door outwardly. Inward movement of the door is limited by an abutment 52.
rI'he batteries are oppositely mounted in spring holders 54 on the inner side of the door 44. This permits easy access tothe batteries for replacement purposes. A bridging clip 56 at one pair of ends of the batteries connects the batteries in series. A terminal 58 engages the other end of one of the batteries and is connected by an insulated Wire 6U to the other buzzer terminal 62'. Another terminal 64 engages the other endof the other battery and is electrically connected by long insulated wires 66, 58' to drumsti'cks T0 whereby to permit freedom of inovement of the drumsticks. The wires pass through openings 'l2 in the drum body and extend axially through thev drumsticks to electrically conductive. tips 14 of thev latter, the endsof'the wires, being. in elec?- trical ContactV with the tips.
The drumsticks` and foil. act as a switch. When they are touched together,4 the circuitV of batteriesy and buzzer is completed and a. sound issues. from the insidey ofY the, drum.
It thus. will be seen that there is provided a device which. achieves. all the objects o the in vention and is well adapted to meet the conditions of practicalY use.
As Various possible embodiments might,v be made of the above. invention, and as various changesY might. be madef in. the. embodiment above of electrical energy, a drumstick, and means to electrically connect the sound-producing means and terminals in series between the drumstick and conductive portion of the drurnhead, whereu by when the drumstick is touched to the conductive portion the sound-producing means will be energized so that a sound will be emanated from the drum body.
2l A hollowY drum body, a pair of drumheads secured thereto, each drum'head hav-ing at least a substantial portion of its outer surface electrically conductive, electrically energizable sound-producing means disposed inside the drum body, a battery inside the drum body, a pair ci drumsticks, and means to electrically connect the sound-producing means and battery in series between the drumsticks and conductive portions of theV drumheads, whereby when a drumstick is touched to a conductive portion the sound-producing means, will be energized so that a sound will be emanated from the. drum body.
3. A hollow drum body, a. pair of drumheads secured thereto, each, drumheadhaving at least a substantial portion of its` outer surface .electrically conductive, electrically energizable sound-producing means. disposed inside the drum body, two terminals adapted to be connected toy a. source of electrical. energy,y a pair of electrically non-conductive drum-sticks, each drumstick having an electrically conductive tip, and means to electricall's7 connect the sound-producing. means and terminals in series between the drumstick tips and conductive portions of the drumheads, whereby when a drumstick tip is touched to aconductive portion the, sound-producingy means will be energized so that a sound will be emanated from the drum body.
' EUGENE LEVAY.
References Cited in the le of this patent Ul\,`l5I'IED.l STATES PATENTS,
Number Name Datey 965,435 Brauer July 26, 1910 1,007,232: Palmer Oct'. 31, 1911 1,646,061 Lifshitz Oct. 18,v 1927 2,516,579 Leonardson July 25, 1950
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US965435 *||Sep 8, 1908||Jul 26, 1910||Niagara Musical Instr Mfg Company||Automatic drum-beater for mechanically-operated musical instruments.|
|US1007232 *||Jan 16, 1911||Oct 31, 1911||John Gernert||Attachment for pianos or the like.|
|US1646061 *||Aug 5, 1926||Oct 18, 1927||Lifshitz Alex M||Electrical attachment for musical instruments|
|US2516579 *||Oct 3, 1947||Jul 25, 1950||John F Leonardson||Electrically operated musical device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3951032 *||Jul 23, 1974||Apr 20, 1976||Laporta Louis F||Muffler-brakes for drums|
|US4308782 *||Oct 4, 1979||Jan 5, 1982||Remo, Incorporated||Laminated head of plastic sheet material and a synthetic fabric material having random fiber orientation|
|US4356756 *||Apr 3, 1981||Nov 2, 1982||Remo, Inc.||Method of forming a non-tunable head|
|US4362081 *||Oct 6, 1980||Dec 7, 1982||Remo, Inc.||Laminated head of plastic sheet material and nonimpregnated synthetic woven fabric material|
|US4422723 *||Aug 11, 1981||Dec 27, 1983||Lajet Energy Company||Adjustable reflector with imperforate reflective membrane|
|US4469001 *||Aug 25, 1982||Sep 4, 1984||Remo, Inc.||Method of forming a non-tunable head|
|US4608483 *||Mar 15, 1985||Aug 26, 1986||Arnold Richard N||Heater for a drum|
|US4909117 *||Mar 31, 1989||Mar 20, 1990||Nasta Industries, Inc.||Portable drum sound simulator|
|US7163431 *||Jan 14, 2004||Jan 16, 2007||The Little Tikes Company||Toy percussion instrument with tethered striker|
|US7446254 *||Feb 24, 2005||Nov 4, 2008||Moon Key Lee||Percussion instrument using touch switch|
|US20050153626 *||Jan 14, 2004||Jul 14, 2005||Walraven Thomas M.||Toy percussion instrument with tethered striker|
|U.S. Classification||84/422.1, 84/411.00R, 984/151|
|International Classification||G10D13/02, G10D13/00|