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Publication numberUS2655735 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 20, 1953
Filing dateSep 26, 1950
Priority dateSep 26, 1950
Publication numberUS 2655735 A, US 2655735A, US-A-2655735, US2655735 A, US2655735A
InventorsAbraham Traube
Original AssigneeAbraham Traube
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drying machine
US 2655735 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. TRAUBE DRYING MACHINE Oct. 20, 1953 Filed Sept. 26, 1950 llllllllllllllllllnl INVENTOR. "/mh am 774w Zoe ATTORNEY.

Pate! .ted Oct. 20, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 6 Claims.

This invention relates to a drying machine, for clothes and other articles, of the type in which heated air is drawn or forced through a rotary drum containing the articles to be dried.

In machines of this type as heretofore used, the heated air was caused to pass in contact with parts of the metallic structure with the result that such parts became highly heated, with the result that fragile fabrics and other articles contacting such heated metal parts were frequently damaged and heat was lost through radiation from the outer casing and parts of the machine that were unduly heated.

One object of the present invention is to provide a stationary heating coil located entirely within a rotating extension of a rotary drum within which the articles are contained.

Another object is to locate the heating coil at one end of a drum having perforations for the escape of the air localized at the opposite end of the circumference of the drum. Still another object is to provide a drum having heating coils in both ends and having outlet perforations in the circumference of the drum at its medial portion.

The construction of the drying machine is' such that the air heated by the coil passes directly to the articles being dried and excessive heat in the metal parts of the machine, and losses by radiation, are entirely prevented.

With these and other objects in View, the present invention consists in the novel construction and arrangement of parts hereinafter described, illustrated in the accompanying drawe ings and particularly pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that various changes may be made in the constructional details without departing from the spirit of the invention or sacrificing any of the advantages thereof.

In the drawings, Fig. 1 is an end View of the machine shown partly in section on the line I-l, of Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section, and Fig. 3 is a view drawn to a reduced scale and showing in longitudinal section part of a modified form of the machine.

Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, the horizontally disposed rotary drum I is formed with longitudinal internally projecting ribs H and a concentric cylindrical extension l2, having a stationary heating coil l3 mounted therein. Bevel rings I4 are mounted near the ends of the cylinder l0 and these rings l4 engage spaced bevel rollers l5 suitably mounted on fixed pivots It so that they serve as supports for the rotating drum The drum I0 is enclosed in a fixed casing I! having a hinged or removable door is which may be readily opened to permit loading and unloading of the drum through the open end i9 thereof. The left-hand end, Fig. 1, of the circumferential wall of the drum H3, is provided with perforations 38 through which the air is drawn by means of a duct and fan or impeller 2| from which it is forced through a casing 22 and through a screen or lint-catcher 23 to an outlet duct 24. The fan 21 is driven by a suitable electric motor 25 which may also drive, through a suitable reducing and reversing gear, a belt pulley 26, which through the medium of a V-belt 2?, drives a large belt pulley 28 secured on the said extension 12 so that the drum 10, mounted on the rollers l5, may be caused to rotate or rock at moderate speed, being preferably rotated for several revolutions in one direction, then reversed and rotated for a like number of revolutions in the opposite direction.

The said casing l enclosing the left-hand por-- tion of the drum, Fig. 1, is provided at its open right-hand end with a fixed steam pipe or like heating element 29 and, in close proximity to the pipe 29, an annular rib 30 is secured on the outer periphery of the drum, so that air drawn into the casing I6 is partially or moderately heated and is thus prevented from chilling the left-hand end of the drum. At its right-hand end, the drum and its extension l2 are enclosed Within a fixed casing 3|, the left-hand extremity of which is spaced from the casing l! and permits admission of air to the casing l1 and also permits the passage of a restricted volume of air over the righthand portion of the drum to the interior of the extension [2 so that overheating of the righthand portion of the drum is prevented and the said restricted air supply is preheated. The main supply of air to the interior of the extension 12 is provided through an opening 32 in the casing 3|, and the heating element It is preferably supported by the casing 31 and is completely enclosed within the said extension l2.

Fig. 3 of the drawings shows a modified ar rangement in which a drum 33 is provided with a band of perforations 39 located at its medial portion while an axial extension 35 at each end contains a heating element and the drying air is drawn off through a centrally located duct 35. A door 36 in a fixed casing 37 provides access to a door 48 in the drum 33 so that the drum may be loaded and unloaded.

In operation, and referring to the machine shown at Figs. 1 and 2, the clothes or other wet or damp articles are supplied to the drum through its open end l9, the main coil I3 and the auxiliary coil 29 are heated, the drum is caused to rotate in the manner above described and the fan 2| is driven so that air is drawn through the perforations 38 located only in the portion of the drum remote from the coil i3 and as the clothes are displaced by the action of the rotating ribs I i, the main volume of air entering through the opening 32 and Passing over the coil I3 is brought into intimate contact with all the surfaces of the clothes and the metal parts of the drum and of its extension i2 and of the casing I'I, 3| are protected against overheating by the restricted air supply admitted between the casing parts I! and 3| and passing in both directions therefrom.

Although the drawings and the above specification disclose the best modes in which I have contemplated embodying my invention, I desire to be in .no way limited to the details of such disclosure for in the further practical application of my invention many changes in oonstruc tional details may be made as circumstances require or experience suggests, without departing from the spirit of the invention within the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. A drying machine for clothes and other articles, comprising a rotary drum for such articles, a reduced air-receiving portion on one end of the drum, a heating element projecting axially into said reduced portion to heat air admitted to the drum, air outlet openings localized in a circumferential portion of the drum remote from said heating element, an air-receiving duct, means causing drying air to pass over said heating element, to traverse the drum in contact with said articles and to escape by said openings to said duct, a casing enclosing the drum, an opening provided in said casing at the medial portion of said drum and permitting a flow of air externally of a portion of the drum to said duct, and an auxiliary heating element for partially heat-- ing the said air flow.

2. A drying machine for clothes and other articles, comprising a rotary drum for such articles, a reduced air-receiving cylindrical portion integral with one end of the drum, a heating element projecting axially into said reduced portion to heat air admitted to the drum, an annular band of air outlet openings localized in a circumferential portion of the drum remote from said heating element, an air-receiving duct, suction means causing drying air to pass over said heating element, to traverse the drum in contact with said articles and to escape by said openings to said duct, a casing enclosing the drum, an opening provided in said casing at the medial portion of said drum and permitting a flow of relatively cool air externally of a portion of the drum to said heating element and a flow of warmer air over the other portion of the drum to said duct, and an auxiliary heating element for partially heating the latter air flow.

3. A drying machine for clothes and other articles, comprising a rotary cylindrical drum, a hollow cylindrical portion extending from at least one end of the drum, a heating element supported externally of the drum and extending into said cylindrical portion, an annular band of openings formed in the cylindrical drum at a part remote from said heating element, an air-receiving duct, means for causing a flow of air over said heating element, through the drum and outwardly through said openings to said duct, and means providing a flow of air externally of the cylindrical drum to prevent excessive heat in the walls of the drum.

4. A drying machine for clothes and other articles, comprising a rotary cylindrical drum, a casing enclosing the drum, a hollow cylindrical portion extending from at least one end of the drum, a heating element supported externally of the drum and extending into said cylindrical portion, an annular band of openings formed in the cylindrical drum at a part remote from said heating element, an air-receiving duct in line with said openings, and means for causing a flow of air over said heating element, through the drum and outwardly through said openings to said duct, and for causing a flow of air externally of the cylindrical drum to prevent excessive heat in the walls of the drum and in the enclosing casing.

5. A drying machine for clothes and other articles, comprising a rotary cylindrical drum, a casing enclosing the drum, a hollow cylindrical portion extending from at least one end of the drum, a heating element supported by the casing and extending into said cylindrical portion, an annular band of openings formed in the cylindrical drum at a part remote from said heating element, an air-receiving duct, means for causing a flow of air over said heating element, through the drum and outwardly through said openings to said duct and for causing a restricted flow of air externally of the cylindrical drum to prevent excessive heat in the walls of the drum, and auxiliary heating means for a portion of said restricted air flow.

6. A drying machine for clothes and other articles, comprising a drum for holding such articles, an axially projecting cylindrical portion on one end of said drum, an air heating element located in said cylindrical portion, air outlet openings localized at the end of the drum remote from said heating element, an air-receiving duct in alignment with said openings, a fixed annular casing connected to said duct and enclosing the portion of the drum having said air outlet openings therein and forming with the drum an air passage of annular form, an auxiliary heating element of annularform for moderate-1y preheating air admitted to the said annular passage, and a suction fan for drawing air through said extension, through the drum in contact with the clothes being dried and for drawing moderately heated air through said annular passage to said duct.

ABRAHAM TRAUBE.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,986,548 Wolff Jan. 1, 1935 2,057,259 Wolff Oct. 13, 1936 2,137,376 Altorfer Nov. 22, 1938 2,219,233 Locke Oct. 22, 1940 2,262,186 Lindberg Nov. 11, 1941 2,359,481 Jorgenson et al. Oct. 3, 1944 2,380,652 Jorgenson et al. July 31, 1945 2,393,380 Jorgenson et al. Jan. 22, 1946 2,416,405 Purpura Feb. 2-5, 1947 2,486,058 Patterson et al Oct. 25, 1949 2,543,579 Kauffmann Feb. 27, 1951 2,589,284 ONeil Mar. 18, 1952

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1986548 *Sep 13, 1932Jan 1, 1935Wacker Chemie GmbhApparatus for chemically cleaning fabrics, textiles, garments, and the like
US2057259 *Jun 6, 1934Oct 13, 1936Wacker Chemie GmbhApparatus for chemically cleaning and drying fabrics, textiles, garments and the like
US2137376 *Dec 27, 1937Nov 22, 1938Altorfer Henry WClothes drier
US2219233 *Apr 10, 1939Oct 22, 1940Us Hoffman Machinery CorpDrying tumbler
US2262186 *Mar 8, 1940Nov 11, 1941Bernhard LindbergLaundry drying machine
US2359481 *Oct 28, 1943Oct 3, 1944Kling Bros Engineering WorksTumbler
US2380652 *Aug 13, 1943Jul 31, 1945Kling Bros Engineering WorksTumbler
US2393380 *Feb 24, 1944Jan 22, 1946Kling Bros Engineering WorksTumbler
US2416405 *Feb 3, 1945Feb 25, 1947Purpura August CRotary drum drying machine
US2486058 *Mar 16, 1945Oct 25, 1949American Machine & MetalsAir drying tumbler for laundry
US2543579 *Mar 22, 1946Feb 27, 1951Lovell Mfg CoDrier
US2589284 *Sep 20, 1946Mar 18, 1952Hamilton Mfg CoDrier
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2793444 *Jul 22, 1955May 28, 1957Turner Arthur APortable clothes drier
US2941309 *Dec 13, 1956Jun 21, 1960Whirlpool CoClothes dampener for clothes driers
US5771604 *Apr 7, 1997Jun 30, 1998Maytag CorporationClothes dryer air inlet arrangement
US8051578 *Jun 11, 2007Nov 8, 2011Bsh Bosch Und Siemens Hausgeraete GmbhReduced noise dryer fan and impeller and producing method thereof
EP1123999A2 *Jan 25, 2001Aug 16, 2001Alliance Laundry System LLCDrying tumbler with temperature limiting air flow bypass
Classifications
U.S. Classification34/604
International ClassificationD06F58/02, D06F58/20
Cooperative ClassificationD06F58/20, D06F58/02
European ClassificationD06F58/20, D06F58/02