|Publication number||US2656559 A|
|Publication date||Oct 27, 1953|
|Filing date||Nov 28, 1949|
|Priority date||Nov 28, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2656559 A, US 2656559A, US-A-2656559, US2656559 A, US2656559A|
|Inventors||Adolph D Wiseman|
|Original Assignee||Adolph D Wiseman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (18), Classifications (18)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 27, 1953 A. D. WISEMAN DENTAL BRUSH IN ELASTIC BASE FOR HANDPIECE Filed Nov. 28, 1949 INVENTOR. 4001p .D. W/Jf/Yl/Y Patented Oct. 27, 1953 DENTAL BRUSH IN ELASTIC BASE FOR HANDPIECE Adolph D. Wiseman, San Francisco, Calif.
Application November 28, 1949, Serial No. 129,758 1 Claim. (01. 15-180) This invention relates to a dental brush and has for one of its objects the provision of a shock proof bristle brush for prophylactic work in brushing teeth, which brush is of the type having substantially parallel bristles secured together at one of their ends.
Heretofore brushes intended for the same purpose and manner of operation as the present invention have consisted of bristles tightly held together at one of their ends in a metal socket member that in turn has been provided with a screw for securin the same to a dental tool of some kind, or else the socket member has had a shank secured thereto for engagement by the chuck of a conventional handpiece. This structure ha not infrequently resulted in shock or injury or both to the patient by inadvertent striking of the teeth with the hard socket memher.
One of the objects of the present invention is the provision of a dental brush that entirely overcomes the above objection to the metal socket member or base, and that at the same time provides means for readily securing the brush to a handle or to the rotary spindle or chuck of a dental handpiece.
Other objects and advantages will be seen from the description and drawings.
In the drawings, Fig. l is a side elevational view showing a brush secured to a conventional handpiece for rotatably supporting the brush.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view showing the brush removably secured on a shank, that is adapted to be engaged by the chuck of a handpiece.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary side elevational view showing the brush on a rigid handle.
Fig. 5 is a part sectional side view showing a brush with bristles extending divergently instead of parallel.
In practice, the usual dental handpiece is either straight or has an angle head I as seen in Fig. 1. In both instances a rotary chuck 2 is provided, which is driven by the conventional dental engine or motor, and the various devices for use with the handpiece, such as burrs, polishers, brushes, etc. are provided with long or short shanks for securement in the chuck of the straight or angle head handpiece, as the case may be.
In my United States Letters Patent 2,017,881 of October 22, 1935, a shank piece of a dental tool is shown to which the preferred form of the present invention is adapted to be attached.
Fig. 2 such shank piece is indicated at 3 and is provided at one end with a circular head 4 coaxial therewith, which head ha an annular axially extending flange 5 projecting from its edge toward the end of the shank that is oppositesaid head. A bulbous projection 6 is on the outer side of head 4 and is coaxial with the shank, said pro jection bein adapted to snap into a complementarily formed socket 1 formed in the base member 8 of the brush holder of the present invention.
The general structure above described, apart from the structure for holding the brush, is generally shown in said United States patent already mentioned, but in connection with a different type brush and with a polishing cup.
In the present invention, a skirt I0 integral with said base member projects axially from the P latter in direction away from the socket 1, said skirt being coaxial with said socket, and with the base member, the latter being externally cylindrical.
Skirt I0 is preferably externally cylindrical and of smaller diameter than that of the base, the exterior surfaces of said base and skirt being joined by a tapered surface as indicated at l I. The inside of the skirt is formed to provide four substantially flat sides, and a web l2 separates the bottom of the socket or recess enclosed by the skirt l0 and the socket 'l.
The bristles 13 of the brush are formed into a cylindrical elongated body in substantially parallel, side-by-side relationship, and a metal sleeve I4 surrounds one of the ends of said body. This sleeve i tightly crimped against the bristles at four equally spaced points i 5 thus tending to square the sleeve so that its four sides will fit against the four flat inner sides iii of the skirt when the said sleeve is inserted into the skirt.
The sleeve I4 is formed at one end with a radially outwardly projecting flange IT. This flanged end of said sleeve is substantially flush with the terminating ends of the bristles that are enclosed by the sleeve.
At the inner end of skirt Ill and at the juncture between said skirt and web [2, an inwardly opening annular, narrow recess 20 is formed that is adapted to receive the flange H on sleeve I4 when the latter is within the skirt, and when said sleeve is in the said skirt, as seen in Fig. 2, the outer edge of the skirt extends slightly beyond the sleeve and the end of the body of bristles at the flange end of the sleeve I4 is supported against the web l2.
flat sided surface on the skirt also helps to prevent relative rotation between the skirt and the sleeve H in which the one end'of the body of bristles is secured. Inasmuch as the soft skirt 10' covers the sleeve l4, it is impossible for the sleeve to strike the teeth.
In actual practice, the sleeve I4 and the body of bristles secured therein may be removed from or inserted into the skirt Hi, and while thisis the preferred structure at this time, it is to be understood that the invention is not necessarily restricted thereto. The bristles could be vulcanized; into the rubber skirt or the sleeve l5 could bevulcanizedor cemented to said skirt. In any event, the skirt should be flexible enough to'permit'a slieht yielding of the body of bristles out of a position coaxial with the skirt, and it should be sufiiiently soft to not injure the teeth.
' While the's'ocket I is the preferable means for fifililii'ig'th base 8 to a handle or to a shank or chuck, it is to be understood that the invention is not necessarily to be restricted to this structure.
In Fig. 4 the'brush as shown in Fig. '2 is secured to a rigid handle .for manual manipulation by theuser in a manner similar to a tooth brush in order to reach normally relatively inaccessible places. The bulbousprojection 22 is formed integral'with th'e handle 23 in this instance.
7 "In'liig. 5 is'shown a brush in which the same construction as provided in Fig; :2'may be used to secure the bristles 24 in position within the sleeve 25',which is identical with sleeve l4. However,
a spreader in the form of a pin 26 having a head 21 is secured with the bristles in said sleeve with the head 21 positioned to spread the bristles to positions extending divergently from the end of the sleeve. The degree and characteristic of divergence depends mainly upon the size and shape of the head 21 and its position relative to the sleeve.
I c aim;
A dental brush comprising an elongated body of lengths of substantially parallel bristles, a sleeve of'rigid material surrounding said bristles at one end of said body-for holding said bristles together, a base member at one end of said body projecting axially outwardly thereof formed to provide a connection with the shank piece of a dental tool, said baseimember having a relatively soft, flexible, resilient skirt fully enclosing said sleeve and a flange rigid with said sleeve projecting radially outwardly within said skirt for holding said sleeve to said'member.
ADOLPH D. WISEMAN.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 7 926,303 Thompson June 29, 1909 1,649,052 Zimmet Nov. 15, 19.27 1,693,329 Astley Nov. 27., 1928 159433 Barker Dec. 11, 1928 1,720,017 Touchstone July ,9, 1929 1,874,467 Doll Aug. 30, 1932 1,91 ,521 Chott July is, 1933 2,017,881' Wisei'nan' Oct. 22, 1935 2,093,007 Chott Sept. 14, 1937 2,300,828 Goldenberg Nov. 3,, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTS Number 7 Country Date 717,914 France -1 Jan. 16,1932 792,851 France Jan. 11, 1936 305,194 France Nov. 13, 1996'
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US1649052 *||Jul 5, 1927||Nov 15, 1927||Hillel zimmet|
|US1693329 *||Mar 7, 1927||Nov 27, 1928||Humboldt M Seyer||Brush|
|US1694636 *||Dec 10, 1926||Dec 11, 1928||Horace E Barker||Dental device|
|US1720017 *||Apr 25, 1928||Jul 9, 1929||Grady R Touchstone||Dental cleaning brush|
|US1874467 *||Oct 27, 1931||Aug 30, 1932||Emil Doll||Toothbrush|
|US1918521 *||Sep 28, 1932||Jul 18, 1933||Edward L Chott||Dental brush|
|US2017881 *||Jul 5, 1932||Oct 22, 1935||Wiseman Adolph D||Dental tool|
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|US2300828 *||Feb 8, 1940||Nov 3, 1942||Goldenberg Alexander M||Dental cleansing device|
|FR717914A *||Title not available|
|FR792851A *||Title not available|
|FR805191A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2726415 *||Dec 10, 1952||Dec 13, 1955||Volckening Henry G||Bottle cleaning apparatus|
|US2752682 *||Jun 26, 1953||Jul 3, 1956||Adolph D Wiseman||Dental tool having shock absorbing mounting|
|US2766472 *||Jan 30, 1953||Oct 16, 1956||Harry K Aurandt||Fountain toothbrush|
|US2810490 *||Mar 30, 1955||Oct 22, 1957||Walter Cook||Bottle identifying device|
|US2960712 *||Jan 26, 1956||Nov 22, 1960||Hayer Frederick W||Rotary tooth cleaning device|
|US2989767 *||Dec 3, 1957||Jun 27, 1961||Osborn Mfg Co||Rotary brush with special bristle support means|
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|US6099309 *||Nov 2, 1999||Aug 8, 2000||Cardarelli; Venanzio||Disposable prophy angle|
|US6491520 *||Apr 23, 2001||Dec 10, 2002||Mediteam Dental Ab||Dental instrument|
|US9615732||Jul 28, 2011||Apr 11, 2017||Jeff Cohen||Dental mirror cover|
|DE3521648A1 *||Jun 15, 1985||Dec 18, 1986||Werner Heimbeck||Electrical tooth brush|
|U.S. Classification||15/180, 15/204, 433/166, 15/190, 15/176.5, 15/167.1|
|International Classification||A61C17/24, A46B7/08, A46B9/04, A46B7/10|
|Cooperative Classification||A46B7/10, A46B7/08, A61C17/24, A46B9/04|
|European Classification||A61C17/24, A46B7/08, A46B7/10, A46B9/04|