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Publication numberUS2656585 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 27, 1953
Filing dateApr 13, 1948
Priority dateApr 13, 1948
Publication numberUS 2656585 A, US 2656585A, US-A-2656585, US2656585 A, US2656585A
InventorsByers Jackson Howard
Original AssigneeNeisler Mills Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Plied yarn and plied yarn fabric and method of making same
US 2656585 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


INVENTOR. HOW/{5 .5 M14663? "i hziiawzv Java/agar Patented Oct. 27, 1953 PLIED YARN AND PLIED YARN FABRIC AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME Howard Byers Jackson, Kings Mountain, N. 0., assignor to Neisler Mills, Inc., Kings Mountain,

N. 0., a corporation Application April 13, 1948, Serial No. 20,624

6 Claims.

This invention relates to plied textile yarns and fabrics made therefrom.

In accordance with the present invention the plied yarn is of such character that the yarn of one of the plies projects from the yarn of another ply along the length of the latter whereby fabric woven from such yarn has certain desirable characteristics or properties. More particularly such fabric has a full lofty hand, appears thick in comparison with its weight, and has a somewhat metallic appearance.

The plied yarn of the present invention is produced by plying direct spun synthetic yarn, which is shrinkable by wetting, with yarn which is less shrinkable by wetting than said direct spun yarn. The less shrinkable yarn may be of either natural or synthetic origin and may be continuous filament yarn or spun yarn which is less shrinkable than direct spun rayon or nylon yarn. As a result of the differential wet-shrinkability of the yarns of which the plied yarn is produced, in accordance with the present invention, wetting of the plied yarn, either as yarn, before being incorporated in the fabric, or after it is incorporated in the fabric, results in the direct spun yarn of the plied yarn shrinking considerably more than the other yarn of the ply, whereby the latter projects or fiuffs up laterally of the plied yarn. As a result, the fabric formed from said yarn has the characteristics referred to above.

The invention will now be described in greater detail with reference to the accompanying drawings which however are to be considered as illustrative of the invention but not in limitation thereof. 7

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a plan view, on an enlarged scale, of a piece of fabric embodying the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a view, on a greatly enlarged scale, of a length of plied yarn of the present invention, before said yarn is treated for shrinking the same;

Fig. 3 is a View similar to Fig. 2 showing the plied yarn after it is subjected to the shrinking operation.

As shown in Fig. 2, the plied yarn I comprises direct spun synthetic yarn I2 and yarn it which is less shrinkable than said direct spun yarn I2. The direct spun yarn I2 may be produced from filamentary rayon, including nylon, according to any suitable direct spinning process, for example as described in the application of Charles E. Neisler, Jr., Serial No. 640,727, filed January 12, 1946, and now abandoned. As described in said application, direct spun yarn is produced from continuous rayon filaments by tensioning and rupturing said filaments to produce staplefibers which are spun into yarn. As a result of the tensioning of the filaments, the staple fibers of the spun yarn are in attenuated condition and will shrink considerably when wetted without requiring stretching of the spun yarn. It will be understood that the wetting of the direct spun yarn may be accomplished either by the dyeing operation or by a separate operation, the former being preferred. As stated above the less shrinkable yarn I4 may be either natural or synthetic yarn and if desired may be either continuous filamentary yarn or spun yarn. Said less shrinkable yarn I4 may also be constituted of direct spun yarn which has been shrunk before it is plied with the companion non-shrunk yarn I2. As shown in Fig. 2 the less shrinkable yarn is twisted around the direct spun yarn I2, the latter being the core of the plied yarn thus formed.

The plied yarn I0 may now be used to produce the fabric which when wetted, for example in the dyeing operation, will cause the direct spun yarn I2 to shrink. thereby causing the less shrinkable yarn I4 of the plied yarn to project or fluff laterally of the companion direct spun yarn I2 along the length of the plied yarn, as illustrated more or less diagrammatically in Fig. 3 which is to be considered in comparison with Fig. 2. The flulfed yarn thus produced by the shrinking operation is indicated at IDA in Fig. 3 and is also indicated by the same reference character in the fabric F shown more or less schematically in Fig. 1.

In the fabric F the plied yarn I 0A is shown as the warp threads of the fabric, the weft threads being indicated at I6, but this maybe reversed. Preferably the threads I 6 are much thinner than the threads formed of the plied yarn IGA. and the Weave of the fabric is preferably such that the.

face of the fabric is constituted mainly by the threads formed of the plied yarn IOA, while the back of the fabric is constituted mainly by the thinner threads I6. It will be understood that this result may be readily accomplished by floating the threads I 6 over a considerable number of the plied yarn threads IDA at the back of the fabric. It will be understood however that I do not limit myself to any particular weave of fabric, and further it will be understood that the fabric may be formed so that only sections thereof are composed of threads formed of the plied yarn IIIA. In this connection it will be understood that various pattern effects may be produced according to the sections of the fabric which are formed of threads of the plied yarn in contrast with sections of fabric which are formed of yarn of different character. Fabrics produced in accordance with the present invention may be made of yarn of Various sizes according to the intended uses of the fabrics. More particularly, the fabrics may be used for furniture, dresses and other garments, etc.

As illustrated in Figs." 2 and 3' the yarn M is preferably thicker, i. e., of a larger size than the direct spun yarn [2 of the plied yarn. It will be understood however that the' two plies" of the plied yarn may be of the same thicknessvonisize or may otherwise vary in thisrespect relatively to each other depending uponthe desired' effectQ 'iIt is also preferred that the lessshr'i'nk'abl'e yarn M of the plied yarn I 0 have less twist than the more shrinkable yarn [2. In accordance =with the pres- Y ently preferred mode of practicing the..present invention, the direction-of twist of yarn I2 is opposite that of yarn l4, and in the plying operation the plying twist is in such'direction as to increase the twist of the directspun yarn l2 and to dec-reasethetwist of the yarn l4.

It-will'be understood that while I have'illustr'ated and descri-bedthe presently preferred form of'my invention, "the latter is susceptible to'variousbhanges and modes of" practicing the- "same. Accordingly itwill-be understood that various changesmay be "made without departing from the underlying ideaorprinciples of this invention. within'the scope-of the appended claims.

"Having thuszdescribed-my invention,- what f claim and" desire to secure by LettersFatent, is z y 1'. 'A- composite yarncomprising a direct "spun synthetic yarnwhich is attenuated by the directspinning thereof and is shrinkable when wetted arid-a second yarn which-is 'lessshrinkable by wetting than saidfirst mentioned yarn plied with the "latterin "said attenuated shrinkable condition thereof whereby when the resulting coinposite'yarn is wetted-said first mentioned yarn Jshrinks more than said "second yarnand the lat- {yarn toprojectlater'allly of said'direct spun yarn along the'length thereof-so as to 'producea fiufied plied yarn.

3. A composite yarn'oomp'risingadirect spun "synthetic yarn-which is" attenuated by the directspin-ning thereof-and is "shrinkable when wetted 'anda second-yarn which is thicker andhas -less ..of .ardirect .spumsynthetic yarn which is at- -.tenuated-2by} the direct-spinning thereof and is shrinkable when wetted and a second yarn which .:isdessLshrinkablebywetting than said first men 1'5" tionedyarnplied with the latter in said attenuated'shrihkablecondition thereof whereby when ithe resulting threads are wetted said first mentioned yarn shrinks more than said second yarn and the -latter has portions which project laterally of said direct spun yarn in said fabric.

The method "of making a fluffed yarn-,comprising the steps of plying a direct spun shrinkable-synthetic yarn which is attenuated bythe directespinning thereof with a less shrinkable yarn, .and =thereafter-wetting the plied yarn to shrink said direct spun yarn-andthereby cause said less-shrinkable yarn to-project-laterally of saiddirect' spunyarn along the length thereof to resultin a flufied yarn.

6. Themetho d-of making a .flufied fabric, com prising the .steps of weaving the same from threads including threads 1 :formed of: plied yarn comprising a direct spun shrinkable synthetic yarn which isattenuated by the direct -spinning thereofplid with-a less-shrinkable yarn, and wetting the woven' fabric. to shrink said direct spun yarn'and thereby cause said less shrinkable yarn to project-laterally of said direct spun yarn along the length thereof to result in a fluiied fabric.


' 'Referenccs Cited in the file of'this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1','976,2O Taylor c =Oct."-9, 1934 :2',098',-980 Sowter "N0v. 16,- 193'? 22,199,429 *Finlay'son et a1. May-'7, 19% 2,218,633 Bell etal Oct. 22, 1940 2,497,51 .Neisler, Jr. Feb.-1 l, 1950 2,517,946 VonKohorn Aug. 8, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country I Date 547,886 Great Britain -w Sept. 16, 194.2 859,275 France Dec. 14, 194%

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US1976201 *Nov 13, 1931Oct 9, 1934Celanese CorpTextile material and the production thereof
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US2497511 *Jul 23, 1948Feb 14, 1950Jr Charles Eugene NeislerDirect spinning machine and method
US2517946 *Oct 3, 1946Aug 8, 1950Von Kohorn HenryMethod of producing yarn
FR859275A * Title not available
GB547886A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2699593 *Dec 7, 1951Jan 18, 1955Firth Carpet Company IncPile fabric and method of making same
US2754578 *Aug 3, 1951Jul 17, 1956Magee Carpet CompanyPile fabric and method of making same
US2778440 *Mar 13, 1953Jan 22, 1957Hartford Nat Bank & Trust CoAcoustic resistor
US2906001 *Feb 16, 1956Sep 29, 1959Grove Silk CompanyMethod of preparing yarn and stretchable articles
US2911704 *Nov 6, 1956Nov 10, 1959 Knitted fabrics and their production
US2921360 *Jun 18, 1954Jan 19, 1960Us Rubber CoPile fabric and method of making same
US2936569 *Apr 21, 1958May 17, 1960Sellers Mfg Company IncComposite stretch yarn and fabric and processes of producing same
US2985940 *Nov 30, 1955May 30, 1961Du PontProduction of high bulk fabrics from staple fiber mixtures
US3020699 *Jul 30, 1957Feb 13, 1962Du PontManufacture of crepe yarns and fabrics
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US3491802 *Jan 10, 1967Jan 27, 1970Johnson & JohnsonOpen mesh woven fibrous absorbent media
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US4418524 *Jun 16, 1981Dec 6, 1983Kao Soap Co., Ltd.Twisted yarn and twisted bundle of yarns
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US4891040 *Jul 20, 1988Jan 2, 1990Mitsuboshi Belting Ltd.Woven fabric belt
US5217553 *Apr 16, 1992Jun 8, 1993Kabelmetal Electro GmbhMethod for making heat recoverable product
US5598615 *Sep 27, 1995Feb 4, 1997K. K. AgeSilk velvet textile and method of manufacturing the same
DE3124292A1 *Jun 19, 1981Apr 29, 1982Kao CorpVerdralltes garn und verdrallte garnbuendel
DE3943735C2 *Oct 26, 1989Oct 25, 2001Murata Machinery LtdProdn. of bulked plied yarns from spun synthetic yarns
U.S. Classification28/156, 57/239, 57/238, 57/210, 8/114.5, 28/167, 428/212
International ClassificationD02G1/18
Cooperative ClassificationD02G1/18
European ClassificationD02G1/18