|Publication number||US2658644 A|
|Publication date||Nov 10, 1953|
|Filing date||Dec 10, 1947|
|Priority date||Dec 10, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2658644 A, US 2658644A, US-A-2658644, US2658644 A, US2658644A|
|Original Assignee||Proportioneers Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (29), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 10,1953 R. LOWE 2,658,644
APPARATUS FOR PROPORTIONING MATERIALS Filed DBC. l0, 194'? MASTER RATE CONTROL MAS TER .D RIVE UN ITT /g l] ELEcrnomc spggo CONTROL UNIT e.; Hmong /f /00 g 5428 /.6 SERvo um'f STATION No. l
l UNT ,0J r ADJUST-aduana FLUIDHB' /g @9M/0 f L/ uw Rvo UNHE: com 0N TROL i. A I6 STAT|0N No.2 2 "f7 /8 ,4 l FLu|n"C"- CONTROL S s 1 v METER vALvgs gsg" .M 47 L HT 5cm.: i l usbuweus 1 g ESTE@ f si 70 /7/ mmm. S Urn-r3.: -WNENT 9 6. CONTROLLER f fw- LRvo @o 06]/ a. .Fg- -rnalus STATION .9 y Y 9g No.5. /6 /7 /3 69 ggg-TBE- FLuw D L..-
1 Y .4 l nv mm emule' coNTRoL vALvE i v r1- A L-l- L- STATION I f No.4, a5 i 81% Y n usp SION 86 nwe-R* l ARI e 4.-- LBLKE.. ROTARY Fee Pak fg 1 cow/H95 84| ,09 @T ""Kgs aowssa'''s" r l .90 EncTloN [95 VESSEL agnelli 317 CONTROLLER INVENTOR.
Patented Nov. 10, 1953 APPARATUS FOB PROPORTIONING MATERIALSl Body Lowe, Cranston,
tioneers, Inc., a corp Application December 10, 1947, S
assigner to Propororation of Rhode Island rial No. '190,918
6 Claimi. (Cl. 222-52) This invention relates to an apparatus for proportioning materials where any desired number oi different solid and fluid materials may be desired to be mixed together.
A unit for feeding a material has heretofore been constructed and utilized for causing the material to be delivered into some other material to 'be mixed therewith in accordance with a predetermined denite ratio, which ratio may be varied as required. Some of such units are designed to operate upon iluids, while other units are designed to operate upon solids.
Some proposal has made to combine a plurality of liquids based upon the quantity lof liquid flow of the final output of an apparatus, but such an apparatus has not been commercially successful.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a plurality of different stations from each of which one or more materials is or are fed into a common receiving means or mixing chamber, be individually adjustable to a master control for the gle master control will be variable and yet at all stages of variation will maintain the ratio which has been set at each of the stations.
Another object of this invention is to provide an apparatus in which fluids and solids may be combined.
Another object of this invention is to provide a combination of units for feeding materials of several different characteristics, while all may be controlled through a common master station.
Another object o! this invention is to provide an arrangement by which the apparatus will be shut oil, should one of the ied materials be exhausted.
With these and other objects in view, the invention consists of certain novel features of construction as will be more fully described and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings, the ligure is a diagrammatic view, schematically illustrating the apparatus and showing an arrangement -of dfferent stations with ilow lines or wiring means by which the different parts of the stations are connected together, and the whole connected to be controlled by the master controller.
In proceeding with this invention, I provide .a master station which comprises a constant speed drive with an adjustment between the constant speed drive and an electric motor whereby this master electric motor may be varied in its speed.
,-- als 1, 2, 3, and
I then provide a plurality of different stations and in each station there is a primary driver which comprises an electric motor which is driven in synchromsm with the master electric motor. Thus this primary driver of each station will maintain the same speed as the master motor and will vary with the variation in the speed of the master motor. Also I provide at each station a component ratio controller which in effect is a speed reducing device, so that the effective speed from the primary driver will be reduced prior to beine.l impressed upon the station which it is to actuate. For instance, if station No. 1 is to supply 15 per cent of the total of the llnished prod uct, the speed reducer for each one hundred revolutions put in will cause to be delivered but fifteen revolutions, so that in eilect the ratio delivered from the speed reducer will be the per cent of the total which the station is to deliver. With this basic arrangement it is then only necessary to use the particular type of station which will best handle the particular type of material which is to be delivered by that station and provide some hopper into which each of the materials from the various stations may be delivered to be reacted or mixed. Thus, the entire output may be controlled by varying the speed of the master up to the volume of the apparatus. Safety devices are provided so that should one of the materials be exhausted, this will stop the operation of the entire system or apparatus.
With reference to the drawings, I have provided a pluraliti1 of stations. there being here shown iour in number designated by the numer- 4 down the right-hand side of the drawing. A master station comprises a constant drive unit i0 vwhich provides a constant speed for a shaft il driven therefrom. This shaft Il enters a gear box l2 from which there emerges a shaft I3 and by adjustment of gears in this gear box through a -knob M, the speed of the shaft i3 may be controlled or varied as desired. This shaft i3 drives the master motor I5, which motor serves to drive through an electrical synchronous connection, the servomotors at each of the various stations. Thus there is provided servo unit 1, servo unit 2, serv-o unit 3, and servo unit 4 at each oi the four stations. each designated for convenience I6 and shown as being connected together and to the master motor com troller 15 by an electric circuit indicated by a dotted line i1 so as to cause the master motor to control the speed of the several other motors which are connected thereto. Upon an increase or decrease in the speed of the master motor l5 there will be a like increase or decrease in each individual motor I6. Each of the servo units or motors I 6 has a shaft I 'I extending therefrom into a gear box or some sort of a ratio controller designated I8, from which there emerges a shaft I9. The ratio controller I8 is manually adjustable as by means of a hand knob 2D to vary the speed of the shaft I9 to bear any proportion which is desired to the speed of the shaft II which is driven by the motor I6. For instance, if it is desired that station 1 deliver 15 per cent of the material to the nal ratio of proportioned material, the controller I8 will be adjusted for the shaft I9 of station 1 to rotate fifteen revolutions for each one hundred revolutions of the shaft II. If it is desired that there be delivered per cent of the material in the nal mixture at station 2, the controller I8 of station 2 will be adjusted for the shaft I3 of station 2 to rotate twenty revolutions for each one hundred revolutions of the shaft I'I. If it is desired that the material delivered by station 3 shall be 30 per cent of the final mixture, the controller I8 of station 3 will be adjusted for the shaft I9 of station 3 to rotate thirty revolutions for each one hundred revolutions of the shaft Il. And if it is desired that the material delivered by station 4 shall be 35 per cent of the nal mixture, controller I8 of this station 4 will likewise be adjusted to rotate the shaft I9 of this station 4 to rotate thirty-five revolutions for each one hundred revolutions of the shaft II. Each station is initially adjusted to set each component ratio controller I8 at this desired quantity.
Station 1 is indicated as a device for drawing two fluids into a proportioning apparatus designated generally from sources of supply indicated in the drawing as fluid A and uid B at 26 and 21. These fluids pass through suitable conduits into the pump cylinders 2B and 29 oi a predetermined piston displacement and are delivered therefrom through conduits 3D and 3I into the common feed conduit 32 which extends to the reaction vessel 33 for accumulating all of the materials which are fed from the various stations. This pump is driven by an electric motor 34 so that the proper quantity of material is delivered in proportion to the speed of the motor. This motor 34 has a iiexible shaft 35 which is connected to one side of a diierential mechanism designated generally 36 which is driven on the other side thereof by the shaft I9. Upon any variations between the speeds of shafts I9 and 35, this difference in speed will set up a motion in the mechanism of the differential 36 to be transmitted through suitable connections to actuate an electronic control 36' to actuate the field of motor 34 which is connected thereto by an electric circuit 31 shown in dotted lines to cause the motor to go either faster or slower so as to maintain the speed of this motor in the direct relation to the speed of the shaft I9, and thus cause the delivery through the pipe 32 of fluids A and B to be in a definite ratio of the whole determined by the speed of rotation of shaft I9 of station No. l.
In station 2 a fluid C is drawn from some suitable source of supply (not shown) by a pump 4D, and this uid is caused to pass through a meter 4I in conduit 42 to join the main delivery line 32 to the reaction vessel. A valve at 43 serves to control the supply of quantity delivered through the pipe 42.
'I'he meter 4I rotates in accordance with the quantity which passes therethrough, and ilexible shaft 44 impresses the value of this quantity upon a differential device 45 which is similar to between the speeds of these two shafts 44 and I9, this difference in speed will likewise be transdiierential mechanism 45 to the pump for re-circulation.
At station 3 there is provided a loss-in-weight cale which operates on the principle disclosed in the Montgomery patent, 1,983,093, dated December 4, 1934. Thus there is shown a beam D to be dispensed from a tank 62 which is susof the fulcrum and from which tank a conduit 63 leads to the conduit 32. This conduit is controlled by valve 64.
On the other side of the fulcrum, a counterbalance weight 65 is provided which may be slid along the beam BIJ by means of a threaded shaft 66 which is rotated at a speed ratio dened by the speed of rotation of shaft I9 of station 3. The counterweight 65 is pre-set along the beam 60 to balance the weight of the tank 62. If the volume by weight of fluid D discharged from the tank is proportional to the movement of the weight 65 along the beam, there will be no motion of the beam 60. If the volume of discharge of duid D exceeds or is less than the 55, there will be a pre-set rate of movement of the weight 65 along the beam 60, the beam 6U will rock about its fulcrum to raise or lower the end of the beam at 'III and through suitable connection actuate a pneumatic controller 1I which operates to the tank 62 and the arrangement for effecting a movement of the beam is a differential means for providing a control of the quantity of material delivered at station 3.
Station 4 is operable on substantially the same principle as station 3, only in this case a dry or material is provided for delivery. As in station 3, a beam is provided fulcrumed as The load is attached to the left side of the fulcrum as at B2 through another lever 83 fulcrumed at 84 and connected to the hopper designated generally 85 in which the solid material to be dispensed is located. This material to be discharged from the Vhopper a wheel I6 driven by belt 81 from the motor 88, and this motor may be varied in speed to cause more or less of the material to be delivered upon a conveyor B9, which travels so as to dump the materiai conveyed into the reaction vessel 33.
A counter-balance weight is slidable along the beam 90 and pre-set to balance the weight of the hopper B and is moved along the beam by screw 9| which is driven to rotate at a speed ratio defined by the speed of rotation of shaft I9 of station 4 by a gear 92 through sprocket chain 93 and sprocket gear 94 and on the end of shaft I9 of servo unit 4. Should the material be delivered at a ratio in excess or less than the movement of the weight 90 then the beam will swing about its fulcrum so as to move the portion 95 which through suitable connection will actuate a mechanism 96 operable to cause the motor 88 to either speed up or slow down as necessary to right the quantity of material discharged to that pre-set.
Delayed action devices may be used for the controls, so that excessive hunting back and forth in any of these mechanisms will be avoided.
Should there is permitted 05 through be a variation in the material delivered at any station to such a degree as to produce a movement of the differential beyond pre-set tolerances in the differential mechanism in either direction, then a switch may be thrown to stop the entire apparatus as for instance stopping of the master drive unit, so that material in an improper proportion cannot be delivered to the reaction vessel. For example, in station No. l contacts |00 and |0| are provided at either side of the swinging arm |02 which arm is moved by a differential motion of the unit 36 so that if excessive movement of the arm beyond pre-set tolerances occurs said arm will engage one or the other of said contacts which operate through suitable connection to interrupt the supply of electrical energy to the master drive. Likewise, contacts |03 and |04 on either side of arm |05 in station No. 2 may cause the same result; or in station 3 the beam weight 65 may move the arm |06 to engage the knock-off switch |01 to cause the master motor to stop; or in station No. 4 the weight 90 may have its arm |00 engage knock-off switch |09 to cause the same result. Thus. should the supply at one station be exhausted. the apparatus would stop operation.
The apparatus contains a feature which makes it possible to mathematically pre-test a given blend setup without passing any material. All previous blenders were limited (a) by the fact that they depended for operation on a primary flow and (b) because of wear in the speed reducing means and the fact that the output of these devices was not a straight line, dial settings were frequently misleading. In my apparatus each secondary panel regulated from the master speed control is equipped with two reset totalizers such as |I0 and ||I of the Odometer type (similar to an automobile mileage indicator), one Il0 of these being driven from the output shaft of the speed reducer at the input of the differential unit, and the other |I| being driven from the metering device connected to the other side of the differential gear. These two totalizers always check each other, and should they fail to do so, the equipment will automatically shut down. By depressing the proper control switch I am able to totalize the respective components before actually delivering any chemical, dry.
l. An apparatus for proportioning a plurality oi materials, comprising a plurality of stations for the different materials, a. controller at each station for controlling the quantity of material fed at its station, a master controller for all of the first said controllers and manually adjustable to pre-set the rate at which a particular combined quantity of materials is to be fed from said stations, said controller at each station being manually adjustable to pre-set the quantity of material fed at its station vat a predetermined proportion relative to the said predetermined combined quantity of material fed from said stations, a differential mechanism at each station for controlling the quantity of material fed at its station at the predetermined setting of the controller of the station, each of said controllers at said stations being responsive to any change in setting of the master controller and automatically operable to control the differential of its station so as to maintain the said pre-set proportion of material fed at its station.
2. An apparatus as set forth in claim 1 further comprising means to stop the apparatus upon the exhausting of one of the materials fed.
3. An apparatus for proportioning a plurality of materials, a plurality of stations for the different materials, means at each station for feeding the material therefrom at a predetermined proportion, a feed control means at each station to control the quantity of material fed therefrom, a master controller rotatable mechanism having an output shaft therefrom, said mechawhether liquid or rate of speed of rotation of said shaft, controller rotatable mechanism at each station having an input shaft rotatable at the pre-set rate of rotation of said output shaft, each of said second controllers being responsive to any change in speed of rotation of said output shaft for automatically maintaining the speed of rotation of each of said input shafts equal to the speed of rotation of said output shaft, said second controllers each having an output shaft, each of said second controllers being manually adjustable to initially pre-set the speed of rotation of its said output shaft at a predetermined ratio to the speed of rotation of its input shaft and automatically operable to maintain said speed ratio at any change in the speed of rotation of its input shaft, a differential at each station connected to the said output shaft of the second controller at said station and operable for controlling the feed control means at each station and responsive to any change in the speed of rotation of the output shaft connected thereto so as to maintain the quantity of material fed controlled thereby at the same predetermined proportion for any change in the setting of the master controller.
4. An apparatus for proportionng a plurality of materials, a plurality of stations for the different materials, each station comprising means for measuring the quantity of material fed at the station, a controller manually adjustable for pre-setting the quantity of material fed at the station, a rotatable differential having an input and output side, said input side thereof being operatively connected to said controller and rotated thereby, and its output side connected to said measuring means, said differential being 7 operable to increase or decrease the quantity of material fed at the station upon a diiierence between its input and output rotation, a master controller for all of said stations manually adjustable to pre-set the quantity of the combined 5 and said station controllers each include a motor a master motor synchronized to rotate with said master motor. 6, An apparatus as set forth in claim 4 in which said controllers are speed changing devices.
References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,492,271 Snyder Apr. 29, 1924 1,766,625 Geary June 24, 1930 1,886,575 OConnor Nov. 8, 1932 2,248,072 Fry July 8, 1941 2,345,524 Ziebolz Mar. 28, 1944
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|U.S. Classification||222/52, 222/55, 222/135, 222/63, 137/111, 222/58, 222/134, 137/565.29|
|International Classification||G05D11/00, G05D11/13|