US 265890 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.
G. W. & C. E. TEETER.
1\Io.265,890. Patented 00t.10,`1882.
6. fepa` 2 Sheets-Sheet 2;
` G. W. 8v C. E. TBETER.'
Ne. 265,390. Peeented 001;,10, 1882..
N. PETERi PhowLmwgngher. wasmngwn. D. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GEORGE YV. TEETER AND CHARLES E. TEETER, OF TROTWOOD, OlllO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 265,890, dated October 10, 1882.
Application tiled July 24, 1882.
To all uhom 'it may concern:
Be it known that we. GEoRGE W. TEETER and CHARLES E. TEETER, citizens 'of the United States of America, residing at Trotwood, in the county of Montgomery and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gates; and we do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention has relation to improvements in swinging gates, which are adapted specially to farm-gates ot' that class which open and shut by gravity; and the object is to construct a farm-gate which will rest shut with security, remain open with certainty', and which may be opened or shut readily, and which will possess the qualities of strength and durability.
Our invention therefore consists in au angleplate adapted to be arranged on the hinge-post of the gate at the lower end, formed with an angular slot and a knob or lump on the upper front face ofthe angle-plate.
Our invention further consists in a gravity gate latch formed of a lever journaled about the hinge bar, and pivotally attached to the under bar of the gate by means of a loop, as will be hereinafter set forth. y
Our invention further consists, in combination with the hin gebar of the gate, of an angleplate arranged on thehinge-post at the lower end, formed with an angular slot and a knob on the upper front face ofthe angle-plate, and a gravity-latch journaled'about the hinge-bar, and pivotally attached to the under bar ofthe gate by suitable means.
Our invention further consists in the novel organization and combination of parts, as will (Model.)
bar support a, formed with the eye b in the extension to receive the hiugebar. This eye bis formed atan incline from the top inwardly in the direction of the foot of the post and in a line with the apex ofthe angular slot of the angle-plate, hereinafter described.
Theletter B is the angle-plate, tirnily secured to the lower inside face of the post. This anA gie-plate is formed with the angular slot O, the`apex of which is arranged in a lille with the eye in the upper hinge-bar support. The outer walls 'or portions oftliis angle are cut at the points d for the purpose of aifording rests or seats for the gravity-latch when thrown in different positions as the gate is opened or shut. This angle-plate B is formed or provided with the lump or knob C on the upper front space between the arms of the angular slot, substantially as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 of the drawings, the object of which construction is that when the trip is pressed toward the gate the lower part ofthe hinge-bar is drawn toward the trip, and the latch, working on top of the knob, will drop down and hold the gate until it is over half-way opened, when the latch begins to rise over the knob and swings the gate clear open. Also, it provides means for sustaining the gate in any desired position.
The letter D is the hinge-bar, extending through the support at the upper portion ofthe gate and down through the slot at the angleplate. On the lower end of this bar is arranged an anti-friction washer, d', held from displacement by pin or key, and above this washer are attached the trip-rods, extending to the trips j'. On the hinge-bar is shrunk or otherwise secured a washer, a, on which the lowerhinge of the gate rests and by which the gate is sustained.
The letter E represents the adjustable connecting means, attached to the lower end of the hinge-bar and extending to and connecting with the trip. These devices consist of the rod l, stirrup 2, and link or rod 3. The rod l is provided on the free end with screw-threads and passes freely through the end of the stirrup, having between the nut and the end ot' the stirrup a sleeve, 4. The outer end ot the stirrup has the cross-bar 6, on which is journaled the bar 3, connected with the trip. This IOO means of connecting the trip and the hinge-l bar allows the regulation ofthe rods t suit the distance between the trip and the hinge-bar when setting the devices or at any time thereat'ter.
The letters F are the gate-hinges. The upper hinge is shorter than the lower one, being so constructed that the post of the gate shall be perpendicular, and the extensions with their perfor-ations relatively on the line of the inclination of the hinge-bar.
The letter G is the gravity-latch, journaled about the hinge-bar, and, extending therefrom in a line, or nearly so, with the rail of the gate, is pivotally attached thereto by means of the loop g.
rIhe letter I-I represents a spring suitably arranged at the rear ot' the gate, and connected with the trip-lever by a rod, t". This spring is made strongenough toliftthe trip when pressed down by the wheel or foot. It also serves as a means for opening the gate by a person on horseback, for by pressing the free end ofthe spring the rod turns the trip down and the gaie is thrown open.
'lhe front end ot' the gate rests on a springlatch seat; or any other suitable rest may be employed.
'Ihe operation is simple and easily understood. Vhen the trip is pressed in the direction of the gate it draws the lower end otl the hinge-bar toward the trip on thatside, and the latch, working on tcp of the angleplate and resting 0n the lump, will drop down when the gate is over half-way open, when the latch begins to ascend the lump until fully open, when it rests on the top of the knob or lump.
1t will be observed that by means of this latch and angle-plate the gate may be opened and kept in any desired position, and the latch climbing the lump does away with much of the strain which otherwise occurs in swinging the gate open. l
We claim the right to vary the construction of our improvements without departing from the spirit of our invention.
What we claim as ourinvention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1 -An angle-plate adapted t0 be arranged on the hinge-post of a gate formed with an angular slot and a lump or knob on the upper front face between the angles, substantially as described.
2. In a gate, a gravity-latch formed of a lever journaled about. the hingebar and pivotally attached to the under bar ot' the gate by a loop, substantially as described.
3. In combination with the hinge-bar of' a gate, an angle-plate formed with an angular slot and a knob on the upper front face, and a gravity-latch journaled about the hinge-bar and pivoted to the under bar of the gate, substantially as described.
4. In combination with a swinging gate, a gravity-latch journaled about the hingebar, an angle-plate with angular slots and central lump or knob, a hinge-bar, and a trip device actuating the movement ofthe gate, substantially as described.
1n testimony whereof we afx our signatures in presence ot two witnesses.
GEORGE W. TEETER. CHARLES E. TEETER. \Vitnesses JACOB Gannett, SAMUEL TEETER.