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Publication numberUS2659370 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 17, 1953
Filing dateAug 26, 1950
Priority dateAug 26, 1950
Publication numberUS 2659370 A, US 2659370A, US-A-2659370, US2659370 A, US2659370A
InventorsArthur E Smith
Original AssigneeArthur E Smith
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 2659370 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 17, 1953 A. E. SMITH 2,659,370

CLOSURE Filed Aug. 26, 1950 INVENTOR,

flET/{URE SM/ 71/ Patented Nov. 17, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2 Claims.

This invention relates to a container closure.

The general object of the invention is to provide a closure for use on bottles and other containers and wherein the closure is of an improved type providing for the ready preparation of a fresh solution.

Another object of the invention is to provide a novel container closure which includes a stopper portion and a resilient and/or flexible portion, the movement of which causes a tablet to be released into a vehicle in the container to thus prepare a fresh solution.

A further object of the invention is to provide a container closure including a displaceable or rupturable portion and wherein movement of a tubular member carried by a portion of the closure serves to displace or break the rupturable portion after which a hypodermic needle may be inserted through the tubular member to extract the preparation.

A further object of the invention is to provide a closure having a tubular cutting member therein and wherein the closure may be cut by the member to permit ready insertion of a hypodermic needle through the tubular portion into the container to extract the contents of the container.

Other objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

Fig. l is a central, sectional view, showing a portion of a container with my improved closure thereon;

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing the parts in another position;

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing a modification Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2, showing the cut trap door, and

Fig. 5 is a section taken on line 5-5, Fig. 4, and with the piercing member withdrawn.

This application is a continuation in part of my prior application Ser. No. 791,428, filed December 12, 1947, now Patent No. 2,524,364, granted October 3, 1950.

Referring to the drawing by reference characters, I show my invention as embodied in a bottle 40, having a neck 4| and a collar 42 and provided with a closure 43 which has a flanged skirt 44 engaging the collar 42. The closure 43 in cludes an inwardly directed sleeve portion 45 which has an axial recess 45 in which a tablet 41 is arranged.

The recess 46 communicates with an enlarged recess 48 in which a sealing disc 49 is arranged to hold the tablet in place and normally prevent its contact with the vehicle 50 in the bottle 40.

The stopper includes an outwardly opening axial access 5|, closed at the inner end by a diaphragm A flexible cap 53, having a skirt 54 and a bead 55 engages the closure 43. A band 56 holds the closure 43 in place. An internal head on the skirt 54 fits in a recess 51 in the neck 4| to hold the closure cap 53 in place. The recess 5| receives a tube 59, the lower end of which is sharpened to form a piercing point.

In using the closure the cap 53 is depressed, thus pushing inwardly the tube 59 so that the sharpened end 60 thereof pierces the diaphragm 52 and thus engages the tablet 41 and thereafter causes removal of the disc 49 so that a fresh solution is prepared.

In Fig. 3, I show a modification of my invention. In the drawing of the modification parts similar to those previously described are designated by single primed reference numerals.

In the modification a closure 43' includes a sleeve portion 10 which has an external flange 1| engaging the end of the bottle 40. Aligned with the flange H is an inwardly directed bead 12 which is at the top of an axial recess 13, the lower portion of the recess including an inwardly directed flange 14. Within the recess I arrange a closure member which includes a body 15 having a rabbet 16 which receives a bead 11 on a container member 18. The container member 18 has an outwardly directed flange 18' which engages the fiange 14. The container includes a recess 19 in which a medicinal preparation is arranged. The upper end of the container closure 1'5 engages the inner wall of the sleeve portion 10 directly below the head 12. The parts 15 and 18 may be suitably secured together by adhesive so that the preparation 80 is securely held in place against contamination. The parts may be made of a good grade of flexible rubber or similar material.

The closure 15 includes an outwardly open hole Bl in which a piercing member 82, having a sharpened end 83, is arranged. A rubber closure 84 closes the top of the piercing member 82. The cap 53' is flexible so that the top 85 thereof may be depressed to push in on the piercing member 82, causing the tip 83 thereof to pierce 2. diaphragm 86 disposed at the lower end of the hole 8!. The piercing member would then engage the tablet preparation 80 and would move to pierce a diaphragm 81 which closes the lower end of 3 the recess I8. Thus the tablet would be discharged into the bottle and the trap doors formed would move towards closed position when the piercing member is withdrawn.

The disc l9 shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is inert in the solution made from the preparation and does not contaminate the solution.

From the foregoing description it w ill be apparent that I have lfiyentedfa. jnovel container closure which can beeconomlcally manufactured and which is highly eflicient for its intended purpose.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

1. A closure comprising a body portion having a sleeve portion adapted to fit W'itliina bottle neck, said sleeve portion having anaxialrecess therein, a container in said recess,- said container having a recess therein, a diaphragm closing the inner end of said container recess, a closure for said on a n ..onta er clo ur r ne A sposed, inisam sl eve p rtionrwess and. n a in :saidcon in r t osesa d con a ner e ess s i v.n91; amer. l su e.. avi s anw xialh s t ere nv ,flianhresm q sins themm s ndqft 129 c medicinal preparation in said container recess, ,a

tubu a rc n m m er a ng aubw res il i en t cap on the outer end of said piercing mb r.

ing a sleeve mismsmeq Ma a wa t neck, said sleeve portion having an axial recess 4 therein and having an inwardly directed bead at the outer end of the axial recess. said body portion having an inwardly directed flange at the inner end of the axial recess, a container in said axial 5 recess, said container having a recess therein and having an outwardly directed flange thereon, said last mentioned flange engaging said closure flange a closure for said container, said container clof sure having a' circular'rabbetfa bead on said con- *ta'iner fitting said raiibet, said container closure """in'g the"inner end of said container closure reces s a diaphragm closing the inner end of the container recess, 'a medicinal preparation in said container recess, said auxiliary closure including a flexible body having'ja skirt thereon, said skirt beingadapted to engage the necl: of a bottle, a

tubular piercing member having a bevelled sharpened lower end disposed in said hole, said tubular piercing member being movable when the end oi the bo d y of the auxi iary closure is moved inwardly to pierce the diaphragi'ns and form trap doors therein.


References Cited in the flle of this patent UNITED sTATEs PATENTS Number Name Date 2,275,567 Smith Mar. 10, 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2275567 *May 22, 1939Mar 10, 1942Arthur E SmithContainer closure
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2807384 *Mar 12, 1956Sep 24, 1957Lipari MichaelCompartmental dispensing receptacle
US2808829 *Apr 6, 1955Oct 8, 1957Cutter LabBlood transfusion equipment
US3134505 *Apr 28, 1960May 26, 1964Modern Lab IncPressurized dispensing device
US3172568 *Mar 27, 1959Mar 9, 1965Modern Lab IncPressurized dispensing device
US3347410 *Aug 31, 1966Oct 17, 1967Schwartzman GilbertMixing assemblies for applicators
US3521745 *Jul 31, 1968Jul 28, 1970Gilbert SchwartzmanMixing package
US3610297 *Aug 26, 1969Oct 5, 1971PfizerDual-chamber liquid ejector and filling connector
US4552277 *Jun 4, 1984Nov 12, 1985Richardson Robert DProtective shield device for use with medicine vial and the like
US4638927 *May 8, 1985Jan 27, 1987L'orealContainer for storing and dispensing a liquid product and at least one additional product which are to remain separated during storage
US4695272 *Apr 23, 1985Sep 22, 1987Aktiebolaget HassleDrug release device
US5342346 *Apr 9, 1993Aug 30, 1994Nissho CorporationFluid container
US5342347 *Aug 12, 1992Aug 30, 1994Nissho CorporationDrug container and dual container system for fluid therapy employing the same
US5891129 *Feb 28, 1997Apr 6, 1999Abbott LaboratoriesContainer cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US5924584 *Feb 28, 1997Jul 20, 1999Abbott LaboratoriesContainer closure with a frangible seal and a connector for a fluid transfer device
US5954104 *Feb 28, 1997Sep 21, 1999Abbott LaboratoriesContainer cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US6189580Dec 6, 1999Feb 20, 2001Becton, Dickinson And CompanyVial transferset and method
US6209738Oct 20, 1999Apr 3, 2001Becton, Dickinson And CompanyTransfer set for vials and medical containers
US6378576Jun 7, 2001Apr 30, 2002Becton Dickinson And CompanyVial transferset and method
US6378714Oct 20, 1999Apr 30, 2002Becton Dickinson And CompanyTransferset for vials and other medical containers
US6382442Oct 8, 1998May 7, 2002Becton Dickinson And CompanyPlastic closure for vials and other medical containers
US6524295Dec 20, 2000Feb 25, 2003Abbott LaboratoriesContainer cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US6571837Jan 23, 2001Jun 3, 2003Becton Dickinson France S.A.Transfer set for vials and medical containers
US6610041Apr 1, 1999Aug 26, 2003Abbott LaboratoriesPenetrator for a container occluded by a stopper
US6626309Oct 5, 2000Sep 30, 2003Becton Dickinson France S.A.Transfer set
US6635043Jan 4, 2001Oct 21, 2003Abbott LaboratoriesContainer cap assembly having an enclosed penetrator
US6681946Sep 20, 2000Jan 27, 2004Becton, Dickinson And CompanyResealable medical transfer set
US6695829Dec 12, 2000Feb 24, 2004Abbott LaboratoriesContainer closure system
US6904662Apr 24, 2001Jun 14, 2005Becton, Dickinson And CompanyMethod of sealing a cartridge or other medical container with a plastic closure
US6945417Nov 26, 2003Sep 20, 2005Becton, Dickinson And CompanyResealable medical transfer set
US6957745Jan 29, 2002Oct 25, 2005Becton, Dickinson And CompanyTransfer set
US7041087 *Mar 28, 2001May 9, 2006Astrazeneca Uk LimitedPre-filled syringe
US8701906Mar 22, 2013Apr 22, 2014Blast Max LlcIngredient dispensing cap for mixing beverages with push-pull drinking spout
US9452870Feb 20, 2015Sep 27, 2016Michael AndersonTwo-piece double-sealed dispensing capsule with button blast and drink through feature
US9527627May 11, 2012Dec 27, 2016Fresenius Medical Care Deutschland GmbhConnector for dialysis container, container equipped with such connector, manufacturing and filling method for such connectors and containers
US9567142Feb 20, 2015Feb 14, 2017Michael AndersonOne-piece dispensing capsule with integral plunger
US20040087906 *Mar 28, 2001May 6, 2004Henderson Malcolm JohnPre-filled syringe
US20040228208 *Jun 22, 2004Nov 18, 2004The Government Of The United States Of America,Mixing vial
US20130139703 *Dec 5, 2011Jun 6, 2013Harold Walter HogarthApparatus and Methods for Providing Additives To Beverages
CN103702651A *Aug 7, 2012Apr 2, 2014费森尤斯医疗德国有限公司Container for dialysis
CN103702651B *Aug 7, 2012Aug 17, 2016费森尤斯医疗德国有限公司用于透析的容器
EP1392568A2 *Apr 26, 2002Mar 3, 2004Biogaia AbTwo-compartment container
EP1392568A4 *Apr 26, 2002Nov 12, 2008Biogaia AbTwo-compartment container
WO2004000678A1 *Jun 20, 2003Dec 31, 2003The Government Of The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Department Of Health And Human Services, Centers For Disease Control And PreventionMixing vial
WO2013020989A1Aug 7, 2012Feb 14, 2013Fresenius Medical Care Deutschland GmbhContainer for dialysis
U.S. Classification604/416, 206/222, 206/221, 215/6, 604/415, 215/DIG.800
International ClassificationB65D51/28
Cooperative ClassificationY10S215/08, B65D51/2814
European ClassificationB65D51/28B1