Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2659372 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 17, 1953
Filing dateFeb 1, 1950
Priority dateFeb 1, 1950
Publication numberUS 2659372 A, US 2659372A, US-A-2659372, US2659372 A, US2659372A
InventorsAndresen Gilbert J C
Original AssigneeAndresen Gilbert J C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ion therapy device comprising a hand electrode
US 2659372 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Filed Feb. 1, 1950 INVENTOR. GILBERT J 6'. A/VDRESEN OLD/{AM 8 0L DHAM A T TORNEYS ION THERAPY DEVICE COMPRISING A HAND ELECTRODE a w a o 7 o 4 M M 7 4 n wuw w. m n E H Em M E? A fiv 1 a III IIII IHI i lllll I I I! I! .Ak lflvr vuwln W a m J E 5 m 0 m 0 Nov. 17, 1953 Patented Nov. 17, 1953 ION THERAPY DEVICE COMPRISING A HAND ELECTRODE Gilbert J. C. Andresen, Stow, Ohio Application February 1, 1950, Serial No. 141,749

11 Claims.

This invention relates to ion-therapy, particularly to a portable applicator unit which is specially designed to provide the correct polarities of electropotential for normal corrective treatment, which portable unit is also automatically adapted. for maintaining the current produced thereby within specific tolerances.

When an electric current is applied to an area of the body, ions are released by electrolytic dissociation and reduce the body resistance. Such ionization of the body components reduces the body electrical resistance and increases the therapeutic current. Such increased current correspondingly increases the ionization, or ion concentration in the area of treatment and permits further increase in the current. The ultimate effect and current are dependent upon current limiting conditions in the electric circuit. It is well known that the pH level of any system is affected by the ions present therein so that this ionization produced in the body and the concentration of same varies the pH of the body and such local change in the bodv by the therapeutic treatment produces appreciable physiologic effects if the pH level is raised or lowered beyond certain limited tolerances. Therefore it is of great importance that precise control be maintained over such factors, as, for example, electrode polarity which determines the electrical charge of the ion, the current density determining the local area ion concentration, and the pH level of the body and distribution of the current over the electrode system. Many times a slight artificial shift in the local pH level in a body area is suificient to inhibit nervous hypertension, bacteria or fungi, etc, and thus facilitate or promote a recovery of a person suffering from many different localized pains or diseases. This manipulation of the pH can, as indicated above, be achieved by a proper application of ion therapy to the diseased area. I

The general object of the present invention is to provide a novel, portable ion therapy device which is adapted to provide a limited current of a desired polarity for manual application to a diseased area.

A further object of the invention is to provide a special type of a battery device to facilitate association of the battery with the therapy unit in a predetermined manner for providing only a desired polarity of electrical energy.

Another object of the invention is to control the therapy current precisely within any percentage tolerance desired by the use of a specific high value electrical resistance in series with the potential source and circuit produced therethrough.

The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the invention win he made apparent as the specification proceeds.

Reference now is directed to the accompanying drawings for a better understanding of the present invention. In these drawings:

Fig. 1 is an exploded elevation of an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2 is an elevation, partly broken away and shown in section of the device of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 3 is a top plan of the device of Fig. 1.

An adjustable resistance unit in the therapy device is of any predetermined value and may vary from between 100,000 to 1,000,000 ohms, usually in order to limit the current flowing from the battery to a desired value. In some instances the resistance unit may have even a higher value, dependent upon the current tolerance desired. The ohmic value of the series current limiting resistor is determined by the following formula: R1 is equal to or greater than (l00/%t R2)-R3, when R1 is the limiting resistor, %t is the percentage tolerance of the therapy current, R2 is the resistance variance due to skin and body effects and R3 is the sum of all other steady state series resistances in the circuit including that of the batteries used for a potential source. It

- should be noted that the body resistance may vary from about 40,000 to 100,000 ohms under difierent ordinary operating conditions. I have established through various tests that it is desirable to retain the current flowing through the circuit through the device I E! to an extremely low value, such as between about 10 to 25 microamperes. 10 micro-amperes are equivalent to an electron flow of 234x10" electrons per hour.

Figs. 1 through 3 of the drawings show an embodiment of the ion therapy device of-the invention. This device is indicated generally by the numeral I00. The device I00 includes a handle electrode I (H which is of generally hollow, tubular or oval shape and which receives an insulator member H12 in one end thereof. The insulator I02 aids in positioning an applicator elec-.

trode connector socket H33 in the device of the invention whereas a second insulator member I04 is removably received in the remaining end of the handle electrode [ill and it usually has a spring contact I06 associated therewith. The handle electrode I III receives a voltage unit indicated generally at I05 therein.

The voltage supply unit 05 is removably associated with the device 100 so that a new voltage supply source can be provided in the device when desired. Usually a suitable type of an insulator case extends around the voltage unit I05 and this case I01 receives a conventional type of a dry cell battery IE8 therein. lhe battery I08 may have a special terminal, such as a male terminal I09 secured to one portion thereof and extending outwardly through the case I01. A resistance I III of predetermined value, is connected between a female terminal I II that is secured in or to one portion of the case It)? with a wire II2 connecting the resistance H in series between the remaining terminals of the battery I08 and the female terminal Hi. Thus a pair of accessible or exposed terminals are provided for the voltage unit I with such terminals being of different physical contour and this greatly facilitates use of the device of the invention since it insures that correct polarity will be provided in the different electrodes of the device.

Fig. 2 of the drawings b shows that the applicator electrode connector socket #33 extends through the insulator member I32 and has a threaded shank .aat engages with the female terminal Iii in order to or position this portion of the device 153 in its desired assembled relationship. In fact, t e applicator electrode connector socket can be rotated. externally of the device in order to 3.55:-.rb1 the different components of the device in position. The remaining insulator member *2 is normally only in telescopezl engagement 1 the remain end of the handle electrode 1H. member i0 2 normally caries connector means with it for connecting the handle electrode to the male terminal iii-5 of the voltage unit. In this instance, a variable res member, or rheostat is provided between the voltage unit and the handle elec rode. A su ble control knob H3 controls the setting or tins resistance rheostat that connected to a tapped sleeve I I4 which can be engaged with the terminal I09 prior to positioning the voltage unit W5 within the handle electrode. A lead H5 connects the sleeve H4 to one terminal of the resistance rheostat whereas a further lead H5 connects the other terminal of the resistance rheostat to the spring contact I 08 which in turn en ages with the inner surface of the handle electrode IOI when the voltage unit is telescoped 11-60 engage ment therewith. Suitable shouifers are provided on the insulator members of the invention to limit axially inward telescoping movement of the insulator members into the handle electrode. A separate plug-in applicator electrode in is provided and it inserts into the socket of the electrode connector I03.

It will be realized that in any embodiment of the invention any voltage cell may be used and it may have electrodes at one or both ends, as desired. The external shape of the entire device may be varied any conventional contour. This cell may be of regular or of irregular shape dependent upon the resistance used and whether the resistance and cell are se ured together into a unit. A conventional type of resistance may be used when the battery i5 is present to limit the manner of ass ciation of the battery and the enclosing case. The resistance unit of the invention may be connected to ither terminal of the voltage cell and it may be of any desired construction.

It has been noted that a negative curent, i. e., one from the cathode of a voltage cell, when applied to a body area will decrease the acidity in 4 that local area of the body. The body processes tend to increase the acidity and by the use of a negative current one is able to control the acidity of a body in a given local area. This permits the chemical balance of a body to be corrected temporarily by an externally applied force and facilitates the healing functioning of the body since the bio-chemical activity of the body slows down on each side of a desired optimum pH value, and an unhealthy body area usually is acid.

The special resistance units of the invention usually have two opposed, parallel surfaces which may be considers the front and back of the unit while the sides of same fo n an irregular triangle. The result, 1. predetermined polarity in the appl could be ob tained by other irregular sT. apes as long as the case, or end cap, is complement-7.1 t of the exposed surfaces 01' the or an irregular shaped battery, .icnt upon whether the battery or a nice member sere'l to battery is used the shaped y determining article.

roan the foregoing it will be seen that an apparatus is pro decl by which p1 termined polarity current can readily be "l'Ol (led in an ion device. The construon of the device is such that layman can taae out an exhausted battery unit and insert a new one therefor without any ger of mi? ibling the of the dean By use of the high resistance unit ou d hereinabove, a current of a prede mined and desirable value can be obtahied. The device of the invention is compact and can be easily manually applied and even ca 1185. about on the person at all i... as without appreciable discomfort. Thus he objects of the invention are thought to be realized.

' -ent of thbodiment of the invention may be res rted to Without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. An electro-therapy device comprising a case adapted to be received in a persons hand, said case having an electro-conductive surface over at least a portion of its surface, a voltage cell having two terminals provided thereon and positioned in said case, connector means extending between the conductive portion of said case and one terminal of said cell, an electric resistance unit of above .1 megohm, means connecting said resistance unit in a portion of an electric circuit adapted to be formed between the terminals of said cell, an applicator electrode, means connecting said applicator electrode in said circuit, and means securing said applicator electrode connecting means to said case, said applicator electrode connecting means being insulated from the conductive portion of said case.

2. An ion therapy device comprising a hollow handle electrode, an applicator electrode, a voltage cell received within said handle electrode, an electrical resistance of at least .1 megohm, and means connecting said voltage cell and resistance in series between said handle electrodand applicator electrode.

3. A device as in claim 2 wherein an insulating member is positioned in each end of said handle electrode, and a variable resistance member is carried by one of said insulating members and is connected in said series circuit, said applicator electrode being operatively associated with said other insulating member.

4. An ion therapy device in accordance with claim 2, in which said voltage cell and said electrical resistance are combined as a unit in series connection between two external terminals on the unit, one of which said terminals is physically difierent than the other.

5. A device as in claim 4 wherein one of said terminals is a male member adapted to be connected to one of said electrodes, and the other of said terminals is a female member adapted to be connected to the other of said electrodes to insure a desired polarity of said electrodes.

6. An ion therapy device comprising a handle electrode; a voltage cell unit received within said handle electrode and including a voltage cell, an electrical resistance member, a pair of externally exposed terminal means, means connecting said electric resistance and voltage cell in series intermediate said terminal means, said terminal means being of different physical contour; an insulator member positioned in each end of said handle electrode; an applicator electrode member extending through the insulator member at one end of said handle electrode and engaging with the negative of said terminal means to secure such electrode to the device; means securing said second insulator member in the other end of said handle electrode; and connector means coupling said handle electrode to said positive terminal member.

7. An ion therapy device comprising a substantially tubular handle electrode; a voltage cell unit received within said handle electrode and including a voltage cell, an electrical resistance member, a pair of externally exposed terminal means, means connecting said electrical resistance and voltage cell in series intermediate said terminal means, said terminal means being of different physical contour; an insulator member positioned in each end of said handle electrode; an applicator electrode member having a shank extending through the insulator member at one end of said handle electrode and engaging with the negative of said terminal means to secure such electrode to The device; and means securing said second insulator member to said positive terminal member to position such in sulator member in the other end of said handle electrode, said last named insulator member and securing means having a resilient connector member associated therewith coupling said handle electrode to said second terminal member.

8. An ion therapy device comprising a handle electrode; an electron source and regulating cell having a positive and a negative terminal, said cell being contoured to be received within the inner contours of said handle electrode, means electrically connecting only the positive terminal of the cell to said handle electrode, said cell comprising an electric battery electron source and electron regulating resistor in series electrical connection between said terminals, a portion of said resistor being a variable element, said resistor ohmic value being sufiiciently great to hold the electron flow substantially constant in any external circuit formed through the device; an insulating member on said handle electrode; an applicator electrode connector member extending through said insulating member, said applicator connector member making electrical connection to the negative terminal of said cell; an applicator electrode adapted to make electrical connection with said applicator connector member, said electrodes being adapted to make contact with separate points on the body to complete the external circuit of the device; the resistor value being selected to hold the electron flow substantially constant through the body at a selected level between 1017 and 1018 electrons per hour.

9. An electronic mechanism comprising a handle electrode; an electron source and regulating cell having a positive and a negative terminal, said cell being contoured to be received within the inner contours of the handle electrode, means electrically connecting only the positive terminal of the cell to said handle electrode, said cell comprising an electric battery electron source and electron regulating resistor in series electrical connection between said terminals, a portion of said resistor being a variable element of above .1 megohm resistance; and an applicator electrode in electrical connection with the negative terminal of said cell; said electrodes being adapted to make contact with separate points on the body to complete an external circuit.

10. A device as in claim 1 tric resistance unit includes and said applicator electrode negative terminal of said voltage cell.

11. A device as in claim 10 wherein a capping member is provided on said case, and said variable resistor is carried on said capping member and has an external control member thereon.

GILBERT J. C. ANDRESEN.

wherein said eleca variable resistor,

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS is connected to the

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US353346 *Jul 3, 1880Nov 30, 1886 Electric therapeutic instrument
US544552 *Jan 14, 1895Aug 13, 1895 Electroteebapetftig
US758205 *Aug 10, 1903Apr 26, 1904John GravesMassage-machine.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3163166 *Apr 28, 1961Dec 29, 1964Colgate Palmolive CoIontophoresis apparatus
US3207161 *May 22, 1961Sep 21, 1965Dcd Res CorpIonization dental system
US3315207 *May 14, 1964Apr 18, 1967Propper Mfg Company IncElectrical resistance battery handle
US3716054 *Aug 11, 1970Feb 13, 1973Porter WApparatus for applying medication to teeth and body tissue
US4033356 *Aug 20, 1975Jul 5, 1977Hakuju Institute For Health Science Co., Ltd.Apparatus for therapeutical treatment and stimulation of muscles by low-frequency oscillating electric current
US4155351 *May 18, 1977May 22, 1979Stanley Electric Co., Ltd.Medical instrument for detecting body impedance
US4982743 *Mar 23, 1990Jan 8, 1991Pierson Marlin RItch reducer
US5385530 *Oct 22, 1993Jan 31, 1995Wu; OttoElectrode massaging apparatus
US5470349 *Jun 16, 1992Nov 28, 1995Courage & Khazaka Electronic GmbhDevice for treating inflammatory skin changes in the initial stage, and method for using same
US8290580 *Jul 26, 2004Oct 16, 2012Serumi Medical Instruments Co., Ltd.Electric potential therapeutic appliance, waveform shaping device for electric potential therapeutic appliance and therapy method for chronic virus infectious disease
EP0617979A1 *Mar 28, 1994Oct 5, 1994Faro Juan Jose VillarManual device for carrying out an iontophoresis treatment
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/151
International ClassificationA61N1/30
Cooperative ClassificationA61N1/303
European ClassificationA61N1/30B