|Publication number||US2660257 A|
|Publication date||Nov 24, 1953|
|Filing date||Apr 17, 1951|
|Priority date||Apr 17, 1951|
|Publication number||US 2660257 A, US 2660257A, US-A-2660257, US2660257 A, US2660257A|
|Inventors||Bourne Roland B, Tyskewiez John P|
|Original Assignee||Maxim Silencer Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (13), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 24, 1953 R. B. BOURNE ET AL SILENCER WITH LOW BACK PRESSURE Filed April 17, 1951 Roland B. Bourne a John P. Tyskewlcz lnvenfors Afforney Patented Nov. 24, 1953 UNITED STATES SILENCER WITH LOW BACK PRESSURE Roland B. Bourne, West Hartford, and John P. Tyskewicz, Hartford, Conn., assignors to The Maxim Silencer Company, Hartford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Application April 17, 1951, Serial No. 221,348
4 Claims. 1
This invention relates to silencers of the ype intended for use in compact quarters to silence the exhaust of internal combustion engines having up to several hundred horsepower. In uses such as this the exhaust gas flow is extremely large, and particularly where space is restricted the problem of keeping back pressure down is diificult of solution. The object of the present invention is to provide a silencer which will preserve an acceptable silencing action without raising the back pressure to the point where the operation of the engine is seriously affected.
Th invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. l is a longitudinal section through a silencer constructed in accordance with one form of the invention, taken on line ll of Fig. 2;
Fig. 2 is a section on line 22 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of a modification, taken on line 33 of Fig. 4; and
Fig. 4 is a section on line 4-4 of Fig. 3,
Referring first to the form shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the silencer is formed with a single chamber I enclosed by a cylindrical shell II preferably of elliptical cross section and end headers l2 and I3. Inlet conduits I4 and 15, generally connected to the two exhaust manifolds of a V-type engine, open into the chamber I0 and terminate substantially flush with the shell. Preferably the inlet conduits are arranged in line with the minor axis of the ellipse. Exhaust conduits I6, 11, I8 and 19 are arranged parallel to the major axis of the ellipse, and as far away from the inlet conduits as is consistent with having th exhaust conduits extend somewhat beyond the center of chamber Ill. The open ends of the exhaust conduits are flared at 20 to reduce entrance losses which would increase back pressure, and are provided with anti-resonance holes 2| as described in Bourne Patent 2,297,046, September 29, 1942.
Within the chamber In a deflecting plate 22 is secured to the shell as by welding along a line longitudinally of the cylinder and adjacent one side of each inlet conduit opening. The plate is curved over the inlet opening about to the flared ends 20 of the exhaust conduits to direct the gas against the shell wall rather than allowing it to pass straight into the chamber. Preferably the plate is formed with a, central gap 23. Th modification of Figs. 3 and 4 is similar except for the form of the deflecting plates, and with that exception the samereference characters are retained to avoid unnecessary description. A plate 24 is secured to the shell adjacent each inlet conduit, curving over the conduit opening in a direction towards the end headers 12 and I3 respectively. The plate should end at a distance from the header such that the area of the gap is at least as great as the cross-sectional area of the inlet conduit. This is a very rigid construction, since the entire side edge of the plate lies in contact with the shell (Fig. 4) and can be welded to it.
What we claim is:
1. A silencer comprising a cylindrical shell, headers closing the ends of the shell to form a single chamber, at least one open-ended inlet conduit entering the cylindrical shell substantially radially at one side thereof and terminating substantially flush with the shell, at least one open-ended outlet conduit entering the shell in; a direction substantially at right angles to the inlet conduit and positioned remote therefrom, and a deflecting plate secured to the inside of the shell along a line substantially tangent to the inlet opening and with its side and top edges spaced from the wall of the shell and from said headers, said deflecting plate being formed on a curve concave towards and extending over the inlet opening,
2. A silencer as claimed in claim 1 in which the plate is positioned longitudinally of the cylindrical shell and curves over the inlet opening towards the cylindrical wall of the shell.
3. A silencer comprising a shell in the form of a cylinder of substantially elliptical cross section, headers closing the ends of the shell to form a single chamber, at least one open-ended inlet conduit entering the shell in the direction of the minor axis of the ellipse and terminating substantially flush with the shell, at least one open-ended outlet conduit entering the shell in a direction parallel to the major axis of the ellipse and remote from the inlet conduit, and a deflecting plate secured to the inside of the shell along a line substantially tangent to the inlet opening and with its side and top edges spaced from the wall of the shell and from said headers, said deflecting plate being formed on a curve concave towards and extending over the inlet opening.
4. A silencer as claimed in claim 3 in which the plate is positioned longitudinally of the cylindrical shell and curves over the inlet opening towards the cylindrical wall of the shell.
ROLAND B. BOURNE. JOHN P. TYSKEWICZ.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 940,290 Tobey Nov. 16, 1909 1,290,065 Brown Jan. 7, 1919 1,839,462 Bourne Jan. 5, 1932 2,101,389 Fischer Dec. 7, 1937 2,297,046 Bourne Sept. 24, 1942 2,337,299 Noblitt et a1 Dec. 21, 1943 2,457,890 Hedrick Jan. 4, 1949
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US940290 *||May 14, 1909||Nov 16, 1909||William Laighton Tobey||Silencer for internal-combustion engines.|
|US1290065 *||May 15, 1918||Jan 7, 1919||Robert Brown||Engine-muffler.|
|US1839462 *||May 7, 1929||Jan 5, 1932||Maxim Silencer Co||Silencer|
|US2101389 *||Oct 16, 1936||Dec 7, 1937||Anton A Wierschem||Muffler|
|US2297046 *||Aug 25, 1939||Sep 29, 1942||Maxim Silencer Co||Means for preventing shock excitation of acoustic conduits or chambers|
|US2337299 *||Sep 2, 1941||Dec 21, 1943||Noblitt Sparks Ind Inc||Muffler|
|US2457890 *||Sep 10, 1943||Jan 4, 1949||Maremont Automotive Products I||Muffler|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2881851 *||Sep 24, 1954||Apr 14, 1959||Jasper Willsea||Apparatus for silencing the exhaust of internal combustion engines|
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|U.S. Classification||181/238, 181/264|