Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2660495 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 24, 1953
Filing dateJun 22, 1949
Priority dateJun 22, 1949
Publication numberUS 2660495 A, US 2660495A, US-A-2660495, US2660495 A, US2660495A
InventorsSchwalbe Georg
Original AssigneeSchwalbe Georg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Table serving for medical treatment of the human body
US 2660495 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

G. SCHWALBE Nov. 24, 1953 TABLE SERVING FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT OF THE HUMAN BODY 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 22, 1949 In ve n in Nov. 24, 1953 e. SCHWALBE 2,660,495

TABLE SERVING FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT OF'THEJ HUMAN BODY Filed June 22, 1949 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 ii? r.-

E345 111 ii JLT aa 5a i -i Q/{ ll 17 Invenfar NOV. 24, 1953 SCHWALBE 2,660,495

TABLE SERVING FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT OF THE HUMAN BODY Filed June 22, 1949 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Nov. 24, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE TABLE SERVING FOR MEDICAL TREAT- MENT OF THE HUMAN BODY 2 Claims.

The invention proceeds from a new therapeutical intuition of the applicant; it specifies the new technical means serving to bring a patient in a distinct position for causing a special therapeutical effect and to support him in this position.

The therapeutical intuition consists of occasioning a physiological reflex unknown until today, influencing the respiration by means of the pneumo gastric nerve decisively and thus being of main importance for asthmatics, by bringing the human body in a distinct position and sup porting it at distinct points of the body. This position named by the catchword knee-elbowhead-support-position, is identified by a nearly horizontal position of the body, face turned to bottom and knees bowed. The supporting of the body at particular spots is to cause unloading and thus loosening distinct groups of the muscles and on the other hand to cause tension of distinct other groups of muscles. Supported are: the head, the elbows, the bowed knees and the shanks. Thus the upper part of the body is not directly supported by the new apparatus. That the named supports of the apparatus are adjustable is essential for the invention, not only with respect to the difference of size of the bodies but also as the physiological reflex striven for does not always happen in the same position of the bodies and for that reason the chance must be given of altering the relative adjusting of the supports 1. e. their height and the distance between each other and their angles when the patient is on the support.

The reflex of respiration remains in function as long as the adjusted position is maintained, its good after-effect lasting several hours at least (in serious pathological cases) generally several days and often several weeks after it has been caused. The reflex consists of highly intensifying the respiration by means of optimally ventilating the lungs. This is particularly striking in connection with patients the respiration of whom lies down nearly entirely-with serious asthmatics for instance. These can be brought to intensified respiration at once just as even nearly all persons suffering from illness of respiration-organs and of the heart. Outstanding healing-successes have already been reached.

The invention is of a further great medical importance. The inventor found out that in the new knee-elbow-head-support-position the atmospheric pressure in the true pelvis indicatable by a manometercaused by arbitrary application of the force exerted by the abdominal muscles of the human body (i. e. tension of muscles 2 of the abdomen while respiration stopped) reaches nearly double as high an amount as in usual horizontal position (face turned to top). Thus the stage of expulsion in labor can be much shortened by this support-position What is of great importance for mother and newborn baby.

Preferably the supports are arranged to be moved by the doctor singularly. Thus the supporting position of the patient can be altered when the patient is already on the support.

A simple structure of the new support will be given by the following features: the knee support is vertically adjustable in the frame of the support; the height and angle of the shank support are adjustable in the frame of the support and this support is linked at the knee-sup port; the heights of the elbow support and of the head support are separately adjustable in an auxiliary frame, the horizontal position of which is adjustable in the frame of the support. The elbow-support will preferably be formed by two articulated parts so that one part is capable to be unfolded and tilted, thus bringing the forearms of the patient to an inclined position. The unfoldablc part of the elbow-support can be supported in various positions on the head support. Manually operated means, such as cranks are provided for moving the supporting elements.

On the drawings a preferred embodiment of the invention is shown:

Fig. l is a perspective view of the new support;

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the support along the line II-II of Fig. 3;

Fig. 3 is a plan view of Fig. 2 along the line III-III of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is a cross-section along the line IV--IV of Fig. 2 and Fig. 5 is a view of several parts along the section-line VV of Fig. 3.

The main parts of the new table are: a supporting frame iii, a head support ii, elbow-support it, knee-support it and shank-support l l.

Frame it has legs is with the rollers it.

A carriage means 11 is movably mounted located in frame it by means of rollers 13, that run on rails it) fixed in frame It. On the carriage IT a rack 26 is guided on which head-support II is mounted turnable about an adjustable angle. A pinion 22 serves for altering the height of head-support ll, its shaft 23 carrying crank 24 on its end.

The carriage ii is fitted with four pipes in which the guide-rods 26 can slide which support the elbow support means. This elbow-support means is composed of two parts i2, 28 which are foldable and pivoted at 21. A lever 29 for instance can be supported on the rack 26 in position 29'. Rack 2% contains a number of holes 30 and a stud bolt holding lever 29 in position 29 can be put in. Thereby, the elbow support l2 can be held in an inclined position with respect to the only vertically movable elbow supporting member 28 by holding means 26, 29.

Rod 3| is fitted with a thread and axially movable but not capable of being turned within the spindle 32 having inner threads. The spindle can be manually turned by means of crank 33 connected to the spindle by means of cardan joints 34, 35 and coupling rod 36. Frame ill of the table has slots 31. Carriage I! can be secured against unintended horizontal motion by pressing it tightly against the side wall by means of awing headed nut 38 and bolt 39 which passes through slot 31.

The knee support means is similar to the elbowsupport means and consists of two foldableparts i3, 4!. The knee supporting member 4! is guided by means of rods 42 within vertical pipes 4'3 that are fixed in the frame I6. The threaded rod 44 and a spindle 115 having an inner thread serve for altering the height of the knee supporting member 4!, the spindle 45 being turned by crank 41 and shaft 45. The knee support i3 can be raised to the inclined position shown in broken 7 lines in Fig. 2.

The shank support [4 is connected by pivots 48 to knee support member 4|. The rods 50 are linked by pivoted rods 49 to the shank support 14. and slidably engage a rod 52 in slots 5|. The,

rod 52 extends horizontally in a pipe 53 which is supported in frame 10, the rods 59 sliding on the ends of the pipe 53. Rod 52 has a, head 54 on one end. Its other end is equipped with thread 55 bearing a nut 56 capable of being turned by hand and serving as holding means. The rods 50, are pressed against the ends of pipe 53 by turning the nut 56, thus the rods being held in the adjusted position by friction. The broken lines If, 50' of Fig. 2 show the adjusting range of the shank support. Middle part 51 of the shank support [4 is removable. This feature is important for medical applications in connection with obstetrics.

I claim:

1. A table for treating a patient in crouching position, comprising, in combination, an elongated supporting frame; a knee supporting member vertically movably mounted on one end of said supporting frame; a shank supporting member pivotally mounted on said knee supporting member projecting beyond said one end of said supporting frame, said shank supporting memher being tiltable about a transversal horizontal axis from a downwardly extending inoperative position to an upwardly extending operative position; carriage means horizontally longitudinally movably mounted at the other end of said supporting frame for manual movement towards and away from said other end of the same; an elbow supporting member vertically movably mounted on said carriage means; a head support vertically movably mounted on said elbow supporting member; first manually operated means mounted on said supporting frame means engaging said knee supporting member for vertically moving the same; second manually operated means mounted on said carriage means and engaging said elbow supporting member for vertically moving the same; third manually operated means mounted on said elbow supporting member and engaging said head support for vertically moving the same; and clamping means mounted on said supporting frame means for holding said shank supporting member in said operative position.

2. A table for treating a patient in crouching position, comprising, in combination, an elongated supporting frame; a knee supporting member vertically movably mounted on one end of said supporting frame; a knee support pivotally mounted on said knee supporting member tiltable about a transversal horizontal axis from a horizontal position to an inclined position in whichthe end thereof located nearer to said one end of said supporting frame is higher; first manually operated holding means securing said knee support in said inclined position; a shank supporting member pivotally mounted on said knee supporting member projecting beyond said one end of said supporting frame, said shank supporting member being tiltable about a transversal horizontal axis from a downwardly extending inoperative position to an upwardly extending operative position; carriage means horizontally longitudinally movably mounted at the other end of said supporting frame for manual movement towards and away from said other end of the same; anelbow supporting member vertically movably mounted on said carriage means; an elbow support pivotally mounted on said elbow supporting member tiltable about a transversal horizontal axis from a horizontal position to an inclined position in which the end thereof located nearer to said other end of said supporting frame means is higher; second manually operated holding means securing said elbow support in said inclined position; a head support vertically movably mounted on said elbow supporting member; first manually operated means mounted on said supporting frame means engaging said knee supporting member for vertically moving the same; second manually operated means mounted on said carriage means and engaging said elbow supporting member for vertically moving the same; third manually operated mea'ns mounted on said elbow supporting member and engaging said head support for vertically moving the same; and clamping means mounted on said supporting frame means for holding said shank; supporting member in said operative position.

GEORG SCHWALBE.

ReferencesCited in the file or this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 Number Name Date 1,261,42 Miller Apr. 2 1918 1,448,477 Williams Mar. 13, 1923 Evins Jan. 2,09l,0 l4 Saak Aug. 24, 1937 2,267,054 Thompson Dec. 23, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 808,146 Germany July 12, 1951

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1261424 *Jul 26, 1917Apr 2, 1918Otis A MillerHydraulic treating-table.
US1448477 *Jul 18, 1921Mar 13, 1923Williams Mfg Co IncChiropractic table
US1568968 *Nov 28, 1924Jan 12, 1926Frank W ElliottPosture-adjusting table
US2091014 *Jul 29, 1936Aug 24, 1937Saak Henry EChiropractic adjusting table
US2267054 *Oct 17, 1940Dec 23, 1941Williams Mfg CompanyChiropractic table
DE808146C *Oct 12, 1948Jul 12, 1951Dr Dr Georg SchwalbeStuetzgeraet fuer Knie-, Ellbogen-, Schaedellage und fuer Tiefenatmung
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2741520 *Mar 15, 1954Apr 10, 1956Charles F MaresTable attachment for an operating table
US2897029 *Apr 9, 1958Jul 28, 1959Cornell Res Foundation IncOperating table apparatus for gravity exposure of the heart
US3194232 *Jul 5, 1961Jul 13, 1965Oskar RickenbachSpinal extension table
US3593986 *May 15, 1969Jul 20, 1971Matburn Holdings LtdOperation tables
US4552348 *Jan 5, 1983Nov 12, 1985Dornier System GmbhCouch for patients
US4712781 *May 12, 1986Dec 15, 1987Watanabe Orthopedic Systems, Inc.Operating table for microscopic lumbar laminectomy surgery
US6662392 *Jul 24, 2001Dec 16, 2003Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Epidural patient support
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/613, 5/624
International ClassificationA61G13/00, A61H31/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61G13/009, A61H31/00, A61H31/008
European ClassificationA61H31/00S, A61H31/00, A61G13/00M