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Publication numberUS266167 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 17, 1882
Publication numberUS 266167 A, US 266167A, US-A-266167, US266167 A, US266167A
InventorsAndrew- Leslie
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 266167 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 2 SheeqsfSheet 1 A. LESLIE.


Patented Oct. 17, 1882i.`

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2 Sheets-Sheet 2';

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Patented Oct. 17, 1882'.

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SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 266,167, dated October 1'7, 1882.

" Application filcdSeptcmber 1882. (No model.) l I Louis, in the State of Missouri, have invented' a ceitain new and useful Invalicl-Ilarnmock, of which the following is a speciticaiion.

'Ihc apparatus in which my invention is coniprised is designed more particularly with aview to being used as an attachment to or in connection with a bedstead of any ordinary or suitable construction, although it may of course, it' so desired, be used alone. The foot ot' the hammock is adapted to be connected to the foot ofthe bed, and is preferably connected to the foot-board of the bed by hook or equivaient fastenings, which will permit the hammock to be readily detached and removed. The other end of the hammock, which extends np toward the head of the bedstead, is provided with or connected to means whereby it can be raised or lowered, as desired, these means being preferably attached to and carried by the bedstead, so that the latter can be moved freely about the room, carrying' with it the hammock and its attachments. rIlhe hammock itself is preferably constructed or formed with a hole or opening' at the point where the buttocks of the occupant of the hammock would usually come, the object heilig to permit the occupant to conveniently use acommode or bed-pan without quitting the hammock, and with the hammock thus formed I combine a flap which can be drawn over the hole or opening, so as to close and protect it, and is held in that position by hook and eye or other suitable fastening devices which will permit the flap to be detached at one end, so as to uncover the hammock-opening whenever desired.

The nature of. my improvements can best be explained and understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein I have represented the form and arrangement of apparatus which I believe to be best adapted to carry my invention into effect.

In the drawings, Figures 1,2, and 3 are perspective views ot' a bedstead with the invalidhammock attachment, representing some of the various positions in which the hammock can be placed. Fig. 4 is a modification, to be hereinafter referred to. Fig. 5 is a sectional side elevation, on enlarged scale, ot' a bcdstead with a hammock in place thereon. Fig. 6 isa perspective view of a portion of the body of the hammock. Fig. 7 is a sectional view, representing the means for fastening in place the covering-flap hereinbefore referred to. Fig. 8 is a side elevation, and Fig'l9 is an end elevation, of a folding knee-rest, adapted to be used in combination with the hammock. Fig. l() is an elevation of the lifting and lowering device. Fig. 11 is a sectional view, representing, on enlarged scale, the manner of securing the lower end otl the hammock to the foot-board of the bedstead.

The'apparatus is simple, and consists of. few parts.

The hammock proper (shown at A) consists of a strip ot' canvas-duck otl suitable length and width, which, when in use, is to be fastened to the lower edge ot' the foot-board B of the bedstead by any convenient means, consisting in the present instance of a round stick, a, contained in a loop or fold at the lower end of the canvas, and two hooks, b, screwed into the lower edge ofthe foot-board, in which hooks the laterally-projecting ends ofthe stick are caught. The opposite end of the hammock is attached to a cord, c, which runs over one or more pulleys, d., set on top of a post, O, fastened to the back of the headboard of the bedstead, and thence extends down and is securely fastened to the drume of the hoisting device. This device consists of a bed-plate,f, provided with suitable bearings for the drum, and also for the Worm g, by which the latter is rotated. On the axle ofthe drum, at one side, is fixed a worm-wheel, h, engaging the worm g, as indicated in Fig. 5. A detachable Winch or handle, t', is provided for rotating the wormshaft. This device is so powerful that a child can readily raise and lower the hammock when it contains an adult, and its parts are so arranged that the drum cannot rotate unless power be applied to it through the medium ot' the worm g.

I here remarkthat the pulley or pulleys d may, if desired, be fastened into the ceiling of the room Where the apparatus is used, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 2, and in this event the hoisting device can also he fastened IOO to the Hoor or other convenient part of the ioom,instead of to the bedstead. I have, however, found it preferable to place them on the bedstead, as represented, both because they are more secure, and also because when they are thus arranged the bedstead can be moved freely about the room.

l can, it' it be deemed desirable, dispense altogether with the head cord or cozds by using, as indicated in Fig. 4, alonger strip ot' canvas, which should pass over a roller and then down to a drum, with proper gearing for winding the canvas upon the drum. The cord arrangement already described, however, is more simple and economical, and is equally safe.

For use iu connection with the hammock I provide a folding knee-rest, (shown in Figs. S and 9,) consisting ot' end castings,j 7., hinged together and provided u ith t'eetfor attachment of the longitudinal wooden foot-bars t. One casting,j, of the pair ofcastings at each end has a loop,j, these loops forming sockets for securing in place the wooden top bar, m, ot' the device.

To enable the occupant to conveniently7 use a commode or bed-pan without quitting the hammock, l form in the latter an opening or hole, a, at the point where the buttocks usuually come, and l combine with the hammock a covering flap, 0, placed on the under side ot' the hammock, with one of its edges secured thereto, either permanentlyv or otherwise, and provided at the opposite edge with hooks p, which can be made to engage eyes 1J in the hammock whenever it is desired to draw forward the Hap and close the hole in the hammock.

The foregoing comprises a description of the several parts of my improved apparatus. The manner in which the same can be practically used will be readily understood by reference to Figs. 1, 2, and 3.

In Fig. l the patientisrepresented asin bed on the hammock in the usual recumbent position. The lowercnd of thehammock ispassed down between the lower end of the mattress and the foot-board, and the stick is dropped into the hooks, thus securing the lower end of the hammock. The hoisting-cord from the upper end ot' the hammock runs to the drum of the hoisting device.

Fig. 2 represents the hammock elevated, with the knee-rest in place and in use. This brings the patient to a sitting posture, forrest in that position, or for what is practically of more importance, the use of a commode or bedpan. In order to change from the position shown in Fig. l to that shown in Fig. 2, the folded knee-rest, while the patient is still reclining, is passed under the hammock at the pointwhere the knees come, and is then opened and placed as shown in the drawings. r)She hammock and patientA are then by means of the hoisting apparatus elevated to the position shown in the drawings, Fig. 2, the coveringflap o is nnhooked and drawn aside, the coinmode or bed-pan is placed on the bed under i the patient, and the hammock is then lowered until the patient is conveniently placed thereon. This arrangement permits the commode to be easily placed and removed. NVhen the patient desires the use of the hammock merely for the comfort of the sitting posture the covering-flap need not be removed.

Fig. 3 represents the hammock and patient in position for changing bedding. For this position the lower end of the hammock should be drawn out from between the lower end ot' the mattress and foot-board, and should be thrown entirely outside of the foot-board and fastened to the hooks, which latter for this purpose should be turned about a half-circle from the position shown in Figs. l and 2. The hammock is then by the hoisting device elevated to the position shown in the figure, thus raising the hammock and patient from contact with the bedding, which can then be changed at pleasure.

The apparatus can be used etfcctively and to great advantage in a sick-rooln. It ad mits of the cleanly and easy use of a commode or bed-pan withoutremoving the patientfrom the bed. It facilitates` changing the patient from a recuinbent to a sitting position without pain or discomfort, and also enables a change of bedding to be made whenever desired without inconveniencing the patient. These are but a few of the many uses to which the apparatus may be put, which will suggest themselves to the sltillt'nl nurse. Moreover, the apparatus itself is exceedingly simple, and can be applied to any bed by a person of averageintelligence.

lVhat .l claim as new and ot' my invention 1. The combination, with a bcdstead ofordinary or suitable construction, ot a hammock placed over the bed and attached at its lower end to the foot ofthe bedstead and a hoisting device connected with the other end of the hammock and adapted to raise or lower and sustain that end of the hammock, substantially as and for the purposes hereinbefore set forth.

2. The combination ofthe bed, the hammock secured at its lower end to the foot ofthe bed, and a hoisting device attached to and carried by the bed and connected by a cord or equivalent instrumentality to the head of the hammock, substantially as and for the purposes hereinbefore set forth.

3. The folding knee-rest, constructed and adapted for use 1n connection with the bed and hammock, substantially as hereinbefore setforth.

4. The hammock formed with a hole or opening, as described, in combination with the coveringila-p and flap-fastening devices on the under side of the hammock, substantially as hereinbefore set forth.

In testimony whereof' I have hereunto set my hand this 29th day of August, 1882.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2624053 *Aug 28, 1951Jan 6, 1953Russell BeckwithBath seat lifting appliance
US3597774 *Apr 7, 1969Aug 10, 1971Estel M WarrenPatient moving device for attachment to hospital beds
US7293303 *May 24, 2004Nov 13, 2007Worrell Gregory AMethod and device for repositioning patient in bed with safety features
US7725964 *Aug 23, 2005Jun 1, 2010Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus with patient adjustment device coupled to architectural system
US8336138Mar 18, 2011Dec 25, 2012Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Radial arm system for patient care equipment
US20040231050 *May 24, 2004Nov 25, 2004Worrell Gregory A.Method and device for repositioning patient in bed with safety features
Cooperative ClassificationA61G2200/32