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Publication numberUS2662486 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1953
Filing dateOct 12, 1950
Priority dateOct 12, 1950
Publication numberUS 2662486 A, US 2662486A, US-A-2662486, US2662486 A, US2662486A
InventorsBen R Hillger
Original AssigneeBen R Hillger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sand agitator for well pumps
US 2662486 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 15, 1953 B. R. HILLGER SAND AGITATOR FOR WELL PUMPS Filed Oct. 12, 1950 Ben E. H///ger INVENTOR.

BY alm/6M A T TORNf Y Patented Dec. 15, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE w 2,662,486 I I SAND AGITATOR FOB WELL PUMPS v BenR. Hillger, Fort Stockton, Tex.

' Application October 12, 1950, Serial No. 189,748

This invention relates to'an attachment for well pumps and more particularly to an agitator mechanism for breaking up detritus within a well bore and maintainingsuch material in suspension in the well fluid so that it will be picked up and discharged from the well by the pump to which the device is attached.

Many wells, especially water wells, penetrate formations from which sand and other materials enter the well bore with the formation fluids. Such materials gradually accumulate and eventually form a compact mass which requires withdrawal of the pump and a pulling operation in order that the Well fluids may freely enter the well and the pump may operate efficiently.

An object of the invention is to provide means for removing earth particles from a well and thereby prevent accumulation of the particles at the bottom of the well resulting in ultimately restricting how or" fluids into the well and in stoppage of the pump used therein.

Another object is to provide an agitator that will effectively break up large particles entering a well and will thereafter keep the particles in suspension within the well fluids so that such particles will be removed from the well by the pumping mechanism provided for reducing such fluids.

A further object is to provide a fluid circulating system proximate the bottom of a well to agitate the fluids and maintain earth particles, which enter the well, in suspension in the well fluids.

Still another object is to provide circulatory flow within the well proximate the bottom thereof whereby such portion of the well bore will be kept free of accumulation of earth particles.

The foregoing objects together with other objects will be more fully apparent from the following description considered in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a device embodying the invention, shown within the well bore and attached to a turbine pump by means of which fluids are elevated to the surface;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken along line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along line 3-3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken along line 4-4 of Fig. 1.

In the drawings, a well bore is shown at I having liquidQsuch as water, rising to a level indicated at 2. At 3, there is shown the lower end of a turbine pump having impeller 4 on shaft 5, this shaft being provided with a downward; ex-

20mm. (o1. 10s '204) tension 6' below the impeller for attachment to a ceive the upper end of the pump intake housing :1

which is provided with openings 1 0 so that liquid may enter the lower end of the pump as indicated by the arrows II and be elevated to the surface through the flow line or tubing extending up wardly from the pump 3;

The agitator assembled is shown generally at It and comprises a suction head I I and a bowl attached thereto by a threaded connection I 9.

The suction head I! has a cone-shaped body Zii integrally united at its upper end to the spider 2! in collar 22 connected to the lower end of the intake housing 9 by threads 23. The shaft 45 passes through an axial opening 24 at the upper end of the suction head. The side walls of the body 20 are provided with perforations 25 through which well fluids enter the body in the direction indicated by arrows 26. The flow of liquid within the body converges as it passes through the tapered surface 21 to the inlet 23 to the impeller 29 which is secured to the shaft it.

The bowl l8 has a spider 30 therein including a central boss 3| counterbored at 32 to receive the bushing 33 into which the lower end of the shaft i5 extends. A seal 34 at the upper end of the bushing maintains a desirable condition of lubrication between the bushing and the shaft.

Below the spider 30 the bowl I3 is reduced and terminates in a threaded connection 35 with the foot pipe 36 which terminates at its lower end 3? proximate the bottom of the well bore. It seems apparent that the structure above described has its lower extremity at a point spaced from the openings It through which well fluids enter the bore 3. It is also apparent that as the impeller I of the pump 3 is driven by the shaft 55, the impeller 29 of the agitator is also driven in synchronism therewith. Rotation of the impeller 29 effects a suction whereby well fluids enter perforations 25 in the body 20 and pass downwardly therethrough as indicated by the arrows 25 to the foot pipe 36. These fluids are discharged from the lower end of the foot pipe and thus there is effected a circulatory flow of well fluids which prevents the accumulation of sand or other earth materials at the bottom of the well or, in any event, proximate the intake housing 9 of the pump 3. At the same time any large particles of earth material that enter the well pump are disintegrated by the agitation and by contact with the impeller 29 and in this manner earth particles are kept in suspension and move upwardly with the well fluids to enter the openings 10 to be withdrawn from the walls by the pump 3.

Broadly, this invention comprehends an agitator for wells which operates to keep such wells free from detritus that would otherwise impede the flow of formation fluids into the well bore and which detritus will ultimately stop the pump whereby a clean-out, clean-u operation would be necessary.

What is claimed is:

1. An agitator device for connection to an upwardly discharging pump to prevent restriction of the flow of well fluid in a well to the pump. comprising an agitator housing having. a conical intake body, radial perforations in said body for admission of fluid therein from thewell, said body having an opening at its upper end, a shaft ex.- tending through said opening and said body to a point therebelow, an impeller on said shaft; at said point below said body, means for rotating said impeller, a tap red urface at the lower portion of said body to direct incoming fluid to said impeller, a bowl connected with said body and forming the lower portion of said agitator housing, an outlet pipe connected to. said bowl positioned adjacent the bottom, of a. well, whereby said impeller circulates well fluids. and detritus near the bottom of the well to break up said detritus into small particles before being discharged back into the well.

2. An agitator and pump device for wells comprising a pump housing, a. pump impeller therein for discharging fluids from a well upwardly to the surface above said well, a pump intake housing below said pum impeller for admitting well fluids to said impeller, an intake head below said intake housing, a conical intake body extending into said head and connected therewith by a spider, an opening in the upper portion of said conical intake body, a shaft extending from said pump impeller downwardly through said pump intake housing, said intake head and said opening in said intake body. means for rotating said shaft, a second impeller on the lower end of said shaft below said intake body arranged to direct fluid downwardly therethrough, suction inlet perforations in said body above the second impeller for admitting fluid therein from the well, an outlet; in said body below said second impeller adjacent the bottom of the well so that fluid and detritus in-the bottom part of the well will be circulated through said body by said second impeller and agitated thereby to break up sai detritus into such, small particles that upon passing, to said pump clogging thereof is diminished.


References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
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US1363962 *May 15, 1919Dec 28, 1920Charles P FindleyOil-agitator
US2140315 *Jul 27, 1936Dec 13, 1938Dollinger Lewis LMixing apparatus
US2297020 *May 15, 1940Sep 29, 1942Page John SCirculating fluid washer
US2330336 *Dec 9, 1940Sep 28, 1943Phillips Petroleum CoApparatus for pumping fluids
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2890756 *Jul 29, 1955Jun 16, 1959Edgar T MurrayHydraulic type junk basket for wells
US2916091 *Jan 14, 1957Dec 8, 1959James P CaudillDrilled well cleaning device
US3076411 *Jun 10, 1960Feb 5, 1963Guillory Sr PaulMulti-stage centrifugal pump
US3158101 *Sep 28, 1961Nov 24, 1964Dollar BillyFlotation device
US4531593 *Mar 11, 1983Jul 30, 1985Elliott Guy R BSubstantially self-powered fluid turbines
US4552220 *Feb 3, 1984Nov 12, 1985Jones Brian DOil well evacuation system
US4683946 *Nov 12, 1985Aug 4, 1987Strategic Energy Services, Inc.Method and apparatus for the installation and modification of oil well evacuation systems
US6167960 *Aug 17, 1998Jan 2, 2001Emmanuel G. MoyaProtection of downwell pumps from sand entrained in pumped fluids
US6330915Sep 22, 2000Dec 18, 2001Emmanuel G. MoyaProtection of downwell pumps from sand entrained in pumped fluids
US6619390Mar 7, 2002Sep 16, 2003Kellett, Iii Charles W.Particle separator for a fluid pump intake
US6976547Jul 16, 2002Dec 20, 2005Cdx Gas, LlcActuator underreamer
US7182157Dec 21, 2004Feb 27, 2007Cdx Gas, LlcEnlarging well bores having tubing therein
US7213644 *Oct 14, 2003May 8, 2007Cdx Gas, LlcCavity positioning tool and method
US7434620Mar 27, 2007Oct 14, 2008Cdx Gas, LlcCavity positioning tool and method
US20040011560 *Jul 16, 2002Jan 22, 2004Cdx Gas, LlcActuator underreamer
U.S. Classification166/105, 415/901, 166/177.7
International ClassificationF04B47/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04B47/00, Y10S415/901
European ClassificationF04B47/00