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Publication numberUS2662575 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1953
Filing dateSep 30, 1950
Priority dateSep 30, 1950
Publication numberUS 2662575 A, US 2662575A, US-A-2662575, US2662575 A, US2662575A
InventorsWolcott Glenn W
Original AssigneePenn Aircraft Products Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flaring tool
US 2662575 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 15, 1953 G. w. WOLCOTT 2,662,575

FLARING TOOL Filed Sept. 30, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet l 95 GLENN w. WOLCOTT WWW ATTOR N EYS Dec. 15, 1953 Filed Sept. 50, 1950 G. W. WO LCOTT FLARING TOOL 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 GLENN W- WOLCOTT ATTORN EY Patented Dec. 15, 1953 FLARING TOOL Glenn 'W. Wolc'ot't, Dayton,

Ohio, assignor' to Penn Aircraft Products, 1110;, Dayton, Ohio, at

corporation'of Ohio Application September 30, 195.0,;SerialiNo. 187,749

Claims. 1-

This invention relates to tools for flaring tubing, and more particularly to tools for'useselectively in forming either single or double flares on tubing.

Manyoccasions for the use of flared tubing are found in industry, a notable example being in the construction of airplanes and the like which employ great quantities of metal tubing of different sizes, and difierent'materials in hydraulic control systems and similar installations; Furthermore, since it is important forsuch uses to obtain maximum strength in the connections embodying flared tubing, there has been recently an increasing tendency to require such tubing to be doubleflared except'where thematerial therein is of special strength, asin the case of heavy" gauge stainless steel'tubing and the like.

A double flare, inwhich the 'end' of the tubing is folded inwardly-to: provide a double thickness in the flared portion, maybe conveniently produced in two forming operations. In the first step, theend of'the tubingis compressed axially to form a circular rib havingthe general configuration in cross-section of a reverse flare. In the second step, the end section of this'rib' is crimped or folded inwardly of the'tubing to complete the double flare. However, separate forming members are required for these two steps and a difliculty in operations requiring double flaring of tubing of difi'er'ent sizes is that although the second step in double flaring is readily performed by a simple conical flaring member such as is used'to form single flares, a separatedoubl'e'flaring pun'chor other preliminary'forming member isrequired for the preliminaryoperationon each difierentsid'e of tubing t is accordingly one of the principal objects of the present inventionto provide a flaring tool of simple and compact construction which includes in a single unit the clamp for holding the tube to be flared, a cone for. both single flaring and completing a double flare. and a plurality of double flaring punches arranged for selective use with tubing of dififerent sizes.

Another object is to provide a flaringtool in which a plurality of double flaring punches and a flaring cone are carried bya rotary carrier member in a housing in which the tube clamping mechanism and an operating member such as a compression screw are also mounted, with the carrier member being rotatable to bring either the flaring cone or a selected punch into operative relation between the screw and the'tube to be flared, thus providing for a complete double flaring operation on a given tubewithoutchanging or adjusting the tool except for movement of the carrier'member to-select the punch of proper size and then to shift the cone into position to complete the double flare.

It is also an object of'the invention to provide a flaring tool of the above character in which the several double flaring-punches are calibrat'ed'and arranged to effect automatic gauging of the tube to be flared in proper position in the clamping mechanism of the. tool for accurate double flaring; and further to provide such a-tool having a selectively operable gauge member for use in properly positioning a tubeto besingle flared.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description, the accompanying drawingsv and. the appended claims.

In the drawings- Fig. 1 is a' plan view of a flaring'tool ih-accordan e with the invention and with the tool shown in properly adjusted position to form a single flare or to complete a double flare;

Fig. 2 is .a bottom view of the tool;

Fig. 3 is a vertical section on the line 3 -3 of Fig. 1 and illustrating the operation of the tool to form a single flare;

Fig. '4is a fragmentarysection similarto'Fig. 3 showing the completed single flaring operation;

Figl' 5'is a detail view'of the rotor unit of the tool;

Fig. 6 is a section throughthe rotor taken on the line ii-f Fig. 3 and showing only the parts lying in the sectional plane;

Fig; 'I isa fragmentary'section illustrating the mechanism'for indexing the rotor in the hous- 1 Fig. 8 is a view of the tool in side elevationand with a portion broken away to illustrate the operation of changing the clamping blocks for a different'size of tubing;

Figs. 9, 10and' 11 are fragmentary sections illustrating progressive stages in the formation of a double flare with the tool; and

Fig..12'is"a fragmentary'section on the line li -i2 of Fig.2.

Referring to the drawings; which illustrate a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the housing of the tool is formed in two parts, the upper part i 2 and lower part I 3 being secured together by means of elongated bolts I5 and cylindrical nuts l6. As shown in Fig, 12, the bolts [5 are threaded onlyadjacent'their ends; and the major portion of their'length is smoothly cylindrical toprovidea dowel action for aligning the housing parts. A compression screw 20 having 3 a handle 2| is threaded in a bushing 22 pressed into the upper housing l2, the bushing 22 being readily secured in position by having its outer surface straight knurled for force fitting in the housing.

The lower housing I 3 is largely hollow to define a chamber for receiving a pair of clamping blocks 25 for holding the tubing to be flared. Each of these blocks 25 is square sided and provided along each side thereof with a semi-cylindrical jaw portion 26 having the upper end chamfered at 2'! at a suitable angle to the axis of the jaw, for example 33", each jaw being of a different size to engage tubing of a correspondingly diii'erent diameter. The clamping blocks 25 are operated by a compression screw 30 having a handle 3| and threaded in a bushing 32 pressed into one end of the housing portion 13, and the screw 30 carries a pad 33 for engaging one side of one of the clamping blocks to urge the two blocks together.

Referring particularly to Figs. 2 and 8, the underside of the lower housing portion I3 is formed with a ledge or flange portion 35 which forms a track for the clamping blocks, this track being relieved at the portion 36 to provide an opening of slightly greater width than the crosssection of the blocks to provide for removal and rearrangement of the blocks as indicated in Fig. 8 when the compression screw 30 is fully retracted. The wall 31 opposite screw 30 is located in predetermined relation with the upper housing portion and with the blocks 25 so that when the blocks 25 are seated against it, their cooperating jaws 21 will be accurately aligned with the compression screw 20. Finger holes 38 are provided in the underside of each block to facilitate sliding them into and out of position in the housing.

The upper housing 12 carries the rotor unit, which includes a cylindrical rotor 40 and an index plate 42, the rotor and plate being rotatably mounted in the housing by means of a pivot pin 44 and being secured against relative angular movement by a pair of dowels 45. The rotor 40 forms a carrier for a plurality of double flaring punches identified generally as 50, seven of these punches being shown and being identified as 50a to 55g inclusive. Each punch 50 has a working tip on the lower end thereof which comprises a pilot portion (Fig. 9) and a generally concave frusto-conical working face 52 surrounding the pilot portion 5|. These punches 50 are each of different sizes to fit tubing of correspondingly different diameters, and they are arranged as shown in Fig. 6 with their centers defining a circle centered on the axis of the pivot pin 44 and having a radius equal to the distance between the axes of the pivot pin 44 and the compression screw 20. A flaring cone 55 is also mounted in the rotor 40 between the punches 50a and 50g of the respectively largest and smallest diameters.

The rotor unit 40 can accordingly be readily rotated on the pivot 44 to bring either the cone 55 or any selected punch 50 into line with the compression screw 20 for operation thereby, the plate 42 having a series of angularly spaced holes 55 therethrough coaxial with the centers of the several punches and cone for receiving the screw 25 and the screw thus forming the operating member for the cone 55 and all of the punches 50. The upper housing I2 is partially open to expose about one-half of the periphery of the rotor for ready access in adjusting the unit, and the periphery of the rotor 40 is knurled at 51 to facilitate its use. Also, in order to retain the cone and punches normally out of the way in the rotor, a spring return is provided for retaining each of them yieldably in upper or retracted position. For this purpose, the rotor 40 is provided with a slotted bore 60 adjacent the bore for each punch 50, and each bore 60 contains a spring 6| which is engaged by a pin 62 set in the side of the adjacent punch as shown.

It will be noted that the bores 60 are not contiguous with the bores for the punches but are spaced therefrom to leave lands 63 on either side ing of the pins.

of the pins 62 for guiding and preventing cock- A similar arrangement is provided for the cone 55 except that it includes two bores 65, one on either side of the cone, and either two pins or one elongated pin extending through the cone as shown at 66. This double guiding arrangement is desirable for the cone 55 since its cylindrical portion is of substantially less extent than that of each of the punches 50, and accordingly the provision of springs on either side thereof gives additional guiding action and assurance against possible cooking of the cone in the rotor.

Provision is made for positively indexing the rotor in the housing to assure accurate registry of the cone or punches with the compression screw 20. Referring particularly to Figs. 5 and 7, the bore in the bushing 22 is enlarged at its lower end to receive a short axially movable sleeve 10 and a spring 'H for biasing the sleeve 10 towards the plate 42. The lower end of this sleeve is tapered at 12, and each of the holes 55 in the plate 42 is countersunk at 13 to form beveled recesses for receiving this tapered end of the sleeve with a detent action. Also, the plate 42 is provided with a series of indicia I5 designating the cone and the several sizes of tubing adapted to be double flared by the corresponding punches 50, and the upper housing [2 is cut away at 11 for viewing the proper one of the indicia 15 which corresponds to the cone or the particular punch in operative or indexed position with respect to the screw 20.

It is important for proper flaring that the tubing be accurately located in the clamp mechanism with just the right length at the end of the tube in position for flaring, and the present tool incorporates gauging means for automatically accomplishing this purpose. In double flaring, the several punches 50 are so proportioned with respect to the parts of the tool cooperating therewith that when a given punch is indexed in operative position but is still in fully retracted position against the underside of plate 42, the portion 52 of its Working tip will be at just the correct distance above the clamping blocks 25 to act as a gauge for the tubing. Thus referring to Fig. 9, the parts are so proportioned that with the punch We in indexed position for performing the preliminary double flaring operation on tubing of one-half inch in diameter, but with the punch still in retracted position, when the tubing 8!] is inserted in the clamping blocks until its upper end abuts the part 52 of the punch, it will be properly positioned for the preliminary double flaring step.

Fig. 10 shows the relative position of the parts following completion of the preliminary double flaring operation by tightening the screw 20 to force the punch 56c downwardly from its position shown in Fig. 9 until it contacts the upper end of the clamping blocks as shown. The end of the tube 80 has been shaped or formed in a circumferentialrib composed of a lower or inner portion 8| flared: outwardly in the tapered portion of the jaws of blocks 25 and an upper or outer portion 82 which is flared inwardly from the portiton 8i. Fig. 11 shows the final step in the double-flaring operation, which iscarried out by. backing on" the screw 29, shifting the rotor until the cone is inindexed position, and then retighteningthe screw 20 to. force the cone 55 against the tubing and thus to fold the tubing portion, 52 inwardlyuntil it-is substantially parallel with and flat against the portion 8! and in overlying relation therewith.

The tool also incorporates a selectively usable gauge foraccurately positioning tubing to be singleflared. Referring to Figs. 3 and 4, a finger 85 is slidably mountedbetween the housing portions t2 andi3 through a groove-8's in the upper housing Portion Hand a cooperating groove 3'! in the underside of the rotor dd connecting with the bore therein for the cone 55. A pin 88 is set in the finger 85 to extend upwardly as a handle through a slot 953 in housing portion !2 and is provided with a spring 95 and washer 92 to hold the finger 85 frictionally in adjusted position in the tool. Accordingly, when this finger is pushed into its advanced position shown in Fig. 3, it will just clear theclamping blocks 25 and will extend partly across-the jaws therein to act as a stop for positioning the upper end of a tube 55 to be single flared. Then after the screw 38 is tightened to clamp the tube, the screw 23 is tightened asshown at Fig. 4 to drive the cone 55 into the end of the tube and thus to form the single flare. The finger lfihas an end portion 559 beveled at substantiallythesame angleas the tapered portion of the flaring cone, so that if the operator should forget to retract this finger before operating screw it, the cone will automatically cam it away as it moves downwardly.

It will accordingly be seen that the present invention provides a flaring tool which is compact in constructtion and simple tooperate and which is capable, in the form shown in the drawing, of double flaring seven different sizes of tubing and single flaring eight sizes, it being apparent that thisrange may be'varied as required for particular purposes by changing the proportions of the housing and rotor to include a greater or lesser number of tube flaring punches. Adjustment of the tool to. change the size of tube to be flared requires nothing more than shifting of the clampingblocks and reindexing of therotor, and after the tool is once set for a particular size of tubing to be double flared, no change is required in the tool between the first and secondforming steps except for rotating the rotor to shift the flaring cone into indexed position after the first forming step is completed. Also, with the only separable parts of the toolbeing the two sets of clamping blocks necessary to cover the entire range of eight tubing sizes as shown, the workman is required to carry only the tube itself and the pair ofclamping blocks not in use at the moment, which makes the tool very convenient tduse, and even if one or more of the blocks should be. lest, they are easily replaced without inany way affecting the body of the tool.

While the form of apparatus herein described constitutes a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to this preciseform of apparatus, and that changes may be made therein without departing from the scope of theinvention which s efine t e ap dslaims- Whatis claimed is:

1. A flaring tool comprising a housing adapted to be; pcsitionedoin predetermined working relation with a tube to be double flared, an, operating-member mounted for axial movement in said housing in coaxialrelation with the working'position of'said tube, a carrier member in said housing, a plurality of double flaring punches supported in said carrier member and of graduated effective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes. of correspondingly difierent sizes in preparation for double flaring, and means supporting said carrier member for-movement in said housingv toposition a selected one of said punches in line with said operating member for operation thereby.

2. A flaring tool comprising a housingaclanted to be positioned in predetermined; working rela tion with a tube to be double flared, anoperating member mounted for axial movementin said housing in coaxial relation with thezworking: position of saidtube, a rotor mounted insaidhousing for-rotational movement about an axis, aplurality of double flaring punches supportedinsaid rotor with the axes thereof arranged concentrically about said rotor axis for selective alignment with said operating member upon rotation of said rotor, said punches being of graduated effective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes. of correspondingly different sizes in preparation for double flaring, and yieldablemeans for normally retaining each said punch in retracted position within said rotor.

.3. A flaring tool comprising a housing adapted to be positioned in predetermined Working relation with a tube tobe double flared, an operating member mounted for axial movement in said housing in coaxialrela-tion with the working position of said tube, a rotor mounted insaid housing for rotational movement about an axis, a plurality of double flaringipunches supporteduin said rotor with the axes thereof arranged concentrically about said rotor axis for selective alignment with said operating member upon rotation of said rotor, said punchesbeing of graduated effective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes of correspondingly diilerent sizes in preparation for double flaring, and a cone supported insaid rotor in saidconcentric arrangement with said punches for. movement into line with said tube andsaid operating member for operation by-said operating member to completethe double flare.

4. A flaring tool comprisingv a housing-adapted to be positioned in predetermined working relation with a tube to be double flared, an operating member mounted for axial movement in said housing in coaxial relation with the working position of said tube, a rotor mounted in. said housing for rotational movement about an axis, a plurality of double flaring punchessupported in said rotor with the axes thereof arranged concentrically about said rotor axis for, selective alignment with saidoperating member uponv rotation oisaidrotor, saidpunches being of-graduated efiective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes of correspondingly different sizes'in preparation for double flaring, a cone supported in saidrotor in said concentric arrangement with said punches for movement into line with said tube and said operating member for operation by said operating member to complete the double flare, means for selectively indexing said rotor with relation to said operating memberto maintain said cone or selected one of said punches in operative relation with said operating member, and indicating meanspn said rotorfor. designating the particular one of said cone and punches in said indexed position.

5. A flaring tool comprising a housing, a compression screw mounted in said housing, a rotor mounted in said housing for rotational movement about an axis spaced from said screw, a plurality of double flaring punches and a flaring cone supported in said rotor with the axes thereof arranged concentrically about said rotor axis for selective alignment with said screw upon rotation of said rotor for operation by said screw, an indexing sleeve supported for axial movement on said screw, said sleeve having a beveled end, means for spring loading said sleeve toward said rotor, and said rotor having in the upper surface thereof a plurality of beveled recesses coaxial with said punches and cone for yieldably receiving said beveled end of said sleeve to index said rotor with respect to said screw.

6. A flaring tool comprising a housing, an operating member in said housing in coaxial relation with the working position of said tube, a plurality of double flaring punches supported in said carrier member and of graduated effective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes of correspondingly different sizes in preparation for double flaring, means supporting said carrier member for movement in said housing to position a selected one of said punches in line with said operating member for operation thereby, said carrier member including a top plate for retaining said punches therein, said plate having holes therethrough aligned with said punches for receiving said operating member therethrough to operate said punches, a sleeve mounted for axial movement with respect to said operating member and concentric therewith, means for spring loading said sleeve toward said rotor, said sleeve having a beveled lower end, and each of said holes in said plate being countersunk for yieldably receiving said beveled sleeve end therein to index said rotor with respect to said operating member.

' 7. A flaring tool comprising a housing adapted to be positioned in predetermined working relation with clamping means for holding a tube to be double flared, an operating member mounted for axial movement in said housing in coaxial relation with the working position of said tube, a rotor mounted in said housing for rotational movement about an axis, a plurality of double flaring punches supported in said rotor with the axes thereof arranged concentrically about said rotor axis for selective alignment with said operating member upon rotation of said rotor, said punches being of graduated effective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes of correspondingly different sizes in preparation for double flaring, each said punch including a portion adapted to engage the upper end of the tube to be double flared thereby to effect a double flaring forming operation thereon, and yieldable means normally retaining each said punch in retracted position in predetermined spaced relation with the working position of said clamping means for gauging the proper position of the tube to be double flared in said clamping means by contact between the end of said tube and said tube-engaging portion of said punch.

8. A flaring tool comprising a housing adapted to be positioned in predetermined Working relation with clamping means for holding a tube to be double flared, an operating member mounted for axial movement in said housing in coaxial relation with the working position of said tube, a rotor mounted in said housing for rotational movement about an axis, a plurality of double flaring punches supported in said rotor with the axes thereof arranged concentrically about said rotor axis for selective alignment with said operating member upon rotation of said rotor, said punches being of graduated efiective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes of correspondingly difierent sizes in preparation for double flaring, a cone supported in said rotor in said concentric arrangement with said punches for movement nto line with said tube and operating member for operation by said operating member to complete the double flare, said cone also being adapted to form a single flare on a tube held in said clamping means, a gauge member in said housing adapted to abut the upper end of a tube to be single flared for gauging the proper single flaring position of said tube in said clamping means, and means supporting said gauge member in said housing for movement between a retracted position free of said rotor and providing for rotation of said rotor independently of said gauge member and an advanced position extending within said rotor in the path of said cone and in line with the upper end of said tube.

9. A flaring tool comprising a housing adapted to be positioned in predetermined working relation with clamping means for holding a tube to be double flared, an operating member mounted for axial movement in said housing in coaxial relation with the working position of said tube, a rotor mounted in said housing for rotational movement about an axis, a plurality of double flaring punches supported in said rotor with the axes thereof arranged concentrically about said rotor axis for selective alignment with said operating member upon rotation of said rotor, said punches being 01 graduated effective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes of correspondingly different sizes in preparation for double flaring, a cone supported in said rotor in said concentrio arrangement with said punches for movement into line with said tube and operating memher for operation by said operating member to complete the double flare, said cone also being adapted to form a single flare on a tube held in said clamping means, a gauge member movable in said housing between a retracted position and an advanced position in the path of said cone to abut the upper end of a tube to be single flared ior gauging the proper single flaring position of said tube in said clamping means, and said gauge member having a beveled end thereon adapted for engagement by the conical point of said cone upon operating movement of said cone to move said gauge member to retracted position.

10. A flaring tool comprising a housing adapted to be positioned in predetermined working relation with clamping means for holding a tube to be double flared, an operating member mounted for axial movement in said housing in coaxial relation with the working position of said tube, a rotor mounted in said housing for rotational movement about an axis, a plurality of double flaring punches supported in said rotor with the axes thereof arranged concentrically about said rotor axis for selective alignment with said operating member upon rotation of said rotor, said punches being of graduated effective sizes for shaping the ends of tubes of correspondingly different sizes in preparation for double flaring, each said punch including a portion adapted to engage the upper end of the tube to be double flared thereby to effect a double flaring forming operation thereon, yieldable means normally retaining each said punch in retracted position in predetermined spaced relation with said clamping jaws for gauging the proper position of the tube to be double flared in said jaws by contact between the end of said tube and said tube-engaging portion of said punch, a cone supported in said rotor in said concentric arrangement with said punches for movement into line with said tube and operating member for operation by said operating member to complete the double flare, said cone also being adapted to form a single flare on a tube held in said clamping means, a gauge member in said housing adapted to abut the upper end of a tube to be single flared for gauging the proper single flaring position of said tube in said clamping means, and means supporting said gauge member in said housing for movement between a retracted position free of said rotor and providing for rotation of said rotor independently 20 Number of said gauge member and an advanced position extending within said rotor in the path of said cone and in line with the upper end of said tube.

GLENN W. WOLCOTT.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 408,586 Coleman Aug. 6, 1889 1,350,904 Walters Aug. 24, 1920 1,914,235 Benbow June 13, 1933 1,950,154 Rosenberg Mar. 6, 1934 1,955,913 Holsclaw Apr. 24, 1934 1,976,878 Eden Oct. 16, 1934 2,302,794 Neukirch Nov. 24, 1942 2,415,520 Obecny Feb. 11, 1947 2,505,665 Franck Apr. 25, 1950 2,505,666 Franck Apr. 25, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date 805,941 France Sept. 7, 1936

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2736360 *Nov 5, 1954Feb 28, 1956Marino Anthony JTube flaring pliers
US2774408 *May 4, 1953Dec 18, 1956Imp Brass Mfg CoFlaring tool
US2852839 *Feb 24, 1953Sep 23, 1958Wilson Frank RAnnular clamping blocks with tube clamping recesses for a flaring tool
US2853116 *Nov 19, 1953Sep 23, 1958Wilson Frank RTube flaring tool with clamp carrying gauge means for limiting the depth of tool feed
US2948326 *May 31, 1957Aug 9, 1960Ridge Tool CoFlaring tool
US3005482 *Oct 7, 1959Oct 24, 1961Wendell CoffeeTube flanger
US3052279 *Mar 11, 1958Sep 4, 1962CollinFlaring tool
US3083755 *Sep 23, 1955Apr 2, 1963Wilson Frank RTube clamping means
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US3111769 *Nov 21, 1960Nov 26, 1963Ethyl CorpApparatus for cell construction
US3126630 *Aug 10, 1960Mar 31, 1964 T catlin
US3191420 *Nov 26, 1963Jun 29, 1965Parker Hannifin CorpFlaring tool
US4068515 *Feb 7, 1977Jan 17, 1978Gould Inc.Flaring tool
USRE30940 *Jan 16, 1980May 25, 1982Gould Inc.Flaring tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/116, 29/271
International ClassificationB21D41/00, B21D41/02
Cooperative ClassificationB21D41/021
European ClassificationB21D41/02B