|Publication number||US2663164 A|
|Publication date||Dec 22, 1953|
|Filing date||Nov 2, 1951|
|Priority date||Nov 2, 1951|
|Publication number||US 2663164 A, US 2663164A, US-A-2663164, US2663164 A, US2663164A|
|Inventors||Lowell M Kurtz|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (25), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Dec. 22, 1953 M, KURT 2,663,164
PARALLEL COMPRESSOR ARRANGEMENT IN REF'R-IGERATING SYSTEM F'iled NOV. 2, 1951 Fig I.
Inventor": Lowell M. Kurtz,
His Attorne Patented Dec. 22, i953 PARALLEL COMPRESSOR ARRANGEMENT IN REFRIGERATING SYSTEM Lowell M. Kurtz, Erie, Pa., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of ew York Application November 2, 1951, Serial N 0. 254,540
- 1 -My invention relates to refrigerating apparatus and pertains more particularly to the regulation of oil levels in compressors connected in parallel in a refrigerating system.
Ordinarily, when two refrigerator compressors ar operated in parallel, they are. placed at a common height. One connection between the compressors equalizes the vapor pressures therein; and another connection between the compressor sumps equalizes the levels of the oil therein. The need for the compressors to be at thesame height, however, precludes th use of this arrangement in any system wherein it might be desirable for the compressors. to be placed at different heights.
Therefore, a primary object of myinventlon is to provide means efiective for maintaining satisfactory oil levels in th sumps of compressors operated in parallel, regardless of whether the compressors are disposed at the same or different heights.
Another object of my invention is to provide with two compressors operating in parallel a single means effective for both equalizing the pressures therein and maintaining satisfactory oil levels in the sumps of the compressors.
Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the following description proceeds and the features of novelty which characterize my invention will be pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this invention.
In carrying out the objects of my invention I provide a pair of compressors connected to a common exhaust line, and with one also connected to the suction line of the refrigerating system. I provide further a transfer tube, one end of which extends into and to a normal oil level in the compressor connected to the suction line and the other end of which is connected to the other compressor above the normal oil level therein.
For a better understanding of my invention reference may be had to the accompanying drawing in which Fig. 1 is a schematic showing of a refrigerating system including two compressors operated in parallel; and Fig. 2 is an enlarged detailed sectional view illustrating an embodiment of my invention.
Referring to the drawing, I have shown in Fig. l a refrigerating system including a refrigerating unit generally designated l and comprising a first compressor 2 and a second compressor 3, commonly connected by an exhaust line 4 to a condenser 5. A capillary tube 6 con- 2 Claims. (01. 62-11737) nects the condenser with an evaporator l; and a suction line 8 connects the evaporator with the first compressor 2. This system is charged with an amount of oil suificient for supplying both compressors.
As better seen in Fig. 2, the first compressor 2 includes anvoil sump 9 in its bottom portion, an outlet passage to and an inlet passage ll disposed above the sump. The second compressor 3 includes an oil sump [2 in its bottom portion, an outlet passage [3 and an inlet passage connected to the suction line 8. Provided between the two compressors is a transfer tube 15, one end of which is connected to th inlet is of the second compressor 3 and the other end of which extends into the first compressor 2 and to the normal oil level in the sump 9 thereof. The extending end of the tube is cut obliquely, as at l6, to provide a maximum opening at the normal oil level.
In operation the first compressor 2 initially receives, from the suction line 8 and through the inlet passage ll, all of the oil and vaporized refrigerant from the system. The transfer tube 15 provides for equalization of vapor pressures between the first and second compressors in order that both compressors may operate to deliver the refrigerant through the exhaust line 4 and to the condenser 5. The oil, however, collects in the sump 9 of the first compressor 2 until it reaches its normal level. Oilin excess of the normal level in the sump 9 is swept up through the transfer tube l5 by the vaporous refrigerant being drawn into the second compressor 3 and is thereby transferred to the second compressor, wherein it collects in the sump l2 thereof. Thus, satisfactory oil levels are maintained in. the sumps of both the first and second compressors.
If for any reason the first compressor 2 is shut down the second compressor 3 is effective for transferring through the tube !5 all oil in excess of the normal level in the sump 9 of the first compressor. If the second compressor 3 is shut down, the oil will collect in the sump 9 of the first compressor 2 and exceed th normal level therein. However, the first few restarting strokes of the second compressor 3 will be elfective for drawing over through the tube l5 and into the sump [2 thereof a satisfactory amount of the oil.
It will be seen that with my invention it is possible by the utilization of a single transfer tube both to equalize pressures between two compressors connected in parallel and to maintain satisfactory oil levels in the sumps of the compressors, regardless of whether the compressors are disposed at different heights, as shown in Fig. 2, or at the same height. Also, my invention is readily and easily adaptable to any parallel compressor arrangement including more than two compressors.
While I have shown and described a specific embodiment of my invention, I do not desire my invention to be limited to the particular construction shown and described and I'intend in the appended claims to cover all modifications within the spirit and scope of my invention,
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. In a refrigerating system including an exhaust line and a suction line, the combination of a pair of compressors, each of said compressors having an oil sump, said compressors being commonly connected to said exhaust line, only on of said compressors being connected to said suction line and receiving initially all of the oil and vaporized refrigerant from said suction line and a single tube connecting said pair of compressors, one end of said tube extending into said one compressor and to the normal oil level in the sump thereof, the other end'oi said tube being connected to the other compressor above the sump thereof, said tube being effective for both equalizing vapor pressures in said compressors and transferring oil exceeding the normal level in the sump of said one compressor 4 to said other compressor for collection in the sump thereof.
In a refrigerating system including an exhaust line and a suction line, the combination of a first and a second compressor disposed at different heights, each of said compressors including an oil sump, each of said compressors including an outlet passage, and an inlet passage located above its corresponding sump, the outlet passages of said compressors being commonly connected to said exhaust line, the inlet passage of'said first compressor only being connected tosaid suction line whereby said first compressor receives initially all of the oil and vaporized refrigerant from said suction line, a
singletransfer tube, one end. of said tube being connected to the inlet passage of said second compressor, the other end of said tube extending into said first compressor and to the normal oil level in the sum thereof, said transfer tube being 'effectiveboth for equalizing vapor pressures in said'compressors and for transferring oil exceeding the normal level in the sump of said first compressor to said second compressor for maintaining a satisfactory oil level in the sump thereof.
LOWELL M. KURTZ.
fleferences Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,178,100 Gygax Oct. 31, 1939. 2,246,244 Consley .r June 1'7, 1941 2,606,430 Pownall V Aug. 12, 1 2
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2178100 *||May 13, 1937||Oct 31, 1939||Curtis Refrigerating Machine C||Refrigerating condensing unit|
|US2246244 *||Jun 19, 1940||Jun 17, 1941||York Ice Machinery Corp||Refrigeration|
|US2606430 *||Aug 24, 1951||Aug 12, 1952||Freezing Equipment Sales Inc||Automatic lubrication means for plural stage compressors|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3386262 *||Oct 31, 1966||Jun 4, 1968||Trane Co||Refrigeration apparatus with compressors in parallel|
|US3785169 *||Jun 19, 1972||Jan 15, 1974||Westinghouse Electric Corp||Multiple compressor refrigeration system|
|US4105374 *||Mar 28, 1977||Aug 8, 1978||Copeland Corporation||Integrated multi-unit refrigeration motor-compressor assembly|
|US5435144 *||Feb 24, 1994||Jul 25, 1995||Kalmbach; John||Compressor lubricant distributing system for motor vehicles having auxiliary air conditioning|
|US5839886 *||May 10, 1996||Nov 24, 1998||Shaw; David N.||Series connected primary and booster compressors|
|US5927088 *||Apr 29, 1998||Jul 27, 1999||Shaw; David N.||Boosted air source heat pump|
|US6276148||Feb 16, 2000||Aug 21, 2001||David N. Shaw||Boosted air source heat pump|
|US6931871||Aug 27, 2003||Aug 23, 2005||Shaw Engineering Associates, Llc||Boosted air source heat pump|
|US7651322||Dec 7, 2007||Jan 26, 2010||Hallowell International, Llc||Oil balance system and method for compressors connected in series|
|US7712329||Sep 27, 2005||May 11, 2010||David Shaw||Oil balance system and method for compressors|
|US8075283||Jun 20, 2008||Dec 13, 2011||Hallowell International, Llc||Oil balance system and method for compressors connected in series|
|US8109116 *||May 24, 2006||Feb 7, 2012||Mitsubishi Electric Corporation||Dual compressor air conditioning system with oil level regulation|
|US9657975 *||Nov 22, 2013||May 23, 2017||Danfoss (Tianjin) Ltd.||Oil balancing apparatus and refrigeration device|
|US20040118062 *||Nov 13, 2003||Jun 24, 2004||Wuestman Tuindecoraties B.V.||Connection for wall elements|
|US20050044866 *||Aug 27, 2003||Mar 3, 2005||Shaw David N.||Boosted air source heat pump|
|US20060073026 *||Oct 6, 2004||Apr 6, 2006||Shaw David N||Oil balance system and method for compressors connected in series|
|US20080085195 *||Dec 7, 2007||Apr 10, 2008||Hallowell International, Llc||Oil balance system and method for compressors connected in series|
|US20080173034 *||Jan 19, 2007||Jul 24, 2008||Hallowell International, Llc||Heat pump apparatus and method|
|US20080283133 *||Jun 20, 2008||Nov 20, 2008||Hallowell International, Llc||Oil balance system and method for compressors connected in series|
|US20090007588 *||Sep 27, 2005||Jan 8, 2009||David Shaw||Oil Balance System and Method for Compressors|
|US20090064709 *||May 24, 2006||Mar 12, 2009||Mitsubishi Electric Corporation||Refrigerating air conditioner|
|US20140154105 *||Nov 22, 2013||Jun 5, 2014||Danfoss (Tianjin) Ltd.||Oil balancing apparatus and refrigeration device|
|USRE39625||Aug 15, 2003||May 15, 2007||Hallowell International, Llc||Boosted air source heat pump|
|CN103032996A *||Dec 12, 2012||Apr 10, 2013||宁波奥克斯电气有限公司||Parallel compressor selection and configuration method for preventing compressor from being frequently started up and shut down|
|DE2810059A1 *||Mar 8, 1978||Oct 12, 1978||Copeland Corp||Mehrfachanordnung von motor-kompressoreinheiten fuer kuehlsysteme|
|U.S. Classification||62/468, 417/338, 417/902, 417/521|
|Cooperative Classification||F25B2400/075, Y10S417/902, F25B31/002|