US 2664907 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 5, 1954 R. P. LOWE APPARATUS FOR PROPORTIONING FLOWS OF DIFFERENT MATERIALS 4 Sheets-Sheer. 1
Filed Jan. 6, 1951 CQ 1 12s AA Y INVENTOR. afy L 0 we ATTORNE Y5.
Jan. 5, 1954 R P LOWE 2,664,907
APPARATUS Fm PhOPORTIONING FLOWS OF DIFFERENT MATERIALS Filed Jan. 6, 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. film y Z awe ATTORNEYS.
Jan. 5, 1954 R. P. LO 2,664,907 APPARATUS FOR PROPORTIONING FLOWS OF DIFFERENT MATERIALS Filed Jan. 6, 1951 I 4 Sheets-Sheet. 3
i zxiy Lowe BY WWW ATTORNEYS- Jan. 5, 1954 WE 2,664,907
R. P. O APPARATUS FOR PROPORTIONING FLOWS OF DIFFERENT MATERIALS To BLEND IN V EN TOR.
X? zzafy Z owe ATTORNEYS.
Patented Jan. 5, 1954 APPARATUS FOR PROPORTIONING FLOWS OF DIFFERENT MATERIALS Rudy P. Lowe, Cranston, R. I.,
assignor to Proportioneers, Inc., a corporation of Rhode Island Application January 6, 1951, Serial No. 204,780
13 Claims. (01. 137-100) This invention relates to a device for delivering two or more liquids simultaneously in definite quantity proportions to each other which can be varied at will.
In the blending of synthetic products prior to packaging or shipment such as lubricating oils, additives, synthetic fuels and the like, there is a demand for the highest possible accuracy as well as completely automatic operation in component proportioning. This requirement has not been fully recognized in prior devices as far as I am aware and all are overcome in my improved device.
The object of the invention is to provide a device of the above character that will be positive, completely automatic, accurate, reliable in operation, quickly adjustable to deliver different quantity proportions as desired within the close tolerances which will provide an accurate proof of performance on individual totalizers without delivering finished end product and which will recirculate all components and cut out the totalizers if for any reason any one liquid stops, or there is a mechanical failure in the equipment. On rectification of the failure, the device will automatically go back in operation, restoring the entire shortage or subtracting the overage so that the integrated demands of the respective pacing units will be completely satisfied in terms of correctly proportioned finished product.
My device applies to two or a plurality of liquids consisting essentially in the use of a constant speed motor preferably synchronous to provide constant speed driving means for a master rate controller adjustable from a maximum through and as described in Patent i-2,405,957. This variable speed device determines the number of rotations per unit of time made by common shaft from which are driven the respective pacing units for the various components.
Heretofore, it has been proposed to mix two liquids by the use of a suitable differential whose primary shafts are caused to rotate by the flow of the respective liquids and whose secondary member actuates a valve or other control device controlling the flow of one of the liquids so that it will always flow in the desired proportion to the other liquid. Likewise several liquids may be added to a primary liquid by employing a differential for each added liquid and causing one primary shaft of each differential to be actuated by the primary liquid and the other primary shaft of each differential to be actuated by the liquid to be added while the secondary member of each differential actuates a valve or other control device controlling the ilow of the added liquid so that it will always be delivered to the primary liquid in the desired proportion. Also, it has been proposed to drive a common shaft with a plurality of differentials, one for each liquid to be mixed, each having its primary shaft driven from the common shaft and with the second primary shaft of each of these differentials driven by the rotatable shaft of a meter through which the respective liquid passes. The secondary member of each differential is caused to operate a control valve in the flow line carrying the liquid connected with each respective differential. The proportions are arranged by selecting the gearing between the common shaft and the primary of each differential or changed by changing this gearing. Under the first mentioned flow control there is a lag in the secondary flow in adjusting itself in the establishing of a stable condition in the said main flow. Under the second condition much time must be spent in properly adjusting each flow line to provide the desired proportion. Further, no means have ever been proposed, as far as I am aware, for making a test run without involving the actual passing of material through the apparatus.
An object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportioning the quantities of a plurality of different materials in which each material will be supplied in relation to a unit quantity of the combined composition of said materials.
Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportioning the quantities of a plurality of different materials by means of a mechanical rotary pacing system which will represent the combined materials.
A more specific object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportioning the quantities of a plurality of different materials in which each material will be supplied in a percentage to the total quantity of said materials based upon a pacing rotary movement which will be unity for the combined materials.
Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportioning a plurality of different materials which is so constructed as to establish a linear relation between the control setting and the percent composition in the blend of materials.
,Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportioning a plurality of different materials which is so constructed as to provide a pacing system with an independent master control which will control the production rate without disturbing the proportion of the composition.
Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportioning a plurality of different materials which is so constructed as to provide an accurate 'blending'oi the. accumu: lated several materials at any instant during operation.
Another object of the invention is to providean apparatus for proportioning a plura-lityot diiferent materials to make a blended: composi tion which is so constructed as to minimize loading of the flow control units=so as to'better'main tain an accurate flow control;'
Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportionlng; a: plurality: of? different materials to make a blended composition which is so constructed that thepropor tions of material may be quickly and readily changed for varying the compositionof'the'connbined material.
Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportioninga=plurality of dif-' f'e'rent materials to makea blended composition which is so constructed as to provide for automatically recirculating all materials upon the failure of the flow ofany material to conformto a predetermined flow requirementand to automatically re-start' the blending operation when said failure has been corrected and'to then make up the amount of-materi'al lost inthe temporary failure ofsaid flow of material.
Another obiect'of the-invention is-.to provide an apparatus for proportioning a'plurality of-dif- Another object oftheduventiOn-isto provide an apparatus according to the preceding object in which the pacing system=may be calibrated by' means of a totalizer mechanism and to'providea test position which will totalize flow whilea recirculating of material is beingmade;
Another object of the invention is to provide an apparatus for proportioning a plurality'of different materials to make a blended'compositionthereof which is so constructedasto'control the flou of the-materials based on the total quantity required in the blended composition.
With these and other objects in view; the invention consists of certain novel features of construction, as will be more fully described and par-- ticularly pointed out inth'e appended claims."
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure l is a front elevational view of the panels forming part of a preferred form of an apparatus for proportioning flows of different materials embodying my invention;
Figure 2 is a rear view of two of the panels shown in Figure 1 illustrating the relative positions of various instruments and unit structures of the apparatus;
Figure 3 is a sectional-view taken along-line adaptedto control a liquid material.
3--3 of Figure 1 showing a fragmental portion of the apparatus;
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken substantially along line 4-4 of Figure 3;
Figure 5 is a side elevational view of a counter included in the apparatus shown partly in section}.
Figure dis a sectional view showing the position of certain units of the apparatus and taken substantially along line %5 of Figure 2;
Figure! is arsideelevational view of an automatic: control means;
Figure 8 is an elevational view partly in section showing a-clut'ch control means; and
Figure 9'is"a diagrammatic view of various units and instruments forming part of the apparatusshown .1 in .Figure 1.
Referring first to Figure there is shown in thisfigure-a general layout of the apparatus with the various instruments; valves, other elements and connections illustrated in a very general manner witlrno attempt made to show actual. structure or proper relative positions. of theseparts as would appear in the actual set up offthe.
apparatus. The'apparatus comprises amaster unit lElan'd secondcomponent units l i, H which aresimilar to each other and in the present dicclosure are adaptablefor controlling two separate fiows of liquid-materials. A component unit such as II or- II will be used for each material. to be acted uponi Should'there be four different materialsin the composition made; then there would be four of such component units. As stated, the apparatus shown is particularly However, thepr-incipl'e di'sclosedis adapted to be employed for the proportioning of dry'materials or a combinationof'liquids and dry materials.
The master unit it] comprises a master control power'source; preferably an electric motor l'2whicli is directly connected by mean of a shaft iii-tea master rate controller 14 which preferably comprises ail-infinitely variable stepless integrator transmission which is adjustablefrom zero'to maximum. This-integrator [4 may be ofFany=suitablemanufacturc'and its output shaft is-suitably connected to a shaft l5 which is common to all component units H, H and provides a-mechanical rotary pacing arrangement therefor;
The component units H, H are similar to each other and only one will be described. Like partsof the other component unit will be indi'-- cated by similar but primed numerals. A ratio controller or integrator l6 forming part of the component unit I! is similar to the integrator l4 and has input and output shafts i1, i8 and is manually adjustable to produce the desired speed ratio between the said input and output shafts ll; IS. The input shaft I1 is connected to the shaft [5 by means of a device shown conventionally as consisting of a bevel gear connection [9 but which may be of any approved manufacture. Thus, the speeds of the shafts ll, ll
.of theintegrators l6; l6 are identical to each other and increasing or decreasing the speed of the said shaft [5 by means of the master integrator l4-will correspondingly increase or decrease the-speed of shafts IT and i? in a like ratio;-
A- difierential gearing mechanism designated generally 20'which may be of any approved man ufa'cture and having a very high ratio of approximately three hundred and eighteen to one is illilStlatedconventionally as consisting of two bevel gears 2|, 22 positioned to face each other with their center of rotation coincident. These gears 2!, 22 are rotated in opposite directions by means of gear wheels 23, 24 which are engaged by pinions 25, 26 secured to the differential primary shafts 2'5 and 28. The secondary member of the differential is shown conventionally as a shaft 29 extending coincidental with the center of rotation of the gears 2|, 22 and has attached thereto a bearing support 29a which extends radially between the gears 22, 23 and on the end portions of which bevel gear pinions 38, 3] are mounted for free rotation. These bevel pinions extend into engagement with the said gears 2 I, 22. As is well known in the art, the rotation of the two gears 2 I, 22 in opposite directions and at the same speed will produce zero movement in the secondary shaft 29 and a difference in speed between the said gears 2| 22 will cause the bevel pinions 38, 3| to revolve or be carried about the axes of rotation of the gears 21, 22 to rotate the secondary shaft 29. The primary shaft 21 of the differential gearing is connected to the output shaft 1 8 of the integrator I 6 by means of a clutch connection 32 which may be manually controlled to connect or disconnect the said shafts I8, 21.
The flow of the component liquid to be proportioned is caused to flow through a flow meter 33 of a rotavane type in which a unit volume of liquid in passing through the meter produces a definite, constant angular movement of the meter shaft. The meter 33 may be positioned at any suitable location and its shaft may be connected by a flexible cable or shaft 34 to a connector 35 and from there to the primary shaft 28 of the differential by means of a clutch connection 36 which may be similar to the clutch connection 32 and similarly controlled to connect or disconnect the said shaft 28 to the connector 35. It is desirable that each clutch 32, 36 be operated simultaneously and to this end a clutch operating mechanism designated generally 31 is provided. This mechanism is shown diagrammatically by means of a rod 38 having a pair of clevises 39, 48 thereon which extend into engagement with the said clutches 32, 36, moving the rod 38 in a proper direction will connect or disconnect the clutches 32 and 36, depending upon the direction of movement of the rod 38.
Since a unit volume of liquid passed through the meter 33 is measured in terms of angular movement of the meter shaft regardless of the rate of the flow, the speed of the shaft I5 is made to represent unity of volume of the combined liquids at any instant during operation. With this basic arrangement, it is then only necessary in proportioning the flow of each liquid to adjust the said integrators !8, l5 so as to produce the required speed of rotation of the output shaft l8 to the proper percentage of the speed of the input shaft ll. Thus, if unit II is to deliver twenty-five per cent of the total volume of the combined liquids, the integrator 16 will be adjusted to produce a speed in its output shaft l8 equal to twenty-five per cent of the speed of the input shaft I! which must be matched or equalled by the speed of rotation of the meter shaft. Should the volume of liquid passing through the meter be greater or less than that required to produce rotation of the meter shaft at a speed equal to that set by the shaft l8, then a rotational movement will be had in the secondary shaft 29. This movement of the shaft 29 is made to control the flow of liquid through the meter 33 in a manner to be now described.
The liquid to be proportioned by unit H is moved through a pipe line indicated by solid lines 42, from a supply source (not shown) by means of a pump 43 which is electrically operated. The meter 33 is interposed in the pipe line 42 and an air-controlled, diaphragm-oper ated spring loaded valve 44 is positioned on the inflow side of the meter to control the flow of liquid through the said meter. A diaphragmoperated, three-way valve 45 is positioned to control the outflow of liquid from the meter 33. This valve 45 is in turn operated by means of a solenoid-controlled, air-operated spring loaded pilot valve 45. Should the air fail, the spring loading will cause the valve to move to a safe position. A return pipe line 41 extends from the valve 45 to the intake side of the pump 43 to recirculate the liquid in a manner to be herein-' after described. Air under pressure is supplied through an air line 48 and branch line 49 to the pilot valve 46. There is also interposed in the pipe line 42 an air eliminator 58 through which the flow of liquid is made to pass prior to being passed through the meter 33, whereby to remove air which may have entered the pipe line 42. The device 50 is also made to function as a blow back to clean the pipe line of a previous liquid so as to prevent contamination when formulations of composition are changed. For this function the device 58 is controlled by means of a solenoid-operated air valve 5| which is connected by a branch line 52 to the air line 48. This air valve 5| admits air at a high point in the recirculating system and serves to return any liquid in the recirculating lines to its source of supply.
An air controller instrument 53, which may be of any approved manufacture preferably of the anticipatory type with adjustment for sensitivity and automatic reset, operates instantaneously upon slight motion of the input shaft 29 and is connected by a branch line 54 to the air line 48 and by line 55 to the said valve 44. The shaft 23 of the differential is extended to be connected to the instrument 53 whereby the said instru ment is operated to instantaneously control the flow of air therethrough. Should the flow of liquid through the meter 33 be greater than that required, the shaft 29 will be rotated in a direction to cause the instrument 53 to instantaneously increase the air supply to the valve 44 to move the same in a direction to reduce the flow of liquid through the meter 33. Likewise, if the flow through meter 33 is insufficient, the shaft 29 will be moved instantaneously in the opposite direction to cause the instrument to decrease the air supply to said valve 44 'to permit the same to be moved in a direction to increase the flow through the meter 33.
The electrical circuit is indicated generally by dash lines 56 and includes high and low limit switches 51 and 58. These switches are positioned on either side of the shaft 29, at a location to be engaged by an arm 59 carried by the shaft 29 when moved rotatively a distance de-.
termined by the position of said switches. Upon the failure of the flow of liquid to reach the meter 33 in proper volume or upon failure of the air line permitting the closing of valve 44, the difference in speeds between the meter shaft and shaft l8 will produce an angular movement in shaft 29 to swing the arm 58 into engagement with the low limit switch 58 to operate the solenoid of pilot valve 46 to close valve d5 to the passage of liquid through the portion 68 of pipe aces- 90w line: 42: beyond valve 45 The valve 45 will; now be opened to branch pipeline 411' to re'circulate the liquid. through pump 43', line 4-2: and' meter 33". during the period' of said failure until cor rected or the apparatus manually brought tonen, to' place the apparatus on recirculation as abovedescrib'ed. Upon correction-or elimination of the cause of such; failures and-.the supply returned: to stable condition the apparatus will automatically return on blend. The flow of 1iq-' uid through the meter during the period. of becoming stabilized: or at any such time it may increase or decrease will be made up in the amount loss or gain as meter 33' responds of liquidpassed-; that is, if the flow is insufficient the same will necessarily be increased in theamount required for the inetershaft to be rotated to-the' number of turns made by the shaft I6 and the amount of. liquid loss will thereby be made upduring the return ofsaidshaft 34 to rotate at the pace set by shaft It. If the supply is so as toprovide an excess of liquid, then the volume of liquid passed through the meter 33 will necessarily be at a decreasing quantity toreturn the meter shaft to-the speed ofthe pace set bythe shaft. I-8 and which will likewise make up for the gain. in. liquid. The limit switches of com ponent unit II are interlocked with the similar switchesof the component unit II whereby both component. units will go on recirculation upon failure ofliquid flow in either of said component units. A manually operable switch 6| is also provided for placing the component unit II in and. out of operation and lights 62. 63 normally inactive are controlled by switches 5! and 58 to indicate. the. type of flow failure.
Upon failure of. the supply limit switch 59 moves. valve 46 to shift valve 45. to recirculation. Valve 44. will be wide open. Then upon return of. the liquid from the supply, the meter 33 will be. actuated by the liquid passing therethrough and the wide open valve 44 to start the shaft 29- to. return. As this starts tov return valve 46 shift valve 45 to on stream position so that by the time the. shaft 28 has reached a balance with shaft 21 the lost volume will have been restored.
The apparatus isalso provided with an arrangement whereby a test run may be made without passing any liquid through the apparatus, thereby avoiding waste of material. Each test run may be made for a predetermined period and. automatically come to rest when the test has been completed. To this end, each component unit is provided with a counter 64 having a re-set feature whereby the counter may be set with the clutch 66. Rocking of said shaft 61 will move the said clutch 66 into or. out of driving relation, depending upon the direction of rocking of said shaft 61. The shaft is rocked by means of. an air cylinder 68 controlled by solenoidoperated valve 69. Air is furnished to the cylinder 68- through the valve 66 by means of 2.
There is also provided a clutch 8 suitable branch line' I0- connecting with the airline 48.
The. various instruments, devicesand the controls therefor, heretofore described, are preferably mounted on a master panel II and component panels 1-2,. I2 (see Figs. 1 and 2). The motor I-2- and rate controller Mare suitably supported on: a frame'I3' forming part of the master panel- 'H-. The motor I2- is set into motion by means of a-magnetic motor starter I4. The rate controllerv or integrator I4 is-adjustedby means of a manually operated mechanism designated generally 15 secured to thepanel I I- and having a shaft I6 (see Figure 3-) journalled in a bearing support III: having a plate I8 secured in position on the front of panel I -I.v The shaft I6 extends through the'plate I6 and has attached thereto a hand wheel I8 for manually turning the shaft 16.. Sprocket-wheels 80, 6| are mounted on the shaft I6. andthe wheel 8I- isconnected by means of a sprocket chain 82 (see Fig. 2) to a sprocket wheel 83 fixedtothe: control shaft 64' of the integrator III- turning shaft which will adjust the output speed of the saidintegrator I4. An indicator 85v is mounted onthe plateIB to be viewed from the front ofthe panel H (see Fig. 1-) and its shaft (see Fig. 2) has a sprocket wheel 86 attachedthereto and. connected to the sprocket 86 by a chain 81.. The indicator 85 may be calibrat'ed. in. such a manner that upon turning of the shaft 16 the setting ofthe integrator M will be shown. and thereby the speed of theoutput shaft I5.
The bevel gear drivev I9 and the ratio controller or integratorv I6.of. unit I I are mounted on the frame. ofpanel. I2 (see Figs. 2- and 6). In practice,v the shaft I5' for. assembly reasons is made insections I5. which are joined by universal connection I50... The integrator I6 is also controlled. by a. mechanism designated generally 88' (Fig. 6) having a. shaft 89. journallecl in a bearing. support SO-having a plate SII attached to the front of the panel. The shaft-89 has a hand Wheel; 92' thereon and extends to be connected to the control. 93' of. the integrator H3. The mechanism- 88. also includes an-indicator 94 on the shaft of. which. a sprocket wheel 95 is attached. A sprocket wheel. 96. is carried by shaft 53 and a chain 91 is trained over said sprocket wheels 95, 96 whereupon rotating of saidshaft 89 causes said indicator tobe operated toindicate th setting of' said integrator. The indicator may be calibrated to indicate in percentage the ratio of the setting ofthe integrator IE to the master shaft I5. The differential 20- is also mounted on the panel. 12 and. inthepractical construction of the apparatus is. shown connected to the output of the integrator I6 by means of shaft portions I8, 21 connected toeach other by a clutch 32. The other primary shaft of the differential may be connected to the connection 35 by shaft 28 including clutch 36. The clutches 32 and 36 are simultaneously controlled from the front of panel "by means of a shaft 38 (Fig. 6) having a handle. M5 for. manually turning the same. A lever I06 (see-Figure 8-) ismounted to rotate with the shaft 36 and a similar lever IOBa is mounted for freev pivotal aotionas at I01. A pair of links I98 are pivotallyattached to the free ends of the levers to-engage the-clutches 32 and 36 and lift the same out ofdriving' relation with the shaft portions I8=and 28 when said shaft 38 is moved in one direction. Upon movement of the shaft 38 in the other. direction, thelinks I08 will be moved generally vertically in a downward direction to permit the said clutches 32 and 36 to move by the action of gravity into driving relation with the shaft portions [8, 28. The shaft 33 also upon rotation from one position to another controls the air valve we (Fig. 7) to out off the air supply to the air operated controller 53 whenever the clutches 32 and 3'6 are disengaged. A lever He is secured to the shaft 38 and depends therefrom and is provided with a pin iii at the free end thereof. extending into engagement with the pin HI is pivoted as at H4 .to a bracket H5 on the body of the valve Hi9 and is pivotally joined at the other end to the plunger H6 of the valve H19. Upon rotation of said shaft 38, lever H will turn lever H2 about pivot H4 to move plunger Hi; to operate said valve i 09.
The counter 64 of component unit H is mounted on the panel 12 to be viewed from the front thereof and is connected to a primary shaft of the differential 2b, as by means of a flexible connection Ill (see Figs. 2 and The clutch 66 is mounted within the housing of the counter and the clutch-operating shaft til is connected to the air cylinder 68 as by means of a clevis H8 (Fig. 2) carried by the shaft 8'! and pivotally secured to the plunger H9 of the air cylinder 68. The instruments, device and controls of unit ll are likewise mounted on panel 12'. The electric and branch circuits are controlled by a main 1 master switch E which has five different settings (not shown) for providing five different operations of the apparatus. There are oh, drive, test, blend, and flow back positions. Each component unit H, I! also has a switch 6|, 6| respectively, for placing said components in and out of operative position.
The operation of the apparatus Assuming a new formulation of compound to be made, the operator turns master switch I26 to the drive position illuminating the left light I23 on panel II and starting motor I2 which operates line shaft it through variable speed con troller M. The components required in the blend are then selected by turning pistol grip switches BI and Bi which start the pumps 43 and 43 setting up a recirculation of the respective components through the air eliminators 5B and 50', control valves id and 54, meters 33 and 33, recirculation valves 65 and 45', and conduits 4i and ll. The object of this recirculation procedure at this point is to eliminate all air from the system. so that metering errors will not be caused when the system is finally put on stream. The fact that these switches have been properly set is indicated by the illumination of supervisory signal lights 62, 62, 63, and 63' at the head of each component panel 12 and 12. Master rate controller I4 is now set to the rate of speed corresponding to the desired rate of delivery of total finished product and component ratio controllers i5 and IS. are set to produce the percentage required of the fluid controlled by each component unit 1 l and ii. Pistol grips Hi5 and H are now engaged connecting pacing and metering elements to differ entials 29 and 2t. At this point totalizers 64 and 64 are not yet connected into the system because clutches 65 and 65' are not yet engaged. The operator allows pointers l25 and I25 to come to the set point before taking the next step.
It will be noted that at this point in the procedure the purpose for recirculating each component is to allow the individual control valves 54 and M to reach whatever positions are required A lever H2 having a forked end H3 to produce the flows demanded; this condition exists only when the pointers 225i and 25 on the air controllers 53 and 53 are at their set points. The set point of the pointers I25 and 525' which are directly connected to secondary shafts 2d and 29' of differentials 23 and 25 will always be the same regardless of the positions required of the control valves 44 and 44 as the controllers 53 and 53 are of the floating type as distinguished from the proportional type in which a different position of the pointer is required for every different position of the flow control valves is and 44,
The totalizers Ed and G4 are reset to zero before switch E28 is moved to the test position.
When switch I20 is moved to the test position, the middle light I23 is illuminated and the left light is extinguished. The totalizers are simultaneously clutched into the system by air cylinder 63 and a preliminary run is made with all components in recirculation through air eliminators 5d and valves and 44, meters 33 and 33', 3-way valves 45 and 45', and conduit ii and ii.
Timer I22 presets the duration of thetest run and on completion of this period totalizers @3 3 and 64' are automatically ole-clutched by air cylinder 68. At the end of the test period the figures shown by the totalizers (it and E i will immediately enable the operator to check the percentages set on ratio controllers i6 and It because the totalizers 64 and 6 1 when added to gether and the individual totals divided by the sum of the two will give percentages which can be checked against the respective handwheel settings. Furthermore, the aforementioned sum will also give a check on the setting of ratio controller M. It shall be borne in mind that totalizers 64 and 64' actually read total flow through meters 33 and 33 during the test run. If the totals shown by the individual totalizers are as set on the ratio controllers It and it, the operator then manually resets the totalizers. However, if electrically reset totalizers are employed, an additional position is provided on switch'ltii marked totalizer reset, and the operator would move the switch to this position before moving to the next position which is blend.
The moment the operator moves switch i253 to the blend position he illuminates the right hand light I23 on the master control panel ii and extinguishes the center light, which automatically trips recirculation valves 45 and 35' to a position which closes recirculation conduits ii and il and opens the connections 69 and 69' to the blend manifold. Simultaneously with the tripping of the 3-way recirculation valves, the totaiizers lid and 64 are clutched into the system so that totals appearing during and at the completion of the run will correctly report total quantities of each component in the finished product.
Should any component supply to the system fail to correspond exactly to the demands set up by shafts I8 and E8, the secondary shafts 251 and 29 of the differentials 20- and 2!) together with pointers I25 and H5 will be displaced from their set point positions until contacts 58 and 58' are closed. Closing of the contacts 58 and 58 immediately de-clutches totalizers 64 and 64' by energizing air cylinder 68 and at the same time trip recirculation valves 45 and it so as to throw the entire blender on recirculation until the difiiculty has been corrected. On restoration of the flow which failed, the apparatus will auto matically return to service and counters and 64 are simultaneously reclutched along with tripping of valves-45 and 45' from recirculation to blend. At that timepointers l25and I25 will be displaced by an angular-amount from the'set point and control va1ves'44 and/or 44 will bewidc open calling for fluid. -Meters33 and 33 will therefore have to run ahead in order to'bring arm 25 back to its set point thereby making'upthe shortage which occurred in cutting themachine off the line. At the completion of a blending operation the mastercontrol switch. 120 may be turned to'the off position after shuttingsoff the component pumps43 and 43 by. turning switch 6! and El and tie-clutching the diifercnti'als by turning pistol grips I05 and I55. This puts'the blender completely outof service. In the event that a change in formulation of the blend is vto be made and operations'are to be continuedithe main switch I29 is'turnedto drive,=at'which time all components are put back into recirculation through valves and M, mete1's .33;and'-I33, 3-way valves 45 and.45,.andconduits 41 and' ll, and at the same time the totalizers :are declutched. At this point the operator manually resets the totalizersiie and Sitozero and resets the ratio controllers'lii and |5"-to.1the new/percentage values required for the new product. :He may also reset master rate controller 14 in-the event a new rateof end product :fiow isnesired. In the event that the. product :has previously been made and calibrations of ratio controllers l5 and i6 have already heen'establishedrthere is no necessity for going through the test position and the operator may turn switchJZfl through the test position and go directly on'blend. L'HoW- ever, should-he so desire, he canpre-test the lend as previously described.
.Should the change informulation require a new component notpreviously in thesysteinghe will turn the masterswitch l2il'baos: to drive and then turn pistolgripstl and/orafilfltothe blow-back position. This vwill:automatically stop pump 43 and/orr3'rand'open 3eway .valves 5l and/or 5!, admitting compressedaairtolthe air eliminator which is the highpointof the recirculation system. The .air will driveithe previous fluid out through-conduits 42 andidl backto -the supply source. A new fluid: is thenconnected-to the system andrpistolgrips -E5! end/or ti are turned from blow-back to the "6011 position, starting pump 43. The'new fluid is-then'f-deliverecl through the air5eliminator 59 andiifliand through the recirculation conduit 4! and IT. The recirculation will:continue-untiltthe float in the air eliminator 56 closes L a-way fivalves j-5l and/orifil'. At that vpointalight IZ l-or 424' is illuminated, indicating that blow back. has been completed. The operator can then proceed-to his test runandto blend 'as hereinbeiore-. de scribed.
1. An-apparatus for proportioningthe flow of a plurality of liquids to be combined comprising a master power pacingconstant rate --rotative member, the speed of which is-unity for the volume of the combined liquids atanyinstant during operation, a plurality'of-flow linesand a ratio control for each 'flow line responsive "to changes in the speed of the pacing-member and adjustable to predetermine the volume of 'the flow of liquid through each'flow-linein definite proportions to the speed'of said-rotative power pacing member at any instant during operation and a differentialmeans'for each -fiow line responsive to the speed of the ratio controller and the volume of liquid moving through said flow' 75 line'for controlling 'thezfiow of :saidliquid;at a
ratio: governed by .said'ratio: controller, :and means for recirculating the liquid. inzaiportionoi" each .line in definite proportion -.to the-specdoi 'said .power pacing force at anyiinstantiduring opera tion, a counter for each flow line ior'indicating the proportion of ,the individual I volume. of the 'flow of liquid in' each flow .line in relation to the speed of the pacingsmember, means-for recirculating the fiow of liquidin a portion of-each flow ;.=lin upon a failure offlow in any fiow' line, and means automatically operable for :clisccnnecting all of said counters upon the sem -recirculation of saidlliquid and operable to automaticallyreengage said counters upon said iailure oi llow :having been corrected.
3.-An apparatus for proportioning tliefiowof -liquidscomprising a'masterconstant rate motor,
30-a rotatable member in'ithe line of flow ofweach of a plurality of liquidsv adapted .to'produce' for 'aiunit volume of 'fiow-ofdiquida definite angular movement of the rotatable"member,- a valve for controlling the flow of liquid to said rotatable member, a difierentialxhaving two primary shafts :and one secondary shaft movable uponadiiference in rotation of said primary shafts a power transmitting means between said motor and said difierential for rotating a first primary shaft of said'difierential at a constant speed, a ratio controller adjustable to control the speed or said transmitting means in definite proportion to the speed of themotorat any instant during operation, a second power transmitting mean between said rotary member and said differential-to rotate the second primary shaft thereof, andmeans actuated'by thesecondaryshaft of said differential to instantaneously operate said-valve to control the-flow of liquid to said'rotateble member to rotateasaid second'primary'shaftat a speed equal to the said first primary shaft, a counter for each. flow line-.connected to said power transmittingmeans, and clutch means between the first said power transmitting means and saidfirst primary shaft whereby said-transmitting means and first primary shaft may be disconnected and theaccumulated readings of said counters may be compared to the speed of the pacing member without 'the passingof liquid through said flow lines.
4. An. apparatus as set forth in claim' 3 wherein an adjustable master rate controller of the'infinitely variable stepless integrator type is 12rovided for controlling the speed of the master power source.
'5. 'An apparatusicrcontrolling a flow of liquid, a line 'offiow'ior saidliquid, a master constant rate rotative power source, a rotatable member in said lineiof 'fiow'adapted to produce for a unit volume of flowof liquid aidefinite constant angular movement of said rotatable member, a recirculating flow line; connectedto-said line of flow on'the output side of said rotatable member,
said recirculating flow-line including the portion of said line offlow through said rotatable memher, a first valve for controlling the fiow of liquid to said rotatable member, a second valve for con trolling the flow of liquid from said rotatable member and to said recirculating flow line, a differential, a power transmitting means between said rotative power source and said differential to rotate a first primary shaft thereof at a corn stant rate, a ratio controller adjustable to control the speed of said transmitting means in definite proportion to the speed of the master power source, a second power transmitting means between said rotary member and said differential to rotate a second primary shaft thereof, means actuated by a secondary member of said diiferential to operate the said first valve to control the flow of liquid to said rotatable member to rotate said second primary shaft at a speed equal to the said first primary shaft, and limit means operable upon movement of said secondary membe to operate said second valve to open said recirculating fiow line to the flow of liquid upon failure of the flow in the said first flow line.
6. An apparatus as set forth in claim in which said second valve is electrically operated.
'7. An apparatus for proportioning the flow of a plurality of liquids in definite proportions to a unit volume of liquid after combined, comprising a master constant rate rotative power source common to said plurality of flows and the speed of which is unity of volume of the combined flows at any instant during operation, a rotatable member in each line of flow of said liquids adapted to produce for a unit volume of flow of liquid a definite constant angular movement of said rotatable member, a valve for controlling the flow of liquid to each of said rotatable members, a differential having two primary shafts for each line of flow, a power transmitting means between each of said differentials and said rotative power source for rotating a first primary shaft of its respective differential at a constant speed, a ratio controller for each of said power transmitting means adjustable for controlling the speed of rotation of each of said first primary shafts in definite proportion to the speed of the master power source, a second power transmitting means between each rotatable member and its respective differential to rotate the second primary shaft thereof, and means actuated by a secondary shaft of each of said differentials to operate the said valve in its respective flow line to instantaneously control the flow of liquid to its rotatable member to rotate the said second primary shaft of its respective differential at a speed equal to the said first primary shaft of said differential and clutch means between said differential and said power transmitting means whereby said power sources may be placed in operation prior to the connection thereof to said differentials.
8. An apparatus as set forth in claim 7 in which a counter is provided for each ratio controller to indicate the speed of rotation of the power transmitting means controlled thereby.
9. An apparatus for controlling the flow of a plurality of liquids in definite proportions to a unit volume of liquid after combined, comprising a master constant rate rotative power source providing a pacing system, the speed of which is unity of volume at any instant during operation, a rotative member in each flow line adapted to produce for a unit volume of flow of liquid a definite constant angular movement of said rotatable member, an air-operated valve in each of said flow lines, a differential for each line of now, a power transmitting means between each differential and said 'rotative power source for rotating a first primary shaft of each differential at a constant speed, a ratio controller for each of said transmitting means adjustable for controlling the speed of rotation thereof in definite proportions to the speed of the pacing system, a second power transmitting means between each of said rotatable members and its differential for rotating the second primary shaft of its respective differential, an air controller for each flow line actuated upon movement of a secondary member of each differential to operate the valve controlled therebyto control the fiow of liquid through each rotatable member to rotate the said second primary shaft of its respective differential at a speed equal to the speed of the first primary shaft of said differential, means for recirculating the liquid in a portion of each flow line upon failure of any fiow line and upon failure in the air line.
10. In an apparatus for controlling the flow of a plurality of liquids, a plurality of flow lines for said liquids, a recirculating line in each of said flow lines, air-operated valve for controlling each of said flow lines and its respective recirculating line, said valves being normally opened for the flow of liquid through said fiow lines and closed to the flow of liquid through said recirculating lines, a solenoid for controlling each of said valves, electrical means actuated upon a failure of any of said flow lines to energize all of said solenoids to close said valves to the flow of liquid through said flow lines and open said valve to the flow of liquid through said recirculating lines, said electrical means operating to automatically re-establish the flow through all of said flow lines upon the correction of said failure and means responsive to a failure in the air supply to any of said valves for closing all of said valves to the flow of liquid through said flow lines and to open said valves to the flow of liquid through said recirculating lines.
11. An apparatus for proportioning the fiow of a plurality of materials comprising an adjustable master power pacing constant rate rotative member, the speed of which is unity for the volume of the combined liquids at any instant during operation, a plurality of flow lines, a shaft rotatable to operate each flow line, a, ratio con trol device for each flow line driven from said rotative member and adjustable to deliver to its shaft a desired fraction of the speed of said rotative member, means controlled by each shaft for delivering a volume of liquid proportional to the speed of the shaft by the total of the liquids delivered adding to unity represented by the speed of the rotative member, a clutch interposed in each shaft between said control device and said means, a counter driven by each shaft on the control device side of the clutch whereby disconnecting the clutch causes operation of the counters without delivering material.
12. An apparatus for proportioning the flow of a plurality of materials comprising a plurality of supply lines, a rotatable member in each supply line adapted to produce a definite angular movement in response to unit volume of flow through said line, a valve for controlling the flow to each rotatable member, a valve on the delivery side of each member to control the delivery thereof to the blended mass, a differential for each line having two primary shafts and one secondary shaft movable upon the difference of rotation of said primary shafts, a power transmitting means secondary shaft to control all of the valves en the delivery side of @said members upon failure of the supply through any -.one of the-supply lines.
13. .An apparatus as in claim 12 wherein the last said means restores each of the last said valves to its prior position upon curing of the failure of said supplytline.
References Cited in the .-fi1e of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name .Date Kennedy July .30, 1935 Short Dec. 17, 1935 Short 17, 1935 'Bur't June 11 1940 Laufier et a1 July 1'6, 1940