|Publication number||US2665784 A|
|Publication date||Jan 12, 1954|
|Filing date||Apr 20, 1949|
|Priority date||Apr 20, 1949|
|Publication number||US 2665784 A, US 2665784A, US-A-2665784, US2665784 A, US2665784A|
|Inventors||Kenneth B Lacy|
|Original Assignee||Lighting Products Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (4), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
INVENTOR: KENNETH B. LACY BY ATT'Y Patented Jan. 12, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Lighting Products, Inc.,
corporation of Illinois Application April 20, 1949, Serial No. 88,595
This invention relates in general to a cellular louver for electric lighting fixtures, particularly of the fluorescent tube type and is more particularly described as a flexible fibrous louver of fire resisting material such as paper or cardboard which either may or may not be coated or otherwise treated with fire or flame resistant material. In making a louver of this kind out of flexible material such as cardboard, it is difficult to keep the strips of the louver together in inner engaged position without some additional holding means, and even when the louver strips are properly connected, the flexible and collapsible nature of the unit makes it desirable to utilize a stifiening and holding structure for keeping it in an extended rectangular position.
One of the objects of the invention is to provide a stiff support for maintaining a flexible louver unit in extended substantially rectangular position.
A further object of the invention is to provide means for locking the louver strips against disengagement from each other.
A further object of the invention is to provide a stiffening structure for a flexible lighting louver unit in which a web portion of the stiffening unit is inserted in the slot of the louver strips which is tightly held there by friction, to prevent the louver unit from weaving and keeping it in alignment.
Other objects of the invention will appear in the specification and will be apparent from the accompanying drawings in which,
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one corner of a lover unit in accordance with this invention;
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of the structure shown in Fig. 1; and
Fig. 3 is a top plan view showing more particularly the louver stiffening feature for a lighting unit.
In making cellular louvers for lighting fixtures of flexible material such as paper or fiber, it is found that the louver strips increase and decrease in size depending upon the moisture content so that even though the strips are tightly interengaged when originally installed, they become loose when thoroughly dry, tending to slip apart easily when being transferred, handled or applied. Furthermore, the slots are not intended to engage too tightly as that prevents the rapid inter-engagement of the strips and would prevent them from folding flatly together if they are collapsed for shipment or storage.
The present invention provides a tape which is inserted in special end slots opposite the regular Highland Park, 111., a
interengaging slots at at least two outer sides of the louver unit, and a thin metal angle is also inserted in at least two outer slots at right angles to each other for holding the strips of the louver in predetermined angular position, usually at right angles to each other.
Referring now more particularly to the drawings, a louver unit for lighting or other similar purposes is composed of similar strips 6 of flexible material such as fiber, reinforced paper or cardboard, and the outer sides of this may be made flameproof or fire resistant by covering it with thin metal foil or treating or impregnating the material with a fire resistant material. Each strip 6 has slots 8 extending from one side edge thereof and at spaced distances apart so that when a number of the strips are reversed and interengaged in the slots of the opposite strips, an angular and cellular structure is formed which may be collapsed flatly or extended into rectangular and cellular position in a well known manner. At the ends of each strip and opposite the ordinary slot 8 thereof is a locking slot [0 extending from the opposite edge of the strip so that a locking tape I2 may be inserted therein along the edge of the end strip and if this tape is preferably adhesive and attached to the adjacent edge of the strip seated in the locking slots I0 of the ends of the strips. A locking tape I2 is thus applied to the opposite edges of the outermost strips at two adjacent sides and preferably, in this manner, to all four of the sides to complete the locking arrangement.
After a unit of strips of the desired shape and size has been assembled, the locking tapes [2 are simply inserted in the locking slots I 0 at the ends and in the ordinary slots 8 in the opposite edges of adjacent strips thereby firmly holding and locking all of the strips in place so that the unit may be freely handled an transported without danger of the strips becoming disengaged therefrom. The locking engagement is used on all four sides, and for very long louvers, it may also be advantageous to run it transversely across the center to support the long strips which may have a tendency to separate or disengage over too long aspace.
To additionally support and maintain an assembled unit in rectangular form, a light metal construction consisting of angle bars l4 and I6 are inserted in the slots 8 and I0 of the intersecting strips along one outer side of the assembled unit and at right angles thereto along the other adjacent side, the angle bars crossing at their adjacent corner and may have a fastenangles with respect to each other.
ing device l8 such as a rivet extending therethrough for positively holding them at right When the louver unit is assembled and extended to right angled or normal cellular position, the strips fit more freely in the slots 8 so that the angle bars l4 and I6 which are preferably formed of thin metal may be inserted in the slots 8 and I0 thereby'holding the unit tightly in place, preventing it from movement, disengagement and consequent wearing of the strips. To disengage the cellular unit from the angle bars, it is necessary only to lift them out of engagement of the vertical web of the bars freeing the bars from the slots 8 and 10.
With this construction, these fiexible cellular units when once assembled are tightly held in place by the locking tapes l2 so that the strips 7 do not become disengaged from each other even though the unit is collapsed and extended and is freely handled for application and removal. When the assembled unit of louver strips is extended and placed in engagement with the angle bars, the unit is held in rectangular arrangement so that the unit can be accurately applied to and received in a lighting fixture frame. The louver unit floats upon the distending angle bars and is' not positively fastened thereto except by the friction of' the slots.
While I have described. a preferred construction and arrangement in some detail, it should be regarded as an illustration or example and not as a limitation or restriction of the invention as various changes may be made in; the con-- struction, combination and arrangement or the parts without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention,
1. A lighting fixture louver, comprising'a plurality of flexible fiat strips each having spaced slots: cut from one edge thereof and the strips reversely assembled in two series with the strips of one series being angularly disposed with respect to those of the other and with body portions of strips of each series fitting in the slots of the strips of the other series and. forming a rectangular cellular structure having intersecting side edges, locking means engaging the sides of the outermost strips and interlocked with the'ends of' all strips and holding all strips against dis engagement, and angular supporting means engaged in the outer slots of the strips in two adjacent edges of the structure holding the strips inrectangular assembled position.
2. In a lighting fixture louver, a plurality of strips: having spaced slots extending substantially half-way through each strip from one edge thereof, the strips placed oppositely and in two series with the strips of one series being angularly disposed with respect to those of the other and with body portions of strips of each series fitting in the slots of the strips of the other series and forming a reotangularcellular unit, locking slots at the ends of the strips extending reversely to the interengaging slots, locking mean engaging the sides of the outermost strips and interlocked with the ends of all strips and holding all strips against disengagement, and means for holding 4 the assembled cellular unit in distended position comprising angle bars inserted in the outer interengaging slots in two adjacent edges of the unit and the angle bars overlapping and secured together at the corner.
3. In a cellular unit for lighting fixtures, a plurality of flexible fibrous strips each having spaced slots extending from one edge-thereof, the strips disposed reversely and the respective strips in two series with the strips of one series being angularly disposed with respect to those of the other and with body portions of strips of each series fitting in the slots of the strips or the other series and forming a rectangular cellular unit, means at the ends of'the strips locking them into engagement with the adjacent cross strip, and means comprising stifi angle bars inserted in the interengaging slots in two adjacent edges at the sides of the assembled unit connected and intersecting at a corner and holding the unit in distended cellular-position. ,7
4. A cellular louver unit composed of flexible fibrous strips, each having spaced slots extending from one side thereof approximately half-way through the strip and the strips disposed reversely in two series with the strips of one series being angularly disposed with respect to those of the other and with body portions of strips of each series tting in the slots of the strips or the other series and forming a. rectangular collapsible unit, locking means engaging the sides or the outermost strips and interlocked with the ends of all strips and holding all strips against disengagement, and means frictionally engaged with the outer interengaging slots at-t-wo adjacent edges of the unit holding the unit in relatively distended cellular position.
5. In a cellular unit, comprising a plurality of strips or flexible sheet material, each strip having spaced slots extending from one edge thereof substantially'half-way through the strip and the strips being disposed reversely in two series with the strips of one series being angularly disposed with respect to those of the other and with body portions of strips of each series fitting in the slots of the strips of the other series and forming a rectangularcellular unit, locking-means engaging the sides of the outermost strips and interlocked. with the ends of all strips and holding all strips against disengagement in assembled position, and a pair of stiff angle bars secured together at right angles to each other, one web of each angle bar extendinginto the outer slots and interlocked with the transverse strips for holding the unit in distended position.
KENNETH B. LACY.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 200,103 Stevens s Feb. 5, 1878 794,627 Klenk July 11, 1905 1,008,395 Ubbink Nov. 14, 1911 1,616,243 Weber Feb. 1, 1927 1,965,143 'Hoeh July 3, 1934 2,007,716 Green July 9, 1935 2,396,735 Leigh Mar. 19, 1945
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US200103 *||Jan 16, 1878||Feb 5, 1878||Improvement in cell-cases|
|US794627 *||Oct 24, 1904||Jul 11, 1905||Gottlieb Klenk||Partition for boxes.|
|US1008395 *||Mar 24, 1910||Nov 14, 1911||Joseph Ubbink||Sidewalk-form.|
|US1616243 *||Jun 15, 1925||Feb 1, 1927||Max Weber||Filler construction|
|US1965143 *||Mar 25, 1933||Jul 3, 1934||Hoeh Frederick A||Box partition|
|US2007716 *||Jun 21, 1934||Jul 9, 1935||Globe Machine & Stamping Compa||Grid-type grille|
|US2396735 *||Apr 19, 1944||Mar 19, 1946||Air Control Products Inc||Grille|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2873828 *||Jan 27, 1955||Feb 17, 1959||Zitomer Joseph H||Illuminated electric ceiling fixture construction|
|US2952079 *||Aug 21, 1957||Sep 13, 1960||Burton Rodgers Inc||Training panel assembly|
|US3017973 *||May 21, 1958||Jan 23, 1962||Schwartz Robert A D||Louvre and hanger therefor|
|US3807116 *||Nov 23, 1971||Apr 30, 1974||Flynn E||Building panel|
|U.S. Classification||52/656.8, 362/290, 52/668|
|International Classification||F21V11/06, F21V11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F21Y2103/00, F21V11/00, F21V11/06|
|European Classification||F21V11/00, F21V11/06|