US 2666556 A
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Jan. 19; 1954 2,666,556
M. S. ZISKIN ET AL TEAKETTLE Filed March 8, 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet l 4 I i ""F INVENTORS.
MANUEL S. Zusxm BY RALPH B. Bums ATT 0 RNEX.
Jim. 19, 1954 Filed March 8, 1949 M. S. ZlSKlN ET AL 2,666,556
TEAKETTLE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 m F\c1.7
INVENTORS. MANUEL. 5.Z\s\ m BY RALPH B. Bmue ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 19, 1954 TEAKETTLE Manuel S. Ziskin, University Heights, and Ralph B. Billig, Erieside, Ohio, assignors to Kromex Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application March 8, 1949, Serial No. 80,166 8 Claims. (01. 222-473) This invention relates, as indicated, to a teakettle.
A primary object of the invention is to provide a teakettle which is neat and attractive in appearance, of compact and simple design and construction, and well adapted for normal usage, that is, for the heating or boiling of Waterfor domestic use.
Another object of the invention is to provide a teakettle having a handle of unique and attractive design, a spout closure of unique design, and novel means associated'with the handle for raising and lowering the spout closure, such closure-operating means consisting of a minimum number of parts, which are readily accessible to the user of the teakettle.
Another object of the invention is to provide a teakettle comprising a closure operator having a lever which is of such design and is so positioned as to be automatically actuated when the teakettle is lifted from the stove, and is automatically released upon setting of the teakettle on the stove.
A further object of the invention is to provide a teakettle of the character described, the component parts of which are of such simple construction, and are so easy to assemble and disassemble, as to permit of manufacture of the teakettle in commercially desirable quantities, and at relatively low cost.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent during the course of the following description.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,
Fig. 1 is a top plan view of a teakettle embodying the invention;
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the teakettle, with portions thereof broken away or removed, to show certain details of construction, the spout closure or lid being shown in closed position;
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view, on an enlarged scale, taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1, and with the spout closure in closedposition;
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3, but showmg the spout closure in open'position;
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view, taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view, taken on the line 66 of Fig. 2, and
- Fig. '7 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view. taken on the line 1-1 of Fig. 3.
Referring more particularly to the drawings,
the teakettle will be seen to comprise a sheet metal shell or receptacle having a cylindrical body portion I, and a top 2 formed integrally with such body portion and of generally domeshaped contour. The kettle is provided with a bottom 3, which is telescoped into the body I, and is rigidly secured to the latter, as by a lockseam 4, as clearly shown in Fig. 6.
The kettle is also provided with a cylindrical filling and pouring spout 5, which is lock-seamed to the kettle, as at 6 (Fig. 3), to provide a watertight connection with the kettle.
The teakettle is further provided with a handle 1, preferably molded in one piece from a plastic. This handle is shaped or curved to conform with or generally follow the contour of the top of the teakettle, and has a rear foot portion 8 which extends at an inclination to the top of the teakettle, and is secured to the latter by means of a screw 9 and stake nut Ill, and a front foot portion II which extends vertically to the top of the teakettle and has a curved front surface I2. I
The handle is cored out to provide a hollow 5 space I 3, which is defined by vertical parallel walls I4 and I5 and an upper wall I6- which is curved longitudinally to conform with the general curvature of the handle, and which terminates at the rear in a socket or recess I1. In its lower portion, adjacent'the top of the kettle, the space I3 is bounded at the rear by a surface I8, which serves a purpose to be presently de--' scribed.
Disposed within the forward portion of the space is a bracket formed of sheet metal, bent to provide a base I 9, parallel sides 26 and 2|, and a flange 22. The base I9 is curved to conform with the curvature of the top 2 of the teakettle, and is secured to the latter by means'ofspaced screws 23 extending through the base and through holes in the topv 2, and stake nuts 24 secured to the lower ends of the screws and bearing against the inner surface of the top 2. The side 20 of the bracket is in contiguity with the wall I4, and the side 2I is in contiguity with the wall I5. The flange 22 is curved to conform with the curvature of the surface I2 of the handle, and extend vertically to the point 25, the flange, in effect, closing the lower portion of the front opening into the space I3 within the handle.
The teakettle further includes a closure or lid 26, for the spout 5, which closure or lid is preferably molded in one piece from a plastic similar in color to that from which the handle is made. This closure or lid is molded to provide a rib 2? which extends diametrically across the upper surface of the lid from front to rear and has an extension 28 of a width corresponding to the width of the space l3 of the handle, and an ex tension 29 of a reduced width corresponding to the space between the sides 20 and 2| of the bracket. The c losure i s pivotally movable about a tubular elementfw which extendsjtransverselii through the extension 29 of the lid and is disposed in an opening 3| of said extension. The
ofwh chlie in counterboifes' 35,;oflthejopeningsg it in q l ii 'egwo i .,J qiiea e. iq s a i! t eeb ecke fi ihs' e, ides h fix nr sion 29, and thereby prev ent easy pivotal movement of the lid about the pin. The, closure, or lid Zififthu's normally "rests on the upper edge ofuthe spout 5, with the: extension 29, thereof extending into th e s'pace between the sides 29.
and 2| of. the bracket pivotally secured tg 't e bracket by means of the pivot pinsii. The t? '5 3 nd, v t 111 1 8,, hus er e,. t-, nly, M M filter1s 1 e r 'nal he l s ra lid- 9 the a: a? as:
he q qs rw lid .8 a a nt e i e m hfconn'nunicates h anair spacefi'i ithin losurfefand is axialialignrnentwi n,
central opening 38 of a metallic disc 39; which: S,., l o. heh lq ur 9W. the eeefilq '40. This 'cornbination of ele responding to the widthof the space |9 inithe handle; The lever TM "is disposed below the nd extends. substantially from the rear,
heiidlelfbeiiisfp ovidedLat its) rear end w tn'a.
recess I If; and with a downturned forbut ls as a. mea s i e urin he against: displacement from the top 2 5 of forms a histle which isuactuated in rec-"l re within the teakettleto y from that'of the handle'and lid, of a width wcor ricalf'extensionfl which is seated zin flthel t emor toe 43,.Ipiovided in its front face 60 retained by said walls against axial displacement from the bracket. The toe 41 of the toggle member rests on the extension 29 of the lid 26, and the heel 43 extends into the recess 44 of the lever 4|, resting on the ledge 5| which forms the bottom of said recess. The coiled portion at of the toggle member.v is tensioned: sufficiently.- to cause theftoeYdl; and heel 48 to. bear with, slight resiliency on the parts on which they rest.
The lever 4| is normally maintained in the position shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, by means of a U' 'sl'i'aped compression spring 52, which is dislow the extension 29 of the lid 25, one this spring bearing against the lower 1the. extension 29, and the other arm 54 of the spring bearing against the heads of the screws 2 3, Longitudinal displacement of the springsfis prevented by virtue of the engagementioflthe bight of the spring with the flange 22 of the bracket, and the engagement of a flange 55; 0 111 the ar mfiq with the surface liiiof the handle.
It will also be noted that the upper end of thegsurfac e lt forms a stop for the toe 4.3. of the leyerl lj so, that-theilever cannot descendbelow the position shown in. Fig. 3. Moreover, the
" lower end-of th'e front. face of the toe i3, at all 55 rojt po ti n a ,m t e front foot portion ,1: er the.
with a rece s Theleverf lt is thus pivotally movable mg erticalplane about the 'pivot pointor'axis. indicated at 145 -The elosur operator furtherincludesa toggle.
49,;which extendsbetween the; sidesm and. 2 Let er formed ofl'wire which is bent to prov de; I termediate coiled portion 46,.a forward egg ens. 'nfj i an l ear d x en ie heel flir lfhe coiled. portion 45 of the toggle; m rib ri is .pivbta lx movab e a ou a piv t pi the bracket; and has'itsjends mountedin holes tlfe was l land 15' ofth'e handle, was to be" times, engages o r ,substantia lly engages, the rear edges of the sides 20 and 2| of the bracket, so that ithe lever cannqt b e longitudinally displaced om the 99 2 1 1 lf he n a The teahettle as v tlnis; described, is neat. and attractivein appearance, is, extremely compact and s ple. in design andzconstruction, and. is admirably. adaptedtfor normal usage, that is, for.
th nati eb ihiiina i w i ai e PW" .poses.
t m yhem- Withwe e the d si ed e th the w ater. being intr duced throughthe spout d; se fipe sed -z h t i i ft r ei eat st e eakeiile l f e rfwm h eispensng the water. from, the 1 spout 1t,is grasped .:by the handle. .1, the; fingersv of the hand will virtually automatically squeeze thelever 1 usineittq. P vot w a erx and-thieving it upward the contents of the .teakettle maybe poured, by
merely tilting the teakettle. This-is in contrast to existing teakettles, in which the openingof the lid; is accomplished. as a second and separate step;
froin'the" lifting of tlie tea kettle fromthe stove...
During'the aforesaid operatiomthe spring 52;
action islalso .virt u a 1y a operation, since v ye i e eee e i i aaeeaelztl i' t .seiting down of theteakett v remainin ,cbritat wit ithepart 'i on which they bear, 'irrespectiye.. .df "slight 'Wear' of Ivarious portions ofthef tpartshor 1 ac sot fitting due to large'toler'ances, so tha e tealgettle will ati all times remain ,in usable. and l operable condition.
It will'be apparent that the handle is of unique na mfiva tees ain spou c s e is of unique design, and that the closure operating means consists ft a min mum; l Wi r-zp a P3??? I 1y intothe. space 3 0i the handle-.' hi cau s het e l me beetq c o kabout the pivot pin, 48, which,- in: turn-causes the; closuregonlid.ZfiJtQlbe opened. In this. manner, thelid- .is lopened mirtually, simultaneousl with,
the lifting of the teakettle from the stone, and p if; e e. p ds il fle w which are readily accessible to the user of the teakettle, and that the component parts are of simple construction, and are so easy to assemble and disassemble, as to permit of manufacture of the teakettle in commercially desirable quantities, and at relatively low cost.
It is to be understood that the form of our invention, herewith shown and described, is to be taken as a preferred example of the same, and that various changes in the shape, size and arrangement of parts may be resorted to, without departing from the spirit of our invention, or the scope of the subjoined claims.
Having thus described our invention, we claim:
1. A teakettle comprising a receptacle having a cylindrical body portion and a closed top formed integrally with said body portion, a spout extending from said receptacle, a closure for said spout, a handle having a rear foot portion secured to said receptacle and a front foot portion in contiguity with said receptacle, said handle having a recess in said front foot portion, said recess having transversely spaced parallel vertical wall surfaces, a sheet metal bracket disposed in said recess, said bracket having a base and parallel vertical walls in contiguity with the walls of said recess, means securing said base to said receptacle, said spout closure having a rearward extension disposed between said bracket walls, and means for pivotally securing said extension to said bracket, said last-named means comprising a hollow pin extending through said extension and having the ends thereof mounted in the walls of said bracket, said pin restrained against axial movement by the walls of said recess, and screws extending through said handle and in threaded engagement with the ends of said pin. V
2. A teakettle, as defined in claim 1, in which said recess extends into the lower portion of said handle and to a point adjacent the upper end of the rear foot portion of the handle, forming a slot, and a lever is pivotally mounted in said slot,
said lever extending substantially the full length of said slot and normally projecting beyond the a toggle member is provided which is mounted 5 for rocking movement about a pin on said bracket, said toggle member having a toe portion resaid last-named pin has its ends mounted in the walls of said bracket and is restrained against axial movement by the walls of said recess.
5. A teakettle, as defined in claim 4, in which said lever is pivotally mounted in the handle at a point adjacent the upper end of the rear foot portion of the handle, and is restrained against longitudinal displacement from the handle by said bracket.
6. In a teakettle of the character described, a receptacle having a cylindrical body portion and a closed top formed integrally with said body portion, a spout extending from said receptacle, a closure for said spout, a handle secured to the closed top of said receptacle and having the major portion thereof extending in a substantially horizontal plane across said closed top, and means for raising said closure, said means comprising a substantially horizontal lever mounted in the lower portion of said horizontal portion of said handle and extending substantially the entire length of said horizontal portion of the handle and partially concealed within the handle, and adapted to be elevated by the fingers of the hand, simultaneously with the grasping of the handle when the teakettle is lifted.
7. A teakettle, as defined in claim 6, in which said lever is mounted at its rear end for pivotal movement in the plane of the handle.
8. A teakettle, as defined in claim 6, including means for retaining said lever against displacement longitudinally of the handle.
MANUEL S. ZISKIN.
RALPH B. BILLIG.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 803,964 Baker Nov. 7, 1905 1,103,319 Schisler July 14, 1914 1,193,157 Krause Aug. 1, 1916 45 1,819,037 Raster Aug. 18, 1931 1,837,198 Boylan Dec. 22, 1931 2,040,087 Hackl May 12, 1936 FOREIGN PATENTS 0 Number Country Date 427,496 Germany Apr. 6, 1926 518,114 Great Britain Feb. 19, 1940