US 2667207 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 26, 1954 CHAIR AND TABLE COMBINATION Filed June 14, 1950 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 llllllfll INVENTOR.
J. A. MAGYAR 2,667,207 1 Jan. 26, 1954 Filed June 14, 1950 J. A. MAGYAR CHAIR AND TABLE COMBINATION 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 9 I I I 1 F2 UN a" 15 v 4:?7 "-4/ Z6 ,--/3 -5- Hl" J\\/3 0 32 19 L 30 1/ 32' "20 36 INVENTOR.
Jan. 26, 1954 J. A. MAGYAR 2,667,207
CHAIR AND TABLE COMBINATION Filed June 14, 1950 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 INVENTOR.
Patented Jan. 26, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ANDTABLE COMBINATION JolinA'nd'rew Magyar, Maple Heights, Ohio Kplil ifitfidn JiIn'e I-I, 1950, Serial N 1 68}01 0" I 8 Claims. 1 This inventi'oni relates 1 to) convertible: furniture and particularly to a chair and: table" of matching height. and an" adapter cooperable' with the chair and table together to provide therewith a high. chair or conventional height, and with the chair alone: to provide an exercising chair of properheight.
Heretofore}. chair and table combinations have been provided wherein: the leg assemblage of a high chair of conventional height is in. the form of an upper sub-assemblage and a lower sub-assemblage, the: upper end. of. the lower sub assemblage being. hinged to the. lower end of the upper sub-assemblage: so that.- the chain. when not. used as a.- highchair, canbe supported. on a floor by the upper sub-assemblage with. the seat at a level above the floor lower than high chair level. The lower sub-assemblage provided with a horizontal platform which, when the lower sub-assemblage is in a high chair supporting position is spaced ahove the. level of the floor and which when the-lower. sub-assemblage is inverted from its chair supporting position serves as a table top ormatchi ngl height relative to the chair seat. I'nsuch prior structure it is necessary that the platform be" spaced this manner above the floor" level when the subassemblage is in high chairsupporting. position so as to be of'matching'heightrelative toa chair seat of proper level when the lower sub=-asseinblage is inverted to form a table. This is because the proper' chair seat'level; when the chair is supported on the floor" as. a low chair; by the upper sub-assemblage, limited to a relatively narrow range of levels which permits a childs feet to rest fiat on the floor when the child isseated' in" the chair whereas the conventional seat level of a high chai'r'is'gieaterthan' the combined height of the table top" and a low chair seat. Again, in Such" rior" structures the Juneture of the sub-assemblages must" be relatively limited in horizontal extent as otherwise the chair, when used as a high chair; would be too cumbersome. Accordinglyj whemt'h'e lower suba'ssemblage is inverted: to-pmvide: the table; thefeet' of. the resultant table define a; very small area and the tablethereforeis unstableand apt to tip over. I
It is well. knownthat-avery young child does not remain inactive. for any appreciable interval when atthe dining table. After'a short interval he usually begins. tosquirm and to exercise by attempting to rock his high chair often causingthe high chair to upset. The same is true of'a low chair unless the child has a table of proper height for accommodating" toys and the like 2 for manipulation and: entertainment while seated.
In accordance with the present invention, a chair and table combination is-providedinwhich the chair seat and table top are of matching height, that is, they are of the proper relative heights so that when the chair" and table are disconnected: from each other and supported: on thefloor, thechild can-sit in normal: position in the chair with hislegs under the table; his feet fiat on the floor and his arms and headat'a proper level with respect to the table top; A de'- tachable: adapter is provided which is assembled with the chair and table-so that the adapter is supported by'the table while the table. is:'in:nor mal upright position: and. in; turn supports; the
chair above the table with the. chair seat. at the conventional high chair seat level, thereby pro-" viding. a high chair with its'seat attheproper level relative to the level of a: conventional diningi room table; The adapter thus compensates for the insufiicient high chair seat level that would result were a chair and table. eachof proper height when floor supported. assembled with the chair directly on the table.
The adapter also isadapted: to rest on the floor. and is provided witha glider or other'movable" support for the chair at an" elevation: such that, when the adapter rests on the hear and the chair is mounted thereon. the'chair seat. is at a convenient height for the. child to rock or operate it by applying. his'ifeet to the floor..
Likewise when the table; chair and glider are assembled to provide a high chair; the child can manipulate the glider or" movable support to a: suificient extent to en-terta'in and exercise himself by throwing his weight forwardly and rear-' wardly without danger of upsetting. the assembled 'high chair;
Various specific objects. and advantages of the invention will: become apparent from-the following description wherein reference" is madeto the: drawings illustrating apreferred embodiment of. the: invention and in'which':
Fig. 1 is an'exploded perspective"view showing he chain. tableand-adapter of. the present invention;
Fig. 2 is an enl'a'rged side elevationshowing the: chair, condition to provide a high chair;
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken on the- Inlet-hot Fig; part thereof being shown elevation tor c1earl-lessinmus--- trat'ion';
Fig. 4 is a perspective viewsnowing; thetable table, and. adapter of Fig; 1 in' assembled prises three principal nal side frame members 3 and chair in use in floor supported condition, with a blackboard supported on the table;
Fig. 5 is a side elevation illustrating another use of the adapter when the adapter is floor supported.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary enlarged top plan view of the adapter and chair supporting platform showing a combined bumper and latching means for the platform;
Fig. 7 is a front elevation of the structure illustrated in Fig. 6, and
Fig. 8 is a sectional view taken. on line in Fig. '7
As illustrated in Fig. 1 the invention comelements, these being a chair, designated generally at I, an adapter, designated generally at generally at 3.
The chair I and for a small child, that is, the are of such height that a child seated in the chaircan place his legs beneath the table and rest his feet fiat on the floor while his arms and head are at the proper level above the table for working on the latter.
The chair may comprise two'legs 4, each of which preferably is a single length of tubular stock bent into U-shape. The legs 4 are connected by a cross brace 5 which also is of tubular stock and is welded or otherwise secured to the legs 4. The legs 4 are secured to the remainder of the chair by any conventional means such as bolts or screws, not shown. The chair I is provided with a seat 6, side arms I, and back 8 each of which may be of any conventional type. A suitable tray 9 of any of the conventional snapfastening detachable types may the chair I.
i The adapter 2 has a main frame which comprises two upper longitudinal side frame members II] and two lower longitudinal side frame members II therebeneath, respectively Each frame member I9 is connected to the frame member II table 3 are of matched height therebeneath by an upright member I2.. Either the upper frame members II] or the lower frame members II must be connected together. In the form illustrated, the lower frame members I I are so connected by means of a cross member I3. Preferably the entire main frame comprising the members I through I3 is formed from a single length of tubular stock.
Movably supported by the main frame of the adapter 2 is a chair supporting frame I4 which in the form illustrated comprises two longitudinal side sills I5 connected together by a cross member I6. These sills I5 and the member I6 preferably are in the form of structural angles.
-As mentioned, it is desirable to have the platform I4 mounted for movement relative to the main frame. One type of such mounting is illustrated and comprises links I! arranged one pair at each side of the platform IA. The links of each pair are spaced forwardly and rearwardly of the adapter from each other and all links are of the same length and pivotally connected at their upper ends to the upper longitudi- Iil of the main frame and at their lower ends to the sills I5 of the platform I4. As a result, the platform can be swung forwardly and rearwardly while being maintained in a horizontal position.
The table has four wide-spread legs I8. In the form illustrated the legs are preferably arranged in pairs, the legs of each pair being connected by the horizontal frame member I9 and these subchair and table be provided for 2, and a table, designated .these sub-assemblies also are preferably of tubular stock. 7
The top of the table preferably comprises a top sheet of Formica 2I or other suitable rigid material which is arranged to fit on top of the horizontal members 'I9 with its upper surface substantially tangent to the top level of the members I9. Beneath and against the top sheet is a suitable rigid and relatively thicker reinforcing plate 22 of wood or the like. The top sheet 2I preferably is glued securely to the plate 22. The plate 22 is secured in place by suitable brackets 23 which, in turn, are secured to the underside of the members I9. The lateral margins of the top sheet 2I are cut to fit the upper inwardly exposed portions of the members I9 so that the top sheet 2I is nested therebetween and supported directly thereon. The entire top can be removed by disconnecting the brackets 23 from the plate 22 and lifting the sheet 2| and plate'22 upwardly.
Suitable means are provided for detachably securing the chair I, adapter 2, and table 3 in assembled relation to provide a high chair. In the form illustrated, the connecting means between the chair I and platform I4 of the adapter 2 comprise suitable upright pins 24 which are secured in fixed position on the longitudinal side sills I5 and project upwardly thereabove. The legs 4 of the chair are provided withapertures 25 positioned to receive the pins for securing the chair in' fixed position laterally and longitudinally relative to the longitudinal side sills I5.
In order to secure the adapter'z to the table 3 the table is provided with suitable flanges 26 which are arranged at opposite sides. One flange is provided with apertures 21 in which pins 28 on one of the lower frame members II are received. The other flange 25 is provided with an aperture 29 in which aspring fitted detent 30 is received, the detent 30 being mounted in the other lower frame member II, as best illustrated in Fig. 3.
Suitable spring pads 35 are provided at the forward end of the members II to prevent forward rocking of the main frame of the adapter ZWhen the adapter 2 is supported on the floor.
If desired, as best illustrated in Fig. 4 suitable depending guides 32 may be secured at opposite sides of the table beneath the plate 22, these guides providing a slideway and support for a blackboard 33. The blackboard 33, in turn, is provided with the usual hinged leg 3d so that the lower edge of the blackboard frame may be placed against one fiange26 and the hinged leg against the other'fiange 26 for supporting the blackboard on the table in a convenient position for use by the child.
" If desired the adapter may be used for supporting a sleeping basket or crib 35 as illustrated in Fig. 5, inasmuch'as it can'support such a crib 2&575207.
usual manner due to their miner and matched height.
011 the other hand, th yma be assembled as shown in Fi 2 in which case the level of the chair seat is at the conventional height for high chairs.
A a n, due t th relation of thehe hts of th adapt r 2 and chair I... they may b u ed together to provide a glider. In such case, the adapter 2 is supported on the floor and in turn supports the chair I on the sills l5 with the chair seat in a sulficiently elevated position to permit the child so to engage the floor with his feet as to render convenient the manipulation of the glider.
It will be apparent from Fig. 2 that when the assembled chair, adapter and table are used as a high chair, the assembled highchair is extremely stable due to the wide spacing o the legs l8. Due to this spacing of the legs 18 and the resultant high degree of stability, movement of the chair by the child is not fraught with danger of overturning.
However, it is desirable that the degree to which the platform may glide forwardly and rearwardly be limited and in many nstances such as when a child is being fed that it bejlaz qhed in fixed position. For limiting the swinging movement and for selectively latching and unlatching the platform [4, the structures illustrated in Figs. 6 through 8 may be provided. One such bumper and one such latching means are provided at each side of the adapter but since they are the same in form and function, one only is described in detail.
Referring to Figs. 6 through 8, mounted on the outside of the sill I5 is a bumper, indicated generally at 31, which may be in the form of an elongated strip of metal having its ends turned outwardly to provide cars 38, each of which carries a rubber button 39. The bumper 31 is preferably centered between the forward and rearward links I! of the sill l5. Mounted on the lower frame member ll of the adapter is an upwardly extending strap 40 which has an offset portion 4| which extends vertically between the ears 38. The offset portion 4| is preferably of much less width than the distance between the rubber buttons 39 and is positioned so as to engage the buttons upon swinging of the platform forwardly and rearwardly so as to limit the forward and rearward movement of the platform. In order to latch the platform in fixed position the bumper 31 is provided with an aperture 42 and if desired the sill l5 may be provided with an aligned aperture 43. Mounted in the ofiset portion 4| of the strap 40 in axial alignment with the apertures 42 and 43 and for sliding movement axially is a pin 44. The pin and apertures 42 and 43 are so positioned as to be aligned when the platform is in its normal position of rest in which position it may be fixed by pushing the pin into the apertures 42 and 43 and from which position it may be released by moving the pin 44 outwardly. A suitable cotter pin or other means 45 is provided for limiting the movement of the pin into the apertures 42 or 43' and to prevent the pin from being drawn outwardly through the aperture in the offset portion 4|. If desired, however, the structure described may be reversed, the bumper being mounted on the lower frame member H and the strip of metal mounted on the sill I5.
The space between the buttons 39 and the width of the strap preferably are such as to limit the swinging movement of the platform |5 equidistantly from the normal position of rest. The
links iii! are suifieiently lenses. that the platform travels only the lower portion an are which s of sumeient rad us so that the vertical component of mov ment of the platform 44 is hardly detectable. v
While the plaftorm I14 i shown as arr n ed a a glider, it may be arranged to rock or swing. However, the glider type is pref-.erredinasmuchas there is less danger of the child falling cut of the chair if it is maintained at all times in horizontal position. As mentioned, the tray v9 preferably is snap fastened into position so as to reduce the chances of the child falling out .of the chain, 7
While I have described in detail a preferred embodiment of my invention for purposes of illustration, it is to be understood that various modifications may be made in 'the'details-of the structure without departing from my invention which is-definedin theclaims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. In combination, a table having its top at a conventional level above the floor for a small child, a chair having its seat at a matching level relative to the level of the table top when the chair is supported on the floor, an elevating adapter supported on the table and detachably connected thereto and extending above the level of the table top and detachably connected to the chair and supporting the chair with the chair seat above the level of the table top at the conventional high chair level above the floor, said adapter comprising a main frame resting on and detachably connected to the table, a chair supporting frame detachably connected to the chair for supporting the chair, and connecting means connected to the main frame and ,to the chair supporting frame and suspending the chair supporting frame from the main frame for oscillation of the chair supporting frame relative to the main frame in a direction forwardly and rearwardly of the chair.
2. The combination according to claim 1 characterized in that the table and adapter are detachably connected by means of upright flanges at the lateral edges of the one between which the other fits, and complementary interlocking means are provided on the flanges and on the other, respectively.
3. The combination according to claim 1 characterized in that limitin means are provided on the main frame and chair supporting frame and operatively interconnect the main frame and chair supporting frame so as to limit the relative oscillation between the main frame and chair supporting frame.
4. The combination according to claim 1 characterized in that cooperable latching members are provided on the chair supporting frame and on the main frame, respectively, for selectively latching the chair supporting frame against oscillation relative to the main frame.
5. The combination according to claim 1 characterized in that a combined bumper and latching means are provided for limiting the oscillation of the chair supporting frame and for latching the chair supporting frame in fixed position, selectively, and said bumper comprises an element on one of the frames having spaced abutments and an element on the other frame having a portion positioned between and normally spaced from said abutments, and means movably mounted on one of said elements and engageable with and disengageable with one of said elements,
selectively, for latching the elements together in fixed position, selectively.
6. The combination according to claim 1 characterized in that the main frame of the adapter has laterally spaced top frame portions disposed above the level of the chair supporting frame and the connecting means depend from said top frame portions and suspend the supporting frame from the said top frame portions of the main frame.
7. The combination according to claim 6 characterized in that said connecting means are in the form of links arranged in pairs, said pairs being pivotally connected to the lateral top frame portions, respectively, at their upper ends and to opposite sides of the chair supporting frame, respectively, at the lower ends, by horizontal pivots extending laterally of the frames.
8. In combination, a table having its top at a conventional level above the floor for a small child, a chair having its seat at a matching level relative to the level of the table top when the chairis supported on the floor, an elevating adapter supported on the table and detachably connected thereto and extending above the level of the table top and detachably connected to the 2 chair and. supporting the chair with the chair seat above the level of the table and at the conventional high chair level above the floor, flange members on the table at opposite sides thereof and projecting above the level of the table top so as to provide abutments for the frame and leg members, respectively, of an easel-type blackboard, and interconnecting means on the adapter and on the flanges, respectively, for detachably connecting the adapter to the table in fixed position.
JOHN ANDREW MAGYAR.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,160,927 Vavrik June 6, 1939 2,169,728 Halleran et al. Aug. 15, 1939 2,435,290 Scharaga Feb. 3, 1948 2,509,972 Gottfried May 30, 1950 2,516,773 Infranca et a1 July 25, 1950 2,541,664 Pollack et a1 Feb. 13, 1951 2,567,612 McGehee Sept. 11, 1951 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 599,243 Great Britain Mar. 8, 1948