Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2669740 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 23, 1954
Filing dateApr 16, 1949
Priority dateApr 16, 1949
Publication numberUS 2669740 A, US 2669740A, US-A-2669740, US2669740 A, US2669740A
InventorsMain Charles E
Original AssigneeMain Charles E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined closure cap and brush dispenser
US 2669740 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 23, 1954 c. E. MAIN 2,669,740

COMBINED CLOSURE CAP AND BRUSH DISPENSER Filed April 16, 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fig? /0 /z 26 INVENTORfl Ch arlasElMain BY W ATTORNEY Feb. 23, 1954 c. E. MAIN COMB INED CLOSURE CAP AND BRUSH DISPENSER 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed April 16, 1949 INVENTOR.

Charles EfMain BY W ATTORNEY I Patented Feb. 23, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COMBINED "CLOSURE (JAPAN D BRUSH DISPENSER Charles E. Main, Akron, Ohio Application April 16, 1949,?Serial'No. 88310.6

3 Claims. 1

"FIEhis invention :relates to a container with closure and dispensing :means, and ,more ;particularly to an improved sealing closure and dispensing device equipped with :a brush applicator and permanently :aflixedflto a container, which device is especially .adapted "to :to employed in the dispensing and brushing ofH-thelfiuid or liquid content of v the container upon or over various materials, such :as cloth, leather, etc., to clean and/or to polish such materials, or for cosmetic treatments.

An object of the present invention is to pro vide a combined .sealing closure :and dispensing device of the brush applicator type for containers which device, exclusive :of the brush applicator and an internal compressible packing element, shall be cheap and easy to produce and lends itself "to'being :made in two pieces only, each of molded organic thermoplastic material with relatively thick wall sections, and having threaded connection one withtthe other for relative rotational movement.

Another object of the invention is to provide a combinedsealing closure and d spensin devi o'f 'the type indicatedwhich will include an inner sealing closure member andcan O er "tu nable cap .whereinisealing of the c ntainer ag i t loss of its .fiuid contents or control rof-th w ofithe'li uid. out of the container will the-obtained by rmeans of. complementary iinterfitting sealing portions carried ibysaid do ureand cap members and r which .will be, brought into -either sealedI or opened-positions when the brush applicator cap is m nu lly urned in an app op iate direction on :the inner closure member.

iAnother object of the invention is to provide arcombinedxsealine closure and-dispensing (device of the ;type,;indicated which will include an .innor :sealing {closure carrying -a turnable outer capgformed with conical liquid discharge means for:;cooperation with a conical liquid feedingprojection'carriedby the innertsealingolosure wherenithezlatter will be permanently sealed :to the containerzhead, and sealing or control of the fiow of --liquid (contents from the container throu h said projection and-said conical discharge means to the brush applicatormay be obtained upon a pr pr ate turning of saidtcap on the inner closure member of rtheidevice.

To :these ends, the device of the inventioncomprises a combined sealing closure andgdispenser Offzthe brushvapplioator type; which in the-embodiment selected for-illustration :is {composed of two m m er h ving threadediconnection one w h the aother, "each of said members being formed asra ;re1a:tive1y -thick .walled generally up lik molded body of or anic th rm pla i m rial. he nnervqmoldedznlasti mem er rms the primary 'neiolosu e-ferti eontainer. 'Bhscontaincrtis: filled withrthexd s redflu d h 'f r rbein cappeiaftersvhich the inner sealing closure placed over the container mouthand reformed and shaped in arheated state to a portion of the container neck {and around and under one or more :beads thereon under ,conditions of axial and radial pressure carried out in a manner to cause the softened organic thermoplastic ma terial totbe forced against and ironed over the outer side walls of the container neck into intimate conformity with the exterior finishof such walls and bead portions. The brush applicator element is carried by the outer molded plastic member or cap. There is further provided a combined valve-and sealing means whichin its preferred form is composed of conical outflow passage means insaidHoap-adapted to be adjusted into adifrerentlopened and closed positions thy appropriate turning of the associatedcapior con trolling the feed of the fiuidcor liquid contents flowing out fromthe "container to the brush applicator element from a discharge vvent toraperiture ,in thesidewall portion of a hollowvconical projection disposed in cooperative sealing and valving relationshi with side surface portions :of said conical ,outfiovv passage means and ,formed integral Withthe topof the innermolded sealing closure of theidevice.

Illustrative embodiments of the invention are described inthe followingspecification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, vinwhich Fig. l isa side elevation of aicontainer equipped with ;a combined sealingclosure and dispensing means of they-brush applicator type constructed in accordance with thisinvention Fig. ,2 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view of a container head sealed with a combined closure and dispensingdevioe in ac cordance with this invention, and showing the valve rparts inclosedor sealed position;

Fig.3 is a sectional View similar to thatof Fig. 2 but showing the valve parts inunsealedorropen position for dispensing the fluidscontents to the brush applicator When the container is inverted;

,Fig. 4- isan enlarged top plan View ofthecombinedqsealine closureand dispensing device shown ingEig- Fig, 5 is 'a ;horizontal section taken on the line 5-1-5 of Fig. 2 showingthe hexagonal external rimendof the oontainer-headatthe mouth opening in interlockedrelationship with the twelve sided ,inner side Wall extremities of r the bottom recess of the combined sealing closure-and dis-' Fig. 7 illustrates diagrammatically a container 7 head having a screw-threaded neck and showing a molded thermoplastic closure cap at the completion of the roll-on sealing operation onto the container;

Fig. 8 shows in vertical section a modified form of thick walled thermoplastic dispensing closure cap applied to a container in accordance with the invention; the cap including a compressible high stretch plastic stopper element for sealing the container opening;

Fig. 9 is a greatly enlarged fragmentary sectional view, with the parts in elevation, of a container head provided with an external bead having a reentrant under surface, a molded preheated thick walled thermoplastic closure cap loosely fitted over the mouth opening of the head and encompassing the aforesaid bead, and a seal forming machine element depicted in dot and dash outline in proper position to begin a rollon sealing operation to reform the lower skirt portion of the closure cap, in a heated state, against and under the reentrant under surface of the bead; and

Fig. 10 is a greatly enlarged sectional view, in elevation, of a container head with two beads, each of substantially square cross-section, sealed with a closure cap having a skirt portion reformed in direct contact with under sides of both beads and with the intervening exterior surfaces on the container.

In Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive, reference numeral Ill designates a glass receptacle or rigid container for storing, transporting and dispensing various liquids or fluids such as, for example, liquid cosmetic preparations, polishing, or cleaning fluids, etc. The container It has an upstanding head in the form of a tubular neck 12 with rounded axially spaced external beads i3 and Hi disposed one above the other and separated by an external concaved wall surface 15. The neck I? has an upwardly open mouth passage IE through which the fluid contents flow when the container is inverted, and the outer rim of the container head I? at the upper end about the mouth opening it to the container is formed with a series of circumscribing flats to provide a hexagonal lip i8, as shown in Figs. 2, 5 and 6.

In the form shown in Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 6, the combined sealing closure and dispensing device for the container comprises inner and outer threadingly connected members 29 and 2| respectively each formed as molded generally cuplike bodies of organic thermoplastic material having relatively thick top and side walls. The organic thermoplastic materials of which the plastic members 28 and 2| may be formed may vary in nature and have different degrees of hardness and flow characteristics, so that different organic thermoplastic materials may be used to produce these relatively thick walled molded bodies having similar nature or like properties for application to the container ID in accordance with the invention. Preferably, the molded plastic members 28 and 2! are formed of cellulose acetate butyrate which is an organic thermoplastic material known in the plastic molding art under the trade name of Termite II and manufactured by the Tennessee Eastman Corporation, Kingsport, Tennessee. Molded articles formed from cellulose acetate butyrate have the following general characteristics: excellent dimensiona1 stability, high resistance to shrinkage and distortion under varying conditions of temperature and humidity, low moisture absorption, high impact strength, and improved surface finish.

The inner member 29 which constitutes the sealing closure member for the container [9 has a generally fiat top 22 with an upstanding axially disposed hollow conical projection 23 the side wall of which is formed with a fluid discharge vent or aperture 2 3 therethrough. The size of the aperture 2:!- may vary to suit the nature and viscosity of the fluid to be dispensed from the container 18.. Thus, for volatile fluids one or more very fine or minute apertures will be used whereas when viscous liquids are to be dispensed from the container an aperture of substantial size will be utilized. As illustrated, the closure member 29 is formed with an externally threaded upper portion 25 and a lower relatively thick walled depending annular skirt portion 26 delining a cylindrical open bottomed chamber extending axially inwardly from the bottom of the closure member and terminating in an annular end wall with an axially disposed feed opening. The inner wall surfaces of this chamber at the innermost end thereof adjoining the back or end wall are formed with a series of circumscribing flats to provide a twelve-sided socket 29 which will have interlocking engagement with the hexagonal lip 58 for restraining the closure member 2t from rotation about the container head I2 when the closure member is secured permanently thereto.

Fixed within the closure member 26 against the top wall of the cylindrical chamber is a sealing ring 35 of any suitable material, for example,

cork, synthetic rubber, or other resilient and compressible material the character of which will be unaffected by the fluid contents of the container.

According to this invention, and as shown in Fig. 6, the closure member 20, after being preheated to a temperature above its softening point, is placed while in a heated state over the container head with the depending skirt 25 completely embracing the beads l3 and i4 and extending for a substantial distance below the lower bead I3. When thus positioned, the hexagonal lip 18 will have interlocking connection with the twelve sided socket 29 provided interiorly of the open bottomed chamber of the closure member 20. While still in a heated state, the closure member 20 is forced downwardly by a pressure block 3| to compress the sealing ring 30, and while the closure member 20 is thus held by the pressure block 3! the skirt portion 25 is firmly forced radially inwardly against the container neck and the softened heated thermoplastic material of the skirt 26 deformed, reformed and forced into'direct contact and tight sealing relationship with the exterior concaved wall surface 55 and adjoining portions of the beads I3 and I4 bordering thereto by a suitable roll-on tool, for example, the rotatable spinning disk 33, the arrangement of which will be more fully described hereinafter, and arranged to be thrust in the direction indicated by the arrow against the outer portions of the closure skirt 2% to be reformed.

The pressure block 3| and the spinning disk 33 may form elements in a known form of bottle capping apparatus such as that disclosed in U. S. Patent No. 1,674,266 to Sharp. The substitution of the pressure block 3| here shown for the one shown in the above mentioned Sharp patent does not change the mode of operation of that apparatus when used in accordance with the present invention. As illustrated in Fig. 6, the pressure block13 I iislsuitablyeaffixed tosaiverticallyzmovable post 35'and the-pressure block :has a zdepending annular metal rrim..-portion136 which :defines a relatively shallow cup-like recess 337. "The pressure block 3| is provided witha central cylindrical bore 338 ofsuitablesize for receiving. theconical projection :23 -.of the closure .memberx20, ztheannularxrim F365 serving ;to effect centering of :the closure. inemberrzll with. respect to. the pressure blockz,3.l duringthecapping operation. *Thelower end of l the .rim "portion 736 :of the pressure'tblock preferablyeprojects .down over the top-edge portion of the ,closure member when .therecesstfi is :fullyseated upon the top of 171160105113611118111- ber, in which case, theconical projectionwfl .is housed wholly awithincthe central hole .238 of the pressure block ;-3.I

.In thecourseof the capping and roll-on operaticnszthe ;c1osure:member=.2 0 :is forced downwardly by c:the;;post and thewpressure member "31 to compress the sealingring '30 and-. hold sitwin a compressed state in tight sealing :engagement with the upper .end. opening of theucontainer headzIZ.

To carry out the spinning -or.roll-on operation, ias;rep resented .inpFig. 6, the rotary spinning disk-3:3 is there. shown asrbeing, attached-to a shaft rotatably mountedwin the outer end ofanlarm which may be suitably arranged 'for ilateral movement-towardsand from the container ahead l2 such as, for example, in the apparatus :disclosed in theaforesaidzsharp patent. Shaft 45 is yieldingly urged upwardly by a spring which bears at one end upon a nut lt attached. to the upper end of :the shafteandat its other end upona ccl-ar5il resting upon the outeriend of arm L46. The arrangement here shown :is such that the same mount for the spinning :disk can ibeuused for rolling the closure member 20 onto a :beaded container neck, as shown inFig. f6, 1012a. closure memberi20 uponqa threaded container neck 12.

as shown in Fig. '7 such as is provided on screw top :containers, or a closure 104 of thermoplastic material into :full locking engagement with ya pain-of spacedbeads ['02 and 1030f .sduare-crossrsection carried exteriorly by a container neck tl 0 i, such closure modifications and capping and sealingloperations in connection therewith according to the invention being more fully described "in greater detail hereinafter.

While there has beenshown in *Figs. Grand '7 ;a single :spinning disk element for rolling on and reforming theclosure skirt around thecontainer neck, it is to be understood that in practice, it is preferred to use .a plurality of such disks spacedv at .equal angular intervals around the container neck and having planetary.movementthereabout. :Returning now to thespecific structure :of the combined closure and dispensing device'zshown in .ELgs. .1 .to :6 inclusive, the outer plastic member 2| thereof, as previously stated, resembles arr-inverted cup-like body of molded organic thermo plastic material having a relatively thick flat top wall :66 with sloping side portions contiguous therewith :and a depending relatively thick .13111- nular skirt portion 63 defining an inwardly :directeddeep open bottom recess .64. The inner wall @portionof. said recess 6.4 is provided with internal screw threads complementary to the threads 25 of the inner closure member for threading connection and rotatablymounting of .the outer member 12! thereto.

:Secured :to the out r cap member 12 I i is brush applicator, the bristl .66 of whi h arearranged initwoparfillel rowstextending transversely across 15 rolls-aroundthecontainernneck:J21it-.pressestthe.

the-rend wall .of thescapfmembemzll; el helbnisjtlc tufts are arrangedin.clusters;;each havingrtwelve or .more sbristlesiand the :base .portionsg-of Ithe tufts forming lieachrcluster .are firmly anchored in .suitable .apertures provided through the :end wallof the cap memberz l. 'Theouterzcapimember. 21 is provided rwithian axially disposed :restricted. outlet 'oridischarge wpeningylfl tin its :end Wall. ,shown :in Fig. 3, the :outlet :10 5 :issconstrictediforwardly beyond its :midmortionmnd the .diameter of lithe outletzta-pers in 1both..'direc.- tions axially towards .the.-constricteda *partr. ofithe outlet. Thus, .the outlet :10 resembles .inilongitudinal: section a. double. con-ed openingisomewhat like :an'hour-glass. .Theuconical cwall surface of theinnerend of the outleti'lflkiswso shaped= zasito seatiagainst the conical. outerasurface of the .pro.- .iection 23 lot .zthe rclosure vmember :20 :to uclcse and :seal the restricted i outletof the .cap. member 2| when the .capis ina retracted closed ipOSitiOIl, and :to provide for acduid .controlx-actionbetween the conical .isurfaces *l l and :12 :to regulate the feeding of the container contents i'discha-rgecl from said side aperturelflto the .brush. ;tbristles 66 when the {cap umemberiz liis turned. into idi'f-' ferentextended openppositions. .W-hen it is desireditodispense; the contents of thei container l-fl, the ea-p121 ais unscrewed sufficiently to umoveuthe outlet ,opening "10 out ofengagement with the conical projection-'23, asshowniin IligJB. By inverting the rigid :.container *1 t0, the fluid :contents of the container will flow :through the, aperture or ventMjin'the sideof theiconical projection 28 and thence throughatheconicalifeedipassage thus provided to theoutside:otthekcapamemben2t to wet a group of four clusters .of bristle tufts, in :ithe immediatevproximity to "the marginal borders of theiconical :feed'hole. The fluid will ibe transf erred .to the remaining groups of bristles upon brushingxan. object with the applicator. The conioa'lside surface 11' of 'the'proj ection 23 has a legulatable and valving action with the inner conical surfaces :72 of the conicallfeedopening 10 for .fluid 1control :when the cap ZIJ is turned about the closure. member :20 into variousextended iopen Zliquid dispensing. positions. A fluid tight seal ;i,sx-,provided by the cap-.2! when' itlis screwed down onthe rclosure member 20"into a closed or sealed :position :to reflect firm sealing engagement :of the complementary .conical 'surfacesll and .12 of .thevfeed opening wand-the projection 2 23 respectively.

The inner conical ,vahting :andwealing surface (2 ofthe .cap '2! :extends more deeply into -the back .wall of the cap :andwalso well beyond the middle ofits end :wall thicknesses shown in Figs. 2-and 8,1thus providing a :feedopening having entrance and=exit ,endopenings of. different size conical surfaces.

:In Fig; 7 the thermoplastic .closure. skirtl 6f :in a .heated state, is iaffixed'to "the container =|IB'::by being deformedradially 'by the rotatable spinning :or roll-on disksSG and the heated :material reformed :around and lockedintothe threads .on the container neck :l2',. Thus,.:in the reforming operationillustrated in Figure f imthe. spinning disk 33" is pressed radially inwardly against; the closure :skirtflfi and relative rotation eitec'ted between :the .container l0 "and: the spinning disk .33'-,.in the courseof which operation :thedisk 33" softened thermoplastic material of the closure skirt 26' into the groove of the thread '5! progressively from the upper to the lower end of the thread. This results in spinning upon the plastic closure skirt of a thread in tight conformity with.

the threads of the container to form a fluid tight primary seal thereto and which will result due to the spring-back tendency of reformed thermoplastic material of the closure skirt and the resiliency of the sealing gasket 38 when the pressure block 3! is raised to remove its pressure upon the closure member In the modification shown in Fig. 3 the glass container 80 has afiixed thereto a dispensing cap 8| formed of a molded thermoplastic material with a depending flange 82 rolled on while in a heated state by a spinning disk 33" and interlocked under an exterior lip 83 formed at the top of the container neck. The cap 81 carries an upstanding tubular boss 34 through which is inserted the shank 85 of a removable pin stopper 86. Closing the neck discharge opening of the container is a tubular stopper 8! made of a high stretch plastic, such as polyethylene, and suitably attached at its upper end as by a layer of cement 88 to the under side of the cap 8| in such relation thereto that the projecting shank 85 of the pin stopper 86 will extend into and completely close the axial passage through the stopper 8?. The

outer peripheral sides of the stopper 8? preferably P eter of the container discharge opening to make a tight push fit therein.

In Fig. 9 is shown another form of the invention wherein a molded thick-walled thermoplastic sealing cap 90 with its internal packing ring is placed, while in a heated state, over the mouth opening of the neck l2' of the glass container 10". In this instance, the intermediate portion of the container neck 12 is formed with an external bead 9| having a reentrant undersurface 92, and the cap 99, after being applied over the neck IZ' in the manner just described, has its depending skirt 93 loosely fitted about the bead 9| so as to encompass the latter while the lower portion of the skirt Q3 extends downwardly below the bottom of the bead ill for a distance substantially equal to the radial width of the underside of the bead. Thus, sufficient thermoplastic material in the portion of the skirt 93 depending below the bead 9| will be assured for reforming and being ironed, in a heated state, against and under the reentrant undersurface of the bead 9|, as indicated at 93' in dot and dash outline, by a suitable roll-on disk 33 also indicated in dot and dash outline.

Fig. 10 shows still another modification of the invention in which the glass container Hill has its head or neck l0! formed with two circular beads [02 and H13 each of substantially square crosssection and spaced apart axially of the neck I01. The mouth opening of the neck Ill! is shown sealed by the closure cap HM of organic thermoplastic material and the compressible packing ring I61. The cap N34 has a relatively thick walled depending skirt m5, here shown at the completion of the roll-on sealing operation according to this invention, with the thermoplastic material of the heated skirt 105 being reformed and ironed under and in direct contact with the undersides of the beads Hi2 and H33 and also firm- 1y against the intervening exterior finish surfaces on the. container neck HH between 'both beads.

Prior to the reforming operation the lower portion of the skirt I05 occupies the position indi cated at [06 in dot and dash outline.

It will be observed in view of the foregoing description that the novel method of the present invention can be employed for afiixing sealingv closure caps to glass containers having one or.

more rounded beads spaced apart on the container neck as shown in Figs. 1 through 6, or to a container head having screw threads as shown in Fig. '7, or to a container head having an undercut flange with a negative rake, or to a container head having one or more straight flanges as shown in Fig. 10. In each of the specific forms above described it is to be understood that a. gasket ring 30, 30, 30" or I01 of cork, rubber or.

other resilient and compressible material is provided interiorly of the sealing closure members 2i), 2!,90 and E04 respectively and isheldi'n a' compressed state for sealing the upper end opening of the container head while the heated and softened skirt portion is spun or rolled on the container neck so that the reformed thermoplastic material constituting the skirt conforms closely to and is complementary of the opposed engaged portions of the external glass finish, beads, threads or flanges to acquire a firm grip on said parts after contraction, cooling and setting of the reformed organic thermoplastic material of said closure skirt.

As a specific example of a preferred embodiment of the invention, a hollow closure having a depending annular skirt is molded as a preformed fitment of cellulose acetate butyrate having the walls of its skirt portion approximately .050 to .070" in thickness. able and reformed during the roll-on operation under an externally applied side or lateral pressure of approximately 50 lbs. while at a heat of approximately F. to F. for several sec-' onds.

During the roll-on and reforming operation, the sealing closure cap is subjected to pressure on top by the pressure block of approximately 250 lbs.

While I have described the thermoplastic thick walled dispensing and sealing closures and caps depicted in the above described forms of my in-' vention as being made of cellulose acetate butyrate, it will be understood that for certain uses where the high impact and compressive strengths afforded by the cellulose acetate butyrate is of lesser importance than tensile strength, fiexural strength and a lower percentage of elongation other plastics may be used for forming such molded fitments, such as cellulose acetate, which material because of its close resemblance to cellulose acetate butyrate in thermal, mechanical and chemical properties is virtually interchangeable therewith.

What is claimed is:

1. In a combined closure cap and brush dispenser attachment for a rigid container having an externally flanged discharge neck, and a multi-sided surface on the neck above said flanged.

part and proximate to the discharge opening of said neck, a closure member having an externally threaded upper body portion and a lower depending annular skirt adapted to encompass and be secured to a flanged container neck, said skirt defining an open bottomed chamber extending axially inwardly from the bottom of the closure member and terminating in an annular end wall :having an axially disposed feed opening, said The skirt is rendered flow-' chamber being provided internally with a multisided side wall surface adjoining the end wall of said closure member adapted for coacting in an interlocking manner with the multi-sided surface on the container neck to restrain the closure member against rotation thereon when the closure member is normally positioned on said neck and secured thereto, an axial hollowconical projection upstanding from the top of said end wall communicating with the feed opening thereof and formed with a laterally extending dispensing aperture in its side wall, a cap having an axial internally threaded end recess adapted to detachably and adjustably engage the threaded upper body portion of said closure member for manual rotation thereon, and a brush comprising tufts of bristles carried by the end wall of said cap and projecting outwardly therefrom, said cap being provided with an axially disposed restricted outlet in its end wall, said outlet being constricted forwardly beyond its mid-portion and towards which constricted part the diameter of the outlet tapers in both directions axially to re semble in longitudinal section a double coned opening, the conical wall surface of the inner end of said outlet being shaped to seat against the conical outer surface of said projection of the closure member to close and seal the restricted outlet of the cap when the cap is in a retracted closed position, and to provide for fluid control action between said conical surfaces to regulate the feeding of the container contents from said side aperture of said projection to the brush when the cap is turned into an extended open position.

2. In a combined closure cap and brush dispenser attachment for rigid containers having an externally flanged discharge neck with a fiatsided head portion proximate to the discharge opening, a closure member having an externally threaded upper body portion and a lower depending annular skirt adapted to encompass and be secured to a flanged container neck, said skirt defining an open bottomed chamber extending axially inwardly from the bottom of the closure member and terminating in an annular end wall having an axially disposed feed opening, said chamber having its wall surfaces at the innermost end thereof adjoining the end wall formed with a series of circumscribing flats to interlock with the flat-sided head portion of said discharge neck and restrain the closure member from rotation thereon when the closure member is secured to said neck, an axial hollow conical projection upstanding from the top of said end Wall communicating with the feed opening thereof and formed with a laterally extending dispensing aperture in its side wall, a cap having an axial internally threaded end recess adapted to detachably and adjustably engage the threaded upper body portion of said closure member for manual rotation thereon, and a brush comprising tufts of bristles carried by the end wall of said cap and projecting outwardly therefrom, said cap being provided with an axially disposed restricted outlet in its end wall, said outlet being constricted forwardly beyond its mid-portion and towards which constricted part the diameter of the outlet tapers in both directions axially to resemble in longitudinal section a double coned opening, the conical wall surface of the inner end of said outlet being shaped to seat against the conical outer surface of said projection of the closure member to close and seal the restricted outlet of the cap when the cap is in a retracted closed position, and to provide for a fluid control action between said conical surfaces to regulate the feeding of the container contents from said side aperture of said projection to the brush when the cap is turned into an extended open position.

3. A container having a neck portion comprising a plurality of flat surfaces on the neck proximate to the discharge opening thereof and extending downwardly therefrom, an annular bead adjoining the lower extremities of said flat surfaces, a second annular bead below and spaced from th first bead, and an annular groove between said beads, in combination with a closure member of a molded plastic material having a cup-like thick-walled upper shell portion provided with an externally threaded body portion and a thin-walled lower depending annular skirt portion extending downwardly over both beaded portions of the neck and having an internal annular flange firmly interlocked with said groove of the neck permanently securing the closure member to the container against endwise movement on said neck, said shell portion having a top wall provided with a central fluid feed opening in communication with the discharge opening of the container neck, said shell having the inner periphery of its side walls formed with internal flat surfaces coacting with the fiat surfaces on said neck in an interlocking fashion whereby said closure member is restrained from rotation on the neck, an annular gasket internally or" said shell between the top wall thereof and the end of said container neck and encircling said fluid. feed opening, an axially extending hollow conical projection upstanding from the top wall of said shell portion communicating with the feed opening thereof and formed with a laterally extending dispensing aperture in its side wall, a cap member having in its top wall an outlet opening coaxial with said conical projection and formed internally with a conical surface of corresponding inclination, said cap member also having an axially disposed recess extending inwardly from its bottom end and formed with internal threads coacting with the threads on said threaded body portion of the closure member whereby said cap member may be manually turned into positions for regulating the fluid flow from said dispensing aperture between the conical. surfaces of said projection and said outlet opening respectively and for completely shutting off the fluid flow therebetween, and a brush comprising tufts of bristles secured in the end wall of said cap about the outlet opening thereof.

CHARLES E. MAIN.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 469,990 Brewington Mar. 1, 1892 1,548,1 8 Densmore Aug. 4, 1925 1,589,949 Dowd June 22, 1926 1,918,196 Seball July 11, 1933 2,164,994 Wright June 27, 1939 2,408,465 Lauve Oct. 1, 1946 2,409,788 Osborne Oct, 22, 1946 2,476,155 McKelvy July 12, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 298,0 0 Great Britain Oct. 4, 1928

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US469990 *Oct 1, 1891Mar 1, 1892 Fountain marking-brush
US1548118 *Jun 8, 1923Aug 4, 1925Densmore Albert ADispensing top for receptacles
US1589949 *Jun 25, 1925Jun 22, 1926Service Products Mfg CoFountain brush
US1918196 *Oct 21, 1929Jul 11, 1933Arthur H ParkerMethod of sealing a container
US2164004 *Dec 2, 1936Jun 27, 1939Universal Fountain Brush CompaFountain stencil brush
US2408465 *May 1, 1942Oct 1, 1946Crown Cork & Seal CoContainer cap
US2409788 *Oct 21, 1942Oct 22, 1946Aluminum Co Of AmericaMethod for applying closures to containers
US2476155 *Oct 10, 1946Jul 12, 1949Mckelvy Alfred DCombination bottle and closure cap
GB298040A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2772432 *Mar 30, 1954Dec 4, 1956John AndreolaPlastic tube with spreader
US2808169 *Sep 18, 1953Oct 1, 1957Ludwig GruberClosure for containers
US2838215 *Apr 13, 1955Jun 10, 1958Yorker & Sons IncContainer closure caps
US2982073 *Jun 23, 1958May 2, 1961Kingston Products CorpFolding machine
US3673761 *Feb 4, 1971Jul 4, 1972Ciba Geigy AgMethod of applying pilfer-proof closures
US4279527 *Nov 6, 1979Jul 21, 1981Walter MoeLiquid dispenser and applicator
US4607762 *Jan 31, 1983Aug 26, 1986Wella AgBottle with dosing device
US4846201 *Oct 20, 1987Jul 11, 1989Fuchs Kathryn JApplicator bottle with metering means
US4859105 *Jun 10, 1988Aug 22, 1989Davis Richard EApplicator bottle
US5051016 *May 15, 1990Sep 24, 1991Chesebrough-Pond's Usa Co., Division Of Conopco, Inc.Deodorant antiperspirant cap activated wide-roll-on
US5230579 *Jun 19, 1991Jul 27, 1993Carter-Wallace, Inc.Porous dome applicator with push/pull cap
US5547303 *Aug 30, 1995Aug 20, 1996Okanagan House Inc.Apparatus for dispensing and applying fluid
US5641233 *Jan 13, 1995Jun 24, 1997Carson Specialty ProductsBrush apparatus
US5857796 *Aug 27, 1996Jan 12, 1999Waldmann; Douglas G.Applicator with reservoir
US6036389 *Dec 24, 1998Mar 14, 2000Zima; Gregory N.Combination basting brush and container cap
US6575651 *Feb 19, 2002Jun 10, 2003Beerman Bbq Company, Inc.Food basting device
EP0247885A2 *May 28, 1987Dec 2, 1987Avon Products, Inc.Cosmetic applicator
Classifications
U.S. Classification401/277, 222/521, 215/314, 215/228, D04/114, 53/488
International ClassificationB67B3/00, B67B3/18, A46B11/00
Cooperative ClassificationB67B3/18, A46B11/0013
European ClassificationB67B3/18, A46B11/00C4