US 2669861 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 23, 1954 E. s. CLUTTER 2,669,861
WALL BUILDING UNIT' Filed Feb. 10, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet l BANE)? 5- CLC/TTE/l Feb. 23, 1954 s CLUTTER 2,669,861 WALL BUILDING UNIT Filed Feb 10, 1950 2 Sheets-$heet 2 Patented Feb; 23, 1954 UNITED, sures rATENT operas WALL BUILDING :ElmenS. Clutter, Canonshurgfa. alpplicaltion February 10, I950,=Serial No.143;552
.1 Claim. 1
The present invention rrelates ztora .wa11..building unitand itconsists .in the conibinationsgcom structions and arrangements of parts herein described and claimed.
Generally :the inventioncomprises a building unit which is designed for the construction of walls andwhich consists of an:outer:and:anainner facing member which are connected together .by means of novel bridging membersformingna part of the invention. Novel tie members are provided for assembling the parts of the device and for eliminating'the use" of nails or 'the like. "The inner and .outer*facing"members may be of a varietyof constructions as will be noted hereinafter and the device may be manufactured in completely assembled units and then shipped Jto the site of construction or, if desired, may be shipped thereto in disassembled condition and thereafter assembled at the point of construction. The device is so arranged that after assembly concrete or other mastic or grout maybe poured between the'inner and outer facing members and form therewith a completely unitary wall structure.
.Itis accordingly an object of the invention to provide a device of the character set forth which is simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture and yet effective and efficient in use.
Another object of the invention is the provision, in a device of the character set forth, of novel struts and means for fastening the same.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a novel tie member forming a part of the in vention.
Still a further object of the invention is the provision of a novel wall construction wherein no heat conductive material extends continuously from the outer to the inner portions of said wall.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a wall construction wherein novel means is provided for the construction of a unitary wall structure from a plurality of units forming the present invention.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of a building unit of the character set forth which will permit of a great variety of materials to be used for both the inner and outer facing members forming parts of the invention.
Other and further objects of the invention will become apparent from a reading of the following specification taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is an isometric view, partly broken away, of a wall constructed in accordance with the teachings of the present invention,
Figure 2 is a fragmentary plan view, somewhat enlarged, of the wall illustrated in Figure 1,
there. is shown cthereinsin figures 1 :sive, a building unit comprisi :portion: or gouter panel tlleandran innenpaznehor :s'facing I l. fihe-zpanels 1'. [Brand A lffili rflfsifefitfin' xl 'igure :3 is a esectional view :taken @10318 Jim 13-43 of :Figure :2,
Figure 4 iis 'a fragmentanyiisgmetric view 'ZQf 1a facingmember and;azstmtaand illustra ting a -;tie
for securing :the same "together,
form of strut formingraipart ofztb sinvenlti Figure 7 is an isometric view'of a f acing member forming a part .of :the.:,inv;ention,
Figure 1A. is a. :fra-gmentam. perspectiveivlew pf a modified .form of ,thelelement illustratesizi Figurei'l,
Figure 8 is a plan :view .Lflf; anzaseembled r11 1.
or the like and the 1 inner expanded?metalorthe like,
, Figure 9,,isga viewsimilar rtosEigute 8 ;but;.;showing an outer wall of aenamelled metal and an inner facing member; of crushedpindenorthe like,
:Figure 10 is a sectionaluv'iewntalgen along-line .l 0-|:0 of Figure 1,8,,and
vFigure 11 ;:is :a ;.sectional i-viewiia' e salons 111 H-.Il of:Figurew9.
Referring 1 more particularly to the drawings,
1&0 6 in l enter-facin fac n member 1 is 19 gular construction and each is provided upon its inner side with a pair of vertically extending grooves l2. The panels [0 and H are held in spaced relation to each other by means of transversely extending wooden struts [3 the ends of which are located in the upper and lower portions of the grooves l2.
A novel tie member i4 is provided and is provided with a vertical corrugated section I5 and an integrally formed fiat horizontal portion I 6 adjacent the outer end of which is punched out a vertically dependent triangular shaped spur 11. A circular nail-receiving opening I8 is formed in the portion I6 adjacent the spur H. The corrugated portion I5 is adapted to be embedded, as indicated at I9, for example, in Figure 3 in the body of the panels l0 and H adjacent the ends of the grooves l2.
The struts 13 may be provided, if desired, with a centrally disposed transversely extending groove 20 for the reception therein of reinforcing rods 2|.
In assembling this form of the invention, it will be apparent that the panels Ill and II may be affixed in spaced parallel relation to each other by placing struts 13 within the groove I2 at the upper end and at the lower end of each of such-grooves and thereafter forcing the spurs l'l into the struts l3 to thereby hold the same rigidly in position. If desired, nails may be driven through the openings l8 into the struts 13 to thereby more securely hold the unit in position. Thereafter the units may be placed in conventional manner beside and atop one another to form a wall structure and, if desired, reinforcing rods 2| may be laid upon the grooves formed in the struts 13. Thereafter mortar 22 which may be cement, vermiculite or the like is poured into the space between the panels In and II and allowed to harden thereby resulting in a complete unitary wall structure having no metal or other heat conducting materials extending from one panel to the other and thus resultingin a heat resistant wall.
In the form of the invention shown in Figure 7 there is disclosed an inner panel formed of so-called expanded" metal and provided with inturned flanged edges 3! the upper and lower of which have punched therein triangular spurs 32 and adjacent nail hole openings 33 which are identical, respectively, with the spurs l1 and openings IS in the ties 14.
In Figure 7A, there is shown an inner panel 34 formed of perforated sheet metal and being otherwise identical in structure with the device shown in Figure 7.
In Figure 8 there is shown an outer panel 35 tor-med of a slab of concrete or the like and an inner panel 30 such as is disclosed in Figure 7. The panels 35 and 30 are interconnected by struts 13 as hereinabove described.
In Figure 9 there is shown an outer panel 36 which is formed-of enamelled sheet metal and of a structure similar to that shown in Figure 7 and an innerpanel 31 which is formed of crushed oinders, concrete or the like.
It will be seen that the outer panels 35 and 36 are provided with their final finish-that is to say that no further coating, painting or the like is necessary and that the inner panels 30, 34 and 31 are of such nature as to readily receive and hold thereon a coating of plaster or the like.
Of course, it will also be apparent that the devices shown in Figures 7 to 11, inclusive, are assembled in the manner heretofore described with regard to the devices shown in Figure 1 to 6, inclusive, and that when so assembled, the space between the inner and outer panels may be filled with a grout of mortar or the like to thereafter harden into a unitary wall structure.
While only certain forms of the invention have been shown and described herein, it will be readily apparent that many minor modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claim.
What is claimed is:
A device of the character described comprising a panel formed of a slab of plastic material, a panel formed of sheet material having inwardly directed flanges, struts interconnecting said panels in spaced parallel relation, and means carried by said panels affixing said struts in position, said means including a pair of vertical grooves formed in the inner face of the plastic panel and receiving one end of each of the struts, ties each having a portion embedded in the plastic panel adjacent an end of one of the grooves and a second fiat portion extending inwardly from the first portion over the strut projecting into the adjacent groove, each second portion provided with an integrally formed spur penetrating the adjacent strut, and spurs formed integrally with the flanges and penetrating the ends of the struts adjacent thereto.
ELMER. S. CLUTTER.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 915,570 Dryden Mar. 16, 1909 1,011,753 Crocker et a1. Dec. 12, 1911 1,142,093 Harp June 8, 1915 1,415,197 Sampson May 9, 1922 1,519,099 Ardell Dec. 16, 1924 1,538,549 Hahn May 19, 19 5 1,962,906 Mueller June 12, 1934 2,194,047 Markle Mar. 19, 1940 2,309,420 Taylor Jan. 26, 1943 2,412,253 Diggs Dec. 10, 1946 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 820,650 France of 1937