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Publication numberUS2669993 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 23, 1954
Filing dateJan 26, 1953
Priority dateJan 26, 1953
Publication numberUS 2669993 A, US 2669993A, US-A-2669993, US2669993 A, US2669993A
InventorsPedro D Curutchet
Original AssigneePedro D Curutchet
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bicapsular grip for pivoted surgical instruments
US 2669993 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 23, 1954 P. D. CURUTCHEQT BICAPSULAR GRIP FOR PIVO'IED SURGICAL Filed Jan. 26, 1953 INSTRUMENTS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Feb. 23, 1954 P. D. CURUTCHET 2,669,993

BICAPSULAR GRIP FOR PIVOTED SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS Filed Jan. 26, 1953 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 'INVENTOR.

pm 'BYAM/JW Patented Feb. 23, 1954 2,659,993

BIUAYSUHA'R GBIPIFOR PIVO'EED'SUEGIGEL INSTRUMENTS Ream; DMGurutchet, Iioheria, Argentina,

Applicationflanuary zfi, 1953; seeiar-misesaeei 7 Glaimsn (01. 1287-3213? 1* 2i Thisinvention relates torau bicapsulargripzforr said; instruments; a-mzbased 101s theesordmaryescisz-z pivgtedl Surgical: t ntsrand: merezparticw sores. Azigoodnumberiof surgical instruments and larl-y -it refers to'a bicapsu'lar neediezholdem Thee especiallyvthezneeddz-l holders mustzperfornnbleexpression 1 bicapsular is:- used' to: indicate that; sides; the? operation; or: opening: and: lsciosinglzthee the- -instrument comprisesitwo-capsular members: 5-= instrumentriurthemmotionsesuch.ass'otaryroire for housi-ng' the:=th-umbs ballzandixtheiforefinselisx cuiarrandilateral motionse Thisekindnofsmovee ball =and preferably: HJISOfithE-sfiIJS-g oi am operator; mentireqnires'zthei specific: participatiom of: them or surgeon; and: which.- capsular membersi' are; forefingena, considered as: a'imaini featurezof: theriinventionza Im the; instmnnentz according: to: the presents.

thevknownzinstruments oiir. theetype wherein; in i invention; theeforefingereissa locatedabetweemthee concernediwith; and more;partienlarlmgin'rallithe: ring like memberssandrthe:pivotraofizthe;ihstrminstruments:having:two;hranches,pivotazllyaliniiedi; ment by means of a capsular member orhonsimgr: tggetfierandjactuated;maiden-firmed:hyttwfiifimgg' iniwhieh .tneeforefingersiballlandxtip-ris; located. like members fixed to respective ends of-rsaicl; Onitheeothersbranclnofiiftherneecllecholder;of branches, no: carenhasxbeemtakem .uprto now, thee-present; inyentionnae ring likesmember'ofir; t0 giVeeSB,id* ril'Ig:1ike membersssgeciahshapes; and: special anatomici;sizesamddshapeeisz proyidedc-forrto=addfurtherr accessories to said: branches-rv-vfori the thumbevzhich'iringa like memb.er:is.-; integral the omen-fingers: sozthatzthejnstrument may be; witlna;;ca-psuiar::memheri outwardly directedafon; conducted 1 and; operated;imaccordance:with; the: enlarging; the;- contact; surfaces for; the 1 thumb s,:- anatomic predispositiom. of.:the:- fingers: of; the 20 balls. Intheepreferredeembodimentsaid capsular:

handz" memherrissprovidechiwith a scale shapesplate'aion- Itlz-vis. there-tones convenient-. ;towanalyzeeimfirst, thELSidfiiOflthflflthflID-b; ,r instancevthezmainzfumltionsi ofuieach finger; of The main object ,ofc this;.=capsulaa' mernloee: iSif the handzy. thusctheathumb isithesfinger which, to prevent the ring like memberpfromn slipping canrearry-sout;thetlairgesli movementsewithsregard, 25 towardsrthe thumbfsrootzdurina-the operatiom'of toith'erest ofithe finse s=oi.=the-hand,=the thumbsi-l the instrument. ball zis-iailarg eandlsensitiveesurfaeee Therefore Imtheeknowniinstmmentinosmeans .=ar,e; pro,- im scissors; andzl any; other:- ty es of L pivoted two vided toeavoid-thisedrawback? and iiiisuc-h 71a; sli e: lever; twee branch: instrimientss the thumb. page occurs;,-,,bhe instrument is ,deviatediandrthe-p. should? carry; out: thecoperationw of. opening and: gripslooseszifirmness andzthen. the fingersia-reeno clnsingofliezeinstlillmellbl longer capable of properly retainingandncons'.

The ifonefinger 31551711830118 iwlhich Ina-31; beecalleda trolling; theeinstrumentz the'.conductori" since flue;tmitszeanatomioecon: Bearing inrmind all'sthei drawbacks.-\ as ialbfilverf stitutiorr:itiisutheroneewhicheasilwcarries oute explained, a new bicapsular grip for surgicah: the'oirection control.oiithettip oiitheinstrumentir.. instrumentstsuch as=needle holderssandi thevlikfi h iddle fingemaI,1o1,-.theuring ,fingerhayep -has been conceived-y,comprising-awfirst branohi complementary,functionsitcuwhich reference will '7 and azz-second branch-pivotally (linked together rby beinade laterronn a pivot; each .bra-nchhavings a; free end -.por,tioia- In the known type of? instruments having onstheasameesideoiisaidspivot zaefirst-eringplikee simply, two ring like members; nocare is takem member;- integral with: said freer. enda portion of ofjthe thumbsb'all. Thissurface wliich dueto so aid-firstibranchiandiasecondding,likaimemaberi its elasticity; sensibility" and resistance is biointegral :wi-thsaid .iree.-.-end:-po1=tion oisaid-second logicallydestined fOl" controlling pressure;. is branchn a'; fi-rst ..capsuiar=memher having a firstt rendered completely useless;in2the known type: oavityq, and;- an. outer; wa1-l, ,said ifir-1stx capsular, of instrurrient. Whatdsxmore in saidttypeeofi: member:beingeintegral With.-saidifirstvring like1 instruments; it is important-z; and-:1. torturcdd ands member lion. housing jheu-thumbs .ba1l .anidfitip .oj it protrudes, half chockedirom: wearing; The-1; an operator in,saidifirstocanity, said outeriwallm. ordmary; bidigital; grips; special-Ly; for-- needle being directed towards said second, ring like holders: and similar" instruments are subjected membena second; capsular. memb'erxh'aying a, to an :obvious ;fault,, inenonei-voi them-thee fore: second 'cavity, for housingat least the forefingers'. finger ihasfla; definitevposition, anditislimitedrinw ball "of "said operator; saidsecond capsularmem the h andling oi;L thentool. to. asecondatrm 110111.. ber being fixed tosaid second branch between? Only, the thumb andhthe middle. finger or, the said-secondring likwmembenand said pivotiand ingfifiilgg havethe privilege,ofjoccupyingjhe: said-- second cavitwb'eing":directed' towardssaid"- ring likehmembers. pivotr 1 This-fault probablyis (1119"t0t1'16 iact that-ah 655 From the foregoingit'can'beeunderstood' thati aeeaees 3 it is an object of the invention to provide a new bicapsular instrument and more particularly a bicapsular needle holder by means of which it is possible to increase considerably the tactile sensitiveness and conductibility of such an instrument.

Another object is to supply a needle holder provided with special means for gripping the instrument, which means designate the proper anatomic role to at least four fingers of the surgeons hand.

Another object is to provide a needle holder which enables a firm and nimble hold of the instrument.

Still another object is to provide a needle holder which engages more fingers than the two ring needle holders, without making the handle of the instrument more complicated.

Another object is to provide a bicapsular needle holder, the capsules of which have the indispensable length so that the ring like member will not exert any substantial pressure on the fingers.

Another object is to provide a capsular member for the forefinger, so that the latter is conveniently raised whereby the pressure of the ring like member for the thumb does not become uncomfortable over the thumbs dorsal surface.

A still further object is to provide the capsular members with an internal striated surface imitating the capillary grooves by means of fine fiutings which benefit the retention of the instrument.

.A still further object is to provide an arcuate lever for the middle finger located between the ring like member for the ring finger and the capsular member for the forefinger.

These and further objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent in the course of the following description. In order that the invention may be more clearly understood and readily carried out, a preferred embodiment thereof has been illustrated in the accompanying drawings, by way of example.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a bicapsular grip applied to a needle holder.

Figure 2 is the same needle holder as shown in Figure 1 but illustrating the position of the surgeons hand when gripping the latter.

Figure 3 is a plan view of the needle holder of Figure 1.

Figure 4 is a detail of the capsular member integral with the ring like member, for the thumb.

Figure 5 is a detail in lateral elevation of the capsular member for the forefinger.

Although reference is specially made to a needleholder it is to be understood that the bicapsular grip may be applied to other similar surgical instruments and the scope of this invention has to be interpreted along these lines.

It may be appreciated from the accompanying drawings, that the bicapsular needle holder i comprises a first branch 2 and a second branch 3, pivotally linked together by means of pivot l or the like, each branch 2 and 3 having a free end portion 2' and 3, respectively.

The other end of said branches 2 and 3 con stitute the needle holder jaws 5 and 6, which are of the known type and therefore will not be described. f

The free end portion 2' is integral with a first ring like member 1,, which ring like member l is bevelled so that the inner surface 7 thereof will, enter throughout substantially its entire length with the thumbs surface without exerting a pressure thereon.

For convenience of describing said ring like member the latter is divided into an outer portion la and an inner portion lb, by axis A. The inner portion 7b is integral with a first capsular member 8, the concavity of which is directed towards the outer portion la. Said first capsular member 8 has an outer wall 8' (see Figure 2) directed towards a second ring like member 9 integral with the free end portion 3, as will be later explained.

The inner surface 8" of the first capsular member a reproduces exactly the anatomy of the thumbs ball and it even imitates its capillary grooves by means of fine flutings it which benefits the retention of the instrument. A scale shape plate H, the concavity of which is a continuation of the concavity of the first capsular member 8, is integral with said first ring like member '5 and adjacent to the free end portion 2 and so located that the axis A is approximately an axis of symmetry therefor. Said scale shape plate I! buts against the corresponding lateral portion of the thumb and thereby decreases the pressure of the rings top edge l0 and distributes said pressure in a more uniform manner, whereby the tactile sensitivity is considerably increased. The lower portion of the first capsular member 8 is slightly curved, as may be best seen in Figure 3, so that the tip of the thumb buts thereagainst, whereby slippage of the ring like member i towards the root of the thumb is avoided.

The second capsular member 9 is also bevelled but in opposite direction as said first capsular.

member I as may be appreciated from axis B and C, respectively, so that also this second ring like member 9 has its inner surface 5 so orientated that it enters throughout its substantially full length in contact with the ring finger, as best seen in Figure 2, wherefrom it is also possible to understand that the instrument is so gripped by the hand that it contitutes a prolongation thereof, or in other words it is substantially parallel to the forearm of the surgeon.

-A second capsular member 12 (see also Figure 5) is fixed to said second branch 3, by means of a rib IS. The cavity of said second capsular member I2 is directed towards the pivot 4 and the capsular member is so shaped that said cavity is the negative of the forefingers tip, ball and part of the middle phalanx, and since the fore finger is usually slightly bent the top portion l2 of said second capsular member I2 is slightly bent backwards towards said free end 3'. The inner surface l2" of said second capsular member I2 is also provided with line flutings which benefit the retention of the instrument.

Finally the second branch 3, in the preferred embodiment, is also provided with an arcuate lever It the concavity of which is directed towards said second capsular member and which arcuate lever is projecting from said second branch 3 in substantially the same plane as said second ring like member 9.

As maybe best seen in Figure 2 the first and second-ring like members i and 9 as well as the arcuate lever 14 project laterally from the respective branches 2 and 3 so that the thumb,

the middle finger and the ring finger will holdthe instrument from the outside, whilst the second capsular member I2 is so located that the forefinger will be located on thetop of the ingees I, I I a aiereey tastier eiiettiea r the inst-r menuearn fishijai y a'pivot; ea'cnb anon fi'avi g'drregend ptrt n on the same side's! e fl l s p II I I II sai -pita enl stsshearing-nee meeiter ixe nebranchsiv tegrai" n said fr' assertion-trend "t vot; ea: eh i,- ember dserene sveiiee ring like;

1 errataort a nd a d neg fsec it'dririg like nem eryfa ,s'ecdnd ular' eiriter having second 7 cavity er h I iigieasi the-rdremige s ban or said 13mm? k a Braden between sensesi'vo't said Senna sh-s e s; siembsr "having a" see'o cavity for housi-n "master and sai least, the forefingers b I tr said triers org-aid am Diva secbfid-eapsiilarmembr'being fixed to said sect i 'f g I 0nd branch between said secondring like memf 1 with-155m? r 3,3131%, ber and said iviitaiid said secede cavity being tetweii said-sedans eapsinar member and directed towards said pivot. second ring like member, said first ring like mem- 2. A bicapsular needle holder comprising a first her, said second ring like member and said arcubranch and a second branch, a pivot pivotally ate lever projecting laterally out of the branches, linking said first and second branches, a first said second capsular member projecting perpenneedle holder jaw and a second needle holder dicularly out of said second branch with regard jaw integral with said first and second branches, to said second ring like member, the axes of said respectively, and located at one side of said pivot, 39 first and second ring like members being directed said first branch having a first free end portion in opposite directions.

opposite said first jaw and at the other side of 5. A bicapsular grip for surgical instruments said pivot, said second branch having a second such as needle holders, pinzers and the like, comfree end portion opposite said second jaw and prising a first branch and a second branch pivalso at the other side of said pivot, a first ring he otally linked together by a pivot, each branch like member integral with said first free end porhaving a free end portion on the same side of tion and a second ring like member integral with said pivot, a first ring like member integral with said second free end portion, a first capsular said free end portion of said first branch and a member having a first cavity and an outer wall, second ring like member integral with said free said first capsular member being integral with end portion of said second branch, said first ring said first ring like member for housing the like member comprising a top edge, an outer thumbs ball of an operator in said cavity, said portion and an inner portion a first capsular outer wall being directed towards said second member having a first cavity and an outer wall, ring like member, a second capsular member for said first capsular member being integral with housing at least the forefingers ball, said second said inner portion of said first ring like member capsular member being fixed to said second for housing the thumbs ball of a surgeon in said branch between said second ring like member first cavity, said outer wall being directed toand said pivot and said second cavity being diwards said second ring like member, a second rected towards said pivot. capsular member having a second cavity for 3. A bicapsular grip for surgical instruments housing at least the forefingers ball of said sursuch as needle holders, pinzers and the like, comgeon, said second capsular member being integral prising a first branch and a second branch pivwith said second branch between said second ring otally linked together by a pivot, each branch like member and said pivot, said second cavity having a free end portion on the same side of said being directed towards said pivot, an arcuate pivot, a first ring like member integral with said lever for the middle finger of said surgeon infree end portion of said first branch and a sectegral with said second branch and located beond ring like member integral with said free end tween said second capsular member and said portion of said second branch, a first capsular second ring like member, a scale shape plate inmember having a first cavity and an outer wall, tegral with said top edge of said first ring like said first capsular member being integral with member and capable of contacting the anterior said first ring like member for housing the lateral surface of the thumb of the surgeon.

thumbs ball of a surgeon in said first cavity, 6. A bicapsular grip for surgical instruments said outer wall being directed towards said secsuch as needle holders, pinzers and the like, comond ring like member, a second capsular memprising a first branch and a second branch pivber having a second cavity for housing at least otally linked together by a pivot, each branch the forefingers ball of said surgeon, said sechaving a free end portion on the same side of end capsular member being integral with said said pivot, a first ring like member integral with second branch between said second ring like said free end portion of said first branch and member and said pivot, said second cavity being a second ring like member integral with said free directed towards said pivot, an arcuate lever for end portion of said second branch, a first capsular the middle finger of said surgeon integral with member having a first cavity and an outer wall, said second branch and located between said secsaid first capsular member being integral with end capsular member and said second ring like said first ring like member for housing the member. thumbs ball of a surgeon in said first cavity,

4. A bicapsular grip for surgical instruments said outer wall being directed towards said second ring like member; a second capsular member having a second cavity for housing at least the forefingers ball of said surgeon, said second capsular member being integral with said second branch between said second ring like member and said pivot, said second cavity being directed towards said pivot, an arcuate lever for the middle finger of said surgeon integral With said second branch and located between said second capsular member and said second ring like member, said first and second capsular members each comprising an inner surface provided with fine fiutings imitating the capillary grooves.

7. A bicapsular grip for surgical instruments such as needle holders, pinzers and the like, com prising a first branch and a second branch pivotally linked together by a pivot, each branch having a free end portion on the same side of said pivot, a first ring like member integral with said free end portion of said first branch and a second ring like member integral with said free end portion of said second branch, a first capsular member having a first cavity and an outer wall,

said first capsular member being integral with said first ring like member for housing the thumbs ball of a surgeon in said first cavity,

said outer wall being directed towards said second ring like member, a second capsular member having a second cavity for housing at least the forefingers ball of said surgeon, said second capsular member having a rib integral with said second branch between said second ring like member and said pivot, said second cavity being directed towards said pivot, said second capsular member is so shaped that said second cavity is the negative of the forefingers tip, ball and part of the middle phalanx, said second capsular member-having a top portion slightly bent towards said second free end portion, an arcuate lever for the middle finger of said surgeon integral with said second branch and located between said second capsular member and said second ring like member.

PEDRO D. CURUTCHET.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2863459 *May 29, 1956Dec 9, 1958Ervin J CasperInstrument for holding surgical needle
US3393680 *Dec 22, 1965Jul 23, 1968Domingo Curutchet PedroSurgical instrument
US3404683 *Feb 23, 1966Oct 8, 1968American Hospital Supply CorpDisposable plastic hemostat
US3716057 *Apr 13, 1970Feb 13, 1973Rubin FGuarded dorsal osteotome with stabilizer
US4140124 *Jul 7, 1977Feb 20, 1979Curutchet Pedro DHandles for surgical instruments
US5046381 *Jun 16, 1989Sep 10, 1991Lawrence P. MuellerGrip system for hand tools and instruments
US5133737 *Aug 1, 1991Jul 28, 1992Grismer Jerome TSurgical grasping instrument
US5146810 *Aug 5, 1991Sep 15, 1992Mueller Lawrence PGrip system for hand tools and instruments
US5176696 *Sep 30, 1991Jan 5, 1993Saunders Myles LHandles for microsurgical instruments
US5618258 *Feb 27, 1996Apr 8, 1997Olympus Winter & Ibe GmbhThumb ring for an endoscopic apparatus
US5813978 *Mar 25, 1996Sep 29, 1998Atlantis Surgical, Inc.Method and apparatus for direct access endoscopic surgery
US6176159 *Jul 12, 1999Jan 23, 2001Georg RisseErgonomic pliers
US6944914Apr 23, 2003Sep 20, 2005Tillim Stephen LHandle and forceps/tweezers and method and apparatus for designing the like
US6968644 *May 17, 2004Nov 29, 2005Avelardo Abe GarciaErgonomic fish gripping device
US6988295Oct 24, 2002Jan 24, 2006Tillim Stephen LHandle/grip and method for designing the like
US7010835Oct 24, 2003Mar 14, 2006Tillim Stephen LParallel handle system and method for designing a parallel handle system
US7373728Apr 6, 2004May 20, 2008Randall Scott FermanRing insert kit for scissors and template for use therewith
US7506409Aug 16, 2005Mar 24, 2009Tillim Stephen LHandle/grip and method for designing the like
US7666201Jun 7, 2004Feb 23, 2010Jeffrey GrayzelSpreading instrument
US8057499Aug 18, 2007Nov 15, 2011Jeffrey GrayzelErgonomic hand instrument
US8603130Feb 27, 2008Dec 10, 2013Jeffrey GrayzelInstrument for engaging a body structure
US8690904Aug 18, 2007Apr 8, 2014Jeffrey GrayzelPercutaneous access conduit
DE3909866A1 *Mar 25, 1989Sep 6, 1990S & T Marketing AgSurgical instrument with grip part
DE3909866C2 *Mar 25, 1989Aug 13, 1998S & T Marketing AgChirurgisches Instrument
EP1237490A2 *Sep 8, 2000Sep 11, 2002Ray AdamsPercutaneous entry system and method
WO1996002195A1 *Jul 17, 1995Feb 1, 1996Geza J JakoRetractors, tool, and method for direct access endoscopic surgery
WO2001021231A2Sep 8, 2000Mar 29, 2001Ray AdamsPercutaneous entry system and method
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/205, 81/427.5, 30/341
International ClassificationA61B17/28, A61B17/04
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/2841, A61B17/062
European ClassificationA61B17/28D8, A61B17/062