US 2671499 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 9, 1954 w. J. REAvls ET AL SLIP COVER 2 SheeJts-Sheet l Filed Dec. 16, 1952 a l i March 9, 1954 W. J. REAvIs ET AI. 2,671,499
SLIP COVER Filed Dec. 16, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 imi O /O 22/ 23 23 ze OUTSIDE OF BACK V "1 20 7 o/Z ,I 26\o SIDE SIDE i 0F oF BACK f2.4 INSIDE oF BACK Ik BACK TOP 0F sI-:AT /2 ./3 FRoNTBoxoFsE/IIT /6/ '/l/(IIjIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIWIIIIIIII/WWII]IIN/Ifflpl'HH i I II IS Il I* I IHM IU/HIMIKIIRITIV mIa Ig' l /7 I 5- @1-5- q1 E- @I I I? I A INVENTURS MLU/IM J. REA I//s BY ETHEL SGHUTTE n 0 D 0 l ,qTTRNEYS .UNITED STATES A. SLIP COVER Y JWilliam J; jReavisand Ethel Schutte, Baltimore,
` Md.assignorslto S. & E.;Manufacturing Comnella,y Baltimore. Md., a corporation ofgMry- -lland Application December 16, 1952, Serial No. 326,269
' 2w (1laims. (Cl. 155-182) f l 2 vThis invention relates to an. improved sli-p cover tionary rising from .the base of the sofa-tofwhich for furniture. particularly.upholsteredchairsand they are secured.V The back A.. and seat` l?.4 are the `like.` The invention is especially. useful in movable to Atransform -the sofa `into af-bed-in connection with sofa-beds ofV thetype invwhich which condition the adjacent longitudinaledges -the seat and back portionsofthesofa areadapted of the back and seatfwill lie-intermediate-the to be moved .with a sliding, pivotal movement relaarm rests and substantially. midway. therebetween. tiveto the arm rests thereofl in converting the The cover for thisv type of. sofa,.in..accordance sofa into a bed,'and in whichthe line; otjuncture with the .invention is.-,composedofthree `parts,
of the seat andback portions of the sofa, in the namely, a body portion and two armrest-portions. converted condition ofnthe sofa,` lies intermediate l0 The body portion is `So Constructed that-when -I the arm rests and-substantially midway between the sofa is converted into abcd,` onA converted the front and rear ends of the latter. back into its normal sofa form,theportionsthere- I vSofa-beds of the indicated type,- While essenof covering the back and seatotthesofa Willibe tially` composed of twoarmrests-andvshiftable moved with the latterwithout the-necessity; of
r seatand hack portions, are made ina varietyv of adjusting suchcover .portionsvinzthe severalop- Vstyles and by reason vvof therdiierences inthe erations.
a shapes ofsuch parts in the diferentstyles, it is As is shown in Figs. 1 and?, ofthe drawingsthe dicult to provide a universal cover whichlwill body portion ofthe cover is 'Y composedJofl-six neatly and snugly nt the arm rests, seat and back pieces of- 1, substantially.` rectangularly-.shaped portions of all of such styles.; It is,th e primary material. The. materialutilized in theseveral f purpose of the present invention to provide an parts of the cover may bean elastic orlstretchable improved slip cover which is universallyadaptmaterial, such as. knittedy materiaL-or anionable to neatly yand snugly lit any .one of the sevstretchable fabric such as A.chintz, cretonne, `.linen eral styles of sofa-beds, including thoseiwithopen and the like, or a combination of stretchable .and armsy partially open arms orne-arms. non-stretchable. fabricsx" The; largest. piece. 4of
Another object of the invention is toprovide l material in the body-portion isthelfrnainor cenan improved slip"cover-which sfotsuch'simple tral panel I0 which has a. lengthrsubstantially i' :construction that it can be; madeeconQI-nically the sameas the length ofthe iront` ofithe sofa in large quantities; can belttedonsand removed l back A and a width slightly.Y greater than-the comf from a sofa-bedwith a minimumof-eftortfand bined widths of the front' of the sofa back Asand A-``can be convenientlylaunderedby` thehousewife. the top-of the seat B: The added widthfofpa'nel Otherobjects'- andadvantages of the invenf I0 is to provide additional material tobetucked g'tion,\aswell as;the-novelgfeatures of construction in between the back A and seat B alongthe line zthereofy will:becomeapparent from a-,perusual designated II- in-Fig. lfof the drawings# -The f 'of-. the following-description,when readincon- 9,.) panel I0 is provided with tWov-sideextensions I2, t-nectionwith the accompanying gdrawings; in s I2, which are located in the seat coveringportion which of such panel and-which are A.adapted-.tube
Fig. 1 is a perspective `view' of the'front'cf a tucked into thespace-betweenthe endsrof` the sofa-bed of the-indicated-typetorwhich a slip seat B and the arm rests C and D.- Seamed to cover made in accordancewith the-present in- 40 the lower-edge of panel I0 is the Iupperiedge of a v vention has been applied; panel- I3 'which is Iadapted to cover the front of Fig.,2 is aldeta-ilshowinghow the cover isapthe sofa 'seat B-and which is Agreater;ipnlength -fvplied toene of the arms ofthe sofa-bed; a than such-seat, so that the ends otpanel I3, may
Fig. 3y is ayplanfview ofthe-bodyv ofthe slip be tucked in between the-seatBandthearinrests cover `whichcoverswthe Vsea-tf and-.back offthe 45 Cand DxfThe-panelI,-3however, isfMI-iqtfY asfgreat Vsoia-bed; inlength as thepanel Ivpinthe region ofgtheex- Fig. 4 is afpia-nfview @tone ofthe-portions of tensions I2J l2, as ,Wilbe-Observed in Fig-1. @tithe the cover for an'varm rest of Vthesofa bed,-and ClIaWrlgS.y The panels. Ill and 1.3 Jare. Connected-by --Figs 5 8 are from;- eievationai views of different f abinding or weltng l 4 which denesihetoniront v styled arrnrests'which may readily'and-neatlybe 50 .edge 0f .'heeat BldWhCh is vT Jfllrleg allitsend ,coveredv4 by .theslipcoyer o this invention. portion I5, i5 to deinetheitwfo liront co ersof 1;V Sofaf-,beds ofthe "type illustrated in ,thedraw- Y lthezseats, A The enols oithecord Qrw lng, ,l
f z, ings include aback A, iaseat B, and ,armrests connectedto the iront edges Vofpfthe;seitensions i. Cfand' D,;all ofwhich aref-usually vsuitably up- I2, I2..,.It'wilLbenotedliromgllig ,1 aindg, MVVALthe holstered. The two arm rests C and -D are stadrawings, that the top edge f panel I3 is con- 3 nected throughout its entire length to the front edge of panel I and to portions of the side edges of such panel I0 in front of the extensions I2, I2. The lower edge of panel I3 is connected by a cord or welting I6 to a skirt panel I1. It will be noted from Fig. l of the drawings, that the lower edges of the end portions of panel I3 which are connected to the front side edge portions of panel I0 are not connected to the skirt panel I1 by the welting I6, but are free of such skirt panel and welting. The welting however, is connected for its entire length to the skirt panel I'I and both are sufficiently great in length to enable them to overlap a portion of the sides of the arm rests C and D. Fasteners I8, I6 of hook form are suitably connected to the ends of the skirt panel I1 to secure such ends in proper position on the chair, as will hereinafter become more clear.
Secured to the upper longitudinal edge of the panel I0 by a welting 20 which defines the front edge of the top of the back A is the top edge of A a panel 2I which covers the top and rear surfaces of the back A of the sofa. Panel 2I has substantially the same dimensions as the combined dimensions of the top and back surfaces of the back A, and is provided along its side free edges with lines of welting 22, 22. Provided along the free side edges of rear panel 2I are fasteners 23 of hook form by which such panel may be properly secured in position on the sofa.
Secured to the side edges of the portion of panel I0 which covers the front and top of the sofa back A by strips of welting 24, 24 that dene the side edges of the front of the sofa back A, are two panels 25, 25, which together with panels I0 and 2I form coverings for the ends of the sofa back A. The panels 25, 25 are in effect hinged to the panel I0 and have a width or dimension in the direction of the length of panel I0 substantially greater than the width of the ends of `the sofa back A to enable the free side edge portions of such panels to be brought around to the rear of the sofa back. It will be noted in Fig. 1 of the drawings that the panels 25, 25 are connected at their ends to panel I0 at the upper ends of the extensions I2, I2 of panel I 0 but are entirely free of such extensions except that they are all connected to panel I0. The height of panels 25, 25 however, is substantially greater than the height of panel I0 so that the upper portions of such panels 25, 25 may be brought over the top surfaces of the sofa back A at the ends thereof.
The panels 25, 25 are provided with fasteners 26, 26 of hook form by which they may be secured in adjusted position on the soft back A.
The two coverings for the arm rests C and D of the sofa are similar in construction so that it is believed a description of one will suince for both. Referring to Figs. 1, 2 and 4 of the drawings, it will be noted that each arm rest covering is composed of a main rectangularly-shaped panel 30 having a length substantially equal to the length or depth of an arm rest and a height substantially equal to the combined heights of the outer and inner surfaces of an arm rest and the width at the top of such arm rest so that such panel 30 covers the outside portion, the top portion and the inside portion of a sofa arm with suflcient material left to be tucked into the space between the seat and arm rest of the sofa. Provided along the side edges of the portion of panel 30 which covers the inner portion of the arm rest are hook-like fasteners 3I by which the panel may be secured in proper position on a sofa arm. S@-
cured to the lower edge of panel 30 by means of a line of welting 32 is a skirt panel 33 having a height the same as skirt panel I1. Secured to the front and rear edges of panel 30 are lines of welting 34 and 35, respectively, which dene the front and rear faces, respectively, of the arm rest. It will be noted that the weltings 34 and 35 extend below the welting 32 and are attached to the upper portions of the front and rear edges of the skirt panel 33.
The welting 34 from its lower end thereof to a point spaced above such lower end a distance approximately equal to the height of a sofa arm, connects to arm panel 30, a panel 36 for covering the front face of the arm. The panel 36 has a width substantially greater than the width of the sofa arm so that its outer free side edge may be placed under the front side edge of the portion of panel 30 coveringpthe inside surface of the sofa arm, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings. It will be noted that the upper portion of panel 36 is unattached to arm 30 and thus may be tted snugly around the top front edge of such arm with the excess material underlying panel 30 on the top of the sofa arm, as is also shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings. In a similar fashion a rear face panel 31 having a construction similar to front panel 36 is connected by welting 35 to panel 30 for covering the rear face of the sofa arm in the manner previously described with respect to panel 36. Connected at their ends to the outer side edges of panels 36 and 31 are two elastic members 38, 38, which are disposed on the inner side of the sofa arm, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings, and maintain the front and rear covering panels 36 and 31, respectively, in snug relation on the front and rear face portions, respectively, of the arm.
It will be seen from the foregoing that the cover of the instant invention is composed of a relatively few rectangularly-shaped pieces which can readily be assembled at the factory and are so simply put together that their arrangement on the chair can be readily understood by the housewife. Also, because of the simple, rectangular construction of the pieces, the cover can be readily washed and ironed by the housewife. As a result of the panels 25, 25 on the body portion of the cover and the panels 36, 31 on each arm portion of the cover, it will be understood that the cover may be readily applied in a snug and neat fashion on many different styles of sofas, the contours of which may vary widely. For instance, snug and neat fit may be obtained on sofa arms having either the rectangular shape shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, or one of the forms shown in Figs. 5 to '1 of the drawings, or an arm provided with a decorative wood panel, such as shown in Fig. 8 of the drawings.
In applying the slip cover to a sofa-bed such as illustrated, the arm covers are preferably rst assembled on the arm rests of the sofa. In accomplishing this, each arm cover is placed over the top of an arm rest so that the side edge portions of panels 36, 31 and the elastic straps 38. 38, are on the inner side thereof and then the panel 30 is drawn over on its outer side until the upper ends of the connections of such panel with panels 36 and 31 are positioned at the outer upper corners of the arm rest. After the panels 36 and 31 have been smoothed over the front and rear faces, respectively, of the arm rest, the upper free portions of such panels are tted over the top of `such arm so that they snugly cover the top front vegen/e199 and,reanfacesyofthearm rest;` :The unattached portion*` of panel :30::fis then- =fitted .overfzthe .top andinner'surfaces. of-fthenarmfrest and drawn so that the weltings :.34iand 35il thereof Vwill-,substantially I.conform =to theicontour of zthelfront .and rear surfaces of the arms. When thepanels 30,.36.and SThav-e been properly adjusted, such panels'fare secured 1in position by means of the fasteners 3|. The body of the cover is then applied` to the sofa ,by lplacing the panels l0 and 2|on vthe back of the sofa so that the lines of welting 2,0;and24goutline the front surface of the sofa back. The welting I4 on panel l0 is then placed so that it outlinesvthe top front'fedge of the sofaf seat land the panel -I 0- srnoothed onv the Yfront-,surface ofthe back-and the top-surface of the seatawithV the extensions l2, I2 inserted between the vseat Y'and arms' and the lsurplus material of panel -IO'tuckedin between the yseat and back ofthe sofa. tucked in between the seat-and arm of thesofa and then the ends of the skirt Il are brought around to the sides of the sofa over the lower ends of arm panels 36 and 31, and the front portions of the arm skirts 33. The ends of skirt I1 are secured in proper position on skirts 33 by means of the fasteners IB. In a manner similar to that explained with respect to the arm panels 36, 31, the panels 25, 25 of the body portion are then brought behind and over the ends of the sofa back and fitted to the contours thereof; the adjusted panels 25, 25, being retained in position by the hooks 26, 26. The back panel 2| is then fitted over the top and back of the sofa and the folded back portions of panels 25, 25 to obtain a proper fit of the weltings 22, 22 on the contours of the sofa top and back. Panel 2| is then secured in position by the fasteners 23 provided thereon to hold such panel and the panels 25, 25 in their adjusted positions.
While we have hereinabove describd and illustrated the invention in connection with a slip cover for a sofa-bed, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that the invention is also adaptable to covers for other types of upholstered furniture and that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.
l. A slip cover for an article of upholstered furniture having a back,` arms and a seat, comprising a cover section for each arm and a section for the back and seat, each of said arm sections comprising a main panel, a skirt portion and a front face panel, said main panel covering the inside, top and outside surfaces of an arm of the article and having when in position on said arm a free inner edge adapted to be tucked in the space between an arm and the seat of the article, and having when in position on said arm an outer edge connected throughout its length by a seam to said skirt portion, and said main panel having when in position on said arm a front edge secured in part by a seam to the outer side edge of said front face panel, the remainder of said front edge being free, said skirt portion having a length at least as long as the front to rear dimension of said arm and being secured throughout its entire length by a seam to the outside edge of said main panel, said front face panel when overlying said arm being connected along its outer edge from a point spaced from the lower edge thereof to a point spaced from the top edge thereof by a seam to the front edge The-ends of panel I3are l'main .panel @toextend S below the seam f connectl offA said @main panel, the f topand flower -VVportions Stiallydessu-thanthateofsaid mainl panel Abut greaterathanA the hei-ghtof the frontfface of the article armf to enable such'frontfface panel Iabove vlits :connection :tof saidhmain- -panel -to be folded over 4vfthe'rtop surface "of" the'iarticle i arml and to enable Fsuch :panel .f below fits connection -rto said ingr-said?skirt-portionl'to saidmain panel, and
jsaidwfront face: panel Yhaving a `width substantiallyllgreater,thanthe-frontface of the said arm I .to enable. the inneredge -of such panelto :be drawn -aroundto 'the inside surface of said-arm, the 'said point xoffconnectionvfspaced from the lowerfedge-of--said-arm panelandthe seam conrnectingthesfront edge :thereof to said main panel "beingadapted 'to fix the position .of said main and front-facepanelsson said'arm in the assembly of the arm section of the cover on said arm to enable said arm section to be properly arranged on such arm, said section for the back and seat of the article having a depending portion adapted to overlie the front face of said seat between the arms of the article, a second skirt portion having a length greater than the outside length of the article across the front and being secured by a seam to the lower edge of said depending portion, the ends of said second skirt portion being drawn over the free lower edges of said front face panels to overlie the same and to hold them in position on the arms and being drawn around to outside surfaces of the article arms in overlapping relation to the skirt portions of the arm sections.
2. A slip cover for an article of upholstered furniture having a back, arms and a seat, comprising a cover section for each arm and a section for the back and seat, each of said arm sections comprising a main panel, a skirt portion and a front face panel, said main panel covering the inside, top and outside surfaces of an arm of the article and having when in position on said arm a free inner edge adapted to be tucked in the space between an arm and the seat of the article, and having when in position on said arm an outer edge connected throughout its length by a seam to said skirt portion, and said main panel having when in position on said arm a front edge secured in part by a seam to the outer side edge of said front face panel, the remainder of said front edge being free, said skirt portion having a length at least as long as the front to rear dimension of said ar-m and being secured throughout its entire length by a seam to the outside edge of said main panel, said front face panel when overlying said arm being connected along its outer edge from a point spaced from the lower edge thereof to a point spaced from the top edge thereof by a seam to the front edge of said main panel, the top and lower portions of the outer edge of said front face panel and the other edges of said front face panel being free, said front face panel having a height substantially less than that of said main panel but greater than the height of the front face of the article arm to enable such front face panel above its connection to said main panel to be folded over the top surface of the article arm and to enable such panel below its connection to said main panel to extend below the seam connecting said skirt portion to said main panel, and said front face panel having a width substantially greater than the front face of the said arm to enable the inner edge of such panel to be drawn around to the inside surface of said arm, the said point of connection spaced from the lower edge of said arm panel and the seam connecting the front edge thereof to said main panel being adapted to fix the position of said main and front face panels on said arm in the assembly of the arm section of the cover on said arm to enable said arm section to be properly arranged on such arm, said section for the back and seat of the article having a depending portion adapted to overlie the front face of the seat of the article and including a horizontal portion having free ends adapted to be tucked in between the seat and the arms of the article, and a second skirt portion secured by a seam to the lower edge of said horizontal portion, said depending portion having end extensions of a length as to extend from points between the article arms over the free lower edges of said 8 front face panels to overlie the same and to hold them in position on the arms, and to be drawn around to outside surfaces of the article arms to bring the ends of said second skirt portion in overlapping relation to the skirt portions of the arm sections.
WILLIAM J. REAVIS. ETHEL SCHUTTE.
References Cited in the le 0f this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS