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Publication numberUS2671631 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 9, 1954
Filing dateApr 27, 1950
Priority dateApr 27, 1950
Publication numberUS 2671631 A, US 2671631A, US-A-2671631, US2671631 A, US2671631A
InventorsFox Martin
Original AssigneeSeng Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Revolving chair base
US 2671631 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 9, 1954 M. FOX 2,671,631

REVOLVING CHAIR BASE Filed April 27, 1950 2 Shee ts-Sheet l FIELI MM 71%, W/ PE ZJ March 9, 1954 M. FOX 2,671,631

' REVOLVING CHAIR BASE Filed April 27. 1950 r 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 15 1a? 3 I J 21 IIIIIIIIIII/IIII JrIl/e 7? for Patented Mar. 9, 1954 REVOLVING CHAIR EASE Martin Fox, Chicago, Ill., assignor to The Selig Company, a corporation of Illinois Application April 2'1, 1950, Serial No. 158,573

(Cl. bi -349) 7 Claims.

This invention relates to a chair iron, and more particularly to an improved device for swivelly supporting a chair on a base. v

The primary object of this invention is to provide a chair iron of economical manufacture,

provided with a pair of opposed plates having simple and effective keepers for holding the plates together on spaced ball hearings in an annular race, and also provided with a holding device for securing the chair in any position relative to its base.

The invention is illustrated in a preferred embodiment in the accompanying drawings, in

which-- Figure 1 is a side elevational view of an upholstered chair, embodying the invention; Fig. 2 is a bottom plan of the chair of Fig. 1, a partially turned position indicated by broken lines; Fig. 3, a plan view of the chair bottom, chair iron and base with the chair removed; Fig. 4, a side elevational view of the assembly of Fig. 3; Fig. 5, a fragmentary top plan view of the chair iron; Fig. 6, a sectional view taken as indicated at line 6-6 in Fig. Fig. 7, an enlarged fragmentary sectional view taken as indicated at line 1-1 in Fig. 5; and Fig. 8 an enlarged fragmentary vertical sectional view taken as indicated at line 8-8 in Fig. 4.

In the embodiment shown, a conventional base 9 is surmounted by a swivel assembly I!) to which a chair II is attached by its bottom l2 by use of screws [3.

The chair iron comprises an upper plate I4 and a coacting similar lower plate l5. Each of the plates are formed with an annular groove in its outer portion which forms a ball'race l6 when the plates are assembled in opposed relation. The plates'may be stamped out of sheet metal material and in general comprise an annular ring open in the center. Four keepers I! are formed integral with one of theplates and have a free end portion loosely embracing the marginal edge portion of the other plate. In

this particular embodiment, the keepers are preferably integral with the upper plate, that is, the plate to be attached to the chair bottom It. The keepers are sufiiciently loose to allow the upper plate to revolve on a plurality of ball bearings l8 positioned in the race l8, yet retain the plates in suillciently" close relationship to prevent loss of the ball bearings from the race.

The ball bearings are held in'spaced relationship by four link spacer bars l9, each being a fiat bar having angularly offset portions. Each link bar has an end opening and an opening at the angle of each bar for receiving a ball bearing. The link bars retain the balls apart and are linked together by overlapping engagement with one ball at the adjoining ends of the bars. Each bar I9 is interchangeable with any of the other bars l9, and each has a width greater than the ball race so thatthey ride on the lower plate I5.

A holding device is provided for securing the chair in any position relative to its base as best seen in Figs. 5 and '7. A supporting lug is Bil riveted to the upper plate Hi to support the holding member 2! pivotally mounted thereon.

The member 2| has a hand-grip portion 22 and a wedge portion 23 which may be moved from the broken line position to the full line position illustrated in Fig. 5, to swing the wedge portion between the upper and lower plates to restrain them against relative movement. Preferably the holding device is mounted adjacent a keeper ill so that the wedge portion 23 may spread the plates apart into frictional engagement with the adjacent keeper ll. As seen in Fig. 2, the device moves with the upper plate, to keep the operating handle at the same position on the chair at all times.

Generally a swivel assembly is put together in the shop before installation in a chair. To facilitate the insertion of screws H to fasten the upper plate to the chair bottom [2, an opening 24 is provided in the base 9 to register with cut-out portions 25 of the upper plate. Thus, the swivel assembly may be secured to a base 9 and, as illustrated in Fig. 8, the chair may be set upon the base and revolved thereon to bring successive screws I3 into registry with the opening 24 to provide for easy assembly.

The foregoing detailed description is given for clearness of understanding only, and no unnecessary limitations should be understood therefrom, for some modifications will be obvious to those skilled in the art.

I claim:

1. A chair iron for swivelly supporting a chair on a base, comprising: a pair of opposed plates having complementary annular grooves'form-,

ing a ball race; keepers on one plate having a free end portion loosely embracing the'marginal portion of the opposed plate; a plurality of flat link bars between said plates having overlapping ends in said ball race provided with registering apertures; and a ball bearing in each pair of registering apertures, said ball bearings serving to link said bars together with their ends in overlapping relationship.

the other.

provided with an aperture to abale.oompriaing: apairotoppoeedplatee having complementary annular grooves tonnlooeely embracing the marginal portion of the other plate: and e holding device having a wedge portion adapted to be swung between laidplatee and restrain one from turning with reepeet to chairiron iorewivellympporting aehair .5.Adeviceaeepeciiledinclaim4,inwhiehgo the keeper: and the holding device are mounted on the same plate; and said holding device is mounted adjacent a keeper for wedging the plates into frictional keeper.

engagement with said the holding device includes a pivotally in member having a hand-grip at one end.

plates upon'eelective movement of said hand- :rinv MARTIN POX.

item-almond!intiseiueottmsmum 15f suns m'nm'rs Toelstede '1"eb. 5, 1951

Patent Citations
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US84067 *Nov 17, 1868 jeremy lake
US543719 *Apr 16, 1895Jul 30, 1895 Roller-bearing
US845948 *Nov 22, 1906Mar 5, 1907Raymond A HallSoldering compound.
US1754094 *Aug 4, 1925Apr 8, 1930Glass Sr GeorgeSelf-serving tray
US2141723 *Nov 1, 1937Dec 27, 1938Pieper Conrad CBrake
US2528949 *Sep 13, 1945Nov 7, 1950Royal Metal Mfg CompanyStool having revolving seat
US2542218 *Apr 17, 1947Feb 20, 1951Toelstede Jake HRevolvable stool
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2779642 *Jun 14, 1954Jan 29, 1957Wil Mat CorpSwivel
US2811083 *Sep 18, 1953Oct 29, 1957Reflectone CorpChair with moving seat and mirror
US2854065 *Jan 30, 1957Sep 30, 1958Seng CoLock for revolving chair base
US2876051 *Jun 1, 1954Mar 3, 1959Seng CoSwivel chair iron
US2895770 *Jan 9, 1956Jul 21, 1959Wil Mat CorpSwivel bearing
US2898163 *Jan 16, 1957Aug 4, 1959Mcmahan Sr Roy FSwivel
US2916084 *May 28, 1956Dec 8, 1959Homecrest CompanySwivel chair
US2950893 *Jul 31, 1958Aug 30, 1960Middletown Mfg CompanySwivel latching device
US3008778 *Sep 6, 1956Nov 14, 1961Matthews John TSwivel bearing with movement limiting means
US3570800 *Mar 20, 1970Mar 16, 1971Mohasco Ind IncSwivel
US4659050 *Nov 14, 1984Apr 21, 1987Osaka Taiyo Co., Ltd.Rotary support device
US5690385 *Aug 7, 1996Nov 25, 1997Feldman; JerryRotatable sun chair
US5816649 *Nov 14, 1996Oct 6, 1998Steelcase Inc.Chair with articulating tablet and interfacing table
US5931528 *Jul 29, 1998Aug 3, 1999Steelcase Inc.Chair with articulating tablet and interfacing table
US5931534 *May 7, 1996Aug 3, 1999Hutter; Edward F.Child pacification device
US8210613 *Sep 22, 2009Jul 3, 2012Crown Equipment CorporationSwivel seat with adjustable swivel resistance
US9408468Aug 15, 2014Aug 9, 2016Pavilion FurnitureFurniture with concealed weld construction
US9566886Dec 11, 2013Feb 14, 2017Grammer AgVehicle seat
US9579995 *Dec 17, 2013Feb 28, 2017Grammer AgCommercial vehicle seat with rotatable seat part
US20100072801 *Sep 22, 2009Mar 25, 2010Peter AdelspergerSwivel seat with adjustable swivel resistance
US20140167469 *Dec 17, 2013Jun 19, 2014Grammer AgCommercial vehicle seat with rotatable seat part
U.S. Classification248/349.1, 297/344.22, 384/615, 297/344.26, 248/188.1
International ClassificationA47C3/18
Cooperative ClassificationF16C2314/70, A47C3/18, F16C33/588, F16C19/10
European ClassificationF16C19/10, F16C33/58S, A47C3/18