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Publication numberUS2672161 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 16, 1954
Filing dateMay 24, 1949
Priority dateMay 24, 1949
Publication numberUS 2672161 A, US 2672161A, US-A-2672161, US2672161 A, US2672161A
InventorsBrauer Morris
Original AssigneeBrauer Morris
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for plugging holes in pipe lines
US 2672161 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

M. BRAUER APPARATUS FOR PLUGGING HOLES IN PIPE LINES Filed May 24. 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR.

MORR I$ BRA OER WNW 74 )STTORNEY March 16, 1954 BRAUER 2,672,161

APPARATUS FOR PLUGGING HOLES IN PIPE LINES Filed May 24. 1949 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 2 3T TORNEY Patented Mar. 16, 1954 APPARATUS FOR PLUGGING' HOLES IN PIPE LINES Morris Brauer, Jersey City, N. J. Application May 24, 1949, Serial No. 95,017

4 Claims.

This invention relates to an apparatus for plugging holes in pipe lines, and more particularly to the repairing of boiler tubes and other high pressure and high temperature conduits.

Among the most serious difficulties concomitent with boiler operations is the lack of adequate methods and apparatus for boiler tube repair. Thus when a puncture results in a boiler tube, the sole recourse available is to plug the ends of the tube wherein the leak is, and thereby remove this tube from operation. This involves turning off the boiler fire and having a repairman creep into the fire box to plug one end of the tube, after which the other end is tapped in. Not only is the tube useless for further heat transmission, but the very act of repairing due to the hammering required to jam in the plug is apt'to disturb the surrounding area and. thereby induce further leaks in surrounding tubes. In addition, this type of repair affords only temporary relief in that safety requirements will entail the necessity of retubing shortly thereafter. This latter operation is exceedingly costly and moreover prevents the utilization of the boiler for lengthy periods.

There have been attempts in the past to create boiler plugs which could be inserted within the tube. to seal up punctures, but until the present date. these have not proved to be successful. Due to the great heat differential between the temperature at which the plug is tightened, and the temperature at which the boiler tube is onstream, theskeletonof the plug is affected thus preventing adequate seals.

The present invention provides the first apparatus for successfully repairing permanently a boiler tube puncture, By the utilization of. the present apparatus it is not necessary to reduce the. boiler pressure while the repairs are being eilected, and the hammering and jamming present with earlier methods is completely eliminated. The utilization of the boiler tube may be continued immediately after repairs, and retubing is unnecessary.

An object is the provision of apparatus for the permanent repair of punctured pipe line.

This and other objects'are accomplished by the apparatus of the present invention which comprises a pipe line device for plugging a pipe hole comprising. a pair of transverse shoes, means comprising nuts and leverage members for distending said transverse shoes, a threaded shaft comprising sections oppositely threaded to each other, with said nuts located on said oppositely threaded sections, and means for rotating the shaft.

The process of the present invention for repairing a pipe hole in pipe which normally carries a fluid under high temperature and pressure comprises inserting into the pipe a collapsed distendable means, said means including a rigid member conforming to the shape of the pipe, said member being coated with a composition of matter adapted to create a permanent plug, manipulating said distendable means so that said rigid member covers the pipe hole, distending said distendable means so that said rigid member seals off said pipe hole, and reutilizing said pipe by conducting the fluid under its normal temperature and pressure through said pipe.

Figure 1 is a vertical section through a punctured pipe showing my invention applied thereto.

Figure 2 is a transverse section taken on line 2-2 of Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a horizontal section through a punctured pipe showing my invention in top plane, parts being broken away to show clearness.

Figure 4 is similar to Figure 1 but shows a modified form of my invention.

Figure 5 is a transverse section taken on line 5-5 of Figure 4.

Figure 6 is a disassembled perspective View of a modified form of my invention about to be applied to a punctured tube.

Figure 7 is a longitudinal section through a punctured tube with the modified form of my invention shown in Figure 6 applied thereto.

Figure 8 is a transverse section taken on line 8-4;. of Figure 7.

Figure 9 is a view of the ure 6.

Figure 10 is an end view of the modified form of my invention shown in Figure 6 having a plas tic. type patch.

Figure 11 is a perspective view of a cam nut as utilized in the modified form of my invention shown inFigure 6.

Figure 12 is a fragmental end view of my invention showing the utilization of a patch on the form of my invention shown in Figure. 1.

Figure 13 is a plan view of the patch utilized in Figure 12..

Referring to Figures 1, 2 and 3, 25 represents a pipe such as a boiler tube having a hole or puncture 22. My pipe line device is indicated by 24 and. comprises a of transverse shoes 25 and 28. The outer surface of shoes 26 and 28 conforms to the inner surface of pipe 29. As is shown in Figures 1 and 2, shoe 2E- isin place against hole 22. Shoes 26 and 28 ar pivotally attached by respective bar 39 and 32 to links 34, 36, 38, 40; shoe 26 being pivotally attached patch utilized in Fig- "44; with links 36 and position in slotted nut to links 34 and 36 and shoe 23 being pivotally attached to links 33 and 40. Links 34, 36, 33 and 40 are pivotally held in slotted nuts 42 and 43 being held in pivotal 42 by respective pins 46 and 48, and links 34 and 38 being held in pivotal position in slotted nut 44 by respective pins 50 and 52. Slotted nuts 42 and 44 are mounted on threaded shaft 54 which has right and left hand threaded sections. Slotted nut 44 is mounted on the left hand threaded section of shaft 54 and slotted nut 42 is mounted on the right hand threaded section of shaft 34. Shaft 54 may be rotated by turning pin 56.

Thus pipe line device 24 may be inserted into pipe 23 With shoes 26 and 28 closer together than the inside diameter of pipe 20, and by rotating pin 56 slotted nut 42 and 44 are brought closer together and shoe 25 is forced against the inner surface of pipe 22 effectively sealing off hole 22.

A modified form of my invention is shown in Figures 4 and 5. In these figures, 36 represents a pipe such as a boiler tube having a hole or puncture 62. My pipe line device is indicated by 64 and comprises a pair of transverse shoes 66 and 5S. Ihe outer surface of shoes 33 and 68 conforms to the inner surface of pipe Bil. As is shown in Figures 4 and 5, shoe 63 is in place against hole 32. Shoes 53 and 38 are pivotally attached by respective bars i8 and I2 to links I4, I6, 13, 83, B2 and 84; shoe 56 being pivotally attached to links 54, T5 and '58, and shoe 33 being pivotally attached to links as, 82 and 34. Links I4, I6, and 83 are pivotally attached to nut 36 and links I3, 82 and at are pivotally attached to nut 83; with links I4 and I6 pivotally attached to extended member 93 of nut 88 by pin 22, and link 8!] pivotally attached in a slot of nut 86 by pin 34. Link I8 is likewise pivotally attached to a slot in nut 88 by pin 96 and links 82 and 84 are pivotally attached to extended member 93 of nut 88 by pin I00. Nuts 33 and 83 are mounted on threaded shaft I02 which has right and left hand threaded sections. Nut 86 is mounted on the right hand threaded section of shaft I02, and nut 88 is mounted on the left hand threaded section of shaft I82. Fixed collar I34 is inserted between the right hand threaded section of shaft I02 and the left hand threaded section of shaft I32. Shaft I32 may be rotated by turning nut I33.

Thus pipe line device 64 may be inserted into pipe 53 with shoes 65 and 68 closer together than the inside diameter of pipe 63, and by rotating nut I33 nuts 86 and 83 are brought closer together forcing shoe 53 against the inner surfac of pipe s effectively sealing off hole 32.

Another modification of my invention is shown in Figures 6, '7, 8, 0, and 11. In these figures H8 represents a pipe having a hole or puncture I I2. My pipe line device is indicated by I I2 and comprises a pair of transverse shoes H3 and H3. The outer surface of shoes H3 and IIB conforms to the inner surface of pipe IIII. Figure 6 illustrates device H4 about to be inserted into pipe H3 and Figure '7 shows device I I4 in place within pipe IIIl with shoe H against hole II2. The inner surfaces of shoes H3 and H3 have angularly raised cam ways I28, I22, I24 and I26. Cam nuts I28 and I30 having runners adapted to conform to cam ways I23, I22, I24 and I23 are mounted on shaft I32 and attach shoes H3 and 'IIS to shaft I32. Cam nut I28 rides in cam ways I23 and I22, and cam nut I30 rides in cam ways I24 and I23. Shaft I32 has right and left hand threaded sections and cam nut I28 is mounted on the right hand threaded section of shaft I32 and cam nut I33 is mounted on the left hand threaded section of shaft I32. Shaft I32 may be rotated by turning nut I34.

Thus pipe line device I I4 may be inserted into pipe III) with shoes H3 and H8 closer together than the inside diameter of pipe IIO as shown in Figure 6. When device H4 is in line with hole H2, nut I33 is rotated and cam nuts I28 and I3!) are brought closer together and shoe HE is forced against the inner surface of pipe H3 thus effectively sealing off hole 62.

In many cases it may be desirable to leave my pipe line device in the tube and simply pass the hot fluid through the tube as in normal operation wtih my device remaining in the tube. This is entirely practical since my device does not block off the tube since as shown in Figures 2 and 5 the cross sectional area of my device is but a fraction of the cross sectional area of the boiler tube. In many instances it may prove desirable to coat the outer or distal surface of one shoe (1. e. the surface which is to face the hole), or of both shoes with a suitable composition of matter adapted to create a permanent union between the shoes and the inner surface of the pipe, and which is also capable of acting as a permanent plugging material. Such compositions of matter may take the form of substance which undergo thermal transformations to create permanent cement plugs. When using these substances my device is to be inserted with the shoe to be placed against the hole or both shoes coated with the substance. After the device is distended against the hole, the repaired tube is placed on-stream and the substance undergoes a thermal transfusion induced by the hot fluids passing through the tube thereby forming a permanent seal and plug. Cementing substances which form seals under other conditions could likewise be used, and these conditions effected after my device has been inserted and expanded into place. I have found that both plastic and metallic compositions are suitable, among the plastic compositions that have proved to be successful are phenol-formaldehyde asbestos impregnated resins, and shellac-pine tar asbestos impregnated mixtures, while among the metallic cements which I have found to be suitable are the numerous commercial solders having temperatures of fusion of the order of those temperatures present in boilers. I have shown shoe IIG coated with a cementing and plugging substance I36 in Figure 10.

However, in many cases, it. may be desirable to repair the boiler tube and not leave any obstruction Within the repaired tube. Accordingly, I have devised a method for accomplishing this.

A collapsed distendable means having a rigid member conforming to the shape of the inner surface of the tube, such as my device H4 in Figure 6 is inserted into the tube so that the rigid member is below the puncture. Prior to the insertion the rigid member is coated with a composition of matter adapted to create a permanent plug such as those compositions described in the previous paragraph, and said composition is attached to the rigid member by a detachable binding means which permits the release of said composition from the distendabl means. In Figures 6, 8 and 9, I have shown a suitable detachable binding means and plug composition unit M3 comprising a backing of thin metal I42 surfaced with plug composition I44. The unit I4!) is attached to the rigid member which consists of shoe I I6 by means of flanges I46, I48, I50, I55, I58 and IE as shown in Figures 6 and 8. Metallic prongs I52, I66, I52, and I54 are provided and serve to prevent the device II 4 from turning out of position while it is being distended by fixing themselves in relation to the inner surface of the pipe. In some cases these metallic prongs may be dispensed with. A similar unit i655 to that shown in Figure 9 for utilization with the form of my invention shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3 is shown in Figure 13. The attachment of this unit to shoe it by the utilization of flanges such as I79, I72, ti l, lit, :18, 5th, I82, and I84 is indicated in Figure 12. After the distendable means has been positioned within the tube it is expanded so that the detachable binding means and plug composition unit covers the hole. The necessary conditions for converting the plug-cement composition into a cemented plug are then effected, such as by permitting the tube to remain on-stream for a period, following which the distendable means is collapsed and re moved from the tube. This removal can easily be afiected without injury to the plug since the flanges such as I58, I69, M6, M8, I59 and I56, or I70, I72, I74, I'lfi, I13, I38, I82 and I85, as a body are opened and released when the distendable means is collapsed. Alternatively, in place of units embodying mechanical holding flanges such as units I49 and I 68, other detachable binding means may be employed. These include utilizing as a detachable binder between the ceizc ntplugging composition and the rigid member comprising a plastic or metallic binding means which either burns or melts off under the cementing conditions, or a binding means which due to the cementing conditions expands off.

The apparatus and process herein described may be modified somewhat. These modifications which are readily apparent to one skilled in the art constitute part of my invention. They include modifications in the shape of th various members utilized in my invention, and the different conditions which may be utilized for effecting the plug-cementing of my process.

I claim:

1. A pipe line device for plugging a pipe hole comprising a pair of transverse shoes, each of said shoes having located on its inner surface an angularly raised cam way, cam nuts adapted to conform to said cam way, a threaded shaft having oppositely threaded sections, said cam nuts mounted on said shafts oppositely threaded sections and arranged so that when said shaft is rotated the cam nuts move upon said angularly raised cam way thereby distending said transverse shoes.

2. A pipe line device for plugging a pipe hole comprising a pair of transverse shoes, at least one of said shoes having located on its distal surface a composition of matter adapted for plugging said pipe hole, each of said shoes having located on its inner surface an angularly raised cam way, cam nuts adapted to conform to said cam way, a threaded shaft having oppositely threaded sections, said cam nuts mounted on said shafts oppositely threaded sections and arranged so that when said shaft is rotated the cam nuts move upon said angularly raised cam way thereby distending said transverse shoes.

3. A pipe line device for plugging a pipe hole comprising a pair of transverse shoes, at least one of said shoes having located on its distal surface a detachable patch containing a composition of matter adapted for plugging said pipe hole, each of said shoes having located on its inner surface an angularly raised cam way, cam nuts adapted to conform to said cam way,.a threaded shaft having oppositely threaded sections, said cam nuts mounted on said shafts oppositely threaded sections and arranged so that when said shaft is rotated the cam nuts move upon said angularly raised cam way thereby distending said transverse shoes.

4. A pipe line device for plugging a pipe hole comprising a pair of transverse shoes, each of said shoes having located on its inner surface an angularly raised cam way, cam nuts adapted to conform to said cam way, a threaded shaft having oppositely threaded sections, a fixed collar separating said sections, said cam nuts mounted on said shafts oppositely threaded sections and arranged so that when said shaft is rotated the cam nuts move upon said angularly raised cam way thereby distending said transverse shoes.

MORRIS BRAUER.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 411,978 Chisholm Oct. 1, 1889 581,209 Hughes Apr. 20, 1897 1,180,714 I-Iall Apr. 25, 1916 1,182,737 Bartz May 9, 1916 2,374,947 Nicholson May 1, 1945 2,487,991 Stephens Nov. 15, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 16,443 Great Britain July 25, 1903

Patent Citations
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Referenced by
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US2931416 *May 20, 1958Apr 5, 1960Otis KriseMilk case straightener
US3047065 *Oct 16, 1959Jul 31, 1962Pan American Petroleum CorpMethod and apparatus for lining pressure vessels
US3077916 *Aug 12, 1960Feb 19, 1963Vaughn Harold EExpander tool
US3261374 *May 17, 1963Jul 19, 1966Cons Edison Co New York IncMethod and means for sealing leaking pipes
US3830260 *Sep 12, 1972Aug 20, 1974Baviello MConduit leak sealing device
US5263515 *Jan 31, 1992Nov 23, 1993Goodale James RDevice for repairing a tube
US7000642Oct 30, 2003Feb 21, 2006J.R. Pipeline Co., Inc.comprises a form having an exterior surface adapted to position the sheet of pipe liner adjacent the inner walls of the pipe, wherein the exterior surface substantially conforms to the contours of the inner walls
US7191801 *Feb 21, 2006Mar 20, 2007J. R. Pipeline Co., Inc.Apparatus and method for installation of pipe liner
US7252138Aug 1, 2005Aug 7, 2007Rohm And Haas CompanyFlow through tube plug
US7708032Mar 20, 2007May 4, 2010J.R. Pipeline Co., Inc.Apparatus and method for installation of pipe liner
CN100535500CAug 2, 2005Sep 2, 2009罗门哈斯公司Flow through tube plug
EP1624273A2 *Aug 1, 2005Feb 8, 2006Rohm And Haas CompanyMethod of repairing a tube using a flow through tube plug, methods of repairing and forming a laminated tubesheet, and heat exchanger
EP1688657A1 *Oct 26, 2004Aug 9, 2006Waterworks Technology Development Organization Co., Ltd.Pipe line-closing device
EP2413083A1 *Aug 1, 2005Feb 1, 2012Rohm and Haas CompanyMethod of repairing a tubular member of an apparatus
WO2004042268A2 *Oct 30, 2003May 21, 2004J R Pipeline Co IncApparatus and method for installation of pipe liner
Classifications
U.S. Classification138/97
International ClassificationF16L55/163, F22B37/10
Cooperative ClassificationF16L55/163, F22B37/104
European ClassificationF22B37/10C, F16L55/163