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Publication numberUS2672775 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 23, 1954
Filing dateJul 8, 1949
Priority dateJul 8, 1949
Publication numberUS 2672775 A, US 2672775A, US-A-2672775, US2672775 A, US2672775A
InventorsElmer Koski
Original AssigneeElmer Koski
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Watchmaker's vise
US 2672775 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Mar. 23, 1954 UNITED STAT ES. PATENT FF ICE l ll neg Kqski-, Lake Qi ty, Minn ennlieetieelvlx-fit er a e. 19316.90;

h s. te en re e a we qhaie er wt ee m m re er iwe t ee' ieer i i me m r l er abl from alan Whee efi 9? watches, and for similar pu'rpp eeel It is among the object; oi the invention to r d mp ov d. a emakef rit eek i of m lifi d and u b e -o etm t e' ed e eidee. o u r ic 'afw qh' iil' e eet pait' while. such "part/is beinig wogke d on by. a Wat-eh. or i rume it me whiehli tee Q2: ret s manu l y t g i a el eseme We e r ipebrumemz rt, 'w ii h ld such j ri wit em a leem v ee rie e'qr in u t the beet. e0 eni ntl ee e'ihe P 1. a ten. 2 t eet t d t w the m of th na e. e mm: mm eel-e whi belt we: we i -2e am s r clifier it 2%.- me nti eeee ivte to the watch 4 es mmee wk M x: e la y we l wan ed tpihqls e .WtFFFEll Peleec heel-a s mbl e he tem xel- Q1 he ellez t b e rQme mbl anew/e92 tee e e SQ hat i dqeeq 'r t e re a. la axeefit 9i am on thewe eema se e henehgie 5 9 2 ee 9. maeu eeture and. eeite eeilmeeplei W951i wetehe Qfdi tize ate w iteup 1% O he bie s an a eete fie wi l he gx e. an: Perent rem a eoeeiqe ca ie 1 1 the milet: Qr i d. ee eene d leme- QQe ee en with the accompanying drawing, yghenein;

E ur 1 is a We la Y wpi a watehmek t te illus rat ve 9 t e. menti F r eh-s t e l tet p of he vi e lue: re si i F u e F ur 3 s e ene tud ne r se-ee tien 9. the line 37,3. 0.15 F ure t Fi u 4 is a. len it qin ewe -semen n an enlarged scale of a iragzpentary portion of the d e n is a m uh tentia a the n 4.,.4 of Figure 1;

Figure 5 i s a eide eieyatipnof a resilient chuck constituting a ene ati e e m eeee r of e e: 19? i Figure 6 is a side. elevation ofthe Qhuci; illustrated in Figure '5' with the chuck rotated 95 degrees fromthe position i 1 1u t ;ated-in1?ignre 5.

A With continued rejerence to the di'awing, the vi wm es a e eee la: d? en alit d ate t Q o suitable Wgi met -1& 5 9 te iron or a uminu T i loc -has aiength somewhat greater. than its width, and a width greater than its thickess, and is provided in'its normally upper face with a rectangular recess which extends transversely ofthe block and has a width materially less than the length of the block. This zfecess H is suhstantially symmetrically disposed l elative to the mid-length location of the block to provide, at one end'of the bioclc a fixedl rectang nlalij jaw at he eneq it 32 th.? 2 2% fitestreeteqg te abutr'nent l3 spaced from the jaw I2 by the width 2 of the recess H. The portion of th bloc}; below; the inner or bottom face of'thie. 'ifecese 'l l stitutes a flat base IA; and a movable jaw I5 is disposed. in the fecess i1 and "slidesf 'upon'the topfsu 'rface of the base i-i'withih the recess."

T ab e w 5 melen elt a wn1 gnlar body, preferably of the sanie materia "of hich. the block i! s form and has leng h substantially equal to thewidth o'fthe p ate; and a width matetiegily 1es s than thefxyidthj of he e e s sq'thefit e'moive e l w. ta meyet w l nti ewa from .i w k h ed aw: l iziled f th' at. threaded hole {.6 exfi nfiing there stantialiyat'the'lnid lengtfiioeat t, 'le e' i ini er liee h i n i l e z i e te'thep fimii ser ee 6f h z 1 ed 21 uetenidmg therethmu h mangmiieptwi n h l 1.5, the me-1'iaw'fizfm nme .11 pxeierably zi eme ier "man the. hole. A rew: ha t ee ie ell'y hdie 'fied a i ete reel eer whee dee shan threaded through thelhg' le lfi v'in the' ea. ha t one en 'q he" hread .6; a. shan ez n en 2! e e @191 .i t ede. th r h e eq ble ew l5, a nft e' ho wh n: it w ali nment With the 12 2 151%? v An annu a sheu de 22. i er yides a the we of th sen ex hqn' 'z'ii 'w th cr w-th eaded s eet when it an ise qtl der bears'against' the'side of the inoyabi'e aw a ia e l t. the xed aw l s r pundine the. belle. 1 th? mem iew- A tranjsv Se. h 3; end ibi' fueh 'ehenk' e e' i 2. a. me. nra site ewe Of th m vepl aw SQ h the. 1110mm i w ieelem e'd. be ween e. sh ul e '22 n th 1 2 a e 'mqtahle'tmize q and ewwi m t fi e 1e! ie fi q ufli el m ve: me t-e of t e c ew sh ft [8: rela v t t e ed aw; An enlarged, K urled me a s P QYl 2 the s rew sh t a he en 'o t e hwa te sh zi ee ttion 8 obeos'ite, %1; ea.- e s n .1? m nua l matin th $9 W ha 'The facing ends of the fixed jaw mp eble jaw ,5. er qv slegl with We .eeteeei e emeefl ry na t ep ingi' ee rece s. ce I 'edieeenteeleee h t ds e eiee. nee 'ctively opposite 'h'aft eat f m rtlyr xhnd 'ieal receeeesedm stitute a chnekn'eceiving sock'et; as indicateqllat an 25 n F ure AS is eer ieu e i l t-gat'eilin Figure 4, the two IQ2B$ 2'1 t he, xed an? mqv ble aw r spectiyely 'fiq w -whe t S eetie e e'diem e a I .1 9 he bFltt m euri e l Q he' a e ea n? wdv the ta t ieves. the tee ew f erfi art a tie- 1, t Ptnees. jaws, pi'ovidin, at their lower emit; 'fe'spectlve steps or shoulders 29 and 30. A hole 3! is provided in the base 4 at the edge of the fixed jaw adjacent the recess i i and in alignment with the partly-cylindrical recess 2! in the fixed jaw, which hole is for the purpose of receiving the shank of a resilient chuck, presently to be described.

The socket is formed in the same manner as the socket 26, as described above.

Two holes or wells 32 and 33 are provided in the fixed abutment l3 extending downwardly from the top surface of this abutment, which holes are provided to receive the shanks of extra chucks, so that several chucks of relatively different sizes can be conveniently supported on the vise at the same time, and a selected chuck can be quickly inserted into one of the sockets 25 or 26 for operation of the vise.

The chucks are all of substantially identical size and construction, differing only in the formation of their work-engaging portions, so that they will conveniently hold the work pieces of different sizes, and it is, therefore, considered suiiicient to describe, in detail, only one chuck, such as that generally indicated at 35.

The chuck comprises a cylindrical portion 36, and a cylindrical stem or shank 3! projecting outwardly from one end of the cylindrical portion 36 substantially concentric with the letter. The cylindrical portion 36 is symmetrically divided by a transversely-extending notch 36 which extends from the end of the shank 3? adjacent the cylindrical portion 36 to the opposite end of the cylindrical portion and uniformly increases in width in a direction away from the shank 37. A pair of opposed jaws 39 and 46 extends outwardly from the end of the cylindrical portion 36 opposite the shank 31, and are disposed at respectively opposite sides of the slot 38.

The jaws have a width less than the diameter of the cylindrical portion 36, are symmetrically disposed relative to the center of the symmetrical portion and have their outer sides beveled, or inclined so that they terminate in narrow outer ends. Each of these jaws has, at its outer end, a lip, as indicated at M and 42 respectively, directed toward the opposite jaw to engage a work piece, such as a watch balance wheel assembly.

Adjacent the lips 4i and 42 the slot 33 is enlarged to provide a substantially cylindrical recess 48 extending transversely between the jaws immediately under the lips and the mutually adjacent edges of the lips are semi-circularly recessed to provide two complementary halves 49 and 50 of a substantially circular opening between the jaws. A notch is provided in the end of each jaw, as indicated at 5! and 52, which notches provide clearance for the roller jewel when the roller table is seated on the jaws so that the jewel will not be damaged in the process of removing the balance wheel stair from the roller table.

The cylindrical portion 36 of the chuck is of substantially the same diameter as the sockets 25 and 26 provided by the complementary, partlycylindrical recesses, such as 21 and 28, provided in the fixed and movable jaws I2 and I5, respectively.

In using the device, a chuck is placed in one of the sockets 25 or 26 with the notch 38 in the chuck substantially in alignment with the gap between the fixed and movable jaws of the device, and with the chuck jaws 39 and 40 positioned above the fixed and movable jaws i2 and (5. A. watch balancewheel assembly, generally indicated at 43 in Figure 4, is then placed on the chuck jaws in a manner such that the chuck jaws project through spaces between the arms or spokes and the rim of the balance wheel 44, the roller table 45 of the balance wheel assembly rests upon the top surfaces of the chuck jaws, and the roller jewel overlies the notches in the ends of the jaws. The screw shaft i8 is then manually rotated to move the movable vice jaw 45 toward the fixed vice jaw i2 compressing the chuck 35 and forcing the chuck jaws 39 and 46 toward each other to firmly grip the hub 46 of the balance staff 47 with the balance wheel staff 41 projecting downwardly between the chuck jaws, the balance wheel assembly being firmly held on the chuck jaws by the left hand of the watchmaker while the watchmaker rotates the screw shaft with his right hand by means of the knurled head 24 on the screw shaft.

After the balance wheel assembly 43 has been clamped in the chuck jaws, a punch of the proper size is set on the upper end of the balance wheel staff 4'! and positioned substantially vertically and in axial alignment with the balance wheel stair. The upper end of the punch is then given a sharp blow with a small hammer to drive the staff out of the roller table 45. After the staff has been removed from the roller table, the screw shaft 18 is rotated in a direction to move the movable vice jaw i5 away from the fixed vice jaw l2 permitting the chuck 35 to expand, whereupon the disassembled balance wheel assembly can be easily removed from the chuck.

The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristic-s thereof. The present embodiment is, therefore, to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are, therefore, intended to be embraced therein.

What is claimed is:

1. A watchniakers vise comprising a base, an abutment and a fixed jaw projecting laterally from a side of said base and spaced along said base from each other, a movable jaw located at said side of the base and positioned between said abutment and said fixed jaw, said fixed jaw having a threaded bore extending therethrough longitudinally of said base and spaced from said side of the base, said abutment having a smooth bore extending therethrough in axial alignment with said threaded bore, and said movable jaw having a smooth bore extending therethrough and axially aligned with the bore of the abutment and threaded bore of the fixed jaw, the bores of the abutment and movable jaw being smaller in diameter than the threaded bore of the fixed jaw, a screw threaded in and extending through said threaded bore, said screw having a longitudinally inward end positioned in the space between the fixed jaw and said abutment, a reduced axial extension on the longitudinally inward end of the screw, the juncture of the screw and said extension defining a shoulder, said extension being smooth and extending slidably and rotatably through the smooth bores of the movable jaw and abutment, with said shoulder engaging an end of the movable jaw, and means engaging said extension and the other end of the movable jaw and holding said movable jaw against said shoulder.

2. A watchmakers vise comprising a base, an

abutment and a fixed jaw projecting laterally from a side of said base and spaced along said base from each other, a movable jaw located at said side of the base and positioned between said abutment and said fixed jaw, said fixed jaw having a threaded bore extending therethrough longitudinally of said base and spaced from said side of the base, said abutment having a smooth bore extending therethrough in axial alignment with said threaded bore, and said movable jaw having a smooth bore extending therethrough and axially aligned with the bore of the abutment and threaded bore of the fixed jaw, the bores of the abutment and movable jaw being smaller in diameter than the threaded bore of the fixed jaw, a screw threaded in and extending through said threaded bore, said screw having a longitudinally inward end positioned in the space between the fixed jaw and said abutment, a reduced axial extension on the longitudinally inward end of the screw, the juncture of the screw and said extension defining a shoulder, said extension being smooth and extending slidably and rotatably through the smooth bores of the movable jaw and abutment, with said shoulder engaging an end of the movable jaw, and means engaging said extension and the other end of the movable jaw and holding said movable jaw against said shoulder the facing ends of the fixed and movable jaws having complementary semi-circular recesses extending laterally inwardly therein, said recesses being in spaced relation to the said side of the base.

3. A watchmakers vise comprising a base, an abutment and a fixed jaw projecting laterally from a side of said base and spaced along said base from each other, a movable jaw located at said side of the base and positioned between said abutment and said fixed jaw, said fixed jaw having a threaded bore extending therethrough lon- I a screw threaded in and extending through said threaded bore, said screw having a longitudinally inward end positioned in the space between the fixed jaw and said abutment, a reduced axial extension on the longitudinally inward end of the screw, the juncture of the screw and said extension defining a shoulder, said extension being smooth and extending slid-ably and rotatably through the smooth bores of the movable jaw and abutment, with said shoulder engaging an end of the movable jaw, and means engaging said extension and the other end of the movable jaw and holding said movable jaw against said shoulder, the facing ends of the fixed and movable jaws having complementary semi-circular recesses ex tending laterally inwardly therein, said recesses being in spaced relation to the said side of the base, said fixed and movable jaws having reduced diameter extensions of said semi-circular recesses axially aligned with said semi-circular recesses and opening thereinto at the laterally inward ends of the semi-circular recesses, the juncture of the recesses and the extensions thereof defining shoulders at the laterally inward ends of the recesses, said base being provided with a bore axially aligned with and opening at one end into the laterally inward ends of said recess extensions.

4. A watchmakers vise comprising a base, an abutment and a fixed jaw projecting laterally from a side of said base and spaced along said base from each other, a movable jaw located at said side of the base and positioned between said abutment and said fixed jaw, said fixed jaw having a threaded bore extending therethrough longitudinally of said base and spaced from said side of the base, said abutment having a smooth bore extending therethrough in axial alignment with said threaded bore, and said movable jaw having a smooth bore extending therethrough and axially aligned with the bore of the abutment and threaded bore of the fixed jaw, the bores of the abutment and movable jaw being smaller in diameter than the threaded bore of the fixed jaw, a screw threaded in and extending through said threaded bore, said screw having a longitudinally inward end positioned in the space between the fixed jaw and said abutment, a reduced axial extension on the longitudinally inward end of the screw, the juncture of the screw and said extension defining a shoulder, said extension being smooth and extending slidably and rotatably through the smooth bores of the movable jaw and abutment, with said shoulder engaging an end of the movable jaw, and means engaging said extension and the other end. of the movable jaw and holding said movable jaw against said shoulder, the facing ends of the fixed and movable jaws having complementary semi-circular recesses extending laterally inwardly therein, said recesses being in spaced relation to the said side 0f the base, said fixed and movable jaws having reduced diameter extensions of said semi-circular recesses axially aligned with said semi-circular recesses and opening thereinto at the laterally inward ends of the semi-circular recesses, the juncture of the recesses and the extensions thereof defining shoulders at the laterally inward ends of the recesses, said base being provided with a bore axially alignedwith and opening at one end into the laterally inward ends of said recess extensions, a chuck having a compressible cylindrical portion removably and comformingly engaging said semi-circular recesses and a reduced shank on one end engaging in said recess extensions and the bore in the base with the said one end of said cylindrical portion engaging said shoulders, said cylindrical portion being slotted from its other end to define a pair of work-engaging jaws arranged to be compressed toward each other to clamp work therebetween by movement of said movable jaw toward said fixed jaw by operation of said screw.

ELMER. KOSKI.

References Cited in the file Of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 217,364 Goss July 8, 1879 713,189 Yates Nov. 11, 1902 759,533 Ladd May 10, 1904 983,018 Bechberger Jan. 31, 1911 1,278,419 Bader Sept. 10, 1918 1,721,111 Graf July 16, 1929 1,823,537 Gaudreau Sept. 15, 1931 2,333,114 Meyer Nov. 2, 1943 2,482,002 Hoenes Sept. 13, 1949 2,576,051 Stoddard Nov. 20, 1951 OTHER REFERENCES Page 118, Popular Mechanics Magazine- Feb. 1942

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US217364 *Dec 18, 1877Jul 8, 1879 Improvement in pipe-vises
US713189 *Apr 16, 1902Nov 11, 1902Thomas J YatesPipe-vise.
US759533 *Aug 6, 1903May 10, 1904William C LaddBall-clamp.
US983018 *Apr 7, 1910Jan 31, 1911Frank W BechbergerWatchmaker's tool.
US1278419 *Oct 7, 1916Sep 10, 1918Gustav A BaderWork-clamp.
US1721111 *Nov 23, 1926Jul 16, 1929Anthony GrafPiston-holding device
US1823537 *Jun 21, 1930Sep 15, 1931Bay State Tool & Machine CoVise
US2333114 *Mar 22, 1941Nov 2, 1943Frederick M HutchinsonVise
US2482002 *Mar 24, 1945Sep 13, 1949Republic Aviat CorpWork holder for mounting between jaws of a vise to support or clamp a workpiece
US2576051 *Nov 7, 1945Nov 20, 1951Stoddard Arvid CJeweler's vise
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3061302 *Jun 12, 1959Oct 30, 1962Mark Dennis WilliamCombination vise and clamp
US5208929 *Oct 4, 1991May 11, 1993Kabushiki Kaisha Hattori SeikoMultiple band sizing and repairing device
US5230132 *Jul 21, 1992Jul 27, 1993Kabushiki Kaisha Hattori SeikoMethod of use for a multiple bond sizing and repairing device
US6640666Jan 18, 2002Nov 4, 2003Larry E. PlileyVise system with article engaging jaw accessories
Classifications
U.S. Classification81/6, 269/9, 968/669
International ClassificationG04D1/00, G04D1/02
Cooperative ClassificationG04D1/025
European ClassificationG04D1/02F