US 2673985 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 6, 1954 GAY 2,673,985
BASIN TYPE FLOOR FLANGE FOR WATER CLOSETS Filed Aug. 24, 1951 IN VEN TOR.
FRED M. GAY
ATTORNEYS Patented Apr. 6, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BASIN TYPE FLOOR FLANGE FOR WATER CLOSETS Fred M. Gay, Akron, Ohio Application August 24, 1951, Serial No. 243,563 12 Claims. (01. 4252) This invention relates to a floor flange and asoil pipe, with the sub-base connector facilitat-- sub-base for a water closet, and, more particumg the mounting of the water closet and at the larly, is concerned wlth a unit of this type which same time providing an improved leak-proof confacllltates the DIOVISIOD. of a permanently leaknectlon between the water closet and the sod pipe proof mounting of a water closet on a bathroom The foregoing objects of my invention, and floor and a connection of the closet to the soil other objects which will become apparent as the p p description proceeds, are achieved by the provi- Heretofore, it has been the conventional praosion in combination, of a water closet, an endtice to employ a so-called floor flange for securless bottom edge flange on the water closet, a.
ing a water closet to a soil pipe, the floor flange w sub-base, an endless flange on the sub-bas fitbeing adapted to be secured in leak-proof relation ting under the bottom edge flange of the water tened to the floor and not to the flange. The tween the flanges, a relatively flat shallow basin floor flange is generally a round flange enclosed in th sub-base extending from the endless flange Within the bottom edge flange of the water closet, nward y and Slig t y l and a Often a lead nipple is connected between the mg the combination ar m ans for eal n tion of the connections will leak. This is due means on the sub-base for securing it to the to the settling of floors, the continued use of n5 floor, and means on the sub-base securing the the water closet itself, faulty installation, and Wat r Closet on the Sub-base.
radual breakdown of the sealing material. The For a better understanding of my invention,
result is wet, smelly, and rotted floors, and water refer nc should be had o the ac mp ny n damage to ceilings under second floor installadrawing wherein:
tions. Fig. 1 is a prospective View of .the improved It is the general object of my invention to su as f my invention n one particular mavoid and overcome the foregoing and other diflibodiment thereof; culties of and objection to known installations by 2 s a longitudinal Vertical Cross-Sectional the provision of an improved, relatively inexview of the sub-base of Fig. 1 with a water closet pensive and easily installed water closet sub-base ing us a as mounted thereon; and in which connection between the water closet Fig. 3 is a vertical fragmentary cross-sectional and the soil pipe is facilitated and in which the view taken substantially on line 3-3 of Fig. 2. connection is leak-proof over substantially the In the drawings, the numeral Ill indicates genlife of the water closet. erally one best known embodiment of the im-,
Another object of my invention is the proviproved floor flange and sub-base of my invension of a sub-base for simplifying and speeding tion, and including an endless flange I2 which up the mounting of a water clo-set on a floor, and is upstanding and adapted to engage at its botwhich will function in leak-proof manner even tom edge with a floor [4. The endless flange I2 though portions of the seals deteriorate in time. is of the sam shape in plan as the bottom edge Another object of my invention is the provi- 5 flange I6 of a water closet indicated as a whole sion of a sub-base for mounting a water closet by the numeral IS.
in association with a soil pipe, and wherein a The bottom edge flange I 6 of the water closet terminating in a connector collar secured to the 5() base I0, in the manner best seen in Fig. 2 around soil pipe whereby many of the leaks normally the endless peripheries of these flanges. To preencountered in a floor flange type of mounting vent lateral displacement of the flanges relative of a water closet are avoided and eliminated. to each other I provide a rib 20 around the in- Another object of my invention is to provide ner periphery of the top of the flange l2, and as asub-base connector between a watercloset and to likewise seen in Fig. 2, the rib 20 extendsup.
close by behind the inside of the flange Hi. In the mounting of the water closet l8 on the subbase l suitable sealing material of plastic nature is provided between the rib 20 and the water closet to effect a good fluid-tight connection between these parts. Note that the rib 20 along its laterally outside face is preferably formed with a re-entrant groove in which the sealing material lodges in locked position.
An important feature of my invention is that formed integrally with the endless upstanding flange I2 of the sub-base I0 is a relatively flat basin 24 which slopes downwardly and inwardly towards an integral connector collar 26 positioned in the basin 24 at a point opposite the discharge outlet 28 of the water closet H3.
The connector collar 25 is received down in an opening 30 in the floor l4, and is adapted to receive and surround the soil or I. P. S. pipe 32. The connector collar 26 is provided with a flange or shoulder 34 at its lower end which substantially touches the pipe 32., and suitable sealing such as oakum 3B and solidified molten lead 38 seals between the connector collar 25 and the pipe 32.
The outlet or discharge opening 28 of the water closet is is usually provided with a flat circular flange it which is preferably adapted to be en gaged in sealing relation with the top of the connector collar 25, and this is achieved by the provision of a rubber or putty washer 42. However, it is within the concepts of my invention that no sealing washer 42 be employed as described, in which case the basin 24 and the sealing flange 2B are solely relied on for sealing, and I have found that with the installation illustrated and described the basin and flange alone do an excellent job. It maybe within the discretion of the plumber installing the equipment whether the single or double seal is employed, but as noted, I usually prefer the double seal.
Formed integrally with the sub-base II] are bosses 4B which receive wood screws 48 for securing the sub-base it to the floor l4. Likewise, the bosses '45 receive threaded studs which extend up throug horizontal flange portions of the water closet l8 as best seen in Fig. 3, the studs being capped by cap nuts 52 for securing the water closet it to the sub-base ii). If desired, in order to look the stud washer 55 may be positioned over each stud above the boss 58 and a half nut 56 can be used to clamp the washer and the stud tightly in p0- sition. In the drawings, linoleum or other floor covering Bil is shown completing the installation.
From the foregoing, it will be recognized that the various objects of my invention have been achieved by the provision of a relatively simple, and inexpensive sub-base which greatly speeds up and facilitates the mounting of a water closet upon a bathroom floor and in sealed relation with a soil pipe. The sub-base is generally made of a high-grade cast iron, and may be appropriately enameled or porcelainized on the outer surface of the upstanding flange l2. The securing of the sub-base to the floor, in the manner described, followed by the attachment of the water closet to the sub-base makes for a considerably improved and rigid installation which will function in leak-proof manner substantially for the life of the Water closet, and often regardless of sagging floors. Should any leak develop at the seal 43 and water escape out to the basin 24 the seal provided between the flanges 12 of the sub-base and It or the water closet prevents any leakage Ell in position a lead I.
' the water closet, a
the bottom of of the connection. Also, the normal drainage from the flat sloping basin 24 is such that water will flow back to the connector collar 26 and out the soil pipe 32 once the pressure or the water flushing operation is removed.
While in accord with the patent statutes, I have specifically illustrated and described one best known embodiment of my invention, it is to be particularly understood that I am not to be limited thereto or thereby, but that the scope of my invention is defined in the appended claims.
1. A floor flange and sub-base for a water closet including an endless upstanding edge flange adapted to rest on the flooor and adapted to receive and support the edge base flange of the drain basin formed integrally with the upstanding flange and sloping inwardly and downwardly from the upstanding flange, the lower surface of the drain basin being above the lower surface of the edge flange, a connector collar formed integrally at the bottom of the basin and adapted to extend downwardly through a hole in the floor adapted to receive and surround in sealing relation a soil pipe, bosses formed integrally with the upstanding flange and adapted to receive screws for securing the subbase to the floor, said bosses being apertured and adapted to receive studs for securing a water closet to the sub-base.
2. A floor flange and sub-base for a water closet including an endless upstanding solid support flange adapted to rest on the floor and adapted to receive and support the edge base flange of locating rib on the upper surface of said flange, a drain basin formed integrally with the upstanding flange and sloping inwardly and downwardly from the upstanding flange, a connector collar formed integrally at the basin and adapted to extend downwardly through a hole in the floor adapted to receive and surround in sealing relation a soil pipe, and means formed integrally with the upstandin flange and adapted to receive screws for securing the sub-base to the floor, said means having threaded portions positioned laterally inwardly of said upstanding flange for receiving screw means for securing a water closet to the sub-base.
3. In combination, a water closet, an endless bottom edge flange on the water closet, a subbase coextensive in size with the bottom flange of the water closet and separate from the water circulation in the water closet, an endless flange on the sub-base fitting under the bottom edge flange of the water closet, means on the subbase for preventing the lateral displacement of the flanges on the water closet and sub-base, means sealin between the flanges, relatively a flat shallow basin in the sub-base extending from the endless flange inwardly and slightly downwardly, a connector collar on the basin in alignment with the discharge opening of the water closet and the top of the connector collar, the water closet discharging directly into the collector collar, a soil pipe received in and sealed to the connector collar, means engaging the subbase for securing it to the floor, and means engaging the sub-base for securing the water closet to the sub-base.
4. In combination, a Water closet, an endless bottom edge flange on the water closet, a sub-- base, an endless flange on the sub -base fitting under the bottom edge flange of the water closet, means on the sub-base for preventing the lateral displacement of the flanges on the water closet and sub-base, means sealing between the flanges, a relatively flat shallow basin in the sub-base exconnector collar, and a soil pipe received in and sealed to the connector collar.
5. In combination, a water closet having a discharge opening, an endless bottom edge flange on the water closet, a sub-base, an endless flange on the sub-base fitting under and supporting the lateral displacement of the water closet on the sub-base, an integral relatively fiat shallow basin in the sub-base extending from the endless flange inwardly and slightly downwardly,
water closet to the sub-base.
6. A combination as in claim 3 wherein the laterally outer surface of the sub-base endless flange is exposed, and means seal the discharge openfrom the water base to the floor engaging surface thereof, and wherein both means securing the sub-base to for engaging screw means to secure a water closet to the sub-base.
9. In combination, a water closet, an endless bottom edge flange on the water closet, a subbase coextensive in size with the bottom flange of the water closet and separate from the water circulation to the water in and sealed to the connector 001- lar, bosses on the sub-base positioned inwardly closet a g surface of the subof the sub-base endless flange, which bosses include apertures extending therethrough from the water closet engaging surface of the sub-base and securing the sub-base to the floor, and means engaging said bosses and securing the water closet to the sub-base.
10. In combination, a water closet having a to the floor, the sub-base,
nector collar, the with the sub-base.
11. A combination as in claim 10 wherein the sub-base securin base.
12. A combination as in sub-base to Water closet securing means include ment with said recess means.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS