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Publication numberUS2675003 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 13, 1954
Filing dateJan 2, 1953
Priority dateJan 2, 1953
Publication numberUS 2675003 A, US 2675003A, US-A-2675003, US2675003 A, US2675003A
InventorsCarl J Veley
Original AssigneeCarl J Veley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical drill
US 2675003 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. J. VELEY SURGICAL DRILL April 13, 1954 2 Shee'cs--SheeiI 1 Filed Jan. 2, 1955 1N VEN TOR. Cd/ J MZ/e/z/ @WMM C. J. VELEY SURGICAL DRILL April 13, 1954 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 2, 1955 Si@ g /r//A/ /7 TV l I l W/ l 0| f l l w Nw M D7/#Mw nF/M7 Jv m Y w. N B w w NQN WM m |m NNW Sw ww R- N Nm, www mw lm; wmwwmwkm k u m \N\, i wmf l ii. mm L- n \u% NW I v Pil l E /m//V/(lH/VV. i QS Y l ww@ www IW www.

Patented Apr. 13, `1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,675,003 SURGICAL DRILL Carl J. Veley, Kalamazoo, Mich. Application January z, 195e,seria1No. 32am claims. (C1. 12s-i310) This invention relates `to improvements in surgical drill.

VTl'ieprincipal objects of this invention are:

First, to provide a surgical drill for `drilling through bone in which the drill will stop automatically after having passed through the bone. Second, to provide a surgical drill of the auto'- matic stopping typewith a tool rest thatretracts automatically into the body of the tool as the drill bit advances into the work.

Third, to provide a surgical drill with a reciprocable tool rest that can be advanced by manual manipulation of the tool and which will retract automatically into the body of the tool as the tool bit advances in the work.

Fourth, to provide a surgical drill tool `vvth a moveable tool rest that is driven from thebit on the tool so as to adjust itself with respect to the body of the tool as the bit operatest Fifth, to provide a surgical drin tool having a tool rest that is driven from the tool bit and pro vided with automatic disengaging means in the driving connection between Vthe bit andthe rest to prevent the rest from being ejected from the tool and to prevent jamming of the driving mechanism at both extremes of 'movement oi the rest.

sixth, to provide a surgicai driii tool which is extremely compact and easy to handle and which is easy and safe to use in delicate operations involving bone surgery.

Other objects and advantages of my invention win appear from a consideration of the 'following description and claims;

The drawing of which there are two sheets illustrate a highly practical embodiment of the drill.

Fig. l is a side elevation view of the drill.

Fig. 2 is a transverse `cross sectional view through the drill and taken along the plane 6i the une 2-2 in Fissi ami 3.

Fig. 3 is a bottom plan Aviev'v of the tool rest and tool rest housing shown in Figs. l and 2 after the housing has been removed from the remainder of the tool.

Fig. 4 yis a fragmentary vertical longitudinal cross-sectional view through the drill and including the tool rest and Vhousing and taken along the' plane of the line 4-4 in Fig. -2.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary vertical cross sectional view through the body of the drill and taken along the plane of the line 4--4 in Fig. 2, Fig. 5 being a longitudinal continuation of Fig. 4 from the line A--A.

Fir. fs is ari enlargefragmentary cross siectiiiai view thiig'h the tobi bit neming tube of the drill and illustrating the 'elasabl bit iiqiding mak if the drin- Fig'. 7 is a fragmentary eievatiiiai view of the tool rest end bit in operative relation to a 'portion of a head, 'the head being shown cross section.

AS is lo'st clearly illustrated in Fig. l the drill comprises generally a tubula` body i having a handle or grip 2 projecting therefrom; The body is hollow as Will be described and at its forward end receives and supports a cylindrical tubular baril 3 which projects forwardly troni the gip. The intermediate portion ofthe barrel 3 is of nlarged rectangular Cross section Vas indicated at 4 and provides a support for a housing 5 secured to the top of the rectangular portion by cap screws 6. The forward end of the barrel 3 rotatably receives a bit handling tube 1 which receives and holds the shank 8 of a tool bit 8A. Ihe forward eiid f the housing s closed ey the moi rest guid 9 thatpieots forwardly along the top of the barrel 3. The tool ieSt guide receives and supports the reciprocating tool rest it as vvill be fnore' partiellrly described. The tool rest guide is secured to the enlarged portion 4 of the barrel by canl Screws il; a cap 'Screw' I 2 releasably connecting the body l to the barrel 3.

Considering in greater detail the structure for rotating the bit 9 and the bit holding tube 1, attention is directed to Figs'. 4 and 5. The rear end of the tubular body I iS provided With a owardly facing internal Shoulder I3 against which the flange I4 of a bearing i5 is seated. The rear end of the barrel 3 presses against the flange I4 to hold the bearing in place. A connctor shaft I6 is rotatably disposed toward the rear end of the barrel 3 and is provided with a rear portion of reduced diameter lIl' journaled in and extending through the `bearing (El. A nut I8 threaded on the rear end of the connector shaft locks the shaft axially in the bearing and is provided witha slotted end I9 adapted to be drivingly connected to a iiexible` shaft inserted into the rear end of the body. The forward end of the connector shaft I6 is formed into a spiral clutch face having a jaw portion 20 andthe forwardend of the connector shaft is axially bored as at 2l to receive a preloaded compressible spring 22. The spring 22 is preloaded andrestrained against expansion by interlocking plugs 23 inserted into itsends.

Xtended forwardly from the connector shaft I5 is adrivo shaft 24 having anenlarged flange or collar 25 on its rear end. The rear end of the flange 25 is formed into a spiral clutch face having a jaw portion 25 coacting the jaw 25 on the connector shaft l5. A pilot portion 21 on the drive shaft extends into the bore 2l to keep the two shafts alined and to engage the outer plug 23. Slidably positioned within the barrel 3 and positioned around the drive shaft 24 is a sleeve 28 that bears against the forward side of the flange 25. The sleeve 28 is connected intermediate of its endsy and along its bottom side to a trigger 29 secured in place by the cap screw 30. The trigger projects through a hole 3l at the bottom of the barrel 3 and, as is shown in Fig. 4, the hole 3l is larger longitudinally than the portion of the trigger which projects therethrough. The trigger 29 and the sleeve 2S can thus be moved axially by a distancel determined by the size of the hole 3l. Rearward pressure on the trigger will thus move the sleeve 28 and the drive shaft 24 rearwardly to engage the clutch jaw 25 and 20 to drive the drive shaft from the connector shaft l The spring 22 functions to bias the clutch elements to disengaged position. In the example of the drill illustrated, the drive shaft is arranged to be given a right hand or clockwise rotation when viewed from the rear.

The top of the sleeve 23 is cut away just forwardly of the point of connection of the trigger 29 to the sleeve as at 32 (see Fig. 4), and the top of the barrel is cut away as at 33 to form registering openings positioned at the top of the thickened portion 4 of the barrel. The forward end of the drive shaft 24 has an elongated drive gear 34 formedV thereon and positioned belowv these registering openings. The housing 5 is positioned over the openings in the barrel and sleeve and is provided toward its rear end with a bearing 35 that rotatably supports the tube 35 of a first driven gear 31. The gear 31 is constantly in mesh with the drive gear 34.

The tubular rest guide 9 is provided with a ange 38 that closes the front end of the housing 5 and is further provided with a rearward extension that is sleeved into the forward end of the housing. A bearing 45 in the rear end of the rest guide slidably supports an elongated nut 4l having a cylindrical outer surface. The rear end of the nut 4l projects through the first driven gear 31 but is not engaged therewith. Rearwardly from the bearing 45 the exterior of the nut 4l rotatably supports a second driven gear 42. The opposed faces of the driven gears 3'! and 42 are provided with clutch jaws 43 and 44 respectively and the two gears are held in fixed axial relationship by a sleeve 45. The elongated nut 4l is provided with an annular exterior flange 45 having clutch jaws formed on its opposed faces and adapted to drivingly engage jaws 43 and 44 of the gears 3l and 42.

As is most clearly illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3 the rearwardly extended portion 49 of the rest guide 9 carries a pin 41 that rotatably supports anidler gear 48. The drive gear 34 and with the second driven gear 42 to rotate the second gearA opposite from the first gear 31. f

` The rest rod lo is slidably and non-rotatably engaged with the forward end of the rest guide 9, and is provided with an elongated threaded.

shank 49 threaded into the nut 4l. The rear of the housing 5 has a rearwardly projecting and ohambered portion 55 in which is positioned a spring 5I. The spring 5l connecting through the thrust collar 52 engages the rear end of the` nut 4| andv thus constantly urges the nut andthe gear 4S meshes with the- 4 rest rod forwardly. The clutch flange 46 on the nut 4I is therefore biased toward driving engagement with the jaw 44 on the second driving gear 42, but rearward pressure on the rest rod relative to the remainder of the drill will cause the nut 4l to be drivingly engaged with the jaw 4? and the first driving gear 3l'. The threaded portion 49 of the rest rod and the nut 4l have left hand threads so that rotation of the nut by the first driving gear 31 causes the rest rod to be retracted rearwardly into the housing 5 and its rear extension 50. Rotation by the second driving gear 42 while in engagement with the clutch flange 46 will advance the rest rod forwardly and outwardly from the rest guide 5.

Itis particularly pointed out that forward end of the rest rod I l) is attened into general D Shape cross section as at 53 to have a non-rotating sliding engagement with the forward end of the tubular rest guide that is similarly apertured. This leaves a forwardly facing stop 54 on the rest rod that coacts with the rest guide 9 to prevent the rest rod being driven forwardly out of the tool and the nut 4|. Vlfhen the stop 54 engages the end of the rest guide and thus prevents further forward movement of the rest rod, continued rotation of the nut 4| by the second driven gear 42 will causel the nut 4! to travel rearwardly on the threaded portion of the rest rod. The flange 46 on the nut thus automatically disengages itself from the second driven to prevent jamming of the gears and threads in the drill. The rear end of the threaded shank 45 of the rest rod extends into the spring 5! and engages the end of the extension 50 in the retracted position of the rest rod. In this extreme position of the rest rod continued rotation of the nut 4l by the rst driven gear 31 will cause the nut to travel forwardly and disengage itself from the first driven gear to prevent jamming of the several gears.

The shank 8 of the tool bit 8A is releasably located in the bit holding tube l' by a chucked arrangement illustrated in Figs. 4 and 6. The rear end of the shank 8 is transversely cut away and bevelled as at 55 and is also notched as at 5B along a line extending transversely of the shank and at degrees to the bevelled end 55. The internal wall of the bit holding tube 1 is provided with two axially facing,` projections 51 and 58 as is most clearly illustrated in Fig. 6. A plunger 59 is positioned in the rear end tube 1 and biased forwardly by a spring 65. The head of the plunger 59 is cut away transversely as at 6I to clear the rear projection 51 in the tube and to prevent rotation of the plunger. The forward end of the plunger is axially camrned as at 62 to be engaged by the rear bevelled end 55 of the shank of the tool bit. To install the bit in the drill the bevelled end 55 is pressed inwardly past the rst projection 58 in the tube 1 and against the spring pressed plunger 5e until the notch 56 is opposite the projection 55. IThe tool bit is then rotated 90 degrees to engage the projection 58 in the notch 55 to prevent withdrawal 0f the bit. The spring pressed head of the plunger is then pressed forwardly with the bevelled end 62 in engagement with the bevelled end 55 of the bit shank to prevent accidental disengagement of the bit from the tube. I rear end of the bit holding tube 1 is connected to the forward end of the drive gear 34 by a set screw 63.

` .In operationv oi the drill the bit 8A can be caused to :rotate by pulling 4ci 'the 4.trigger 9 .as previously explained. `If there iis no `pressure Lon t-he bit on the rest .rod Ill at this timethe idler gear 48 and isecondfdriven .gear `$2 will .then cause the rest rod to be advanced. This manual control of the drill may be used toregister the end of the rest with `the bitas is shown in Figs. l and 4.

With 'the trigger 29 released both bit 8A and the rest rod i!) can be ,pressed against the work as indicated Ain Fig. '7. Pressure on `the bit automatically engages the clutch .2.0, .2G so ythat the bit rotates to drill into :the work. `Sirnultaneously the pressure on the rest rod I!! vengages the clutch ange 46 with the first driven vgear 41 to retract the `rest into the :rest guide `il. This `permits the bit to advance `into the Workrelative to the end of the vrest rod. When the bit cuts through the rigid work suchas `a bone theaxial pressure on thebit lis automatically relieved :and the'driving lconnection tothe bit is automatically disengaged. VThis stops the rotation of the drive gear `3'!! so that rotation of the nut v4| and retraction of the rest rod is also automatically stopped. It `is thus impossible for the surgeon to accidently permit the -bit to run longer than is necessary and it is also impossible Ifor the surgeon to accidently permit the entire drill and bit tc move forwardly to damage soft tissues located on the inside of the bone.

I have described a 4highly practical form of my drill. Ihave not attempted to describe otherpossible modifications of the details `of the drill as it is `believed that this disclosure will permit others to make and operate my drill `with such modifications as may ibe desired.

Having thus described invention, what. I

claim as `new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. In a surgical drill having `a. tubular body with a grip-projecting therefrom, a tubular bearing in said body `and having an external `flange seated against a forwardly Vfacing shoulder `in said body, a `connector shaft journaled vin said bearing and having an enlarged inner end bearing against the inner end of the bearing, the outer end of said connector shaft being adapted to receive a driving `element through the rear end of .said body, a sleeve slidably `positioned in said barrel and spaced forwardly of said `conneetor shaft, a trigger .connected 'to said sleeve and projecting through .an aperture in said barrel, said trigger and the edges of said aperture coacting to `liniit motion of said sleeve, a drive shaft rotatable within said sleeve 'andina-vingen enlarged rear `end bearing against the rea.;1 `end of said sleeve, the rear end of said driveshaft andthe forward end of said connector shaft having coacting axially disengageable clutch faces, a spring positioned betweensaid shafts and biasing said clutch faces apart, a `oit vholding tube journaled in the forward end of said barrel and connected to said drive shaft for movement therewith, lock means in saidtubeadapted to removably retain the shank-of a bit in said an elongated drive gea-r on said drive shaft, a housing secured tothe outside of said barrel oi)M posite said gear, said barrel having an opening fonned therein and opening to said housing, a first gear rotatably supported in the rear of said housing and meshing with said `drive gear, a tubular `rest Vguide secured at the front of said housing and having a rear portion projecting thereinto, an idler `gearsuiiported by said rearwardlyprojecting portion of said rest guide and meshing with said drive gear, a rest rod slidably and non-rotatably "mounted in said rest guide and :having a work engaging point projecting from `the forward end thereof, an elongated threaded 'shank on the rear end of said rod and extending into said housing, an elongated nut threaded on the shank of said rod and having a cylindrical forward end 'journaled in said rest guide, a second gear rotatable on the forward end of said nut and Vmeshing with said idler gear, a flange on said nut positioned between said rst and second gears and having rotatively oppositely facing clutch surfaces on. the opposite ends thereof, the opposed faces of said rst and second gears having clutch faces thereon adapted to coact with the clutch faces on the flange of said nut, a spacer sleeve positioned between said first and second gears and spacing the clutch faces thereon by a distance slightly greater than the axial length of the flange on said nut, a spying compressed between said housing and the rear end of said nut, and a forwardly facing stop on said rod coasting with a rearwardly facing portion within said rest guide to limit forward inotion of said rod, the rear end of said rod coacting with the inside of said housing to limit rearward movement of said rod.

2. In a surgical drill having a tubular body with a grip projecting therefrom, a tubular bearing in said body and having an externa-l flange seated against a forwardly facing shoulder in said body, a barrel extending into said body from the forward end thereof and engaging said means retaining' said bai-rel in said body, a connector shaft iournaled in said bearing and having an enlarged inner end bearing against the inner end of the bearing, the outer end of said connector shaft being adapted to receive a driving element through the rear end of said body, a sleeve slidably `positioned in said barrel and spaced forwardly of said connector shaft, a trigger connected to said sleeve and projecting through an aperture in said barrel, said trigger and the edges of said'aperture coacting to liinit axia1 motion of said sleeve, a drive shaft rotat able within said sleeve and having an enlarged rear end `bearing against the rear end of sleeve, the rear end of said drive shaft and the forward end of said connector shaft having acting axially disengageahle clutch faces, a biasing said clutch faces apart, a bit holding tube journaled in the forward end oi said barrel and connected to said drive shaft for movement therewith, loch means in said tube adapted to removably retain the `shank of a bit in said tube an elongated drive `gear on said drive shaft, a housing secured to 'theoutside of said barrel opposite said gear, said barrel vhaving' an opening formed therein `and opening to said housing, a nrst gear rotatably supported in the rear of said housing and meshing with said drive gear, a tubillar rest guide secured atthe front of housing, an idler gear rotatably supported in, said housing and spaced forwardly 0f :said first gear and meshing with said drive gear, a rest rod slidably and nonrotatably mounted in said rest guide and having a work engaging point nrojecting from the forward end thereoi, an elongated threaded shank *on the rear end of said rod and extending into said housing, an elongated nut threaded on the shank of said rod, a second rotatable on the forward end of said nut meshing with saididler gear, a ilange on said nut positioned between said frst and `second gears and having rotatively :oppositely :facing clutch surfaces on the opposite ends thereof, the opposed faces of said first and second gears having clutch faces thereon adapted to coact with the clutch faces on the iiange of said nut, a spacer sleeve positioned between said first and second gears and spacing the clutch faces thereon by a distance slightly greater than the axial length of the flange on said nut, a spring compressed between said housing and the rear end of said nut, and a forwardly facing stop on said rod coacting with a rearwardly facing portion within said rest guide to limit forward motion of said rod, the rear end of said rod coacting with the inside of said housing to limit rearward movement of said rod.

3. In a surgical drill having a tubular body with a grip projecting therefrom, a tubular bearing in said body, a barrel extending into said body from the forward end thereof, means retaining said barrel in said body, a connector shaft journaled in said bearing and having an enlarged inner end, the outer end of said connector shaft being adapted to receive a driving element through the rear end of said body, a sleeve slidably positioned in said barrel and spaced forwardly of said connector shaft, a trigger connected to said sieeve and projecting through an aperture in said barrel, said trigger and the edges of said aperture coacting to limit axial motion of said sleeve, a drive shaft rotatable within said sleeve and having an enlarged rear end bearing against the rear end of said sleeve, the rear end of said drive shaft and the forward end of said connector shaft having coacting axially disengageable clutch faces, a spring biasing said clutch faces apart, a bit holding tube journaled in the forward end of said barrel and connected to said drive shaft for movement therewith, ioch means in said tube adapted to removably retain the shank of a bit in said tube, gear teeth on said drive shaft, a housing secured to the outside of said barrel opposite said gear teeth, said barrel having an opening formed therein and opening to said housing, a first gear rotatably supported in the rear of said housing and meshing with said teeth, a tubular rest guide secured at the front of said housing, an idler gear rotatably supported in said housing and spaced forwardly of said first gear and meshing with said teeth, a rest rod slidably and non-rotatably mounted in said rest guide and having a work engaging point projecting from the forward end thereof, an elongated threaded shank on the rear end of said rod and extending into said housing, an elongated nut threaded on the shank of said rod, a second geai` rotatable about the forward end of said nut and meshing with said idler gear, a fiange on said nut positioned between said first and second gears and having rotatively oppositely facing clutch surfaces on the opposite ends thereof, the opposed faces of said first and second gears having clutch faces thereon adapted to coact with the clutch faces on the fiange of said nut, `means spacing said first and second gears and spacing the clutch faces thereon by a distance slightly greater than the axial length of the Iiange on said nut, a spring compressed between said housing and the rear end of said nut, and a forwardh7 facing stop on said rod coactin with a rearwardly facing portion within said rest guide to limit forward motion of said rod, the rear end of said rod coacting with the inside of said housing to limit rearward movement of said rod.

4. In a surgical drill having a tubular body with a grip projecting therefrom, a barrel extending into said body from the forward'end thereof, means retaining said barrel in said body, a connector shaft journaled in said body, the outer end of said connector shaft being adapted to receive a driving element through the rear end of said body, a sleeve slidably positioned in said barrel and spaced forwardly of said connector shaft, a trigger connected to said sleeve and projectingthrough an aperture in said barrel, said trigger and the edges of said aperture coacting to limit axial motion of said sleeve, a drive shaft rotatable within said sleeve and having an enlarged rear end bearing against the rear end of said sleeve, the rear end of said drive shaft and the forward end of said connector shaft having coacting axially disengageable clutch faces, a spring biasing said clutch faces apart, means in the forward end of said barrel for connecting a tool bit to said drive shaft for movement therewith, drive gear teeth on said drive shaft, a housing secured to the outside of said barrel opposite said gear teeth, said barrel having an opening formed therein and opening to said housingy a first gear rotatably supported in the,

rear of said housing and meshing withsaid drive gear teeth, a tubular rest guide projecting forwardly from said housing, an idler gear supported in said housing and meshing with said drive gear teeth, a rest rod slidably and non-rotatably mounted in said rest guide and having a work engaging point projecting from the forward end thereof, an elongated threaded shank on the rear end of said rod and extending into said housing, a nut threaded on the shank of said rod, a second gear rotatable in the forward end of said housing and meshing with said'idler gear, a fiange on said nut positioned between said first and second gears and having rotatively oppositely facing clutch surfaces on the opposite ends thereof, the opposed faces of said first and second gears having clutch faces coacting with the clutch faces on the flange of said nut, means spacing said first and second gears and the clutch faces thereon by a distance slightly greater than the axial length of the flange on said nut, a spring compressed between said housing and rear end of said nut to bias said nut axially, a forwardly facing stop on said rod coacting with a rearwardly facing portion within said rest guide to limit forward motion of said rod, the rear end of said rod coacting with the inside of said housing to limit rearward movement of said rod 5. In a surgical drill having a tubular body with a grip projecting therefrom, a barrel extending into said body from the forward end thereof, means retaining said barrel in said body, a connector shaft journaled in said body, the outer end of said connector shaft being adapted to receive a driving element through the rear end of said body, a sleeve slidably positioned in said barrel and spaced forwardly of said connector shaft, a trigger connected to said sleeve and projecting through an aperture in said barrel, said trigger and the edges of said aperture coacting to limit axial motion of said sleeve, a drive shaft rotatable within said sleeve and having an axially facing driven engagement with said sleeve, the rear end of said drive shaft and the forward end of said connector shaft having coacting axially disengageable clutch faces, a spring biasing said clutch faces apart, means in the forward end of said barrel for connecting a tool bit to said drive shaft for movement therewith, drive gear teeth on said drive shaft, a housing secured to the outside of said barrel opposite said gear teeth, said barrel having an opening formed therein and opening to said housing, a rst gear rotatably supported in said housing and meshing with said drive gear teeth, a tubular rest guide projecting forwardly from said housing, an idler gear supported in said housing and meshing with said drive teeth, a rest rod slidably and non-rotatably mounted in said rest guide and having a work engaging point projecting from the forward end thereof, an elongated threaded shank on the rear end of said rod and extending into said housing, a nut threaded on the shank of said rod, a second gear rotatable in said housing andv meshing with said idlerrgean a on said nut positioned between Said first and second gears and having rotatively oppositely facing clutch surfaces on the opposite ends thereof, the opposed faces of said first and second gears having clutch faces thereon adapted to coact with the clutch faces on the flange of said nut, means spacing said first and second gears and the clutch faces thereon by a distance slightly greater than the axial length of the flange of said nut, a spring compressed between said housing and said nut to bias said nut axially, and a forwardly facing stop on said rod coacting with a rearwardly facing portion within said rest guide to limit forward motion of said rod, the rear end of said rod coacting with the inside of said housing to limit rearward movement of said rod 6. In a surgical drill having a body with a grip projecting therefrom, a connector shaft journaled in said body and having an outer end adapted to receive a driving element through the rear end of said body, a sleeve slidably positioned in said body and spaced forwardly of said connector shaft, a trigger connected to said sleeve and projecting through an aperture in said body, said trigger and the edges of said aperture coacting to limit axial motion of said sleeve, a drive shaft rotatable within said sleeve, the rear end of said drive shaft and the forward end of said connector shaft having coacting axially disengageable clutch faces, a spring biasing said clutch faces apart, a bit journaled in the forward end of said body and releasably connected to said drive shaft for movement therewith, a drive gear on said drive shaft, a housing secured to the outside of said body opposite said gear, said body having an opening formed therein and opening to said housing, a first gear rotatably supported in the rear of said housing and meshing with said drive gear, a tubular rest guide secured at the front of said housing and having a rear portion projecting thereinto, an idler gear supported by said rearwardly projecting portion of said rest guide and meshing with said drive gear, a rest rod slidably and non-rotatably mounted in said rest guide and having a work engaging point projecting from the forward end thereof, an elongated threaded shank on the rear end of said rod and extending into said housing, an elongated nut threaded on the shank of said rod, a second gear rotatable about the forward end of said nut and meshing with said idler gear, a iiange on said nut positioned between said first and second gears and having rotatively oppositely facing clutch surfaces on the opposite ends thereof, the opposed faces of said first and second gears having clutch faces thereon adapted to coaot with the clutch faces on the flange of said nut, means positioned between said rst and second gears and spacing the clutch faces thereon by a distance slightly greater than the axial length of the flange on said nut, a spring com- 1'0 pressed between said housing and the rearend of said nut, and a forwardly lacing stop on said rod coacting with a rearwardiy iaoiiig portion within said rest guide to liiiiit forward iiiotion oi' said rod, the rear end oi said rod coaoting with the inside oi said iiousiiig to liiiiit rearward movement or said rod.

in b'ctil KJULly afllll IldiVlIlg kan Collier end. ablapbeui i0 4 receive a driving eieiiient through trie rear end oi'4 said body, a sleeve slidabiy positioned in said body and spaced forwardly oi said connector snai t, a trigger connected to said sleeve anu projecting tiii'ougii an aperture in said body, said trigger and tiie edges or said aperture ooaeting to iiinit axial 'iii-otion oi said sleeve, a drive sii-ait rotatable within said sleeve. tiie rear end oi said drive siiait and the forward end or said connector snait having coacting axially disengageabie clutch faces, a spring biasing'said clutch racesapart, a bit journaied in said body and releasabiy connected to said drive snait i'or movement therewitn, a drive gear on said drive siiai t, a housing secured to tile outside o1 said ooiiy opposite said geen', SstlCl DOdy irctviil'g all opening IOiliied tiiel'eill and opening to said housing, a iii-st gear rotatably supported in said housing andniesiiing with said drive gear, a tubular rest guide secured at 'trie irontol' said housing, an idler gear supported by said rest guide and meshing witii said drive gear, a rest rod slidably and non-rotatably mounted in said rest guide and having a worn engaging point projecting from the liorward end thereoi, an elongated threaded snanii on the rear end o1 said rod and extending into said no using, an elongated nut threaded on the sham?i oi said rod, a second gear rotatable about the forward end ol' said ndt and meshing with said idler gear, a nange on said nut positioned between said iirst and second gears and having rotatively oppositely racing clutch surfaces on the opposite ends thereof, the opposed faces of said first and second gears having clutch faces thereon adapted to coact with the clutch faces on the iiange of said nut, means positioned between said nrst and second gears and spacing the clutch faces thereon by a distance slightly greater than the axial leng th o1' the harige on said nut, a spring compressed between said housing and the rear end of said nut, and a forwardly facing stop on said rod ooacting with a rearwardly facing portion within said rest guide to limit forward motion of said rod, the rear end of said rod coacting with the inside of said housing to limit rearward movement of said rod.

8. In combination with a surgical drill having a body with a drive shaft therein adapted to drive a tool bit, a connector shaft in said body adapted to be connected to a source of power, clutch means drivingly connecting said shafts and disengageable by movement of said drive shaft forwardly from said body, a spring biasing said drive shaft to clutch disengaging position, a tool rest rod slidably mounted on said body and projecting forwardly therefrom parallel to said drive shaft, a threaded shank on said rest rod, a pair of gears rotatably mounted in said body coaxially with said shanki and spaced axially therealong, a nut threaded on said shank and having a flange positioned between said pair of gears, means drivingiy connecting the gears of said pair of gears to said drive shaft for opposite rotation thereby, the opposed ends of said pair of gears having clutch faces thereon, said flange on said nut having opposite clutch faces alternatively engageable `with said clutch faces on said pair of gears, means biasing said nut forwardly to engage the flange thereon with the forward one of said pair of gears, and stop portions on saidrcd adapted to coact with -lxed portions of said body to limit axial motion of said rod.

9. In combination with a surgical drill having a body with a drive shaft therein adapted to drive va tool bit, a connector shaft in said body adapted to be connected to a source of power, clutch means -drivingly connecting said shafts and disengagevable by axial movement of said drive shaft forwardly from said body, a trigger relatively vrotatively and axially connected to said drive lshaft and projecting from said body, a spring biasing said drive shaft to clutch disengagng position, a rtool rest rod slidably mounted on said body and projecting forwardly therefrom parallel to said drive shaft, a threaded shank on said rest rod, a pair of gears `rotatably mounted in said body and spaced axially along said shank, a nut threaded on said shank and having a flange positioned between the gears of said pair of gears, means drivingly connecting the gears of said pair of gears to said drive shaft -for opposite rotation thereby, the opposedends of said pair ofgears having clutch faces thereon, `said flange on said nut having opposite clutch faces alternatively engagable with said clutch faces on said pair of gears by axial motion of said -nut means biasing said nut forwardly to engage the flange thereon with the forward one of said vpair of gears, and stop portions on said rod adapted to coact with fixed portions of said body to limit axial motion of said rod.

10. In combination with a surgical drill having a body with a drive shaft therein adapted to drive a tool bit, a connector shaft in said body adapted to be connected to a source of power, clutch means drivingly connecting said shafts and disengageable by axial movement of said drive shaft forwardly from said body, a trigger relatively rotatively and axially connected to said drive shaft and projecting from said body, a spring biasing said drive shaft to clutch disengaging position, a tool rest rod slidably mounted on said body and projecting forwardly therefrom parallel to said drive shaft, a threaded shank on said rest rod, a pair ofV gears rotatably mounted in said body and spaced axially along said shank, a nut threaded on said shank and having a flange positioned between the gears of the said pair of gears, means drivingly connecting the gears of said pair of gears to said drive shaft for opposite rotation thereby, said flange on said nut being alternatively engageable with said pair of gears by axial motion of said nut and means biasing said nut forwardly to engage the flange thereon with the forward one of said pair of gears.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
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Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3515100 *Jun 27, 1967Jun 2, 1970Austenal Europa IncTrepan with automatic stop means
US3779663 *Dec 20, 1971Dec 18, 1973C RugglesDrill bit gauge
US4586497 *Oct 31, 1983May 6, 1986David J. DapraDrill fixation device and method for vertebra cutting
US4596243 *May 25, 1983Jun 24, 1986Bray Robert SSurgical methods and apparatus for bone removal
US4830000 *Dec 31, 1987May 16, 1989Aspen Laboratories, Inc.Surgical drill
US4860735 *Aug 8, 1988Aug 29, 1989The General Hospital CorporationDrill alignment guide for osteoplastic surgery
US7655020 *Nov 17, 2005Feb 2, 2010Jörg Wenzler Medizintechnik GmbHSurgical punching instrument
US8800837 *Apr 13, 2007Aug 12, 2014Covidien LpPowered surgical instrument
US20060111737 *Nov 17, 2005May 25, 2006Jorg WenzlerSurgical punching instrument
US20080255607 *Apr 13, 2007Oct 16, 2008Zemlok Michael APowered surgical instrument
WO1998049948A1 *Apr 29, 1998Nov 12, 1998Orthofix S.R.L.Medullary-cavity drill head
WO2009021933A1 *Aug 11, 2008Feb 19, 2009Process MedicalCranial drill with progressive clutch
Classifications
U.S. Classification606/173, 408/14, 408/703, 408/112
International ClassificationA61B17/16
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/1695, Y10S408/703
European ClassificationA61B17/16T