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Publication numberUS2675332 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 13, 1954
Filing dateJan 20, 1951
Priority dateDec 24, 1948
Also published asDE835394C
Publication numberUS 2675332 A, US 2675332A, US-A-2675332, US2675332 A, US2675332A
InventorsBarrett K Green
Original AssigneeNcr Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Heat sensitive record material
US 2675332 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Apr. 13, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE National Cash Register Company,


Ohio, a corporation of Maryland No Drawing.

2 Claims. l I This invention relates to heat sensitive record 1 material and more particularly pertains to such material which produces a distinctive color, locally on the application of heat.

This is a continuation-in-part of my United States patent application, Serial No. 67,257, filed December 24, 1948, now abandoned.

Such record material is useful in machines equipped with heated marking or printing members where the configuration of any such member or its movement is to be recorded. Such a machine is shown in U. S. Patent No. 2,454,966, issued on the application of H. T. Faus.

Paper or other adsorbent or absorbent base web record material is treated, as by impregnation or coating, first with a mild alkali and then with one of the eosin compounds, of the general structure wherein R is one of the group comprising CHa. C2H5 and C3H7. These compounds although intrinsically of yellow-orange color may be applied to the record material base sheet from solution in such small amounts as to give the record material but a slight yellow tint. At 290 Fahrenheit the compound decomposes, producing a strong red color contrasting with the normal yellow tint.

Therefore, it is an object of this invention to provide a heat-sensitive record material comprising a base web treated with a heat-decomposable eosin compound.

The preferred record material is made by treating paper pre-coated with particles of a mild alkaline material with a 3 per cent solution, by weight, of the selected eosin compound in acetone. This treatment may be a coating of the paper with the solution or immersion of the paper in the solution. The paper so treated is then dried, leaving the eosin compound in solid particle form, and is ready for use.

The addition to the paper of a mild alkali of between 8 pH and 12.5 pH, such as sodium carbonate. sodium stearate or sodium phosphate, intensifies the red color at the expense of the stability of the record material in the normal state. The color intensifying alkali is applied first to the paper from solution or suspension, and

Application January 20, 1951, Serial No. 207,053

the paper so treated, dried before application of the eosin solution and exists there in dry, solid particle form.

In this manner premature coloration of the 5 eosin compound is avoided. If the alkali were applied in solution as an overcoating the color would immediately appear.

The invention provides an instantaneously reacting record material useful in recording machines in which pressure of the recording member against the record material needs to be kept at a minimum so as not to interfere with its free movement. The recording member is kept heated while making contact with the record material. When mere impression contact is used the color change will occur only at points of heattransfer contact, giving the configuration of the recording surface. Where a recording member traverses the record material while maintaining contact therewith a trace of red color will appear.

What is claimed is:

1. Record material comprising a base web having an undercoating of dry solid particles of an alkali having a pH value of between 8 and 12.5, and having an adjacent overcoating consisting of solid particles of an eosin compound of the general structure wherein R is of the class consisting of CH3, CzHa and CzHv.

2. The record material of claim 1 in which the base web is paper.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,351,071 Silverman Aug. 31, 1920 1,844,199 Bicknell Feb. 9, 1932 OTHER REFERENCES

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1351071 *Jun 7, 1918Aug 31, 1920Silverman AlexanderRecording device
US1844199 *Aug 30, 1928Feb 9, 1932Rca CorpPyro-recording paper
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3219818 *Oct 5, 1962Nov 23, 1965Du PontThermographic recording process
US3243784 *Dec 5, 1960Mar 29, 1966Litton Systems IncMicrowave process and apparatus
US4020232 *May 14, 1975Apr 26, 1977Mitsubishi Paper Mills, Ltd.Heat-sensitive recording sheets
U.S. Classification503/202, 430/343, 101/DIG.290, 346/135.1, 106/31.35, 503/221, 106/31.2, 8/919, 430/339, 8/495
International ClassificationB41M5/327
Cooperative ClassificationY10S8/919, Y10S101/29, B41M5/3275
European ClassificationB41M5/327B