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Publication numberUS2675693 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 20, 1954
Filing dateSep 10, 1949
Publication numberUS 2675693 A, US 2675693A, US-A-2675693, US2675693 A, US2675693A
InventorsWilliam M. Emery
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Time locked case for cigakettes
US 2675693 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 20, 1954 w. M. EMERY TIME LocKED cAsE FOR CIGARETTES, ETC

5 Sheets-Sheet l Filed Sept. l0, 1949 April 20, 1954 w. M. EMERY 2,675,693

TIME LOCKED CASE FOR4 CIGARETTES, ETC

Filed Sept. l0, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 April 20, 1954 w. M. EMERY 2,675,693

TIME LocxED CASE FOR CIGARETTES, ETC

Filed sept. 1o, 1949 3 sheets-sheet s Patented Apr. 20, 1954 lTED STATES NT GFFICE 12 Claims.

This invention relates to a portable container which upon closure cannot be opened until the lapse of a predetermined interval.

Cbjects ci my invention include providing such a container, the predetermined locked interval of which may be set when open and cannot be changed when closed. Another object is to provide such a container which will automatically rewind itself and reset the interval duringv the opening and closing of the container. A :further object is to provide a light weight portable automatic time-lool ed container simple in design and` practicable for mass production.

in this speciiication when l refer to cigarettes, such reference is only as an example to clarify this presentation, and it should be understood that my invention applies and refers equally to, any drug, food or other matter, the consumption ci which a person may desire to control or limit in some respect.

Other objects and novel features within the scope of my invention will be apparent from the following specification especially when considered in conjunction with the drawings in which:

Figure a iront View of a cigarette case,

Figure a side view of Figure l,

Figure is a bottom view or" Fig. l,

Figure is a fragmentary sectional view taken substantially on line d of Fig. l,

Figure is a iront view of an interval timer,

Figure 5 is a fragmentary top View of a portion of 5,

Figure l is a sectional View of the latch, taken substantially on line 'i of Fig. 5,

Figure 8 is a back View of the interval timer mechanism.

Figure 9 is a sectional fragmentaryview showing the hottom View of Fig. 8 and attendant parts, taken substantially along line 9 of Fig. l.

Higires l() to l2 are fragmentary views of 5 showing the parts in various positions ocu in the cycle of operation.

-igure i3 a fragmentary View of the interior Figure le is a fragmentary side view of Figure 13.

' is a sectional fragmentary View taken i ntialy along line i5l5 of Fig. 9.

es i .o 3 show a cigarette case including three parts preferably made of transparent plastic, a 'nach section lil, a cigarette chamber lid iii hinged 'thereto by a piano type hinge i6 and a .ha-lrn cover i' for a timer mechanism i3. A plurality of projections lA extend into a rectangular shaped cigarette Vholding chamber I9 from 2 the inner Walls of back section lll and lid l5 (Fig. 9)

Lid l5 is called a lid purely for convenience of explanation. Because it also contains cigarettes, it could also be said that I5 is the oontainer and the back section le is the lid. This .should be lrept in mind in interpreting the specification and claims hereafter set forth since any differentiation between the lid and the rest of the container may be purely artiical.

in alternate form oi' projection E3B is shown Figures 13 and lll. These are formed by the fight angle intersection of a plurality of grooves Projections AEA and B are arranged to position standard length cigarettes horizontally and the longer or king size vertically in an orderly and parallel manner. The cigarettes are further maintained in this position, each in its own location, whether the case be full or not, by two separators 2l and 22 which are hinged together as a part of piano hinge l@ as shown in Fig. ll. Each of the two ends of each separator are formed around respective torsional springs 23 in which is inserted hinge pin Ed. Springs 23 are effective to normally separate the separators 2l and 22, pressing each against the cigarettes in the respective halves of the case which in turn causes lid l5 normally to spring open. The separators are designed in a U shape without crossing each other, to be adjacent to at least three Walls of chamber i9 to position the cigarettes therein whether they be standard or king size.

Figures 5 and 5 show a winding `and setting shaft 2? to which are fixed a winding gear 26, an arm 2i?, and a knurled knob 29. Bearinged on shaft 27 is a great gear 3 l, a clock spring barrel from which an ear 35 is bent to turn a notched disk Si also journaled on shaft 2l. A clock spring 35 interconnects shaft l with great gear 3l or barrel 32, the two latter parts being intern connected.

The knob end or shaft il? is bearinged in timer cover l i and the other end is bearinged in a back plate 3l.

Slidably mounted in an elongated hole 38 in back plate 3l is a stud 3Q on which is journaled a ratcheting idler gear el. A groove in a dist; d2 which is iixed to stud Se positions ratchet spring t3 which also bears on two of four spacers 6.

These four spacers il@ position a top plate ill relative to bottom plate 3l. Between these plates and bearinged therein are various conventional and standard timing gears anddevices such' as gear 48. Idler gear 4! normally meshes with great gear 3l and gear 48, but ratchets when the great gear turns clockwise as viewed in Figures l, 5, 10, 11 and 12.

A balance wheel i9 is also shown. Gear i8 and balance wheel 49 and the gearing, etc., between them may be considered conventional and are not shown in detail. Any suitable escapernent or other timing device may be substituted for them within the scope of my invention.

Back plate 3? is bent forwards 90 to form the bottom face of the timer I3. portion of plate 3l there is mounted an L-shaped rack bar 52 which meshes at certain times with winding gear 26. Back section lll is shouldered to furnish a sliding bearing for rack 52 and to retain it in a position adjacent to back plate 3l. rlhis shoulder is not shown. A link 53 interconnects lid I5 with rack 52 by means of studs 55 and 55. The movement of lid l5 is not limited to 90, but is thus shown for purposes of explanation only.

One end of a shaft 5I is bearinged in back plate 3? and the other end in timer cover Il. Loosely fitted on shaft 6I is a channel shaped stamping 62 and a linger lever 53 positioned between the legs of stamping 62 and notched to nest therewith for mutual actuation. One leg of stamping 52 is extended to form tooth Ell Which is positioned to move into notch 55 of notched disk 3ft when the latter is positioned as shown in Figures 5 and 12. Tooth 55 also blocks the movement of stamping 52 by nger lever 53 when notch 55 is out ci alignment.

-Latch pin or bolt il extends through suitable openings in stamping 52 and the bent edge of back plate 31 and also through a notched out portion of rack 52. Latch pin 1i is circumferentially grooved to ensure its retention within a loop of a spring i2. Both ends of spring i2 make substantially a right angle bend about shaft 5i and press against cover ii or back sections It at 113 in such a manner as to resiliently press either stamping 62 or latch pin i! or both downward to engage a latch hole i5 of an ear 'i5 in lid l5. One side of ear l5 is cammed to press latch pin Vil independently of stamping 52 out of the way to allow a latch pin i! to enter hole 'i5 when the lid l5 is closed at a time when notch 65 is out of alignment with tooth 55.

One end or leg of spring i2 terminates at i3, but the other is looped in a manner to engage ear 33 to form a ratchet stop i5 and continues to engage an elongated hole in finger lever 53. Ratchet stop 75 allows ear 33 to pass under it when turned clockwise, but acts to stop the mechanism when notch disk 3i is turned counterclockwise to a position Where notch 55 is receptive to tooth 55.

The timer cover l? is clamped to back section It by Vtwo screws passing through holes 8l in the back or front plates 3'! or 13'! and threaded in cover Operation The timer is designed (1) to prevent the manual withdrawal of latch pin 'ii for a preset interval after lid i 5 has been closed; (2) to rewind and start upon the closing of lid i5; (3) to reset automatically for repetitive intervals; and (4) to allow gradual change of the interval period through a plurality of small subdivisions of the range from substantially zero time to maximum time by the user only when the lid is open.

With the case open, as shown in Figures 8 and 9, rack 52 is disengaged from winding gear 25 Along the turned A and in this position the main spring assembly including parts 25 to 34 may be turned clockwise by turning knob 29, since in this direction gear 5i ratchets rather freely. Suppose we set the assembly and more particularly notch f5 of disk 5e in the position shown in Fig. 10 at 150 degrees or a little less than 40 minutes from the ultimate stopping position of disk Sli shown in Fig. 12. The numerals shown in Fig. 1 are on the transparent timer cover I'! through which notch 55 of disk 34 is clearly visible. The numerals are positioned to indicate the length of time which must elapse Vor the length of the interval before the case can be opened, on the assumption that the timer mechanism will provide for the great wheel 3| to make one complete turn in minutes. Any other timing of the great wheel is within the scope of my invention. Ear 33 is accordingly now positioned degrees of travel from ratchet stop 76.

Now if lid l5 is slowly closed, then during its initial movement rack 52 does not engage winding gear 25, but when it does contact gear 25 it turns the winding shaft 2'! together with arm 2S counterclockwise almost one complete turn to the position shown in Fig. 1l. Note that ratchet gear il has prevented the great gear 3! from turning with shaft 2'! and accordingly energy equivalent to practically one turn of the clock or main spring 35 has been stored therein. Also ear 53 and notched disk 35 have remained stationary but the tip of arm 28 has shifted contact from one side oi ear 55 to its other side.

However great gear 3|, spring barrel 32, ear 33 and notched disk 55, all turn slowly counterclockwise as the timing mechanism functions until the parts are stopped in the positions shown in Fig. 12 by ratchet stop '15. Latch pin li can now be disengaged by manual pressure on iingei' lever 55 at the will of the operator. Note that arm 25 has not moved and cannot, because rack 52 is locked and in engagement with winding gear 25. Neither can the interval setting be altered while lid i5 is closed.

rl'he main spring as indicated by the travel of arm 2t from the position shown in Fig. i() to that of Fig. ll was originally wound very close to 350 to 36D degrees, but as shown in Fig. 12 it has unwound only 150 degrees and the timing mechanism has stopped at this point. When the latch pin 'El is withdrawn by manual pressure on finger lever 53, the 200 to 216 degrees of uneXpended energy within the main spring 35 react on the rack bar 52 to aid in opening the lid i5. This force is in addition to the force in torsion springs 23. The unexpended force of the main spring is completely expended when the mainspring assembly, parts 25 to 34 assume the positions shown in Fig. 5.

However, since in going from the position shown in Fig. 10 to that of Fig. 1l, arm 25 made practically full turn and in moving from the position shown in Fig. 12 to that shown in Fig. 5, the winding gear 26 and the winding shaft 21 have turned only 200 to 210 degrees, they still have 150 degrees yet to go before rack 52 disengages from gear 25, accordingly, it is clear that the complete opening of the lid will turn notched disk 3G and all the parts 25 to 35 clockwise to the starting positions shown in Fig. 10. If now the case lid i5 is reclosed the timer will be started, rewound and reset to repeat for an identical subsequent interval.

Rack 52 and link 53 would be in the position shown in Fig. 5 when parts 25 to 35 are in the position shown only at the end of a 90 minute or 350 to 360 degree interval. I H

With the case open if it is desired to lengthen the interval then knob 29 can be turned slightly clockwise. It is desired to decrease the interval, then knob 29 must be revolved clockwise at least until ear 33 has passed ratchet stop 1S, since ratchet gear il will not allow assembly 26 to 3,4 to be turned counterclockwise.

Although exemplary forms of the invention been described in detail hereinabove and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, it should be understood that the invention is capable of embodying a wide variety of modications without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.

l claim:

l. A portable container including a lid hinged thereto for opening and closing the container, a manually retracted locking device carried by the container and adapted to interengage the container and its lid in such a manner as to lock them together automatically upon the closing of the container by the lid, a blocking member mounted on said container for rotary reciprocation adjacent said manually retracted locking device to prevent manual'retraction thereof during a preselectable interval of time, a timer interconnected with said blocking member and carried by the container to govern the duration of the z :;.r'eselected interval, the magnitude of the angular movement of rotary reciprocation of the blocking member varying with the duration of preselected interval, and a mechanical linkinterconnecting the blocking member and 'the hinged lid in such a manner as to move the blocking member into a position to prevent the manual retraction of the locking device incident to the opening of the lid.

2. A portable container including a lid associated therewith for opening and closing the conuer, a manually retracted locking device car- :i the container and adapted to interengage container and `its lid in such a manner as to lock them together automatically upon the closing of the container by the lid, a blocking member mounted on the container adjacent said manually retracted locking device to prevent manual retraction thereof during a preselected interval of time, a timer interconnected with said blocking member and carried by the container to govern the duration of the preselected interval and a mechanical linkage interconnected to the blocking member and the lid in such a manner as to move the blocking member into a position incident with the opening of the lid to prevent the manual retraction of the locking device.

3. .A portable container comprised of two sectiemJ which when closely adjacent contain a space suitable for carrying cigarettes and the like, one of said sections being adapted to engage and disengage the other section to close and open respectively said container and said confined space, a manually retractable locking device carried by one of said sections and adapted to interengage said section with the other section in such a manner as to lock said sections together automatically upon engagement, a blocking member mounted on one of said sections adjacent said manually retractable locking device to prevent the manual retraction thereof during a preselected interval, and a linkage interconnected to the locking member and one of said sections in such a manner as to move the blocking member incident to the at least partial opening of the container to prevent the manual retraction of the locking device. v

4. In a portable container, a lid hinged thereto for opening and closing the container, a locking device carried by the container and adapted-to lock the lid closed, a timer mechanism carried by the container and adapted to control the locking device allowing it to be opened only after selectable maximum and shorter-than-maximum selectable intervals, and included in the timer mechanism, a spring mounted in the mechanism in such a manner as to expend forces stored therein to rotate parts in said mechanism, said expenditure of forces being in direct proportion to the duration of the selected intervals and also a winding shaft carried by the container and operated by the movement of the lid, said shaft being turned in one direction by the closing of the lid to wind the spring to always store sumcient forces therein to rotate said timer mechanism parts for the maximum selectable interval and turned in the other direction by the opening of the lid first to unwind the spring expending the unused portion of the forces still stored therein after a shorter-than-maximum interval and thereafter to further turn the winding shaft to actuate resetting the timer mechanism for a subsequent duplicate interval.

5. In a portable container, having two principal sections hinged together one acting as a lid or closure for the otherr thereby constituting a container which may be opened and closed by relative movements of said sections, a locking device carried by one of said sections and adapted to lock the other sections closed, a timer mechanism carried by the one of said sections and adapted to control the locking device allowing it to be opened only after selectable maximum and shorter-than-maximum intervals, and included in the timer mechanism, a spring mounted within the mechanism in such a manner as to expend forces stored in the spring to rotate parts of said mechanisms, said expenditure of forces being in direct proportion to the duration of the selected intervals and also a shaft attached to one end of said spring and carried by one of the two sections and operated by relative movement of the other section, saidshaft being turned in one direction by movement of the sections to close the container to wind the spring always storing sufficient forces therein to rotate the timer mechanism parts for the maximum selectable interval and turned in the other direction by relative movements of the container sections to open the container thereby unwinding the spring and pending the unused portion of forces still stored therein after a shorter-than-maximum intervai and thereafter further turning said shaft the same direction and rotating the parts of the timer mechanism to reset the time-r for a e bsequent identical interval during the. opening ci' the container.

6. in a portabie container including a lid hinged thereto for alternate movements to open and close the container, a locking device carried by the container and adapted to lock the lid closed. parts constituting a timer mechanism carried by the container and adapted togovern and defer the unlocking of the locking device until. after selectable maximum and shorter-than-maximum intervals, and included in the timer mechanism parts, a spring mounted within the mechanism to expend forces stored in said spring in substantially Vdirect proportion to the duration of the selectable intervals to rotate parts in said timer mechanism, a shaft closely associated with saidspringandcarried by `the container and operated by alternate movements of the lid to open and close the container and one of said alternate movements turning said shaft in one direction to always wind the spring to store sufiicient forces therein to slowly rotate said parte in said mechanism for the maximum selectable interval and the other of said alternate movements turning said shaft in the opposite direction rst to unwind the spring and expend the unused portion of the forces still stored therein after a shorter-than-maximum interval and thereafter to further turn the shaft in the same direction moving parts of the timer mechanism to reset the mechanism for a subsequent repeat interval.

'7. A portable container including a lid hinged thereto for opening and closing the container, a manually retractable locking device carried by the container and adapted to interengage the container and its lid in such a manner as to lock them together when the container is closed by the lid, a time responsive mechanism carried by the container to prevent the manual retraction of the locking device before the elapse of a predetermined and preselected interval, said mechanism including an interval selecting and winding shaft mounted within the container and in such a manner that one end accessibly projects from the container, a pinion gear mounted on said shaft to turn said shaft, a second gear driveably engageable with the pinion gear and attached to the lid in such a manner as to be actuated thereby and also spaced and movably mounted in such a manner that said gears are disengaged from each other when the lid is fully open so that the projecting end of the shaft may be manually turned to preselect the duration or" said interval when the lid is open, and also spaced and mounted in such a manner as to maintain locked engagement of said gears when the lid is closed thereby blocking said shaft from being turned after the container is closed and locked, and also spaced and mounted for relative movement to turn one gear relative to the other when the lid is moved intermediate of its open and closed positions to turn the winding shaft to store forces to operate the time responsive mechanism.

8. A portable container including a lid hinged thereto for opening and closing the container, a locking device carried by the container and adapted to interengage the container and its lid in such a, manner as to lock them together when the container is closed by the lid, a time responsive mechanism of component parts effective in conjunction with the locking device to prevent the opening of the container before the elapse of a predetermined and preselected interval, said mechanism being carried by the container and including a winding and interval preselecting shaft mounted Within the container in such a manner that one end projects from the container when closed, a pinion gear mounted on said shaft to turn said shaft, a second gear driveably engageable with the pinion gear and attached to the lid in such a manner as to be actuated thereby and also spaced and movably mounted in such a manner that said gears are disengaged from each other when the lid is fully open so that the projecting end of the shaft may be manually turned to preselect the duration of the sequential interval if a change in the interval is desired and also spaced and mounted in such a manner as to maintain locked engagement of said gears when the lid is closed thereby blocking said shaft from being turned while the container is closed and locked, and also spaced and mounted for relative movement to turn the pinion gear when the lid is moved intermediate of its fully open and closed positions to turn the Winding shaft in one direction to store forces to operate the time responsive mechanism and in the other direction to shift relative positions of component parts of the time responsive mechanism to automatically reset the timer mechanism for a subsequent repeat interval.

9. A portable container including a lid hinged thereto for movement to open and close the container, a locking device carried by the container and adapted to interengage the container and its lid in such a manner as to lock them together automatically when the container is closed, a time responsive mechanism also carried by the container and adapted to prevent unlocking of the locking device before the elapse of a predetermined interval, said mechanism including a spring one end of which is operatively connected to a timing train, an interval selecting and winding shaft assembly mounted in the time responsive mechanism for relatively free turning in at least one direction When the case is open and operatively connected to the other end of the spring to wind the spring, a pinion gear assembled on the winding shaft, a driving gear mounted to mesh with the pinion gear and operatively connected to the lid for actuation by the opening and closing movement of the lid to turn the shaft to wind and unwind the spring, and a manually accessible projection from the winding shaft, manually turnable to turn the winding shaft assembly to predetermine its initial prewinding position and the relative starting position of the time responsive mechanism according to the duration of the predetermined interval desired.

l0. A portable container including a lid hinged thereto for movement to open and close the container, a locking device carried by the container and adapted to interengage the container and its lid in such a manner as to lock them together when the container is closed by the lid, a time responsive mechanism carried by the container to defer the unlocking of the locking means until after the elapse of predetermined and variably selectable intervals, said time responsive mechanism including a winding shaft mounted Within said mechanism, a gear attached to said shaft, a second gear mounted in such a. manner as to be actuated by movements of the lid to engage and drive the rst gear and also to disengage it, the shaft being associated with the remainder of the time responsive mechanism in such a manner that the length of the selectable interval may be varied by indexing said shaft and rst gear relative to the second gear when the gears are disengaged to vary the tooth of rst gear initially engaged by the second gear upon reengagement of the gears and according to the duration of the predetermined interval desired.

11. In a portable container including a lid hinged thereto for opening and closing the containen. a locking device carried by the container and adapted to interengage the container and its lid in such a manner as to lock them together, a time-responsive mechanism carried by the container and associated with the locking device in such a manner as to be effective to defer the unlocking of the locking device until after the elapse of a predetermined and preselectable interval, said mechanism including a timing train, a winding Vand interval setting shaft, a spring mounted on the shaft to turn bodily therewith when turned in one direction to predetermine the interval duration and to be wound thereby when turned in the other direction, one end of said spring being substantially xed to the shaft, the other end of said spring being operatively connected to a timing train to drive the train.

12. A portable container including a lid hinged thereto for movement to open and close the container, a locking device carried by the container and adapted to interengage the container and its lid in such a manner as to lock them together automatically when the container is closed, a time responsive mechanism also carried by the container and adapted to prevent unlocking of the locking device before the elapse of a predetermined interval, said mechanism including a spring, one end of which is operatively connected to a timing train, an interval selecting and winding shaft assembly mounted in the time responsive mechanism for relatively free turning in at least one direction when the case is open and operatively connected to the other end of the spring to vary the tension of the spring, a pinion gear assembled on the winding shaft, a driving gear mounted to mesh with the pinion gear and operably connected to the lid for actuation by the opening and closing movement of the lid to turn the shaft to vary the tension of the spring, and a manually accessible projection from the winding shaft, manually turnable to turn the winding shaft assembly to predetermine its initial prewinding position and the relative starting position of the time responsive mechanism according to the duration of the predetermined interval desired.

References Cited in the le of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 580,736 Smith Apr. 13, 1897 1,650,066 George Nov. 22, 1927 2,016,534 Blackwell et al. Oct. 8, 1935 2,271,035 Rioux Jan. 27, 1942 2,309,009 Peirce Jan. 19, 1943 2,415,911 Rubane Feb. 18, 1947 2,456,963 Leatherman Dec. 21, 1948 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 122,036 Austria Mar. 25, 1931 623,325 Great Britain May 16, 1949

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US580736 *Jul 18, 1896Apr 13, 1897 Time-lock for tobacco-boxes
US1650066 *Dec 8, 1926Nov 22, 1927Albert George ErnestCigarette case
US2016534 *Jul 25, 1934Oct 8, 1935 Cigagette case
US2271035 *Feb 14, 1940Jan 27, 1942Rioux Joseph FCigarette case
US2309009 *Apr 24, 1941Jan 19, 1943Box Shop IncTransparent cigarette case or the like
US2415911 *Nov 1, 1944Feb 18, 1947Charles RubaneTime controlled container
US2456963 *May 15, 1946Dec 21, 1948Leatherman Ward DCigarette or like dispensing case
AT122036B * Title not available
GB623325A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2951357 *Sep 3, 1957Sep 6, 1960Geraghty James MPortable case and time lock therefor
US3360790 *Jan 25, 1965Dec 26, 1967Rossitto Samuel ATimer controlled alarm for ash tray
US3363439 *Mar 21, 1966Jan 16, 1968George KendeCigarette container with variable period time lock
US3455101 *Jan 15, 1968Jul 15, 1969Marchessault Paul ACigarette rationing device
US3750435 *Dec 15, 1971Aug 7, 1973Blau Kg LangenfeldContainer having a time controlled locking mechanism
US4076118 *Jun 1, 1977Feb 28, 1978Jack KarlssonDevice for limiting the consumption of objects in a container
US4615681 *Mar 4, 1985Oct 7, 1986Schwarz Eitan DProgrammable, user interactive cigarette dispenser and method therefor
US4620555 *Oct 11, 1983Nov 4, 1986Schwarz Eitan DCigarette dispenser
Classifications
U.S. Classification70/272, 206/266, 206/256, 206/263, 968/812
International ClassificationG04F3/00, G04F3/02, A24F15/00
Cooperative ClassificationG04F3/025, A24F15/005
European ClassificationG04F3/02C, A24F15/00B