|Publication number||US2676704 A|
|Publication date||Apr 27, 1954|
|Filing date||Apr 22, 1950|
|Priority date||Apr 22, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2676704 A, US 2676704A, US-A-2676704, US2676704 A, US2676704A|
|Inventors||Marks Alvin M|
|Original Assignee||Plastic Rivet Co Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (11), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 27, 1954 A. M. MARKS ARTICLE RETAINING SUPPORT Filed April 22, 1950 kwm " ATTORNEYS,
Patented Apr. 27, 1954 UNITED ST QFFICE ARTICLE RETAINING SUPPORT Application April 22, 1950', Serial No. 157,550
2 Claims. (01. 206-80) This invention relates to: article retaining means, such as are used to anchor, link, or clamp objects together, and the method of manufacturing said retaining means. Where it is desired to secure a plurality of articles to a sheet, such as cardboard or the like, as in the case of a button display card, it is necessary to provide means whereby the article may be held to the card until it is desired to use the said article. Itis further necessary that the article, which may be for example, a button, be detachable from the supporting surface with a desired amount of effort, and in a manner which will free it completely from any portion of the supporting medium.
Presently known devices for displaying and mounting buttons employ stapling or sewing means whereby the buttons are secured directly to the cards. All of the well known means now used either fail to hold the article securely to the card until it is taken therefrom, or hold the article so securely that a considerable portion of the card and securing means are torn away when the buttons are removed. For this reason it has been found undesirable to secure the buttons directly to the card by means of an adhesive, since it then becomes necessary'to peel the adhering portion of the card from the button before said button can be used. 7
As a corollary to the present device for securing buttons to a display card in a satisfactory manner, there is also provided a novel plastic rivet structure which may be employed for the purpose of securing dissimilar articles together; providing a flexible hinge memberbetween two articles, thus secured together; forming a novel seam structure; and, also for the purpose of binding a plurality of sheets into a book.
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide a novel means for securing a button to a display card.
Another object is to provide a button display card which will retain the buttons thereon, despite the customary usage of shipping, handling and distribution.
A further object of this invention is to provide a plastic rivet for the purpose of securing objects together.
Another object is to provide a structure which will secure objects together and provide a fiexible seam therebetween. I
A feature of the present invention is the substantially unitary structure of the completed rivet.
Another feature of the present invention is the use of a plastic insert in a button display card for the purpose of greatly improving the attachment of the buttons to the-said display card.
A further feature of this invention is its ease and economy of manufacture.
The invention consists of the construction, combination and arrangement of parts, as herein illustrated, described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings, forming a part hereof, are illustrated several embodiments of the invention, in which drawings similar reference characters designate corresponding parts, and in which:
Figure 1 is a horizontal section greatly enlarged of a button card, showing the button attaching means, in accordance with the present invention.
Figure 2 is a top plan View ofa button card, showing several embodiments of the plastic rivet insert, with some of the buttons removed or cut away in order to show the structure of the said article.
Figure 3' is a horizontal section somewhat enlarged of a flexible plastic scam, in accordance with the present invention.
Figure lis a topplan View of the seam shown in cross-section in Figure 3.
Figure 5 is a view somewhat enlarged, showing another application of the plastic rivet, according to thepresent invention, used in the production of a seam.
Referring to the drawings, and particularly to Figures 1 and 2, it indicates a suitable sheet, such as cardboard, paper or the like, having a plurality of openings ll therein at suitable intervals upon the said card I0. As shown in Figure 2, the openings I I may be single or in groups of two or more, depending upon the strength required for retaining the article 12 upon the card 10.
A suitable film of plastic Iii-l4 is placed upon each side of the card Iii overlying the openings H in the card It The plastic films are somewhat larger than the size of the openings, so as to bear against the surfaces of the card Ill. The plastic films [3-H are fused in the manner shown in Figure 1, so that they meet within the openings 5 l and grasp the opposed surfaces of the card Hi. Thereafter, a suitable adhesive [5 is placed upon the upper surface of the plastic film it and the object to be attached, such as a button, is placed upon the said adhesive I 5 before the adhesive is dry. In this manner the buttons I2 are securely held to the card It until it is desired to remove them from the said card. When the button is grasped by the user, it fractures theadhesive I5 and may be cleanly separated from 3 the card with the plastic insert remaining within the said card Hi. It has been found that the use of a plurality of holes within the card forming a plurality of riveting spots will provide additional strength and distribution of stress to the structure.
The opposed plastic films 13-14 may be fused by any of the well known methods, such as the application of a liquid solution of the same plastic material, as is contained in the film segments i3i4, which solution will cause the two segments to fuse perfectly. Another suitable method of accomplishing this is to employ heat and pressure to the plastic films l3l4, so as to cause them to unite into a substantially unitary structure. While the plastic film members I3-id shown in Figures 1 and 2 are circular in shape, the present invention contemplates the use of other suitable designs.
A preferred film material for the plastic men:- bers l3-M consists of a plasticized compound plastic material such as polyvinyl butyral, plasticized with between 20% and 60% plasticizers such as dibutyl phthalate.
A suitable adhesive for cementing the buttons i2 to the plastic film [3 has been found to be the plastic interlayer comprising a solution of plasticized polyvinyl material, such as polyvinyl butyral, ordinarily employed for the laminating of glass. However, it is within the concept of the present invention to employ other plastic materials, which are suitable for securing the button to the plastic surface of the film 83.
Referring to Figures 3 and i, there is shown a novel retaining means in accordance with the present invention, whereby two articles i5-ii which are to be joined are scanned together by means of strips of plastic foil i8-i9, which are disposed along the top and bottom of each edge of the said articles Iii-ll, and fused together as indicated at 26, within a plurality of openings 2i provided in the articles i 6i'i for this purpose. The manner of fusing the plastic foil i8--i 9 is similar to that described above, and the resultant structure will not only hold the articles iii-H together, but will provide a flexible hinge structure therebetween. It will thus be seen that an economical flexible seam has been provided for retaining fiat articles in edged relationship to each other.
Another embodiment of the flexible seam, possible with the present retaining means, is shown in Figure 5. In this structure the articles to be joined, iE-l'i, are overlapped so that the openings 2i therein are in register. The plastic foil i3l9 is then placed upon each side of the over lapped material overlying the said opening 2!. When the plastic foil Iii-I9 is fused at the openings, a flexible retaining means is provided for securing together the two articles it-il.
1. An article retaining structure comprising, a support member, said member having an opening therein, a plastic sheet disposed on each side of the said support member and overlying the said opening, said sheets being fused together at a place defined by the said opening and an adhesive carried upon the upper sheet and adapted to secure an article to the said sheet.
2. An article retaining structure comprising, a support member, said member having a plurality or grouped openings therein, a plurality of small plastic sheets disposed on each side of the support member whereby each group of openings is overlain by one of said sheets and underlain by another of the sheets, said opposed sheets being fused together in the areas defined by said openings and an adhesive carried upon each of the upper sheets adapted to secure an article to the said sheets.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 187,094 Brear Feb. 6, 187? 1,122,280 Kempshall Dec. 28, 1914 11139329 Flynn Get. 8, 1929 1,881,663 Lahey June 7, 1932 a 183,448 McNary Dec. 12, 1 39 2,247,252 Price June 2%, 1941 2,29%,228 Derby Aug. 25, 1942 2,325,584 Barnhart Aug. 3, 1343 2,427,229 Riley Sept. 9, 1947 2,43%,545 Brady et a1. Jan. 13, 1948 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 550,251 Great Britain Jan. 20, 1944
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US1122280 *||Oct 1, 1909||Dec 29, 1914||United Fast Color Eyelet Company||Method of forming and inserting eyelets and the like.|
|US1730929 *||Oct 27, 1926||Oct 8, 1929||Eastman Kodak Co||Splice for photographic material|
|US1861663 *||Aug 27, 1929||Jun 7, 1932||Lahey Frank T||Laminated plastic material|
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|US2899347 *||Jul 21, 1954||Aug 11, 1959||Method of making bag closure|
|US2931747 *||Feb 11, 1957||Apr 5, 1960||Fred F Dexter||Fabric fastener|
|US2984056 *||May 9, 1958||May 16, 1961||Scholl William M||Method of packaging|
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|US3947614 *||Nov 20, 1972||Mar 30, 1976||Otto Alfred Becker||Protection from corrosion of resistance-welded sheet metal covered with non-metallic layers|
|US4063352 *||Dec 20, 1976||Dec 20, 1977||M I Systems, Inc.||Method of making electrode package|
|US4980013 *||Nov 4, 1988||Dec 25, 1990||The Boeing Company||Apparatus for forming and curing an I-section workpiece|
|US5458231 *||Apr 26, 1994||Oct 17, 1995||Belokin; Paul||Display and shipping package|
|US5783010 *||Apr 11, 1997||Jul 21, 1998||Hms Label Specialties, Inc.||High speed splice|
|U.S. Classification||206/460, 156/304.6, 156/292, 156/297, 156/66, 156/252, 156/304.3, 29/463, 156/308.4, 156/91|