US 2678022 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
y 11, 1954 J. L. JOURGENSEN CRAYON FOR MARKING HARNESS Filed Aug. 20, 1952 25 INVENTOR.
J'ohn L.Jourgensen ATTORNEYS Patented May 11, 1954 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CRAYON FOR MARKING HARNESS John L. J ourgensen, Casper, Wyo. Application August 20, 1952, Serial No. 305,428
This invention relates to crayon and more particularly to that type of crayon carried by a harness and employed to mark animals during breeding season.
One of the objects of my invention is to produce an improved mounting construction for a crayon of the type referred to which will assure that the crayon will be carried by the animal harness until its usefulness is complete.
Another object is to produce improved means for securing a crayon to a holding and mounting tray after it has been moulded thereon.
Other objects of the invention will become apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
Figure 1 is a view of a portion of an animal wearing a marking harness on which is carried a crayon and holding tray therefor embodying my invention;
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the breast portion of the harness without the crayon attached;
Figure 3 is a perspective View of the holding tray showing its construction prior to moulding thereon the crayon which is indicated in dashed lines; and
Figures 4 and 5 are sectional views taken on the lines 4-4 and 5-5 respectively of Figure 2, but with the crayon moulded thereon showing additional details of construction.
As shown in Figure 1, the marking harness which is to carry my improved crayon holding means is carried by a ram so that a mark can be made on a. ewe whenever an act of breeding takes place. The advantages of this identification procedure are many and for a detailed account thereof, reference is made to my Patent No. 2,487,557, issued November 8, 1949, for Animal Marking Device. The invention covered by this application is considered as an improvement on the crayon holding and mounting structure shown in this patent. The harness H of Figure l is suitably constructed and attached to the ram so there is a breast portion ID on which the crayon C will be mounted so that a mark will be placed on the back of the ewe when the breeding act takes place. The crayon C is moulded on a tray to thus produce a unitary structure which can be sold separately from the harness and readily attached thereto to replace used crayons. As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the attaching and detaching is accomplished by the holding tray fitting into a holder member |2 suitably attached, as by rivets R. to the breast portion ill of the harness. The
holder member l2 has converging side flanges l3 and I4 and these receive the similar converging side flanges l5 and IS on the holding tray H of the crayon. The flanges of the holding member l2 have holes I! therein and there are holes I8 in the tray flanges whereby when the tray is placed in the holder member, a cotter key |9 can be inserted through the aligned holes and then properly bent to lock the tray and holder member together.
My invention relates to an improved manner of attaching the moulded crayon C to the holding tray I! which is made from light sheet metal, although it can be made from other material such as plastic if so desired. The bottom of the tray has attached thereto two members 2!] and 2| in the form of pads made from suitable fibrous material, preferably one having a backing 22 carrying pile fibers 23 similar to a piece of a rug. The members are spaced apart and also each is spaced from the end of the tray. The securing of the members to the tray bottom can be accomplished by a suitable adhesive. The members are of a width to extend substantially across the bottom of the tray between its side flanges.
The ends of the bottom of the tray just outwardly of the members 20 and 2| are provided with eyelets 24 and 25 through which a wire 26 is threaded with its ends twisted together to form a complete loop. The wire will engage and press down on the top of the members 20 and 2|, thus providing additional holding of these members to the bottom of the tray. To this tray, the members 20 and 2| attached thereto and the looped wire, the crayon C is moulded. The material for the crayon can comprise mineral wax, coloring pigments, oil, fiber, etc, The mixture is made by suitable heating and mixing. When it is in a liquid state, it is poured into a suitable mould in which the holding tray is placed. After cooling, the crayon and tray are removed.
With the tray constructed as shown and described, the orayon will be securely held by the tray. When the crayon material is poured it will flow around the members 20 and 2| and the wire. It will also flow in between the pile fibers of the members, thus making a multitude of holding strings between the members and the crayon material which will assure a good hold between the crayon and the tray. A considerable body of wax material will be between the members 20 and 2| and also bodies at the outer ends of these members. These interlocking conditions of the bodies and the members assure that there will be no slipping of the crayon longitudinally of the tray and out an open end thereof. This could occur with the use of the wire alone, as is the old prior structure shown in my aforementioned patent, particularly if the crayon was subjected to considerable heat as is possible in hot weather. Actual use of the improved holding means between the tray and crayon material has proved that excellent holding is accomplished and the crayon will be held firmly in the tray for its entire useful life, notwithstanding pressure being applied to the crayon tending to shift it longitudinally in the tray as a result of engagement with the back of ewes during marking. With each pile fiber embedded in the crayon, a good grip is accomplished between the members 20 and 2| firmly held on the tray.
I am aware that modifications can be made in the particular structure disclosed by way of example as embodying my invention, all without departing from the principles thereof, and therefore I desire it to be understood that the invention is to be limited only in accordance with the appended claims.
What is claimed is:
1. A crayon mounting means for establishing a unitary structure for attachment to a marking harness comprising a tray having a bottom and side flanges, a member secured to the bottom of the tray within the flanges and constructed to have a plurality of upstanding closely positioned flexible structures with relatively rough surfaces and being of a length which will be a major portion of the height of the flanges, and a crayon mounted on the tray, said crayon having material moulded from a liquid state to the tray so as to be between the side flanges thereof on opposite sides of the member in the bottom of the tray and to have embedded therein the closely positioned structures upstanding from said member.
2. A crayon mounting means for establishing a unitary structure for attachment to a marking harness comprising a tray having a bottom and side flanges, a member of fibrous material secured to the bottom of the tray within the flanges and constructed to have a base and a plurality of upstanding positioned fibers to form a pile, and a crayon mounted on the tray, said crayon having material moulded from a liquid state to the tray so as to form a body between the side flanges thereof on opposite sides of the member in the bottom of the tray and to have embedded therein the pile fibers.
3. A crayon mounting means for establishing a unitary structure for attachment to a marking harness comprising a tray having a bottom and side flanges, a member of fibrous material secured to the bottom of the tray within the flanges and constructed to have a base and a plurality of upstanding positioned fibers to form a pile, a wire connected to the tray and overlying and engaging the pile portion of the member, and a crayon mounted on the tray, said crayon having material moulded from a liquid state to the tray so as to form a body between the side flanges thereof on opposite sides of the member in the bottom of the tray and to have embedded therein the pile fibers and the overlying wire.
4. A crayon mounting means for establishing a unitary structure for attachment to a marking harness comprising a tray having a bottom and side flanges, two members of fibrous material each having a base part and upstanding closely positioned fibers, means for securing the members by their base parts to the bottom of the tray in spaced relation and each inwardly of an end of the tray, a crayon in the tray having body portions in the space between the two members and on the sides thereof toward the ends of the tray and also with the pile fibers embedded in crayon material, and additional holding means including a member passing through the crayon material longitudinally of the tray.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number