|Publication number||US2678592 A|
|Publication date||May 18, 1954|
|Filing date||Mar 2, 1950|
|Priority date||Mar 2, 1950|
|Publication number||US 2678592 A, US 2678592A, US-A-2678592, US2678592 A, US2678592A|
|Inventors||George P Wiedman|
|Original Assignee||George P Wiedman|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (13), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 8, 1954 G. P. WIEDMAN 2,578,592
ISLAND TYPE FOUNDATION STRUCTURE Filed March 2, 1950 2 Sheets-Sheet l y 18, 1954 G. P. WIEDMAN ISLAND TYPE FOUNDATION STRUCTURE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 2, 1950 INVENTOR.
Patented May 18, 1954 i UNITED STATE OFFICE ISLAND TYPE FOUNDATION STRUCTURE George P. Wiedman, North Tonawanda, N. Y.
Application March 2, 1950, Serial No. 147,186
2 Claims. (01. 94-1) This invention relates to structures and more Other objects and advantages of the invention particularly to an improved island type foundawill be apparent from the following detailed detion structure. scription and accompanying drawings wherein:
Matter disclosed but not claimed in this appli- Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an island type cation is disclosed and claimed in my copending 5 foundation structure embodying the present inapplication, Serial No. 147,187 of March 2, 1950, vention and showing the same adapted for supentitled Curb Member of which the present po ing g ol ne p mps nd li t p l r preapplication is a continuation-in-part. 591113861 y broken lines- By island type foundation structure is meant Fig. 2 is a plan view of the foundation struca raised base structure which is upstanding from 10 ture shown in Fig. 1 but with h d k p s the surrounding ground level or surface. Such removed. island type foundation structures are commonly Figs. 3 and. 4 a Te3pe0l3ivfi1y Side and d used formany difier nt r e F example, elevational views of the foundation structure they are used in gasoline stations to support ap- Shown in paratus for dispensing gasoline or other mate is Fig. 5 is an elcvational view of the bcttcmof rials and display racks of various types; to supthe foundation Structure Shown in F port cashier booths at the entrance tobridges, 6 is an nl r d vertical transverse secdrive-in theaters nd th uk or are used as tional view of the foundation structure taken raised platforms on which persons wait to board along line f 2 but ShOWiIlg e deck public cgnveyances t which they alight 20 plate in position and also showingthe manner from such conveyances. Heretofore it has been of mounting and anchoring the tru u e 1 the usual to construct such island type foundation groundstructures of solid concrete. This required dig- 7 an enlarged f tary vertical ging setting up forms t defin t perimetrica] longitudinalsectional view taken along line i---'! form i thereafter pouring concrete t 35 of Fig. land showing the details of mounting the the forms, allowing the concrete to harden and light D 011 the foundation Structurethen removing the forms. Such solid concrete 818 a fragmentary vertical transverse secblock type island foundation structures took a tional View thereof taken along line of considerable time to install and hence were expensive; were heavy and therefore prone to settle 30 The island p foundation Structure m ng and crack; and had the disadvantage of the conthe subject of the pre nt i ven i n is p f b y crete edges spalling off or being broken off by the fabricated of sheet metal or plate-stock, and is wheels of vehicles striking the same thereby pro- Shown as comprising & p 0f e i s W, W
ducing an unsightly structure which (:Quld t and end sections II, II. The side sectionsiil, I i be repaired readily. Moreover, vehicles which 1; a arranged parallel to each other in spaced were driven carelessly against the island were relation and are Shown as of the Same t known t 11 Or ride up -t edge f the these side sections providing longitudinal frame concrete foundation structure and damage the members- The end Sgfitiflns H are identical superstructure arranged t in construction and are arranged at opposite It is therefore the objects of the invention to ends of the Side members In View Of the provide an 1 m type foundation structure of identical constructions of the pairs of side and improved construction which can be easily and end sections and M respectively, the Same quickly instaued; which Qanbe adju t d or taken reference numerals will be used to identify simiup if d which is remtively light in'weight lar parts in each corresponding pair of sections. but yetsturdy and resistive to abusive treat- 5 Each Side Sectifln 19 comprises a metal a ment; which tends to preventvehiclewheels from PlatS l2 of o ated rectangular shape as best climbing its side walls and in doingso does not shown in s- A hollow inverted generally damagethe tires thereby avoiding damage to the shaped upStallding m mber having diverging legs vehicle and to the superstructure onthe foundais arranged on the upper Surface of i base tion structure; whichpermits of access to the .50 plate 2 a d mp i es nne and outer walls or interior of the foundationstructure for mainte- T1175 and respectively Conjoined all t i name of equipment supported on theifoundation upper ends as indicated at 15 and Separated at structure; which retainsits original form and is ilhfiil lower d djacent the base plate l2. This not sub-J'ectto unsightly deterioration; and which up n i m mber is pr y f m d y is relatively inexpensive. bending anelongated rectangular plate into the 3 inverted V-shape shown. The integral connecting web I at the apex of the conjoined walls l3 and I4 is preferably rounded as shown.
The lower edges of the walls I3 and M are each connected to the base plate 12 in any suit able manner and as shown preferably by weldments it. These welolments iii are preferably arranged at spaced intervals along the joint between the base plate l2 and the lower edge of the corresponding side wall 13 or M on the outside of these walls thereby leaving narrow slits it between adjacent weldments. These narrow elongated slits it provide vents and drainage openings for the interior of the upstanding member.
The side walls i3 and it and the central portion of the base plate 52 therefore form in cross section substantially an equilateral triangular metal member which is of great strength and self-reenforcing although of relatively light weight. While the base plate and upstanding member are shown as being formed of sheet metal or plate stock of the same thickness, this is not necessary and either can be thicker or thinner than the other within the operative limits of providing a sufficiently rigid structure.
As shown, the base plate l2 extends outwardly beyond the lower edge of the outer wall it to provide an attaching outer flange ill. The opposite longitudinal marginal portion of the base plate i2 similarly provides an inner attaching flange 2b which extends laterally outwardly from the lower edge of the inner wall it.
The end sections ii can be either rounded or of the pointed or wedge shape shown. As shown in Fig. 5, each end section includes a base plate 2! of generally triangular shape. The inner transverse edge of this base plate 21 is preferably welded to the abutting end edges of the base plates !2 of the side sections ill, ill. The base plates 52 and 2! are coplanar. Each end section II also includes an upstanding member having inner and outer walls l3! and I4! respectively,
similar in form and construction to the walls l3 and M of the side sections it] and are preferably welded to the base plate 2i in the same manner as for the walls l3 and M of the side sections Ill. The upstanding member of each end section having the pointed shape shown is preferably formed by arranging two straight inverted trough or V-shaped sections at an angle one to the other so that their corresponding ends meet and welding these ends together along the line 22. joint between the two parts of the outer wall Ml, over the crest and thence along the joint between the two parts of the inner wall 13!. A similar line of welding 23 connects the walls l3 and I l of each side section it at each end with the adjacent ends of the walls Isl and MI of the end sections 1 l.
The base plate 2| for each end section H extends laterally outwardly beyond the lower edge of the outer wall Ml to provide an outer attaching flange 24.
The structure so formed provides a rigid perimetrical base plate from which rises a continuous perimetrical upstanding frame member, the latter in the form of an inverted V-shaped channel secured to the base plate. Such a rigid unitary structure can be anchored to the ground as by the spikes or anchor pins 25 shown in Fig. 6. These spikes or anchor pins 25 pass through a series of spaced holes 26 in the outer flanges l9 and 24 and also provided in the inner flanges This line of welding 22 extends along the 4 20' of the side sections Ill. If desired either the outer flanges it or 24 or the inner flanges 2| can be eliminated so that the spikes or anchor pins 25 are either entirely on the inside or outside of the upstanding member.
When installing the aforesaid structure, the supporting foundation or ground 2b is flattened as shown in Fig. 6, the structure placed thereon and the spikes or anchor pins 25 driven into such foundation or ground. No fabrication on the job is required and installation is rapid and easy. If desired a layer 29 of surfacing material such as asphalt can be run up to the outer walls [4 and t ll to cover the outer attaching flanges i9 and 2d and also the heads of the spikes or anchor pins 25, as shown in Fig. 6. it will be seen that the structure has a relatively steep upwardly and inwardly slanting outer wall on all sides which has been found to be highly effective in preventing vehicle wheels from climbing over this wall.
Any suitable type of platform desired can be arranged on the rigid unitary structure so far described. If desired, even dirt, concrete, asphalt or the like can be used to fill in the cavity formed by the inner walls 53 and iti of the foundation structure and this may be suitable for some uses.
However, for use as an island type foundation structure for supporting gasoline pumps and light poles, as illustrated in the drawings, it is preferred to leave the cavity formed by the inner walls of the continuous perimetrical upstanding member unfilled and covered by a deck. As shown, for this purpose, a narrow metal strip or flange 3b is arranged on the inner walls l3 and let near the upper edges thereof, this flange 36 preferably extending continuously along the walls parallel to the upper edges thereof and being welded to these walls. A central rectangular deck plate 3! and two triangularly shaped end deck plates 32 are arranged on the flange til and suitably connected thereto as by a series of screws 33 extending through holes in these deck plates and received in registered threaded holes 34 provided in the flange so. The meeting ends of the end and central deck plates are supported by a transverse strut 3'! extending between each corresponding pair of inner wall parts lSi of the end sections ii, the upper surface of the struts 3'! being flush with the upper surface of the flange 3 5. These struts are also provided with threaded holes 34 to receive deckopening 35 therein through which the fluid'and electrical conduits for the corresponding pump extend. In order to reenforce the deck plate 3| immediately under the pump G, a pair of transverse members 38 are arranged across and connected to the side sections ill on opposite sides of the corresponding opening 35. As shown in Fig. 6, each transverse member 36 is in th form of an inverted channel having its web engaging the bottom of the central'deck plate 3! and having each end oifset downwardly as indicated at 33 so that the web at the extreme end portion extends under and supports the flange'iit. The transverse members 36 are shown as having their ends welded to the corresponding inner walls l3 of the side sections I9. In this manner, the flat central deck plate 3| rests on the transverse members 36 and along opposite marginal sides also on the flange 30. As well as providing a reenforced supporting base for the pump G, the transverse members also serve to strengthen the upstanding side members of the foundation structure.
Each light pol P is shown as supported on the foundation structure in the following manner. An inverted channel shaped transverse member 40 similar to the members 36 is welded at its opposite ends to the inner walls 13 so that the web of the member 40 engages the bottom of the central deck plate 3| as shown in Figs. 7 and 8. The web of this member 40 midway of its ends is provided with a hole 4| adapted to receive the light pole P. A centering flange plate 42 is arranged on the upper surface of the deck plate 3| and connected thereto by a series of screws 43. The centering flange plate 42 and deck plate are provided with holes registering with the hole 41 in the member 40, the hole in the flange plate closely fitting the periphery of the light pole and by adjusting the position of this plate the light pole can be centered so as to assume an upright position.
The lower end of the light pole P is received in a short sleeve 45 welded to a base plate 46. This sleeve 45 is preferably internally threaded so that the threaded lower end of the light pole can be screwed into the sleeve and thereby secured.
The bas plate 46 is shown as arranged on the upper surface of the web of an upwardly openingchannel shaped transverse member 43. Bolts 49 connect the base plate 46 to the member 48. This member 48 is arranged under and in line with the corresponding upper transverse member 49 and adjacent the lower ends of th inner walls 13 of the side sections I 0. The ends of member 48 are preferably welded to these inner walls l3. A vent hole 50 extends through the base plate 46 and th Web of member 48 to vent the interior of the light pole which is usually in the form of a hollow pipe.
This construction provides a simple means for supporting the light poles P on the island type foundation structure.
From the foregoing it will be seen that the present invention provides an all metal island type foundation structure which can be rapidly and easily installed as a unitary structure; which is exceedingly strong and lasting; which can be readily leveled if settling of the earth or other supporting foundation occurs and can also be readily taken up if desired; which has upwardly and inwardly inclining outer walls which tend to prevent vehicle wheels from climbing onto the top of the structure; which is relatively inexpensive; and which possesses other advantages.
1. An all metal unitary island type foundation structure, comprising a base plate, a perimetrical upstanding member connected to one side of said base plate and being of inverted V-shaped form in cross section, a flange on the inner wall of said member adjacent the upper end thereof, and a deck member mounted on said flange and extending across the opening formed and surrounded by said perimetrical upstanding memher, the outer surface of said deck member being substantially flush with the upper apex edge of said v-shaped member.
2. An all metal unitary island type foundation structure, comprising a base plate, a perimetrical upstanding member arranged on one side of said base plate and having upwardly convergent inner and outer walls conjoined at their upper ends and spaced apart adjacent said base plate, a flange on said inner wall adjacent the upper end thereof, reenforcing struts arranged between and connected to opposing portions of said inner wall, the upper surface of the intermediate portion of said reenforcing struts being substantially flush with the upper surface of said flange, and a deck plate member arranged on said upper surfaces of said flange and struts and being supported thereby.
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|U.S. Classification||404/7, 248/678|
|International Classification||F16M5/00, B67D7/84|
|Cooperative Classification||F16M5/00, B67D7/84|
|European Classification||F16M5/00, B67D7/84|