US 2681097 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 15," 1954 R. F. GRAY 2,681,097 MACHINE FOR AUTOGENOUSLY SEALING TOGETHER PARTS OF 1 AN ARTICLE FORMED OF A SYNTHETIC PLASTIC MATERIAL Filed. Jan. 6, 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 3nnentor June f5, 1954 GRAY 2,681,097
MACHINE FOR AUTOGENOUSLY SEALING TOGETHER PARTS OF AN ARTICLE FORMED OF A SYNTHETIC PLASTIC MATERIAL Filed Jan. 6, 1951 I '4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Faber? 61251 (Ittornegs 2,681,097 ALING TOGETHER PARTS OF June 15, 1954 F, Y
MACHINE FOR AUTOGENOUSLY SE AN ARTICLE FORMED OF A SYNTHETIC PLASTIC MATERIAL Fileq Jan. 6, 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 W w? I QM Prq i a ZSnventor attorney June 15, 1954 MACHINE F R. F. GRAY OR AUTOGENOUSLY SEALING TOGETHER PARTS OF AN ARTICLE FORMED OF A SYNTHETIC PLASTIC MATERIAL Filed Jan. 6, 1951 4 Sheets-Sheet- 4 lnveutor Faber) F Gray EWW Gttornegi Patented June 15, 1954 MAGHINE FOR AUTOGENOUSLY SEALING TOGETHER PARTS FORMED ,OF A SYNTHETIC PLASTIC MATERIAL OF AN ARTICLE Robert F. Gray, Kansas City, Mo., assignor to Injection Molding Company,'Kansas City, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application January 6, 1951, Serial No. 204,788
1 This invention relates to a machine for autogenously sealing together parts of an article formed of a synthetic plastic material. For example, in the manufacture of bottles from plastic material, it is necessary to leave an opening through which the core of the mold is withdrawn and this opening must be closed by an insert formed of the same material.
The principal object of the present invention is to provide a machine of this character wherein the contact surfaces of the synthetic plastic parts are heated. by radiant heat to cause fusion of the material at the contact areas and to subsequently bring the parts into contacts for effecting an 'autogenous seal.
Other objects of the invention are to provide a machine which is of relatively simple construction and which is positive in operation to assure leak-tight seals.
In accomplishing these and other objects of the invention as hereinafter pointed out, I have provided improved structure the preferred form of which is illustrated in the accompanying drawing wherein:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a machine oonin section to better illustrate the construction, '1"
the horizontal section being taken on the line 2--2 of Fig. 3. v
Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section through the machine, showing the cross head in position to eiiect a seal between parts of a plastic article such as a bottle.
Fig. 4 is a transverse section through the machine, showing the heater in position for fusing the contact portions of the parts of the bottle.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary section, showing the cross head in retracted position and the ejectors discharging the finished article.
Fig. 6 is a detail section on the line 5-6 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 7 is an elevational view of the completed bottle, the lower portion of which is shown in section.
Referring more in detail to the drawings:
I designates a machine constructed in accord ance with the present invention for scaling together of the parts of an article, for example, a bottle formed of synthetic plastic material. The machine includes a base 2 having a substantially rectangular top or platform 3 supported at the ends on legs 4 and 5 which extend upwardly and lower ends of the posts.
from a floor plate 6. The parts of the base may be integrally formed as shown and the ends of the plate provided with laterally extending foot flanges l having apertures 8 through which fastening devices such as bolts (not shown) may be threaded into a floor or other suitable support for carrying the machine.
Formed in the top 3 of the base are a plurality of openings 9 for receiving inserts H3 adapted to support one part of the article, for example, the body portion H of a bottle. The inserts iii are provided with flanges l2 which are removably engaged in annular shoulders l3 of the openings 9, as best shown in Fig. 4.
The interior of the inserts are shaped accord ing to the article to be supported. In the illustrated instance, the inserts have axial bores M of a diameter to accommodate the body of the container in inverted position therein as illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4. The container is inserted in inverted position and is supported in the bore by an inset shoulder l 5 that engages the base rim l5 of the body of the container. Since the interior of the bottles must be formed by retractable cores, the bottoms have openings I! through which the cores are withdrawn. These openings are closed by disks is having central portions IQ conforming to the inner diameter of the bottle and to provide rims l8 having raised sealing faces 18 which are sealed to substantially flat faces is encircling the openings.
The bottoms are supported in the machine on a movable carrier or cross head 2!), later described. Supported by the base and extending upwardly at the respective ends of the top 3 are posts 2! and 22 that mount the cross head 20 and which are interconnected at their upper ends by a bar 23, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 4. The upper and lower ends of the posts have reduced ends 24 and 25 that form shoulders 26 and 21 which seat against the cross bar 23 and top 3 respectively when the reduced ends of the posts are inserted in openings 28 and 29, as shown in Fig. i, and anchored therein by nuts 30 and SI which are threaded on extensions of the upper The cross head 20 has an opening 32 at each end thereof to slidably mount the cross head on the posts.
Mounted on the cross liar 23 is a cylinder 33 containing a piston 3 that connected with the cross head 29 by a piston rod 35, the cylinder being anchored in position on the cross bar 2'3 by cap screws 36 that extend through apertured ears 3'? provided on the lower head 38 of i the cylinder, as best shown in Fig, l. The lower end of the piston rod 35 is threaded as at 39 and engaged in a threaded socket 40 of a plate 4! attached to the cross head by cap screws 42. Pressure fluid is admitted to and discharged from the respective ends of the cylinder 33 through ducts 43 and 4, Fig. l. The undersides of the cross head are provided with recesses 45 for mounting inserts adapted to carry the parts to be welded or sealed to the parts carried by the inserts ii In the illustrated instance, the inserts 56 comprise cylindrical. disks that are. secured in the recesses by cap screws 41 that extend through openings :8 in the cross head and into threaded sockets 39 of the inserts. In the illustrated instance, the inserts have downwardly facing recesses 5i! to accommodate the disks or bottoms. 19 for the body portions of the containers which are retained in position in the inserts by vacuum drawn through ducts 52 which are connected with a suitable vacuum pump (not shown) by fiEXlQlG connections 53 whereby a vacuum is drawn on the upper side of the bottle bottoms to hold them in position in the inserts as later described.
The top and cross head are preferably provided with passageways 5:3 and 55 through which a coolant is circulated to maintain the forms sufficicntly cool to prevent softening of the portions of the parts that are in contact with the inserts, the coolant being supplied to the passageways of the top 3 through a supply pipe 56. After circulation through the passageways of the base top, the coolant passes through a flexible connection 5? that is connected with the passageways cf the cross head through the discharge connection 53 that is connected with a flexible discharg pipe 59.
Radiant heat is applied to the contact surfaces i3 and 3 3 of th base of the bottles and of the disks or bottoms it by means of heating elements t! and 52 that are moved into and out of heating position by a cross head 63. The cross head 63 is slidabiy mounted on rods 64 and 65 that are threaded in the rear side of the base top as indicated at St, Fig. 3, and extend rearwardly therefrom for connection by a bar 6! similar to the cross bar previously described. The bar 6? is carried on a supporting bracket 68 that is adapt-ed to bear upon the floor or other support carrying the base of the machine.
Fixed to the rear Side of the bar is a pressure cylinder as having a piston ill operating a piston rod iii which is connected with the cross head 63 to siide the cross head on the guide rods 64 and 55 and move the heating elements into and out of position with respect to the parts of the container to b welded together. Sinc the contact areas to be fused are circular the heating elements are also circular and of a diameter corresponding thereto. The heating elements are supported from the cross head by rods H and 12 that are adjustably mounted in transverse bores "53 that are provided in the cross head, the rods being retained in adjusted position by set screws 34 that are threaded in th cross head and which engage the rods as shown in Fig. 3. The heating elements may be of the electrical type and supplied with electric current through conductors "i5 and it. The vertically movable cross head is kept in proper spaced relation with the top 3 to permit free movement of the heating elements thereunder by arms 11, 78, and '33 which project from the cross head 63 so that when the forward ends thereof project over the base, when the cross head is shifted to mov the heating elements into heating position. Therefore, th down movement of the vertically movable cross head is limited by the arms l1, l8 and 78' to maintain slight spacing between the heating elements and the surfaceof the parts to be heated thereby as shown in Fig. 4. The forward ends of the arms are tapered as at 79 to facilitate entrance of the arms.
To facilitate removal of the finished articles from the supporting forms, the machine is provided with. ejector pins 83 and 8| that are carried on a cross bar 82 which is normally supported on the base plate 6 in coaxial alignment with the necks. of the containers as best shown in Figs. 1 and 3. The cross bar 82 is carried on rods 83 and 8 3 that are slidable in openings 85 and 86 provided in the top of the base and through slots 8? and 88 that are formed in opposite edges of the cross head. The rods terminate below the cross bar and have heads and 90 that are adapted to be engaged by latches 9i and 92 which are pivotally mounted on the cross head on pivotal connections 93 and 9-! to swing across the slot-like openings and engage the rods. The latches are then in position to engage the heads 39 and 56 thereof just before the cross head has reached its upper limit of movement. Continued movement of the cross head lifts the rods to raise the cross bar and bring the ejector pins 89 and El into position for lifting of the containers in the supporting inserts it a suificient distance to permit removal thereof by the machine operator. The latches are automatically released to permit return of the cross bar 82 by fingers 95 and 9e that are attached to the upper cross bar and which have cam-shaped depending ends 97 and $38 positioned in the path of the latches to effect swinging movement of the latches away from the rods and thereby release the latches from the heads 39 and The downward movement of the cross head is limited when the parts are in sealing position by means of set screws 99 and mt that are threadably supported in the ends of the cross head and have ends engageable with the upper surface of the top 3. The set screws are retained in adjusted position by jam nuts lfll and 192 which are threaded thereon and engage against the upper face of the cross head.
In using the machine constructed and assembled as described, the cross head 25} is moved to retracted position to permit insertion of the body portions of the containers within the inserts iii. The body portions of th inserts are readily placed in the inserts by turning them upside down and sliding them into position until the rims i5 thereon seat upon the shoulders 15. In this position the faces is of the rims are slightly above the upper surface of the inserts ii).
A closure disk is then inserted in the inserts 46 of the cross head as so that the vacuum drawn through the ducts 52 to retain the disks while the cross head 23 is lowered toward the base. The cross head is lowered by admittin pressure fluid to act on the upper side of the piston 34 while pressure fluid is exhausted from the cylinder at the opposite side of the piston through the duct 44. During movement of the cross head 22 the cross head 63 carrying the heating elements El and 62 is moved into position by admitting pressure fluid to the cylinder 89 to act against the piston '10. The cross head 83 carries the heating elements into position over the open bottoms of the inserts and the stop arms 17, i8 and 18- into position where they form stops for move ment of the cross head 28 so as to maintain space between the heating elements and the faces 50 of the closure disks. Sufiicient time is allowed for the heating elements to radiate sufiicient heat to melt the material forming said faces. The cross head carrying the heating elements are then retracted by reversing action of the piston Hi. When the stop arms 7?, it, and 13 are moved out of engagement with the cross head 29, the pressure fluid in the upper cylinder continues movement of the cross head to bring the closure disk into sealing contact with the body portions of the containers, the ultimate movement and seal being controlled by adjusting the stop screws 99- and H353. After a seal is effected, the cross head it is returned to retracted position by applying the pressure medium to the underside of the piston 34. As soon as the latches SI and 92 engage the heads 85 and St or the rods 83 and 8d, the rods are raised thereby and the pins 88 and 8: effect ejection of the completed containers as shown in Fig. 5. The containers are then removed by the operator. The latches 9i and 92 are disengaged by contact with the cam ends s! and 93 and the rods dro to return the ejectin pins 55 and 8! to retracted position, as shown in Fig. 4. The machine is then ready for another cycle of operation.
Attention is directed to the bottom of the bottle which is offset outwardly from the point of the seal, therefore, the heat required to make the seal does not distort or injure the bottom.
From the foregoing, it is obvious that I have provided a machine which effects application of closure disks or bottoms in the core openings of the body portions of molded containers in an efiicient and simple manner. It is also obvious that the machine is of relatively simple construction and positive in operation.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A machine for uniting parts of a plastic article including a base, guides extending upwardly from the base, a cross head carried on said guides, an actuating mechanism carried by said guides and connected with the cross head to move the cross head to and from the base, inserts in the cross head and base for supporting the parts to be united, guides extending laterally from the base, a cross head carried by the lateral guides, a heatin element carried by the second-named cross head, means for moving the last-named cross head to carry the heating element into and out of heating position between said inserts, spacing means carried by the secondnamed cross head and movable with the heating element between the base and first-named cross head to space a heating element from the parts to be united, said heating element being retractable on said lateral guides for permitting continued movement of the cross head to carry said parts into contact, an ejector supported by the base and movable in contact with the article, rods connected with the ejector and having latch engaging heads, latches carried by the firstnamed cross head and engageable with the latch heads upon retractive movement of said cross head to effect actuation of the ejector, and cam means carried by said guides to effect release of the latches and return of the ejector.
2. A machine for uniting parts of a plastic article including a base, guides extending upwardly from the base, a cross head carried on said guides, an actuating mechanism carried by said guides and connected with the cross head to move the cross head to and from the base, inserts in the cross head and base for supporting the parts to be united, guides extending laterally from the base, a cross head carried by the lateral guides, a heating element carried by the last-named cross head, means for moving the last-named cross head to carry the heating element into and out of heating position between said inserts, spacing means carried by the lastnamed cross head and movable with the heating element between the base and first-named cross head to space a heating element from the parts to be united, said heating element being retractable on said lateral guides for permitting continued movement or the cross head to carry said parts into contact, an ejector supported by the base and movable in contact with the article, rods connected with the ejector and having latch engaging heads, latches carried by the first named cross head and engageable with the latch heads upon retractive movement of said cross head to effect actuation of the ejector, cam means carried by said guides to effect release of the latches and return of the ejector, and means for supplying a cooling medium in circulation about said parts when supported by the cross head and base.
3. A machine for uniting parts of a plastic article including a base for supporting one of said parts, guides carried by the base, supporting means movable on the guides for carrying another of said parts, a heating element, means for moving the heating element between the base and said movable supporting means, actuating means for moving the heating element into and out of said position, actuating means for moving said supporting means into and out or position for effecting a seal of said parts, an ejector, means mounting the ejector for reciprocatory movement on the base with the ejector in position to engage said part, and means carried by the movable supporting means and engageable with the ejector mounting means for operating the ejector mechanism.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,242,365 Nall Oct. 9, 1917 1,851,028 Worrall Mar. 29, 1932 2,000,430 Willshaw et al May 7, 1935 2,379,500 Stefiens July 3, 1945 2,516,602 Snyder July 25, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 569,548 Great Britain May 29, 1945