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Publication numberUS2681742 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 22, 1954
Filing dateJul 16, 1949
Priority dateJul 16, 1949
Publication numberUS 2681742 A, US 2681742A, US-A-2681742, US2681742 A, US2681742A
InventorsMiller Lloyd C
Original AssigneeFormold Plastics Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Container cap liner
US 2681742 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 22, 1954 L. c. MILLER 2,681,742

CONTAINER CAP LINER Filed July 16, 1949 Patented June 22 1954 2,681,742 CONTAINER our LINER C. Miller, Chicago, Ill.-,assignor to Formold Plastics, -Inc., Chicago, Ill.,. a,eorporation of Illinois Applicants Juli: it, 1949; Stem. 105,107 3 Claims. (01.215

'1 This improved liner is composed of a-soft plastic of a kind that. is resistant to acids, alkalies, oils and most common substances that areput up in bottles orjars or other types of containers.

It ismade with an oversize, thin, rim around ,the edge that folds upwardly when the liner is ;inserted in the tap'and keeps the liner from falling out.

u 1 Such liner has a thick section over the lip of the bottle, which portion compresses when the cap is screwe'd'onto thebottle and makes atight seal w Toin crease the resiliency of the liner .theback side of the liner at the thick poi nt has a groove cut out in it to make thelinen-more flexible.

That groove can either be annular or it could be segmented, or it can be any-kind of undercut gin the; back ,to accomplish the same purpose;

such liner is preferably made thin in the center to save material.-

The effect produced bythe groove in the back could be. :obtained..by .making.s:the grooverdeeper than in the one illustrated, or more than one groove could be provided.

The novel invention constituting the improvement in liners for bottle caps and similar or analogous devices is illustrated in the several views of the drawing forming part of this specification and, for simplicity, like reference characters throughout such views have been used for the same elements.

In such drawing:

Figure 1 shows the top part of a bottle fitted with one of the new and advantageous forms of bottle cap;

Figure 2 presents a view of the threaded neck portion of the bottle with its internally threaded cap removed, the cap shown as being in part broken away;

Figure 3 illustrates a vertical section through the cap, on an enlarged scale on line 3-3 of Figure 2, before the cap is applied to the bottleneck;

Figure 4 pictures the internally screw-threaded bottle cap including its plastic liner applied to the externally threaded bottle-neck, and conforms to an enlarged cross-section on line 4-4 of Figure Figure 5 presents a top face view of the cap liner separate from the cap and of smaller size;

Figure 6 shows fragmentarily a segmentally grooved type of cap liner;

Figure 7 is a section through the liner of Fig- Figure 8 is a cross-section similar to Figure '7 .through another form of multiple parallel grooved liner.

One of the main objects of the invention is to beable properly and adequately to seal the mouth of the bottle so that its contents cannot leak out, become spilled, or evaporate, the end surface of the-bottle-neck being so completely and thoroughly-sealed by the new type of liner in the cap and bearing on such surface of thebottle that the-desired result is readily and easily attained.

It is, of course, not new to line a bottle or similar screw-threaded cap for application or mounting on the threaded neck of a bottle or analogous container, but I have discovered that substantial improvements can be incorporated in such cap liners materially to improve their sealing characteristics.

Accordingly, the internally screw-threaded cap l6 (Figs. 3 and 4) may be made of any suitable relatively hard material provided 'it'be adequately supplied internally at the top of its interior with a suitable lining sealing medium.

This new liner, characterized as a whole I I, ordinarily round in shape, consists of a flexible, relative soft, plastic, such as polyethylene or its equivalent, and is slightly larger in diameter than the cavity in the cap in which it is fitted. Such element I! is round and of less thickness than the marginal portion, the top surface of the disc around such margin having a substantial upstanding rib I8 with a central annular groove [9, as shown in Figs. 3, 4 and 5, in its top surface.

This liner is of soft plastic of a kind that is resistant to acids, alkalies and oils, and most common substances that are put up in bottles, jars or the like.

It is made with an oversize thin rim 2| around the edge that folds upwardly when the liner is inserted in the cap and keeps the liner from falling out.

This liner has a thick annular section located over the lip of the bottle, such section compressing when the cap is screwed onto the bottle and makes a tight seal to increase the resiliency of the liner. The upper or back side thereof, at the thick point, has a groove cut in it to make the liner more resilient.

That groove can either be annular as explained above, or it could be segmented, as illustrated at I IS in Fig. 6, or it can be any kind of undercut in the back to accomplish the same purpose, or it can be in the form of a plurality of parallel grooves 259, as shown in section, for example, in Figure 8, the liner being preferably made relatively thin in the center to save or conserve material. The favorable result produced by the effect occasioned by the groove l9 when the cap is screwed on the bottle-neck is indicated by the difference in the cross-section of the liner in Figures 3 and 4. The groove can be made deeper than that shown, or a plurality of parallel grooves, instead of one, could be availed of.

When the cap is applied to the bottle-neck, the grooved feature which permits the elevated portions to deform, is in register with the end of the bottle-neck, as indicated in Figure 4, so that a very effective sealing action is obtained over the mouth of the bottle, as indicated in the drawings.

Those acquainted with this art will readily understand that the invention is not necessarily confined and restricted to the precise and exact details herein set forth,- and that reasonable modifications may be resorted to without departure from the heart and essence of the invention and without the loss or sacrifice of any of its material benefits and advantages.-

1 claim: 1

1. A resilient plastic liner for bottle caps comprising a substantially circular normally relatively flat, imperforate, resilient and deformable disc-like body portion, a resilient and deformable annular ribsurrounding said body portion and extending upwardly out of the plane of said body portion, the upper face of said'rib having an annular groove, and anoutwardly extending rim formed on the circumference of said rib and extending completely therearound, the thickness of said rim beingless than the thickness of said rib, and the undersurfacesof said body portion, said rib and said rim normally lying substantially in a single plane.

2. A plastic liner for bottle caps as described in claim 1 further characterized in that the annular groove in the rib is interrupted at two or more-places.

3. A closure for containers comprising a cap and a liner for the cap, said cap including a top and a depending flange surrounding said top and disposed substantially perpendicularly thereto, thread means formed on the inner walls of said flange and extending inwardly therefrom, said liner being formed of resilient plastic material and comprising a substantiallycircular normally relatively fiat, imperforate; resilient'and deformable disc-like body portion, a resilient and de- 1 formable annular rib surrounding said body portion and extending upwardly out of the plane of said body portion and into contact with the top of said cap, the upper face of said rib having an annular groove and an outwardly extending rim formed on the circumference of said rib and extendingcompletely therearound and outwardly into contact with said depending flange, the thickness of said rim being less than the thickness of said rib, and the undersurfaces of said body portion, said rib and said rim normally lying substantially in a single plane.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 612,394 Bernardi Oct. 18, 1898 785,116 Perry Mar. 21,1905

1,448,094 Sorgan Mar. 13, 1923 1,937,492 Merolle Nov; 28,- 1933 2,078,132 Ferguson Apr. 20, 1937 2,117,807 Jesser May 17, 1938 2,130,746 Scofield Sept. 20,-1938 2,130,749 Von Till Sept. 20, 1938 2,238,681 Dorough Apr. 15, 1941 2,327,455 Punte Aug. 24, 1943 2,383,570 Sellew Aug. 28, 1945 2,396,491 1 Chamberlain Mar. 12, 1946 2,439,923 Clark Apr: 20,1948

FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date France Aug. 8,1925

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US612394 *Nov 2, 1887Oct 18, 1898 Gasket
US785116 *Mar 11, 1904Mar 21, 1905Edward L PerryGasket or packing-ring and apron therefor.
US1448094 *Feb 1, 1921Mar 13, 1923Robert SorganClosure
US1937492 *Sep 22, 1931Nov 28, 1933Emplire Metal Cap Co IncBottle cap and liner therein and method of assembly
US2078132 *Jun 3, 1935Apr 20, 1937Crown Cork & Seal CoSeal for receptacles
US2117807 *Apr 18, 1936May 17, 1938Pittsburgh Steel Drum CompanyGasket closure
US2130746 *Jul 18, 1930Sep 20, 1938Anchor Cap & Closure CorpTwo-piece ketchup cap
US2130749 *Sep 21, 1931Sep 20, 1938Anchor Cap & Closure CorpCap and package
US2238681 *Mar 16, 1939Apr 15, 1941Du PontContainer closure
US2327455 *Sep 19, 1940Aug 24, 1943Continental Can CoPadless crown cap
US2383570 *Nov 23, 1942Aug 28, 1945Sellew David MHydrocarbon resistant, light pressure sealing gasket structure
US2396491 *Dec 2, 1943Mar 12, 1946Chamberlain James M WSealing ring and assembly comprising the same
US2439923 *Oct 21, 1943Apr 20, 1948Westinghouse Electric CorpGasket
FR596311A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2758749 *Feb 2, 1952Aug 14, 1956Henry Valve Company IncRupture disk assembly
US2816687 *Sep 14, 1954Dec 17, 1957Shell DevClosure for containers
US2829790 *Jul 3, 1953Apr 8, 1958Albert M FischerBottle closures
US2840230 *Jul 8, 1955Jun 24, 1958Eyelet Specialty CoSealed cosmetic container
US2964208 *Apr 19, 1957Dec 13, 1960Crown Cork & Seal CoCap and plastic fitment combination
US3002641 *Apr 25, 1957Oct 3, 1961Crown Cork & Seal CoClosure
US3047176 *Mar 29, 1956Jul 31, 1962Crown Cork & Seal CoClosure
US3087639 *Sep 12, 1958Apr 30, 1963Union Carbide CorpContainer closure
US3462034 *Aug 25, 1967Aug 19, 1969Braun Co WMeans for closing and sealing a bottle or container
US3940005 *Apr 11, 1974Feb 24, 1976A.C.I. Operations Pty. LimitedSafety closure means for pressurized bottles and other like containers
US4310101 *Feb 21, 1980Jan 12, 1982Max Factor & CompanyCombined bottle and screw cap assembly
US4651886 *Jul 14, 1986Mar 24, 1987Gene StullScrew cap with sealing liner
US4673096 *Dec 23, 1985Jun 16, 1987Tbl Development CorporationClosure and rotatable liner
US5984124 *Nov 24, 1997Nov 16, 1999Yamamura Glass Co., Ltd.Pilfer-proof cap made of synthetic resin
US6581793Sep 15, 1999Jun 24, 2003NovembalCap with fluid seal
US7147118 *Dec 20, 2004Dec 12, 2006Owens-Illinois Closure Inc.Plastic closure, closure and container package, and method of manufacture
US7644902May 31, 2003Jan 12, 2010Rexam Medical Packaging Inc.Apparatus for producing a retort thermal processed container with a peelable seal
US7766178Jan 29, 2007Aug 3, 2010Rexam Medical Packaging Inc.Closure for a retort processed container having a peelable seal
US7780024Jan 25, 2006Aug 24, 2010Rexam Closures And Containers Inc.Self peel flick-it seal for an opening in a container neck
US7798359Jul 28, 2005Sep 21, 2010Momar Industries LLCHeat-sealed, peelable lidding membrane for retort packaging
US8100277Dec 19, 2006Jan 24, 2012Rexam Closures And Containers Inc.Peelable seal for an opening in a container neck
US8251236Nov 2, 2007Aug 28, 2012Berry Plastics CorporationClosure with lifting mechanism
US8650839May 19, 2008Feb 18, 2014Berry Plastics CorporationClosure with lifting mechanism
DE1063052B *Apr 20, 1955Aug 6, 1959Bouchon CouronneScheibenfoermige Dichtungseinlage fuer Kapselverschluesse sowie Vorrichtung und Verfahren zur Herstellung derselben
EP0227087A2 *Dec 22, 1986Jul 1, 1987Tbl Development CorporationLiners, closures and containers
EP0987187A1 *Sep 15, 1999Mar 22, 2000Novembal (Société Anonyme)Closure cap with seal, method for making the same and assembly comprising a container and the closure with seal
WO1999046176A1 *Mar 8, 1999Sep 16, 1999Zapata Innovative Closures IncPlastic closure liners and closures containing liners
WO2000015517A1 *Sep 15, 1999Mar 23, 2000Franchet AlainCap with fluid seal
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/350
International ClassificationB65D41/04
Cooperative ClassificationB65D41/045
European ClassificationB65D41/04D2