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Publication numberUS2682020 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 22, 1954
Filing dateJun 6, 1951
Priority dateJun 6, 1951
Publication numberUS 2682020 A, US 2682020A, US-A-2682020, US2682020 A, US2682020A
InventorsJohnson George C
Original AssigneeAllis Chalmers Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electromagnet with u-shaped armature
US 2682020 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 22, 1954 e. c. JOHNSON ELECTROMAGNET WITH U-SHAPED ARMATURE Filed June 6, 195] Patented June 22, 1 954 ELEOTROMAGN ET WITH U-SHAPED ARMATURE George C. Johnson, Milwaukee, Wis., assignor to Allis-Chalmers Man waukee, Wis.

Application June 6, 1951,

3 Claims.

This invention relates in general to electromagnets with armatures and in particular to means for improving istics of such electromagnets.

In many electromagnets, a considerable portion of the flux produced by the exciting coil does not go through the armature when the armature is in the unattracted position, owing to the fact that the permeance of the leakage flux path is not negligible compared to the permeance of the air gap between the electromagnet core and the armature. This is especially true in electromagnets having E-shaped cores with an exciting coil mounted on the center leg of the core and a flat clapper-type the core. In such devices, a substantial portion of the flux travels directly from the center leg to the adjacent outer core legs without going through the armature when the armature is in the unattracted position. This leakage flux results in a decreased pulling force on the armature when the exciting coil is energized, produc ing less torque for a given energization of the exciting coil than if all of the flux traveled through the armature.

This disadvantage may be overcome by utilizing an electromagnet in which a U-shaped armature shields the path of the leakage flux so that substantially all of the flux travels through the armature when the armature is in the unattracted position.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide an electromagnet with an armature having improved operating characteristics.

It is an additional object of the present invention to provide an electromagnet with an armature in which maximum utilization is made of flux produced therein.

Objects and advantages other than those set forth above will be readily apparent from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a top view of the electromagnet of this invention with the armature in the attracted position;

Fig. 2 is a side Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a top view of armature in the unattracted Fig. 4 is a side view of armature in the unattracted position.

Referring to the drawing by character of reference, numeral 6 designates a nonmagnetic supporting member on which the electromagnet is mounted. The electromagnet comprises a fixed View of the device shown in the device with the position, and

armature attractable toward the device with the ill on ufacturing Company, Mil- Serial No. 230,183

core having a magnetic base member or plate '3 secured to member 6 by any suitable means such as studs 8 and nuts 9. A magnetic leg member l2 of the electromagnet core is secured to base member 1 and extends perpendicularly therefrom. Suitable exciting means, such as an electromagnetic coil l3 having input leads i i, are mounted on leg member l2 to produce flux in the core.

The device further comprises a movable U- shaped armature l6 attractable toward the core upon energization of coil I 3. Armature 16 has a base portion I1 forming the bight of the U and has spaced depending side portions l6, 19 forming the legs of the U. Side portions I 8, it are disposed on each side of leg member l2 and extend toward base member 1. Armature I6 is carried by a mounting member 2| which is secured to pivot means including a rotatable actuating shaft 22. Shaft 22 is journaled in brackets 23 secured to member 6 by bolts 25. Electric contacts (not shown) may be'secured to shaft 22 to be actuated in response to movement of armature IS. A curved stud 26 secured to member 6 by nuts 2'! extends through a notch in mounting member 2| and is provided with a nut 28 on the end thereof which engages member 2| to form stop means for limiting the travel of armature It.

When coil I3 is deenergized, armature I6 is biased by gravity to the position shown in Figs. 3 and 4, with nut 28 preventing further movement thereof. When coil [3 is energized, the flux produced in the core extends through leg member l2 to the pole face formed by the end of leg member I2 remote from member 1, thence across the air gap to armature l6, through side portions l8, l9, across the air gaps between portions l8, l9 and member 1 and through member 7 to member l2. It will be seen from the drawing that members l8, l9 shield the path of leakage flux between the pole face end of member I2 and base member 1. The result thereof is that compared to the permeance of the fiux path between the end of member I 2 and any portion of armature IS, the permeance of the air gap between the pole face end of member l2 and member 7 is negligible, so that substantially all the flux travels through armature I6. This relsults in an increased pull on armature Hi When coil I3 is energized to improve the operating characteristics of the device. Armature I6 is thereupon attracted toward the core, with base portion I 1 engaging the end of leg member [2 in the fully attracted position.

Although but one embodiment has been illustrated and described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or from the scope of the appended claims.

It is claimed and desired to secure by Letters Patent:

1. An electromagnetic device comprising a magnetic core having a magnetic base member and a magnetic leg member having a first end and a second end, said first end secured to said base member to extend said leg member perpendicularly therefrom, an exciting coil mounted on said leg member, and a movable U-shaped armature attractable toward said core upon energization of said coil, said armature having a base portion forming the bight of the U and a pair of spaced side portion forming the legs of the U, said side portions being disposed on each side of said leg member and extending toward said base member, the distance between said second end of said leg member and all portions of said armature being substantially less than the distance between said second end of said leg member and all per tions of said core other than said leg member when said armature is in the unattracted pesition, whereby substantially all the ilux produced by said exciting coil travels through said armature.

2. An electromagnetic device comprising a nonmagnetic supporting member, a magnetic core secured to said supporting member, said core having a magnetic base member and a magnetic leg member having a first end and a second end, said first end secured to said base member to extend said leg member perpendicularly therefrom, an exciting coil. mounted on said leg member, a U-shaped armature attractable toward said core upon energization of said coil, and pivot means secured to said supporting member for pivotally supporting said armature, said armature having a base portion forming the bight of the U and a pair of spaced side portion forming the legs of the U, said side portions being disposed on each side of said leg member and extending toward said base member, the distance between said secend end of said leg member and all portions of said armature being substantially less than the distance between said second end of said leg member and all portions of said core other than said leg member when said armature is in the unattracted position, whereby substantially all of the flux produced by said exciting coil travels through said armature.

3. An electromagnetic device comprising a nonmagnetic supporting member, a magnetic core secured to said member, said core having a magnetic base member and a magnetic leg member having a first end and a second end, said. first end secured to said base member to extend said leg member perpendicularly therefrom, an exciting coil mounted on said leg member, a movable U- shaped armature attractable toward said core upon energization of said coil, means for pivoting said armature about a predetermined axis, said armature having a base portion forming the bight of the U and a pair of spaced side portions forming the legs of the U, said side portions being disposed on each side of said leg member and extending toward said base member, the shortest distances between said second end of said leg member and said base portion of said armature and between said side portions of said armature and said core being in a direction substantially perpendicular to said axis and substantially parallel to the direction of movement of said armature, whereby maximum pull is exerted on said armature when said exciting coil is energized.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 961,242 Larsen June 14, 1910 1,203,825 Warren M Nov. '7, 1916 1,503,090 Carichofi July 29, 1924

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US961242 *Jan 25, 1909Jun 14, 1910Louis LarsenElectric switch.
US1203825 *Feb 12, 1915Nov 7, 1916Henry E WarrenCircuit-controlling device.
US1503090 *Feb 27, 1920Jul 29, 1924Gen ElectricElectromagnet
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6943933Dec 21, 2003Sep 13, 2005Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.MEM devices having charge induced via focused beam to enter different states
US7268933Apr 27, 2005Sep 11, 2007Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.Discharge of MEM devices having charge induced via focused beam to enter different states
US7535619Jul 31, 2007May 19, 2009Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.Discharge of MEM devices having charge induced via focused beam to enter different states
US20050134957 *Dec 21, 2003Jun 23, 2005George RadominskiMEM devices having charge induced via focused beam to enter different states
US20050185251 *Apr 27, 2005Aug 25, 2005Shreeve Robert W.Discharge of MEM devices having charge induced via focused beam to enter different states
US20070268554 *Jul 31, 2007Nov 22, 2007Shreeve Robert WDischarge of MEM Devices Having Charge Induced Via Focused Beam to Enter Different States
Classifications
U.S. Classification335/276, 335/281, 335/279
International ClassificationH01F7/14, H01F7/08
Cooperative ClassificationH01F7/14
European ClassificationH01F7/14