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Publication numberUS2682644 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 29, 1954
Filing dateOct 23, 1946
Priority dateOct 23, 1946
Publication numberUS 2682644 A, US 2682644A, US-A-2682644, US2682644 A, US2682644A
InventorsEsopo Francis P D
Original AssigneeWiremold Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Duct and choke coil for fluorescent lighting units
US 2682644 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 29, 1954 F. P. DESOPO DUCT AND CHOKE COIL FOR FLUORESCENT LIGHTING UNITS Filed Oct. 23, 1946 0 Y R 0 w 0 S T E m m T M M AWG Patented June 29, 1954 DUoT AND CHOKE COIL FOR FLUORESCENT LIGHTING UNITS Francis P. DEsopo, Hartford, Conn., assignor to The Wiremold Company, Hartford, 001111., a corporation of Connecticut Application October 23, 1946, Serial No. 705,023

' (Cl. RS-83) '7 Claims. 1.

The invention relates particularly to the choke or ballast coil of a fluorescent lighting unit and to the relationship thereof with other parts.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide a fluorescent lighting unit having a longitudinal wire conduit or duct which carries the holders for the lamp tube and having a choke or ballast coil closely fitting the duct so as to be directly supported thereby without the use of any separate coil supporting member. 7

Another object of the invention is to provide a fluorescent lighting unit of the character above described wherein the coil is of the open-ended type and wherein the walls of the conduit constitute the sole external metallic magnetic path for the coil.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a fluorescent lighting unit of the character above described wherein the coil is of the openended type, wherein the walls of the conduit constitute an external metallic magnetic path for the coil, and wherein there is a supplemental yoke associated with the coil within the duct and constituting an auxiliary external metallic magnetic path for the coil.

Other objects of the invention will be apparent from the drawing and from the following, specification and claims.

In the drawing I have shown 'two alternative embodiments of the invention, but it will be understood that various changes may be made from the constructions shown, and that the drawing is not to be construed as defining or limiting the scope of the invention, the claims forming a part of this specification being relied upon for that purpose.

Of the drawing,

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a lighting unit embodying the invention, the wiring being omitted.

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal central sectional view of the unit shown in Fig. l but with the fluoduct bodywhich may conveniently be of a standard shape such as is commonly used for electric wiring conduits or ducts. While the shape of the duct'body ll) may be varied, it is preferably generally rectangular and it comprises a rear wall and two similar side walls I2, l2, each of which is provided at or near the rear with an outwardly convex or inwardly concave longitudinal-bead I4, and each of which is provided at or near the front with'an outwardly convex or inwardly concave longitudinal bead IS. The central portion of the duct body I0 is closed at the front by a suitable cover l3 which is preferably fiat. When the duct 10 is provided with beads such as l6, IS, the cover It is preferably so formed that it can be snapped into the beads l6, I6 in engagement with the inner concave surfaces thereof, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.

At one end of the duct body Hi, that is, at the left end, as shown in the drawing, there is provided an end closing member 20. This member is generally U-shaped in longitudinal section to provide a front wall 22, an end wall 24 and a rear Wall 26. The width of the member 2% is such that the rear wall 26 thereof can extend into i and approximately fit the interior concave faces of the beads I4, I4 so that the member is held against movement in the forward direction. Formed integrally with the front wall 22 are lateral flanges which are adapted to extend into the conduit between the side walls thereof. The front wall 22 preferably also has a transverse flange 30 adjacent its inner end. The end member 20 is held in place by means of screws 32, 32 which extend through unthreaded apertures in the front wall 22 and through threaded apertures in the rear wall 26 into engagement with the rear wall of the conduit. By turning the screws the rear wall 26 of the end member can be forced forwardly. The engagement of. the screws with the rear walls of the duct and the engagement of the edges of the walls 2t with the walls of the beads l4, [4 serves to lock the end member in place. The end wall 24 is apertured and carries an insulating bushing 34 through which wires can extend into the duct.

The duct body is provided at the opposite end with an end closing member 36 which is or may be identical in construction with the member 20. Repetition of the detailed description is unnecessary. Mounted within the end member St is a switch 38 having a push button 40 which projects outward through an aperture in the end wall. The switch 38 may be of standard con- 3 struction and constitutes no part of the invention.

Two holders 42, 42 are provided at the front of the duct for receiving and engaging the terminal pins at the respective ends of a fluorescent lighting tube 44. The tube 44 is of standard construction and a detailed description is unnecessary. Each holder 42, 42 comprises a body 45 of insulating material to which is connected an L- shaped mounting bracket 48. A screw 50 extends through a longitudinal slot in the front cover l8 and into the bracket 48, this screw thus serving to secure the holder in place on the cover. The slot in the cover permits minor longitudinal adjustments of the holder with respect to the cover to compensate for minor variations in the length of the duct body Ill. The body 46 of each holder is slotted at the front, as indicated at 52, to admit the terminal pins on the tube 44 into an open-ended recess. Positioned in the recess are flexible contacts 54, 54 which are connected respectively with wire terminals positioned within the duct body H1. The wire terminals at the left are designated 56 and 58 and those at the right are designated 60 and 62. After the terminal pins of the tube have been introduced through the slots 52 into the recess in the two holders, the tube is turned through 90 to bring the terminal pins thereof into firm engagement with the contacts 54, 54. i

In accordance with usual practice in fluorescent lighting units, a choke or ballast coil is provided, but the coil is of the open-ended type and not of the conventional closed-ended type. As shown, the coil comprises a winding 64 which surrounds a laminated core 65. The ends of the core 66 are exposed and the coil does not have any self-contained external metallic magnetic path. In accordance with the invention, the choke or ballast coil is of such size and shape that it can be located entirely within the duct is and behind the cover 18 thereof, as clearly iii-- dicated in Fig. 4. The choke coil is shorter than the duct and is located entirely within it and between the ends thereof. The said coil is positioned approximately at the lengthwise center of the duct body it and is positioned between two transverse screws 68, 68 which extend through holes in the front cover It and into bushings HI, Hi secured to the rear wall of the duct I 0. The screws 68, 58 are preferably provided with insulating sleeves 12, 12.

The choke or ballast coil preferably engages directly with the walls of the duct body and cover without any separate means for securing it against forward or lateral movement. It is freely insertable in or removable from the channelshaped body ofthe duct when the cover is not in place. The coil is of such size that it engages at least three sides or walls of the duct, and as shown in Figs. 1 to 4,it engages four sides or walls thereof. The removable cover I8 constitutes one of the walls that are engaged by the coil. The cross sectional shape of the coil is different from that of the=conduit so that longitudinal wire spaces are provided between the coil The choke or ballast coil functions in the manner common in fluorescent lighting units, and it may be connected in circuit with the lamp tube and with the switch as shown in Fig. 5. Two

wires 14 and l6 in theform of a cord are led in.

through the insulating bushing 34. The wire 14 is connected with the wire terminal 56 and the Wire 16 is connected with the switch 38. The terminal 58 is connected by a wire 18 with the switch 38. Wires 8i) and 82 connect the ends of the choke coil respectively with the switch 38 and with the wire terminal 60. The wire terminal 62 is connected by means. of a wire 84 with the switch 38. As already stated, the choke coil is located within the duct 10 and it will be understood that all of the wires above-referred to are also located within the duct. The wires extend to the extent necessary through the described longitudinalwire spaces between the coil and the immediately adjacent walls or corners of the duct.

The walls of the duct body ID are formed at least in part of magnetic metal and it will be seen that the coil is so positioned within the duct that the duct walls form an external metallic magnetic path for the coil. In fact, as shown in Figs. 1 to 4, the said walls constitute the sole external metallic magnetic path for the coil. The utilization of the walls of the duct as the external magnetic path for the coil reduces costs and conserves space. Inasmuch as there is no separate support for the coil, the coil may be of the maximum size that can fit within the conduit.

While I ordinarily prefer to utilize the walls of the conduit as the sole external metallic magnetic path for the coil, it may under some circumstances be desirable to provide means forming an auxiliary metallic magnetic path, at the same time retaining the simplicity of construction wherein the coil is supported directly by the conduit walls without any separate supporting means for preventing transverse movement. Fig. 6 shows a construction which is or may be identical with that shown in Figs. 1 to 4 except that there is provided a slightly smaller coil 84 with which is associated a thin flat yoke 86 extending longitudinally and positioned between the coil and one walloi the duct, as for instance the rear wall. The yoke 86 preferably has transversely extending flanges 88,83 which are positioned adjacent the ends of the coil. The. yoke 86 is formed of a suitable magnetic metal such as silicon steel and it provides an auxiliary metallic magnetic path between the ends of the coil 84.

i What I claim is:

1. For use in a fluorescent lighting unit, the combination of an enclosed duct formed of magnetic metal and including a longitudinal channelshaped body and a detachablelongitudinal front cover therefor, a longitudinal open-ended choke or ballast coil shorter than the duct and located entirely within it and spaced from the ends thereof, the said coil directly engaging atitssides and rear with the side and ,rear wa11s of.the duct body and directly engaging at its front with the front cover wallso that the said duct wallsconstitutethe sole externalmetallic magnetic path for the coili 2. For use in a fluorescentrlighting unit, the combination of an enclosed duct having, at least a portion of its walls of magnetic metal from end to end and including a longitudinal channelshaped body and a detachable longitudinal front cover therefor, a longitudinal open-ended choke or ballast coil shorter than the duct and located entirely within it andspaced from the ends there- .of, the said coil being freely insertable or removable from the channel-shaped body when the cover is not in place and the saidcoil directly engaging at its sides and rear with the side and rear walls of the duct body and directly enga ing at its front with the front cover wall when the cover is in place so that the said duct walls hold the coil against relative transverse movement in any direction and so that the portion of the said walls formed of magnetic metal constitute the sole external metallic magnetic path for the coil.

3. For use in a fluorescent lighting unit, the combination of an enclosed duct formed of magnetic metal and including a longitudinal channel-shaped body and a detachable longitudinal front cover therefor, a longitudinal open-ended choke or ballast coil shorter than the duct and located entirely within it and spaced from the ends thereof, the said coil directly engaging at its sides and rear with the side and rear walls of the duct body and directly engaging at its front with the front cover wall so that the said duct walls constitute the sole external metallic magnetic path for the coil, the said coil having a cross sectional shape different from that of the duct to provide longitudinal wire spaces between the said coil and the immediately adjacent longitudinal duct walls, and longitudinal wires within the duct and connected with the coil, some of which longitudinal wires are located in the said longitudinal wire spaces.

4. For use in a fluorescent lighting unit, the

combination of an enclosed duct having at least a portion of its walls formed of magnetic metal fromend to end and including a longitudinal channel-shaped body and a detachable longitudinal front cover therefor, a longitudinal openended choke or ballast coil shorter than the duct and located entirely within it and spaced from the ends thereof, the said coil being positioned immediately adjacent the duct walls so that the said walls constitute an external metallic magnetic path for the coil, the said coil being freely insertable in or removable from the channelshaped body of the duct when the cover is not in place and the said coil having such transverse cross sectional size and shape that it directly engages the longitudinal walls of the duct body and cover when the cover is in place so as to be held by the said walls against lateral or forward movement. 4

5. For use in a fluorescent lighting unit, the

combination of an enclosed duct formed of magnetic metal and including a longitudinal channel-shaped body and a detachable longitudinal front cover therefor, a longitudinal open-ended choke or ballast coil shorter than the duct and located entirely within it and spaced from the ends thereof, the said coil being positioned immediately adjacent the duct walls so that the said walls constitute an external metallic magnetic path for the coil, the said coil being freely insertable in or removable from the channelshaped body of the duct when the cover is not in place and the said coil having such transverse cross sectional size and shape that it directly engages the longitudinal walls of the duct body and cover when the cover is in place so as to be held by the said walls against lateral or forward movement and the said coil further having a transverse cross sectional shape different from that of the duct to provide longitudinal wire spaces between the said coil and portions of the immediately adjacent longitudinal duct walls,

and longitudinal wires within the duct and connected with the coil some of which longitudinal wires are located in the said longitudinal wire spaces.

6. For use in a fluorescent lighting unit, the combination of an enclosed duct including a longitudinal channel-shaped body and a detachable longitudinal front cover therefor, a longitudinal open-ended choke or ballast coil shorter than the duct and located entirely within it and spaced from the ends thereof, and a longitudinally extending yoke formed of magnetic metal and extending from end to end of the coil at the rear thereof and in engagement with the rear wall of the duct body, the said coil and yoke being freely insertable in or removable from the channel-shaped body of the duct when the cover is not in place and the said coil having such transverse cross sectional shape and size that it engages at its rear with the yoke and at its sides with the side walls of the duct body and at its front with the front cover wall when the cover is in place so as to be held by the said yoke and duct walls against relative transverse movement in any direction.

7. For use in a fluorescent lighting unit, the combination of an enclosed duct formed of magnetic metal including a longitudinal channelshaped body and a detachable longitudinal front cover therefor, a longitudinal open-ended choke or ballast coil shorter than the duct and located entirely within it and spaced from the ends thereof, the said coil being positioned immediately adjacent the duct walls so that the said walls constitute an external metallic magnetic path for the coil, and a longitudinally extending yoke formed of magnetic metal and extending from end to end of the coil at the rear thereof and in engagement with the rear wall of the duct body which yoke provides an additional external metallic magnetic path for the said coil, the said coil and yoke being freely insertable in or removable from the channel-shaped body of the duct when the cover is not in place and the said coil having such transverse cross sectional shape and size that it engages at its rear with the yoke and at its sides with the side walls of the duct body and at its front with the front cover wall when the cover is in place so as to be held by the said yoke. and duct walls against relative transverse movement in any direction.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 507,526 Carstarphen Oct. 31, 1893 775,870 Strong Nov. 22, 1904 1,312,497 Cavanagh Aug. 5, 1919 1,709,054 Bennett Apr. 16, 1929 2,276,842 Harrison Mar. 17, 1942 2,288,941 Curtis July 7, 1942 2,317,845 Boucher Apr. 27, 1943 2,441,213 Sutter May 11, 1948 2,444,522 Nathanson July 6, 1948 2,514,015 Sutter July 4, 1950 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 615,964 Great Britain Jan. 13, 1949

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2820884 *Aug 31, 1955Jan 21, 1958William H YetmanOutdoor lighting fixture
US2894232 *May 24, 1954Jul 7, 1959Knobel FritzAdapting apparatus for fluorescent lamps
US5530634 *Mar 31, 1995Jun 25, 1996Hughey & Phillips, Inc.Electromagnetic interference suppressor and methods
Classifications
U.S. Classification336/83, 362/221, 336/90, 336/107
International ClassificationF21S8/00, F21V23/02
Cooperative ClassificationF21S8/031, F21Y2103/00, F21V23/02
European ClassificationF21S8/03E, F21V23/02