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Publication numberUS2682902 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 6, 1954
Filing dateJul 17, 1952
Priority dateJul 17, 1952
Publication numberUS 2682902 A, US 2682902A, US-A-2682902, US2682902 A, US2682902A
InventorsMelvin R Metzger
Original AssigneeMelvin R Metzger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Valved container
US 2682902 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 6, 1954 M. R. METZGER vALvED CONTAINER Filed July 17, 1952 IITJIIIII I Il Patented July 6, 1954 y UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE VALVED CONTAINER Melvin R. Metzger, Muscatine, Iowa Application July 17, 1952, Serial No. 299,313

2 Claims.

The present invention relates to containers. More particularly the invention relates to that type of container which is adapted to be lled with fluid or granular material by way of a lling nozzle, is formed entirely of fluid impervious., heat scalable, rflexible plastic film, such, for example, as Plioiilm, cellophane, .Koroseal or polyethylene, comprises a body in the form of coextensive side by side front vand back members with the margins thereof connected together except at one point or location in order to form a mouth, and also comprises an open ended, normally flat tube which is disposed in the interior of the body, has one end thereof in heat ksealed relation with the mouth defining portions of the front and back members, is adapted toghave the lling nozzle extend lengthwise therethrough in connection with a container filling operation, and is further adapted after withdrawal of the nozzle at the conclusion of the lling operation to lbe so collapsed `by the pressure of the material in the body that it serves as a check valve whereby egress of the material from the 4body is precluded until such time as the body is either ruptured or opened by re-insertion of the nozzle through the tube.

In practice it has been found that a container of the aforementioned type is subject to certain objections. In the rst place it is necessary to make the check valve variety tube of comparatively thick plastic lm in order to prevent it from being punctured when the 'filling nozzle is inserted through it in connection with -iilling of the container. If the tube is formed of ccmparatively thick plastic film it is comparatively stiff or semi-rigid and hence will not fully collapse and form a complete or fully effective hermetic seal after removing of the lling nozzle from it. In the second place, if the material with which the container is filled is viscous, like oil, or is sticky or adherent, like granulated sugar, withdrawal of the lling nozzle after a container lling operation sometimes results in a small portion of the material being "deposited `on the inner surface of the tube and hence precluding full collapsing of the tube by the pressure lof the material in the container body.

The primary or principal object of this invention is to provide a container which obviates or eliminates the heretofore mentioned objections and is an improvement upon and has certain inherent advantages over previously designed containers of the type under consideration. Generally speaking the improved container is characterized by the fact that lit includes a supplemental tube which is disposed within the main check valve variety tube, has one end thereof heat sealed to the outer end of the main tube and is materially shorter than the main tube in order that its other end is spaced inwards of the inner end of the main tube. The supplemental tube is formed of comparatively thin plastic film and makes it possible to form the main tube of comparatively thin plastic material to the end that the two tubes will be highly iieXible and hence readily collapse and form an effective hermetic seal after withdrawal of the nlling nozzle. It also forms with the main tube a double check valve arrangement and, so far as its inner end is concerned, forms a scraper whereby any .material which tends to 'cling or adhere to the filling nozzle is removed from the discharge end of the nozzle as the nozzle is withdrawn at the conclusion of ka container lling operation.

Another object of the invention is to provide a container which is generally Aof new and improved construction, eiectively and efficiently fuliills its intended purpose and is capable of being fabricated or produced at a `comparatively low cost.

Other objects of the invention and the various advantages and characteristics of the present container will be apparent from a consideration of the following detailed description.

The invention consists in the several novel features which are hereinafter set forth and are more particularly defined by claims at the conclusion hereof.

In the drawing which accompanies and forms a part of this specification or disclosure and in which like numerals of reference denote corresponding parts throughout the several views:

Figure 1 is a side elevation showing a container embodying the invention with a filling nozzle inserted through the main and supplemental tubes; y

Figure 2 is a vertical section of the container illustrating in detail the arrangement and design of the composite tube arrangement which forms a vdouble check valve for preventing egress of material from the container body after a container filling operation;

Figure 3 an enlarged horizontal section taken on Ythe line 33 of yFigure 1 and .showing in detail the manner in which the outer ends of the main and Vsu-pple'n'ie'ntal wbes .and the mouth defining portions of the front and back members of the container body .are Iin heat sealed relaiiiOn;

Figure 4 is an enlarged horizontal section taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 1 and illustrating the main and supplemental tubes while the lling nozzle is inserted therethrough for container lling purposes; and

Figure is a fragmentary horizontal section showing the container after withdrawal of the filling nozzle from the composite check valve arrangement and illustrating the manner in which the main and supplemental tubes collapse so as to provide an effective and efficient hermetic seal for precluding egress from the container body of the material with which the con -tainer as a whole is filled.

The container which is shown. in the drawing constitutes the preferred form or embodiment of the invention. t is adapted to be filled with fluid or granular material by Way of a lling nozzle t and comprises a rectangular body 1 and a double check valve arrangement 8 within the body. rIhe container, if lled with air, serves as a pillow or similar article and, if filled with liquid or granular material, constitutes a merchandising package.

The container body l' consists of coextensive side by side front and back members 9 and I0 and is formed of fluid impervious, heat scalable, flexible plastic nlm, such, for example, as Pliofilm, cellophane, Koroseal or polyethylene. If desired, the body may be formed by centrally folding a single sheet of plastic film material so as to form the front and back members 9 and I0 with an integral connection between certain side margins thereof. The other side margins of the front and back members B and I are connected together by a heat seal I I which extends throughout their length. The bottom margins of the front and back members are connected together by a heat seal I2 throughout their length and the top margins of the front and back members are connected together by a heat seal I3 which is continuous except at one point or location in order to form a mouthIlI for the container Whereas the mouth Ill is shown in the drawing as being disposed adjacent the upper end of the heat seal I I it is to be understood that the mouth may be disposed at any other point or location. Preferably the plastic filmof which the front and back members of the body are formed is comparatively thin to the end that the body is flexible and hence capable of being readily lled. The thickness of the plastic nlm is, of course, determined by the use to which the container is put.

The double check valve arrangement 8 is disposed wholly within the interior of the container body "I and consists of a main tube I5 and a supplemental tube I5 within the main tube. It permits the container body to be filled by way of the filling nozzle E. Upon removal of the nozzle as hereinafter described it forms a seal whereby egress of the material in the container body is precluded. The main tube I5 is preferably formed of the same type fluid impervious, heat scalable, flexible plastic nlm as the container body. It is open ended and consists of coextensive side by side front and back members II and I8. Preferably the latter are formed separately from one another and have the side margins thereof connected together throughout their entire length by heat seals I9. As shown in Figures l and 2, the main tube of the double check valve arrangement 8 extends vertically and is located a small distance inwards of the heat seal I I between certain side margins of the front and back members 9 and I0 of the container body 1. The upper end of the main tube I5 is connected by a heat seal 20 to the marginal portions of the front and back members 9 and I0 that define the mouth I4. The lower end of the main tube I5 preferably terminates a small distance above the heat seal I9 between the bottom margins of the front and back members 9 and Ill of the container body. It is contemplated that in connection with a container filling operation the filling nozzle 5 will be inserted lengthwise through the main tube I5 as shown in Figure 1. After the nozzle is inserted completely through the main tube the material with which the container is to be lled is forced under pressure through the nozzle until it fills the interior of the container body to the proper or desired extent. After a container filling operation the lling nozzle is removed by sliding it out of the main tube I5. As soon as the main filling nozzle is slid out of the main tube the pressure of the material in the interior of the container body collapses the tube so that it precludes egress of the material until such time as the body l is either ruptured or opened by reinsertion of the nozzle through the main tube. 1t is contemplated that the plastic hlm of which the main tube front and back members I'I and I8 are formed will be comparatively thin so that the main tube is extremely flexible and hence readily collapsible by the material in the container body. The supplemental tube I6 of the double check valve arrangement l5 is disposed within the upper portion of the main tube I5. it is preferably formed of the same type of fluid impervious, heat sealable, flexible plastic film as the main tube and consists of coextensive side by side front and back members 2l and 22. The side margins of the front and back members 2I and 22 are connected together throughout their entire length by heat seals 23 and are interposed between, and are in heat sealed relation with, the upper portions of the side margins of the front and back members I'I and IR of the main tube I5. The ends of the supplemental tube I6 are open. The upper end of the supplemental tube is coterminous with the upper end of the main tube I5 and is connected to the upper end of the main tube by a heat seal 2li. The lower end of the supplemental tube I6 terminates at an appreciable distance above the lower end of the main tube I5. It is contemplated that the inner or supplemental tube I6 will be formed of comparatively thin plastic film in order that it is highly exible and readily collapsible. The edge of the lower end of the supplemental tube is straight and, due to the thinness of the nlm of which the supplemental tube is formed, is comparatively sharp and forms a scraper whereby, when the filling nozzle is withdrawn after a container filling operation, any portion of the material which tends to stick or adhere to the discharge end of the nozzle is scraped away so that it cannot enter the supplemental tube and prevent full collapse of the latter.

When it is desired to fill the container the filling nozzle 5 is inserted through the main and supplemental tubes I5 and I6 until the lower discharge end thereof projects beyond the lower end of the main tube. Thereafter the material with which the container is to be filled is flowed under pressure through the nozzle until it fills the interior of the container` body to the desired extent. After filling of the container the nozzle is withdrawn. Upon withdrawal of the nozzle the material within the container body, due to its Weight or pressure, collapses the two tubes to the end that they form a double check valve whereby the interior of the body of the container is hermetically sealed. In connection with withdrawal of the nozzle any of the material that tends to stick to the discharge end of the nozzle is scraped by the bottom edges of the front and back members 2| and 22 of the supplemental tube. By way of the scraping action of the lower end of the supplemental tube there is no tendency for any of the material to lodge within the supplemental tube and preclude the latter from fully collapsing and thus efectively preventing egress of material from the interior of the container body. When it is desired to empty the container the body 'l may be ruptured or torn, or, if the material with which the container is filled is fiuid, the material may be removed by reinserting the nozzle 6 through the two tubes constituting the double check valve arrangement so as to vent to atmosphere the in- A terior of the container body.

The herein described container effectively and efiiciently fulfills its intended purpose and this is directly attributable to the fact that the check valve arrangement consists of the main and supplemental tubes I5 and I6. It is capable of being produced at a comparatively low cost and is durable. By reason of the fact that the check valve arrangement 8 includes the supplemental tube I6 the arrangement as a whole is so reenforced that although highly flexible for ease of collapsing it is not likely to be punctured with insertion of the filling nozzle through it.

The invention is not to be understood as restricted to the details set forth since these may be modified within the scope of the appended claims Without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Having thus described the invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. As a new article of manufacture, a container adapted to be filled with fluid or granular material by way of a filling nozzle, and comprising a hollow body formed of flexible, fluid impervious,.film type material and closed throughout except for a small sized mouth in one portion thereof, and a check valve arrangement consisting of an open ended main tube formed of fiexible, fiuid impervious, heat sealable, plastic film, disposed within the body, embodying coextensive side by side front and back members with heat sealed side margins, and having one end thereof connected to the mouth defining portion of the body, and in addition an open ended supplemental tube formed of thin, flexible, fiuid impervious, heat sealable, plastic nlm, disposed within the main tube, embodying coextensive side by side front and back members with the side margins thereof heat sealed together, and having one end thereof heat sealed to said one end of the main tube, said check valve arrangement being adapted to have the filling nozzle extend lengthwise through its two tubes in connection with lling of the container with the filling material and being further adapted upon removal of the nozzle to have said two tubes collapse by the pressure of the filling material in the body interior and form a double check valve for preventing egress of the filling material from the body interior, the other end of the supplemental Itube terminating inwards of the other end of the main tube and having a straight edge which, due to the thinness of the film of which the supplemental tube is formed, is comparatively sharp and forms a scraper whereby in connection with removal of the filling nozzle from the check valve arrangement removal is effected of any filling material that tends to stick or adhere to the discharge end of the nozzle.

2. As a new article of manufacture, a container adapted to be filled with fiuid or granular material by way of a filling nozzle, and comprising a hollow body formed of flexible, fluid impervious, heat sealable, plastic film and embodying a pair of coextensive side by side front and back members with the margins thereof connected together except at one location in order to form a small sized mouth, and a check valve arrangement consisting of an open ended main tube formed. of thin, flexible, fluid impervious, heat sealable, plastic film, disposed wholly within the body, embodying coextensive side by side front and back members with heat sealed side margins, and having one end thereof hea-t sealed to the mouth defining portions of the front and back members of the body, and in addition, an open ended supplemental tube formed of thin, fiexible, fiuid impervious, heat sealable, plastic film, disposed within the main tube, embodying coextensive side by side front and back members with the side margins thereof heat sealed together and also heat sealed to portions of the side margins of the front and back members of the main tube, and having one end thereof connected to, and in heat sealed relation with, said one end of the main tube, said check valve arrangement being adapted to have the filling nozzle extend lengthwise through its two tubes in connection with filling of the container with the filling material and being further adapted upon removal of the nozzle to have said two tubes collapse by the pressure of the filling material in the body interior and form a double check valve for preventing egress of the filling material from the body interior, the other end of the supplemental tube terminating an appreciable distance inwards of the other end of the main tube and having a straight edge which, due to the thinness of the film of which the supplemental tube is formed, is comparatively sharp and forms a scraper whereby in connection with removal of the filling nozzle from the check valve arrangement removal is effected of any filling material that tends to stick or adhere to the discharge end of the nozzle.

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 565,328 Buhler Aug. 4, 1896 1,689,453 Randolph Oct. 30, 1928 1,809,259 Williams Jan. 9, 1931 1,992,152 Yeates Feb. 19, 1935

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US565328 *Mar 19, 1896Aug 4, 1896 X b btjhler
US1689453 *Oct 23, 1924Oct 30, 1928Randolph Le Moine FSelf-closing bag
US1809259 *May 4, 1929Jun 9, 1931Williams Harrison RValve bag closure
US1992152 *Aug 20, 1934Feb 19, 1935Seal O Sac Canada LtdTobacco pouch
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2708067 *Sep 9, 1954May 10, 1955Paton Chandler Process CompanyHeat sealable valve type bag
US2799314 *Sep 2, 1952Jul 16, 1957Dreyer AndreLeak-proof containers for liquids
US2804257 *Aug 23, 1954Aug 27, 1957Andre DreyerImpervious container for liquid or gaseous fluids
US2828858 *Jan 31, 1955Apr 1, 1958Tooke James WPackage for dry mix products
US2841198 *Dec 13, 1954Jul 1, 1958Theo RossContainer for fluid or semi-plastic materials
US2866488 *Mar 7, 1956Dec 30, 1958Harvey G ThompsonContainer
US3009498 *Jun 11, 1957Nov 21, 1961Oerlikon Buehrle AgPlastic bag with a self-sealing valve
US3051209 *Apr 1, 1960Aug 28, 1962Financ De La Cellulose SocManufacture of containers made of plastic materials or the like
US3130897 *Apr 19, 1962Apr 28, 1964St Regis Cons Packaging LtdValve inserts for valve bags
US3137438 *Aug 29, 1961Jun 16, 1964Milton Charles JDisposable container
US3165114 *Aug 15, 1962Jan 12, 1965Curran L GarrettDispensing package for fluid soluble materials
US3171581 *Oct 30, 1963Mar 2, 1965Kugler EmanuelDispensing flexible bag
US3209804 *Apr 19, 1962Oct 5, 1965British Visqueen LtdValved bags
US3430842 *Sep 22, 1967Mar 4, 1969Yamaguchi GennosukeValved bag
US4604757 *Jul 5, 1984Aug 5, 1986Masayoshi YokomatsuPaper sack with a valve for packaging pulverized or granular materials
US5121996 *Nov 4, 1988Jun 16, 1992Drg Flexpak LimitedFluid containers and ports therefor
US6481889Sep 28, 2001Nov 19, 2002Walk Pak Holding N.V.Sealed enclosure, method for the manufacture thereof, and method of packaging a beverage in said enclosure
DE1086622B *May 3, 1956Aug 4, 1960Wilhelmstal PapierMehrlagiger Sack
EP0300094A2 *Dec 29, 1987Jan 25, 1989Al-Sharhan, Bader A.Packaging container
WO1994013556A1 *Dec 16, 1992Jun 23, 1994Lf & P IncInflatable packaging bag
Classifications
U.S. Classification383/44, 383/57, 128/DIG.240
International ClassificationB65D30/24
Cooperative ClassificationY10S128/24, B65D31/145
European ClassificationB65D31/14B